Questions tagged [image-processing]

In general, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame.

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109
votes
6answers
60k views

What does frequency domain denote in case of images?

I was just learning about the frequency domain in images. I can understand the frequency spectrum in case of waves. It denotes what frequencies are present in a wave. If we draw the frequency ...
38
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3answers
41k views

What are the most common algorithms for adaptive thresholding?

Adaptive thresholding has been discussed in a few questions earlier: Adaptive Thresholding for liver segmentation using Matlab What are the best algorithms for document image thresholding in this ...
45
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3answers
20k views

What algorithm does Google use for its “Search By Image” site?

What is your best guess how Google Image Search works? I can upload a photo and can search for similar images. What algorithm does it use to identify similar images?
4
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2answers
935 views

Image Processing and applicability of 2D Fourier Transform

As a newbie in the world of signal processing, I am having a hard time in appreciating image 2-D fourier transforms. I am fully able to appreciate the concept of 1-D Fourier transform. Essentially, ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Vein extraction from this image

I have this image: What methods should I use to extract the veins from this image. Thank you.
64
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4answers
47k views

What are some free alternatives to SIFT/ SURF that can be used in commercial applications?

As far as I understand, both SURF and SIFT are patent protected. Are there any alternative methods that can be used in a commercial application freely? For more info on the patent check out: http://...
47
votes
6answers
19k views

Best way of segmenting veins in leaves?

I have done a lot of research and found out methods like adaptive thresholding , watershed etc that can be used of detecting veins in leaves . However thresholding isn't good as it introduces a lot of ...
52
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10answers
14k views

Is deep learning killing image processing/computer vision?

I'm looking forward to enroll in an MSc in Signal and Image processing, or maybe Computer Vision (I have not decided yet), and this question emerged. My concern is, since deep learning doesn't need ...
33
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2answers
15k views

What's the difference between the Hough and Radon transforms?

I'm familiar with the Radon transform from learning about CT scans, but not the Hough transform. Wikipedia says The (r,θ) plane is sometimes referred to as Hough space for the set of straight ...
19
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6answers
21k views

What is the Walsh-Hadamard Transform and what is it good for?

I am trying to teach myself about the WHT but there dont seem to be many good explanations of it online anywhere. I think I have figured out how to calculate the WHT, but I am really trying to ...
15
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4answers
4k views

List of possible image features for content based image retrieval

I am trying to find a list of possible image features like color, oriented edges and so on for measuring their usability in case of finding same/similar objects in images. Does anyone know such a list ...
11
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2answers
21k views

Image Reconstruction:Phase vs. Magnitude

Figure 1.(c) shows the Test image reconstructed from MAGNITUDE spectrum only. We can say that the intensity values of LOW frequency pixels are comparatively more than HIGH frequency pixels. Figure 1.(...
3
votes
1answer
292 views

Filtering $ n \times n $ Images by Separable $ m \times m $ Filters. Computation Time for Filtering Using FFT, 2D Convolution and Two 1D Convolutions

Consider filtering square $n\times n$ images by square, separable $m\times m$ filters. Give general equations for the computation time for the following approaches to this: Filtering using FFT 2-D ...
63
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8answers
72k views

Why do we use the HSV colour space so often in vision and image processing?

I see the HSV colour space used all over the place: for tracking, human detection, etc... I'm wondering, why? What is it about this colour space that makes it better than using RGB?
31
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5answers
20k views

What are the best algorithms for document image thresholding in this example?

I'm trying to implement various binarization algorithms to the image shown: Here's the code: clc; clear; x=imread('n2.jpg'); %load original image % Now ...
16
votes
1answer
37k views

Difference between correlation and convolution on an image?

Could you please clearly explain what is the difference between correlation and convolution that is done by a filter on an image? I mean in terms of signal processing definition I know that ...
26
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4answers
2k views

Find the stomata in a plant microscopy image

Here is a question for image processing experts. I am working on a difficult computer vision problem. The task is to count the stomata (marked below) in DIC microscopy images. These images are ...
33
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5answers
3k views

What Factors Should I Consider in Choosing an Edge Detection Algorithm?

I've learned about a number of edge detection algorithms, including algorithms like Sobel, Laplacian, and Canny methods. It seems to me the most popular edge detector is a Canny edge detector, but is ...
30
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5answers
2k views

Detecting Trail in Forest Images

Is anyone aware of any research/papers/software for identifying a trail (as a line or point-to-point curve) in an image of a forest scene (from the perspective of the camera standing somewhere along ...
23
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1answer
4k views

Mathematics of Harris corner point detection

This is the mathematical expression for Harris corner detection: But I have the following doubts: What is the physical significance of $u$ and $v$? Many references say it is the magnitude by which ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Auto-focus estimation?

What kind of analysis might be used on sets of 2D monochrome image matrices or bitmaps to estimate or compare their relative quality of being "in focus"? Is there an efficient way of computing a ...
9
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2answers
12k views

What Is the Difference between Difference of Gaussian, Laplace of Gaussian, and Mexican Hat Wavelet?

There are three techniques used in CV that seem very similar to each other, but with subtle differences: Laplacian of Gaussian: $\nabla^2\left[g(x,y,t)\ast f(x,y)\right]$ Difference of Gaussians: $ \...
7
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2answers
4k views

Which domain used for denoising additive and multiplicative noises

I want to know what is the difference between additive noise, multiplicative noise.. In what domain these noises are handled to remove? I am interested particularly in image dataset Does different ...
3
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3answers
3k views

recover image by only magnitude of image fourier transform

I have a image and I want calculate fft2 of it, after it I want recover image only by magnitude of it. how can I achieve this work? ...
1
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3answers
5k views

What is the advantage of weighted median filter over median filter?

I could not find any proof or comparison of weighted median and median filters. Yes the more occurring pixel contributes much but what should be the criteria of choosing weight function. And any ...
4
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2answers
1k views

JPEG DCT padding

Since the JPEG DCT block used is 8x8, how does the method deal with images with dimensions that are not multiples of 8? What kind of padding does it use? How are the 8x8 blocks of the image chosen?
2
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1answer
1k views

what's gaussian noise look like?

I am using Matlab function imnoise to add gaussian noise to one image. However, it seems that adjacent samples of the noise is correlated. I am using matlab code below to add noise. ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Applying Image Filtering (Circular Convolution) in Frequency Domain

To filter an image we can: Use a 3x3, 5x5, 7x7, etc. filter, that is convolve the image and the filter in the space domain. Use a FFT on both the image and the filter, multiply them together in the ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

2D DWT computation order

In 2D the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) of an image using lifting based 5/3 filter, if I perform a row-wise operation first then perform column-wise operation then I will get 4 sub-band LL, LH and ...
0
votes
1answer
235 views

compression algorithm

Steganography can hide one image inside another. If we have a compression algorithm that allows us to fit the bits for two images into the size of one, can we think of a way to modify a run-length ...
0
votes
1answer
482 views

2D DWT Image Issue

In the literature, I see that a 2D signal can be transformed by first doing a 1D transformation on each row of the matrix followed by the same procedure on each column. It seems that $k^{th}$ level ...
175
votes
5answers
61k views

“River” detection in text

Over on the TeX stackexchange, we have been discussing how to detect "rivers" in paragraphs in this question. In this context, rivers are bands of white space that result from accidental alignment ...
54
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8answers
7k views

What are some good signal and image processing blogs worth following?

Are there some good sites or blogs where I can keep myself updated on the latest news and papers about image and signal processing research, or I should just check out "classical" providers like IEEE ...
47
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4answers
21k views

Analogous Library to OpenCV for Audio Processing / Analysis

I understand OpenCV is the de facto library for programming image processing in C/C++; I'm wondering if there is a C or C++ library like that for audio processing. I basically want to filter raw waves ...
40
votes
1answer
13k views

How to flatten the image of a label on a food jar?

I'd like to take pictures of labels on a jar of food, and be able to transform them so the label is flat, with the right and left side resized to be even with the center of the image. Ideally, I'd ...
34
votes
7answers
18k views

Finding squares in Image

I need to find the squares in an image using OpenCV (no problem in matlab or any other, generally what i expect are some ideas). Consider the test image below : I need to find those coloured squares ...
18
votes
4answers
11k views

What Are the Limitations of a Canny Edge Detector?

Broadly a majority of the literature on edge detection algorithms and applications that uses edge detection, references Canny's edge detector. So much so that it looks like almost "the solution" to ...
17
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3answers
47k views

Gaussian Blur - Standard Deviation, Radius and Kernel Size

I've implemented a gaussian blur fragment shader in GLSL. I understand the main concepts behind all of it: convolution, separation of x and y using linearity, multiple passes to increase radius... I ...
13
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3answers
4k views

Is sift a good way to extract features from an image?

I am trying to extract features from an image, but I have failed to get the points that I want to extract, and hence my image fails to match with the template. Are there any checkpoints that I have ...
15
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4answers
7k views

How to extract traffic signs from a photograph?

What image analysis techniques can I use to extract the traffic signs from an image such as the one below? Edit: After Anisotropic diffusion: The background that i don't want gets cleared a little ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Most common modern day Image Segmentation techniques

I was doing some reading up on image segmentation techniques and I was wondering about modern day, state-of-the-art segmentation algorithms. What current segmentation techniques that are a 'must-read'...
16
votes
1answer
19k views

How to Extract High Frequency and Low Frequency Component Using Bilateral Filter?

What does High frequency and low frequency component signify in an image. How to separate out the high frequency as well as low frequency component of an image using Bilateral filter.
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Wavelet Transform

I want to perform 2D haar discrete wavelet transform and inverse DWT on an image.Will you please explain 2D haar discrete wavelet transform and inverse DWT in a simple language and an algorithm using ...
8
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2answers
15k views

Why images need to be padded before filtering in frequency domain

In image processing books , we are told that Images need to be padded while doing filtering in the frequency domain. Why we need that zero padding ?
16
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2answers
6k views

Alternatives to Hough transform for detecting a grid-like structure

I have an image which is composed of multiple 'angles' which form a grid shape: After some searching, Hough seemed like a good fit, because it isn't troubled by breaks in lines. However, the problem ...
12
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2answers
512 views

What methodology to use for discrimination of different (musical?) tones

I am trying to research and figure out how best to attack this problem. It straddles music processing, image processing, and signal processing, and so there are a myriad number of ways to look at it. ...
12
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3answers
978 views

Image processing coding

I was wondering which is the best language for image processing? I know MATLAB has a good library and user community for it. I havent checked it out, its there for python as well. What is the most ...
8
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3answers
7k views

Why normalize the data set before applying Direct Linear Transform

Direct Linear Transform (DLT for short) is a method of homography estimation, it solves the overdetermined linear system via SVD $$Ah=b$$to find a solution $h$ under constraint $\|h\|=1$. Actually it ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Why does the separable filter reduce the cost of computing the operator?

A separable filter in image processing can be written as product of two more simple filters. Typically a 2-dimensional convolution operation is separated into 2 onedimensional filters. This reduces ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How to get a top view using open cv?

I have a situation where i need to extract the top view of a road from the 'skewed' view I get from a cc camera located on some roadside tree. I would like to do this using OpenCV, but since I'm very ...