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Questions tagged [image-processing]

In general, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame.

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Fourier transform of images and phase filters

What are the known possibilities to date for filtering the phases of an image and what are they used for? Phases are used in some edge detection algorithms. They are also used for cross correlation of ...
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1k views

How to recognize a zebra crossing from top view using OpenCV?

How to recognize a zebra crossing from top view using OpenCV? It is not a straight zebra crossing - it has some twists and turns. I have some ideas: parallel line detection, but the available ...
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437 views

STASM or AAM which is more efficient

I am working in face detection and recognition project. I am using STASM for face detction and locating face landmarks. On googling I found AAM (Active Appearance Model) and found that it is also used ...
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1k views

OpenCV detecting elbow

I have to detect my elbow. I'm able to produce an image in which I'm facing the camera, standing before it and my arms are in my body plane(body plane is plane containing my head,chest,and legs)(i.e. ...
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25 views

Recreating an image from random samples?

Assume that I have samples from an image, but the samples aren't on a grid, but instead there are multiple lowres versions of the original where the sampling locations are slightly jittered, so the ...
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22 views

How to create 3D signed distance function?

I am trying to segment a 3D shape using levelset. I want to track shape movement in consecutive frames. Now I want to create a signed distance function matrix for ...
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43 views

Implementing Edge Preserving Diffusion (Anisotropic Diffusion)

I am trying to implement edge preserving diffusion. Recall the general diffusion equation to be: $$\DeclareMathOperator{\Div}{div}\delta_t u = \Div(g \nabla u)$$ Where $g$ is the speed of the ...
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0answers
14 views

Concept of scales in Gabor filter

I've been reading about Gabor filters, and there is a concept of scale. While I understand that Gabor features help in analyzing both the frequency and orientations of an image, what is the idea of ...
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28 views

Understanding performance of Lucas Kanade Iterative Image Registration Technique

I am reading the paper: Lucas, B. D., & Kanade, T. (1981). An iterative image registration technique with an application to stereo vision. I am having some trouble understanding section 4.3 ...
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16 views

Is there any way to do 3D (Voxel Data) feature detection?

In the 2D image processing, there are ways to find and match features of the image (like corner of the edges). However, I could not find the equivalent of that in the 3D-voxel data (Here voxel means a ...
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17 views

Extracting signal from data using Otsu thresholding in MATLAB?

I am very new to signal processing. I am trying to extract a signal from my data using otsu threholding but it's not fully accurate. In this case I know that there is going to be a single signal in ...
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24 views

How does phase relate to motions in an image?

There is lots of research based on exaggerating motions by decomposing an image into complex sub-bands using pyramid representations such as the complex steerable pyramid and manipulating phase ...
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0answers
54 views

What are the differences between Gaussian down-sampling and bicubic down-sampling in Matlab? Which is more accurate for simulating low resolution?

I see in some of the technical papers, good practice for downsampling is to first pass the image through a Gaussian Filter and then take sampling to avoid problems like aliasing and so on. However, ...
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21 views

Bundle adjustment optimization parameters

While reading the Wikipedia article on Bundle adjustment, I came across the following objective function used to represent the bundle adjustment problem. I have two questions regarding this objective ...
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0answers
38 views

On Human (Face) Detection

There are many face detection and recognition algorithms and APIs out there; however, most of them can produce same results for paintings and avatars as for human face. So, is there any specific ...
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43 views

Burst Deblurring algorithm - Understanding the results

I've attempt to implement the algorithm from the paper "Burst Deblurring: Removing Camera Shake Through Fourier Burst Accumulation". The main idea is to take several frames of the same scene, each ...
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33 views

Excluding points too close to a set of coordinates

I was wondering if anyone can help me. My ultimate aim is to take an image like the one shown and draw line between the white and black blobs that show a direction and output the coordinates in the ...
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0answers
42 views

Relation between variance of gaussian noise and intensity variance in Bilateral filter

So I implemented the code for bilateral filter from here and ran it for various values of spatial sigma and intensity sigma. I noticed that when I add gaussian noise to an image with variance say 0.02,...
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0answers
14 views

converting digital length to physical length using reference object

I am trying to find actual length of an object, say X, from an image. For that I'm using a reference object , say Y, ( object of known dimensions ). From image while converting pixel length of X to ...
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35 views

What is a basic method to segment “dark blobs”?

I'm new to image processing, but I have good knowledge of general data processing. Could you please suggest an approach which can be used to segment images like this? I suppose it is some kind of ...
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46 views

Detection of interesting structure in images?

I'm looking for methods of computing some measure of structure in an image. (I do not have a rigorous definition of "structure" though........) Consider the 15 image blocks below: Suppose for each ...
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0answers
17 views

Can an untilted perspective of an object be obtained from a 2D image of a tilted object using angular transformations?

I'm trying to make a height estimation algorithm that works in tandem with a bounding box object detector. The object detector can recognise the objects in images taken at pitch/yaw angular offsets. ...
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371 views

Remove a line in image with FFT

I would like to remove vertical line from an image (an example). I took a 2D FFT and try to apply a mask to suppress the line. Nonethelesse the approch is not very efficient, because i lose an ...
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42 views

Is signal processing used in block matching algorithms

I'm working on a custom video codec which uses the standard mean squared error to find blocks. As explained by this youtube video you choose a search area size to find a block in. Each pixel of the ...
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21 views

Does Mutual information utilize spatial information to calculate image similarity?

To calculate images similarity based on Mutual Information (MI), histogram and join histogram is required. In the literature, there are 2 contradict opinions about MI operation. 1. MI does not utilize ...
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0answers
33 views

Is the behaviour of the following filter plausible?

I've designed a filter based on this equation $$ E(u) = \frac{1}{2}\int_{\Omega} \left[(u-f)^2 + g(\lVert \nabla u \rVert)\right]dxdy $$ Euler-Lagrange equations in this case are (should be) given ...
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44 views

Are shadows additive

So I was thinking about the problem of shadows in images. From an image processing point of view, would you classify cast shadows in a scene as an additive phenomenon or as a multiplicative phenomenon ...
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0answers
29 views

Chapter 4, section 4.2.1. in Szelisky computer vision, is there a mistake?

I've already asked a similar question in mathematics exchange without getting an answer, I read a bit more and I think the question might be more suitable for the signal processing exchange. ...
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0answers
144 views

How to flatten this OCT image with respect to the marked line

I am working on a medical image processing project where I have to use retinal OCT images. I am using the dataset available here. This dataset has a lot of images and I want to flatten all of them. I ...
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0answers
26 views

Fast Calculation of Legendre moments in images using kernel-separability

I am implementing zero order approximation method to calculate Legendre moment of an image. One simple way to calculate moments is directly using loops and calculate the double summation as given in ...
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0answers
55 views

Estimating the deformation of a printed label in an image

For a university honours project, I am developing an algorithm to read the text on nutrition labels. One difficulty I have encountered is how to 'flatten' the text in images of labels that are very ...
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0answers
27 views

Estimating a matrix from another matrix

The problem is the non- negative matrix factorization of a matrix. Let me explain my problem I have an original matrix $A=\begin{bmatrix} 0.248437 &0.25198098 & 0.25396825 & 0.25077881\\ 0....
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0answers
133 views

Skewed rectified aerial images

I have a series of aerial images from which I would like to get disparity maps for every consequent pair. In order to do that I do a stereo rectification. The problem is that sometimes rectified ...
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0answers
28 views

Doubt regarding definition of pixel bond

The following is a quotation from an Image processing textbook: The connectivity relationship between a center pixel and its eight neighbors can be quantified by the concept of a pixel bond, the sum ...
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0answers
121 views

How to define the scales in a biorthogonal, dyadic Discrete Wavelet Transform in Python

I am sorry if this has been discussed before but I could not find any answer. I am trying to implement an algorithm that I found in a paper which asks for a biorthogonal, dyadic DWT with scales 1 and ...
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0answers
161 views

Log energy and Shannon entropy?

For best tree decomposition using wavelet packets, i have tried both Shannon and log energy entropy functions. I noticed that log energy leads to images with higher PSNR values. Could you please help ...
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0answers
23 views

Why use Active Contours segmentation (snake) over Level Sets segmentation and vice versa in image processing?

I am reading about segmentation and I cannot seem to figure out why use active contours over level sets and vice versa. Basically the way I understood it, level sets is relatively the same ...
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0answers
31 views

Impact of Interpolation Types in Image Filtering(SOLVED)

I am trying to construct Laplacian pyramids with different interpolation schemes such as bilinear, nearest neighbor, cubic and spline to observe the effect of interpolation types. I wrote a code in ...
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0answers
31 views

sharpness in DCT domain image

How can we calculate the sharpness of Discrete Cosine Transform domain of an image?Is it worthy in image quality assessment?
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0answers
21 views

What is the relationship between luminosity of Lab color space and intensity of HSI color space?

I am wondering whether one can simply convert the intensity of a color in HSI space to the luminosity value in Lab space. I am referring to te CIELab color space as discussed here: https://en....
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0answers
33 views

zernik moments and Local binary pattern

Both of zernik moments and Local binary pattern (LBP) are feature detectors and can achieve rotation invarient. How can they achieve rotation invarient over an image? What are the advantages of ...
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0answers
12 views

why double desity DWT use two HPF?

The double-density DWT is an improvement upon the critically sampled DWT with important additional properties: It employs one scaling function and two distinct wavelets, which are designed to be ...
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0answers
282 views

SSIM index: Clearly explained

I am trying to understand the SSIM index to compare two images for similarity, but I am having difficulties understanding how it is done. Therefore, I would like to ask, if someone can explain it ...
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0answers
45 views

Low pass image filter

I have feature in my camera that indicates "Low Frequency Flat Field correction" and I want to evaluate its impact on the image. How can I do this? Currently I can only take pictures of a uniform ...
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0answers
45 views

Obtaining Subpixel Resolution for Video Processing in Python

I am working on a video processing application to calculate distance between two points using opencv Specs : Linear Pixels - 1600. FOV - 100 mm Resolution per pixel using above data : 62 micron ...
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0answers
42 views

Cartoonize and colorize

I'm trying to make a specific image filter, processing a picture to cartoonize and change the colors. Here you can see the original and the expected result: http://codingfocus.com/ieffect.jpg I'm ...
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0answers
301 views

Removing bright lights from image using Matlab

I want to remove a bright spot in an image. This is the image I used: and this is the Matlab code I wrote: ...
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0answers
147 views

How to remove artefacts from this image?

There is some vertical banding near the tree trunks in the following image. Is there a way remove this type of artefact, preferably using Mathematica?
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0answers
32 views

Removing uncommon objects from bunch of images

The problem I am facing is the following: I want to take a picture of the entrance to a building. I fix the camera on a tripod stand and place the stand on the footpath in front of the building. The ...
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0answers
264 views

What is a segmentation mask in the paper “Fast Edge Detection Using Structured Forests”

I've read the paper about edge detection, in this paper they treat edge detection as a learning problem which takes an image patch as input and output a label, a binary edge map or a segmentation mask,...