Questions tagged [image-processing]

In general, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame.

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108 views

Converting very short “motionless” video frames to single, better-resolved, images

I made a mistake with my newly bought compact camera, before a trip to Japan. Instead of taking single pictures, I ended up with a few short "MP4" video files (1 second, 2-3 frames). I could ...
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1answer
301 views

Analytical Expression for Convolution of Two 2D DFTs

I am trying to do an image analysis problem on some images, and I want to calculate some things in the frequency domain which are giving me problems. Say I have an (discrete) image $I(x,y)$ of size $...
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172 views

Residual error when setting measurement matrix in compresssive sensing

I have an issue when implementing compressive sensing to recover sparse vector. Assume I have sparse vector $x$ of length, for example, $(256,1)$. $x = [x_1,x_2,.....x_{256}]$. This vector is ...
5
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1answer
324 views

Detect quasi-parallel lines with spurs in a binary image

I'm looking for a way to remove quasi-parallel curves from the net, as depicted in the figure. Not only the original nets (upper row in figure) contain many spurs, but also the curves to be detected ...
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64 views

Approaches to Segmentation in images of water surface

this is my first question here. Therefore please help me inform me when I miss any good practice in asking questions here. Given a short video sequence of an water surface, I would like to detect if ...
4
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1answer
5k views

Improving Canny Edge Detection and Contours Image Segmentation

I am working on an image segmentation project to identify playing cards on varying backgrounds. For my use case I care most that I accurately extract all the cards in the image; false-positives are ...
4
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1answer
230 views

Image Segmentation - Comparing GrabCut Method vs. Level Set Method

Checking the literature about image segmentation, if I am not wrong, there are two main approaches: Variational approach e.g. level-set optimization in Chan-Vese Combinatorial approach e.g. using ...
4
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1answer
3k views

What is a good distance measure for matching SIFT descriptors depending on the distribution of their noise?

I have read some papers about distance measures like Euclidean, Manhattan or Chi-Square for matching gradient based image descriptors like those computed from the SIFT Algorithm (128-D vectors). Most ...
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487 views

How to construct descriptors for irregularly shaped image patches

As hinted in this answer, Perceptual hashing is a way to ascribe comparable measures (hashes) to images (rectangular patches). The images do not need to be the same size, and can be slightly distorted,...
3
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1answer
96 views

How virtual ads work in stadiums?

I was looking at a technology which enables virtual advertisement on the perimeter ads in soccer. It's relatively an old technology for a few years back, but I'm surprised to see the quality of it. ...
3
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158 views

Combining two images with different resolutions?

I am attempting to combine two radar images, each of which is a 3-dimensional cube with a range dimension, an azimuth angle dimension, and an elevation angle dimension. One image has high azimuth ...
3
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1answer
126 views

How can I detect the tree rings?

I'm looking for the way to detect the tree rings automatically in the wood dist image. Using the matlab, I have removed the background, and binarized the image. How can I detect the white and black ...
3
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2answers
108 views

How do I denoise a microscope image?

I'm working in a computer vision project, where the goal is to detect some specific parasites, but now that I have the images, I noticed that they have a watermark that specifies the microscope ...
3
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1answer
361 views

What is the difference between an impulse response and a kernel?

It seems to me they are two terms used to refer to the same concept, but, according to the Wikipedia page on Guassian filter a Gaussian filter is a filter whose impulse response is a Gaussian ...
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2answers
454 views

How to detect the maximum resolvable spatial frequency of camera?

I am trying to calculate the minimum line pixel width that can be distinguished from noise as shown in the camera test chart in Figure 1 where the thinner lines on the left are getting more and more ...
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695 views

Correct Fish Eye camera Radial Distortion and blurry effect at the image edges

There are a lot of questions regarding this topic ,but I am trying to get a more clear picture from these questions. I am trying to calibrate a fish eye camera and I am using OpenCV omnidir class ...
3
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0answers
124 views

How to replace color in an image without changing its texture/shades or brightness?

I want to replace color in an image from another color: For that sample image is below I want to replace color such that it becomes I know it can be easily done in Photoshop but I am looking for an ...
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8k views

Horizontal banding (flickering) due to electronic rolling shutters

It is a well-known artifact that in CMOS cameras with electronic rolling shutter, horizontal banding (flickering), i.e. brightness intensity variations, are observed when the image is recorded under ...
3
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493 views

Box filter approximations for oriented gabor filters

I'm currently working on a library to generate synthetic fingerprints using the SFinGe method (by Maltoni, Maio and Cappelli) link :http://biolab.csr.unibo.it/research.asp?organize=Activities&...
3
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621 views

Interpolating on the borders of differently-resolved images

I'm creating a three-dimensional model of the earth based on SRTM height data. The data set is pretty huge, so only a small fraction of the data is available at any given time. The height data is ...
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1k views

Why PSNR decreases for Ultrasound Images?

I am working different types of filters to remove speckle noise in ultrasound image. I have taken the below paper as my base paper and trying to reproduce the results of this paper: My Base Paper I ...
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0answers
2k views

Creating a Gaussian Pyramid

I'm trying to recreate a gassuain pyramid using the following scales: There seems to be two concepts used here: 1) When an image is halved, applying a gaussian kernel of σ will apply as 2σ. 2) When ...
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864 views

Any Good Image Blind Deconvolution Algorithm for Removing Camera Shake

I am working in digital image restoration field, i have images that are degraded by camera shake.. can anyone please suggest me any better non blind deconvolution algorithm. my images are similar to ...
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117 views

Perceptually Corresponding Error Map

Is there any better measurement of error between two images than just taking pixel value differences? The problem I am tackling is stitching images containing "sensitive" objects, such as moving ...
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89 views

blur PSF modeling for small stright camera movement

I am interested in reovering images affected by blur of known orientation and known span. Camera movement during capture is very small, blur span is of about 0-4px. What is the most accurate way to ...
3
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206 views

Blurring in anisotropic outputs

I am trying to produce ideal anisotropic diffusion outputs using the standard lena image. Using the first coefficient , the output is coming somewhat close to ideal ouput but when I increase the kappa ...
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1answer
39 views

1st and 2nd Gaussian derivatives for edge detection

I have a project about edge detection, I made research on internet about filters and read many articles but there is an article talked about using Sobel and Gaussian derivatives then it mentioned &...
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15 views

What is the name of the filter or technique to reduce depth aliasing around object edges when working with camera depth?

I'm working with a point cloud, created by sampling a 2D camera texture and a depth map. The color is combined with the depth and is projected onto a 3D scene to create a "point cloud". The ...
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0answers
58 views

Compressed Sensing in DOA processing

I'm trying to apply the compressed sensing theory (CoSaMP algorithm) to the DOA estimation in FMCW ULA (made of 48 elements). In the dechirped signals processing I use a first FFT to solve the range ...
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48 views

Taylor series approximation in Harris corner detection

While watching through the computer vision lecture on interest point detection, computing $E(u,v)$ requires computing the quantity $$E(u,v) = \sum_{x,y}(I(x+u,y+v) - I(x,y))^2$$ In the lecture, $I(x+u,...
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223 views

How does image rotation affect the intrinsic camera parameters?

I am considering the problem of how to (manually) change camera model parameter to make it "valid" on a rotated image. This question tackles resizing, but does not consider lens distortion. ...
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0answers
407 views

Is rotation of a Fourier transform the same thing as Fourier transform of a rotation?

I'm working on an image processing problem and wondering if DFT(rotation(image)) == rotation(DFT(image)) (1). My final goal is to apply rotations in the Fourier domain then do an inverse Fourier ...
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68 views

Processing Multiple Images to Detect Moving Object in Low SNR Conditions

I am new to this forum and new to the use of Fast Fourier transforms although I can program in Python 3 a bit. I have an unusual question and am seeking some general advice on (a) whether what I am ...
2
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2answers
217 views

Why are 8 points needed to compute a fundamental matrix?

Homograpies have 8 degrees of freedom. Fundamental matrices have 7. Essential matrices have 5. To the best I could find, all those matrices are obtained by using the 8 point algorithm. I don't see ...
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22 views

Array bounds check o(1) (Integral image?)

Not sure if this is the correct place to ask but I have a question about techniques for processing an array of pixels with o(1) complexity. That is to get the sum of a subset of an array but if this ...
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0answers
31 views

Local noise intensity in an image

Noise can be assessed in uniform regions of an image, by subtracting a lowpass-filtered version of it. Then from the histogram of intensities, a global measure can be obtained (such as the average ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Palmprint Identification - Why do we align the images before we use the Fourier Transform?

I was reading the paper PALMPRINT IDENTIFICATION BY FOURIER TRANSFORM by WENXIN LI, DAVID ZHANG and ZHUOQUN XU about identifying persons based on an image of their palm. The first step in their ...
2
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1answer
226 views

What impact have different types of border-handling on high pass or low pass filtering?

When high or low pass filters are being applied to an (grayscale) image, the borders need to be handled separately. They could be filled with 0's or 255's (b/w), repeat the nearest pixel value, or ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Are there any efficient algorithm to detect circular shape of arbitrary size in an image?

I have images that are 1278 by 1024. They are pictures of a certain product that is rectangular in shape and are about 25mm by 20mm. As a part of a quality inspection process using computer vision, ...
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0answers
355 views

How do 2D DCT basis functions interact to produce 8x8 JPEG tiles?

This section is a bit of an intro. If you want to skip directly to where the problem is explicitly outlined, skip to the bottom of this post. Please note that I'm not hip with mathematical lingo, so ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Fresnel transform over image

You can recommend the literature or tell you what the Fresnel Transform does to the image. I realized that this describes the passage of a light wave through an optical element, but I need to ...
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0answers
174 views

How to calculate Walsh hadamard transform for image patches of odd sizes?

I was reading this paper on optical flow, which as apart of the algorithm makes use Walsh-Hadamard transform on image patches of size 2r+1. So far, where ever I have looked, I could only find that ...
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0answers
680 views

How do piecewise affine transformation work?

How can piecewise affine transform be used to warp an arbitrary collection of input landmark coordinates to a corresponding set of base coordinates? Can anyone give any physical examples, the book I ...
2
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1answer
2k views

How can I detect pipeline cracks using OpenCV and Python?

I have developed a robot that captures images of the pipeline interior as it moves. The requirement was to be able to detect cracks inside. So far i tried several OpenCV codes that find the crack ...
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0answers
229 views

Skewed rectified aerial images

I have a series of aerial images from which I would like to get disparity maps for every consequent pair. In order to do that I do a stereo rectification. The problem is that sometimes rectified ...
2
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0answers
59 views

Mid-point of worm-like objects

I have a video of worm-like objects which move. They can move in a straight line, they can rotate in circles, they can move in a serpentine/winding/sinuous way. I need to track them. I already have ...
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0answers
191 views

Is it possible to calculate the optical flow magnitude for rigid motion?

For objects in 2D plane, it is pretty simple to calculate the displacement vectors using optical flow algorithms such as SLIC, LK, Färneback etc. But how it is possible to know the magnitude of the ...
2
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1answer
161 views

What motion estimation techniques that could estimate the motion of every pixel?

I'm trying to estimate a motion from a video, however based on my finding, those methods usually meant for large motion and sparse in nature. Optical flow: Sparse and fail to detect sub-pixel motion ...
2
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1answer
124 views

How to transform an aerial image

This is the first time I'm diving a little deep into images and computer vision. I have an aerial image taken from a drone (I know the pitch, roll, yaw of the drone and the angle of the camera ...
2
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1answer
143 views

Normalization of signal against reference

I am trying to figure out if there is any standard way of normalizing a sequence such as a time series against a reference sequence. I am not an expert on signal processing but I was hoping someone ...

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