Questions tagged [image-processing]

In general, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Recommended approach for extracting specific edges from image?

I have several sets of images with a typical image being: and from each image, I would like to extract the top and bottom curves of the object, shown in red here: What are some possible tools I ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Outlined text extraction from image using OpenCV

I have some video frames I'd like to extract some text from (for making softsubs from hardsubbed video for learning). The text in question is mostly in Chinese script (some numbers and Latin letters) ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Robust custom watermark algorithms?

I'm doing research on image and audio watermarking, and so far I've read some literature in order to get basic introduction and good initial understanding of this topic. Right now I'm reading book "...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

The Gradient of Least Squares of 2D Image Convolution

Given the objective function: $$ \frac{1}{2} {\left\| h \ast x - y \right\|}_{2}^{2} $$ Where $ h $ is the 2D convolution kernel and $ x $ is the 2D convolution image and $ y $ is a given 2D image. ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Optical flow Horn & Schunck smoothness error

I was reading about the Horn & Schunck method and they define the smoothness error as (Robot Control 1988 (SYROCO'88): Selected Papers from the 2nd IFAC Symposium p. 348): $E_{sm} = \iint{\left(...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What impact have different types of border-handling on high pass or low pass filtering?

When high or low pass filters are being applied to an (grayscale) image, the borders need to be handled separately. They could be filled with 0's or 255's (b/w), repeat the nearest pixel value, or ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Why can ARSS not recreate audio from a spectrogram without sounding muffled?

Why do ARSS and all audio to spectrogram then back to audio program's create audio files that sound muffled? I know their is some physics and math with the short-time Fourier transform and etc. I ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Find specific feature within an image / Neural Networks

i am working in the field of image processsing and we have a certain problem which is difficult to solve by rules-defined algorithms. Is it possible to teach a certain pattern into a neural network, ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Are there any efficient algorithm to detect circular shape of arbitrary size in an image?

I have images that are 1278 by 1024. They are pictures of a certain product that is rectangular in shape and are about 25mm by 20mm. As a part of a quality inspection process using computer vision, ...
1
vote
2answers
781 views

Career in signal processing

I am doing my MSc in electrical engineering, and there are not many courses in my university on signal processing. I want to develop my skills in signal processing such that I have a hold in one ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Definition of difference between compression and filtering

I'd like to explain the motivation. It sounds like a neuroscience topic but I am after the strict Signal Processing POV. (I don't come from a Signal Processing background). Interested to learn ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

urgent: MRI calculations question

I have a biomedical imaging exam tomorrow and I'm struggling quite a bit with this question below (from b-d). I was hoping someone could help answer these questions or at. I'll describe my approach to ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Similarity or Relation between Walsh Hadamard Transform and Slant Transform

Is there any relation between Walsh Hadamard Transform and Slant Transform? Or is there any common property or similarity?
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Image Brightness on 2D Fourier Transformation

What effect does the brightness have on the frequency spectrum of 2D Fourier Transformation? Example. Suppose we have a gray image and calculate 2D Fourier Transformation. Then we increase the ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Amplitude demodulation of sinusidal signal in matlab

AM-demodulation task and I was asked to demodulate the signal in MATLAB and the result should contain three pictures. plotting the $fft$ the (frequency spectrum)of the signal i was able to determine ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Linear Panorama Transform

I am trying to create a linear panorama (a series of images taken from the same plane but not the same location and not rotated) but was not sure which transform is appropriate for this task. I know ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

How to interpret PSNR value?

Say, I have original image, noised and denoised. By PSNR value I want to find out how good does my denoising algorithm works. For which pair of the images should I calculate it? I've tried it for ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

MATLAB Image-Processing Toolbox: asking for a roadmap!

I plant trees in the north of BC for a living and have next to none sp experience, please be gentle :^] TLDR: The problem is essentially this: tracking and calculating the "height" of three ...
1
vote
4answers
113 views

Apply Principal Component Analysis for RGB Images

I've implemented a method to compute PCA on grayscale images. I haven't seen PCA on RGB images yet, which left me wondering if it is possible to perform it. With RGB images, is PCA done for each ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Response function for digital camera pixel

To help me with doing some signal processing on an image, I'd like to model how a digital camera works. The camera has a bunch of pixels. What is the relationship between the value of that pixel in ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Recreating an image from random samples?

Assume that I have samples from an image, but the samples aren't on a grid, but instead there are multiple lowres versions of the original where the sampling locations are slightly jittered, so the ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Camera obstruction detection

I'd like to detect if camera view is obstructed (fully or partially) by some object (paper, hand, some device, etc). Do you know any good methods for this task? I've already experimented with: RGB ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

What do the 1D filters represent when using imfilter?

I am reading the source code of an algorithm that is used to process an image. While reading this source code (and others), I've found lines of code of the form ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How to create 3D signed distance function?

I am trying to segment a 3D shape using levelset. I want to track shape movement in consecutive frames. Now I want to create a signed distance function matrix for ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How does the “additive operator splitting” exactly work?

I am reading about the non-linear (or non-homogenous) diffusion method (aka anistropic diffusion method). There are several ways of implementing this method. In all cases, we first need to discretise ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Why is the anisotropic diffusion equivalent to the heat equation when using a constant diffusion coefficient?

The anisotropic diffusion is defined as $$\frac{\partial I}{\partial t} = \mathrm{div} \left( c(x,y,t) \nabla I \right)= \nabla c \cdot \nabla I + c(x,y,t) \Delta I$$ where $\operatorname{div}$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

How can I calculate homography from the room height and camera calibration matrix?

EDIT2: I've added an assumption that the camera calibration matrix is given. Other factors (rotation, camera pose) are still not given. I want to measure actual lengths of floor edges (blue lines in ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Efficient implementation of 2-d circularly symmetric low-pass filter

How can a two-dimensional ideal circularly symmetric low-pass filter or its approximation be efficiently implemented on data sampled on a square grid? I'm referring to an ideal filter with a spatial ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

What Is the Relation Between Deblurring and Deconvolution in Computer Vision and Image Processing?

The deblurring problem can be modelled as follows $$ f = \phi u + \epsilon, \; \epsilon \sim N(0, \sigma) $$ where $\phi$ is a filter (e.g. a low-pass filter) and $\epsilon$ is a Gaussian noise. In ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

is there a use for a changing kernel in image convolution

I understand the principle of image convolution. Maybe. I think it is this: You use a small matrix with numbers in it, then take a sample of an image with as many pixels as you have numbers in your ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Why entropy value can be used as measure of contrast of an image?

I was looking for value that can measure a contrast of an image. And I found a couple of answers like this one https://stackoverflow.com/questions/13397394/how-to-measure-contrast-in-opencv-visual-c/...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

What are the limitations of Watershed Segmentation Algorithm?

I am developing an Android application using Opencv to detect objects from images. I used Canny edge detector to detect the edges and extract contours, and it's working good so far. But I need to ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

OpenCV warpPerspective implementation

I've implemented the least squares method to find the homomorphic image to fix the rotation and projection in an image. Now I'm trying to implement the OpenCV warpPerspective method in order to "fix" ...
2
votes
4answers
134 views

After advice about detecting focus quality of objects in a photo detected using YoloV3

I've spent the last couple of days playing with YoloV3, and have had very good results. My use case is sports photography, and the object detection for people/bikes etc is very very good, I'm very ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Understanding SURF point-of-interest localization

I've recently read Herbert Bay's paper of SURF. From which I understand: SURF calculates a table from each image pixel's Hessian matrix's determinant, instead of SIFT's Difference-of-Gaussian table. ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

What are the meanings of Fx, Fy, Sx and Sy in Image Processing?

I am currently reading a book titled "Learning OpenCV 3 Computer Vision in C++ with the OpenCV Library", and I come across these two equations: ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Once spines recognized, how do I find each individual book?

I want to make a system like the Book Spine Recognition on Youtube. So I read research paper and I built this system. According this paper, I use Hough transform, then I recognize book boundary ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

2-d circularly symmetric low-pass filter

For a square pixel grid, the ideal 2-d low-pass filter with a horizontal and a vertical cut-off angular frequency $\omega_c$ in radians has an impulse response (kernel) $h_{\small\square}(x, y)$ that ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

How to warp and enlarge the center of an image?

I am trying to smoothly enlarge the center part of an image. The Skimage code that I use need an inverse map that specifies location of input pixels that will occur at the output pixel location. If I ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

OpenCV: How does bitwise_not work?

I am experimenting with the OpenCV-library in python. Let's say I read in an image such as: ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

How to Combine / Cascade two `3 x 3` Filters into One `5 x 5` Filter

If you have a uniform 3x3 box filter T which is: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 And an 3x3 laplacian filter W which is: 1 -2 1 -2 4 -2 1 -2 1 Can these 2 filters be combined into one 5x5 filter, the ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Implementing Edge Preserving Diffusion (Anisotropic Diffusion)

I am trying to implement edge preserving diffusion. Recall the general diffusion equation to be: $$\DeclareMathOperator{\Div}{div}\delta_t u = \Div(g \nabla u)$$ Where $g$ is the speed of the ...
8
votes
5answers
418 views

Auto Detection of Rotation Angle on Arbitrary Image with Orthogonal Features

I have a task at hand where I need to detect angle of an image like the following sample (part of microchip photograph). The image does contain orthogonal features, but they could have different size, ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Efficient way to compute how much light is present in a scene (for camera focusing)

I'm developing somewhat of a camera app and need a way to compute how much light is present in a specific scene to know how to adjust the exposure and iso level so that the focused point will detailed ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Why does the Y component in YCbCr represent luma/intensity?

As far as I know, the RGB to YCbCr conversion is just a linear transformation, yet the Y channel successfully captures the intensity value of each pixel. How? In other words, where do the following ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Estimate gap between two adjacent images

I have two images of a panoramic view but there is a small gap (<24 pixels) in the horizontal dimension between them. I would like to do interpolation/inpainting to fill the gap, but the exact size ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

How do 2D DCT basis functions interact to produce 8x8 JPEG tiles?

This section is a bit of an intro. If you want to skip directly to where the problem is explicitly outlined, skip to the bottom of this post. Please note that I'm not hip with mathematical lingo, so ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the result of fourier transform of an image

I am new to computer vision and Fourier transform concept. I have examined some codes. In those codes, an image is performed Fast Fourier transform by using the function ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

How to harvest the highest amount of information from an image?

I wrote a script that detects objects, crops the part of the image where an object is located and tries to increase the quality of cropped image. The object detection runs tensorflow. To increase ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Images as Markov chains

I have seen literature on representing black and white images as probability distributions and then computing "distances" between them, for example, in optimal transport. I was wondering if there is ...