Questions tagged [image-processing]

In general, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame.

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MATLAB: Prepare an RGB image for digit and letter recognition

I need a Matlab function that prepares an image for digit and letter recognition. What I need now is to convert the original RGB image to a binary image that every pixel in it is white except the ...
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49 views

How to recognize for small video sequence with a large sequence?

I'm working on the idea of recognizing a small video sequence (a sequence of 18 seconds) within a long one (a sequence of 15 minutes), the first idea that come to mind stats that I have to ...
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How to calculate fisheye distortion error

OpenCV offers a fisheye library for calibrating wide-angle lenses. I have implemented the calibration and want to verify the reprojection error by using a new set of images. So is there a function to ...
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evaluate and process videos with over exposure problems

With a video processing task, how to evaluate and process the video data set that has over-exposure problems?
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Different type of padding in image?

I want to implement a gradient operator on an image in Matlab. Should I have to pad the image before its implementation? How do I decide which padding to use e.g. whether to use zero-padding or ...
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1answer
26 views

brightest amplitude of an image pixel

How can amplitude of an image pixel be calculated?Do we need to perform any FFT on the image? and how to find the brightest value among the amplitudes in python or matlab?
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What is the difference between positive matrix coefficients and negative matrix coefficients of an audio?

I have turned an audio file into an one dimensional array by using audioread function in matlab and found several positive and negative fractional coefficient values.What is the basic difference of ...
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2D Fourier Transform

Is it possible to get a 2D Fourier Transform by first taking 1D Fourier transform in first dimension and then performing another 1D Fourier Transform in the other dimension? If yes, can you explain
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How can I detect the tree rings?

I'm looking for the way to detect the tree rings automatically in the wood dist image. Using the matlab, I have removed the background, and binarized the image. How can I detect the white and black ...
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validation and test accuracy [closed]

I am working on image classification. I have partitioned the images into training, validation and test set. The size of the validation and test sets are the same. In some cases, the test accuracy is ...
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What is the “bilinear interpolation kernel” in personlab paper?

please excuse my ignorance in computer graphics, but what is this bilinear interpolation kernel in the personlab paper page 6 equation (1)? Here it is: $$ h_k(x) = \frac{1}{\pi R^2}\sum_{i=1:N}p_k(...
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176 views

Homography Matrix Correlations

If the homography matrix of Image 1 to Image 2 is given, and another homography matrix for image 2 to image 3 is given, how do I calculate the homography matrix for image 1 to image 3? PS : I need the ...
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Detect quasi-parallel lines with spurs in a binary image

I'm looking for a way to remove quasi-parallel curves from the net, as depicted in the figure. Not only the original nets (upper row in figure) contain many spurs, but also the curves to be detected ...
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What motion estimation techniques that could estimate the motion of every pixel?

I'm trying to estimate a motion from a video, however based on my finding, those methods usually meant for large motion and sparse in nature. Optical flow: Sparse and fail to detect sub-pixel motion ...
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How to use Joint Probabilistic Data Association Filter (JPDAF) for varying number of targets?

I have been working on JPDAF for two days, and I have to implement it using varying number of targets. As far as I studied, it is mainly used for fixed number of targets. I have studied different ...
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How to make a gaussian filter?

The 2D Gaussian function is defined as: $$G(x,y) = \frac{1}{2\pi \alpha}e^{-\frac{x^{2}+y^{2}}{2\alpha}}$$ And this is a Gaussian kernel: If I take the top left corner as the origin and set $\alpha=1$...
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How do I get the most accurate camera calibration?

First off, I hope this is the correct Stack Exchange board. My apologies if it is not. I am working on something that requires me to calibrate the camera. I have successfully implemented the code to ...
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Image processing with .HPG files

I have files with extension .hpg and I want to perform image processing on those file as they are hp plotter file. I tried googling but no luck there. hence hope someone can help me tackle this with ...
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2k views

Improving Template Matching Algorithm for OpenCV

Car detection using OpenCV I am working on a small personal project where i have to know wether an image shown is a car or not. I am using the basic OpenCV python based template matching. Positive ...
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1answer
157 views

Obtaining the size of objects from an image

My objective is to be able to obtain the size, in pixels, of objects in images I'm receiving from a camera. I've tried two approaches thus far, both working to some extent, and I'm wondering if there'...
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108 views

How to solve ADMM for TV Minimization Problem For Different Sizes $A$ and $x$ in $Ax=b$

I have matrix $A$ that is $(M \times M)$ square matrix, $x$ $(M \times N)$ matrix, $b$ is $(M \times N)$ matrix. Knowing $A$ and $b$ I would like to get the $x$ from the equation $Ax=b$. $N=p \times q$...
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389 views

Deconvolution Question on Article “Deriving Intrinsic Images from Image Sequences” by Yair Weiss

there are n derivative filters: $f_i$, and denote $f_i^r$ as $f_i$'s reverse filter such that $$f_i(x,y)=f_i^r(-x, -y)$$ $r_i, f_i$ given, to find $r$ from the equations: $$f_i * r = r_i, (1 \leq i \...
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1answer
33 views

Side lobe reduction [closed]

How can side-lobes be reduced in an Level-1 SAR image in Spatial Domain?The input here in this problem is an complex SAR image?which parameters(like amplitude) of SAR image should be considered mainly ...
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Remove noise from VGA image

I have 2 color images generated from same X-ray machines, but one of the image is obtained using VGA cable. Therefore the RGB intensities differ in the 2 images. I am using Object detection to detect ...
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Calculating the SNR of a blurred image

I have a blurred and noisy image $X$, I want to apply the Wiener filter on it and get a deblurred and denoised image $Y$ (i.e apply inverse of blurring filter while at the same time reducing some ...
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1answer
107 views

RMS contrast of image interpretation

I have two grayscale images, say A and B, and I want to determine, which one is more contrast. For that I'm calculating an RMS contrast as it is described in Wikipedia. The results are about ...
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1answer
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Finding circle in binary image (R, not matlab)

How would I go about extracting the circular area of a binary image which looks like: The two rods emerging from the side of the circle are noise. I know of the hough transform in Matlab. However, I ...
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227 views

2D DWT computation order

In 2D the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) of an image using lifting based 5/3 filter, if I perform a row-wise operation first then perform column-wise operation then I will get 4 sub-band LL, LH and ...
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47 views

Designing a 2d low pas filter in fourier domain for an image

Firstly this is not a homework question. I am working on a project and my professor gave me this task so I can also learn about filters and fourier domain. I have a picture that is 2800 x 4500 pixels....
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26 views

Equal probability quantizer in Python

I am trying to apply Haralick textures to a SAR image (float32). As far as I know, the image first needs to be quantized to a reasonable bit depth prior to calculate the co-ocurrence matrix. In the ...
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1answer
248 views

How can I properly detect a ball moving in a film capture?

I have problem in detecting a ball moving in a flume (image below). since converting the frames into grayscale format didn't work I converted it into rgb and make it more saturated. problems are: 1- ...
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115 views

Image reconstruction using Irradiation

I am a bit confused as to how to go about this. I have a surface [x,y,z] given by: ...
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1answer
114 views

How to transform an aerial image

This is the first time I'm diving a little deep into images and computer vision. I have an aerial image taken from a drone (I know the pitch, roll, yaw of the drone and the angle of the camera ...
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Cutoff Frequency of Low Pass Filter for Image Processing

Im working on an image processing problem where i need to implement lfilter from a paper. The filter is done in Frequency domain. In the paper stated that the filter is a low pass with following ...
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1answer
37 views

Producing images with subpixel shift in region of interest

Let's say for a zebra image, and at certain pixel location, I would like to makes it "vibrate/warp" to and fro in horizontal direction at a certain frequencies in a sequence of images of time ...
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FFT of shifted image in Numpy

I want to prove using numpy the theory of Fourier transforms in which translation in space corresponds to a shift in the phase domain (frequency domain remains constant). I have generated these three ...
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3answers
6k views

What is the advantage of weighted median filter over median filter?

I could not find any proof or comparison of weighted median and median filters. Yes the more occurring pixel contributes much but what should be the criteria of choosing weight function. And any ...
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1answer
131 views

How do I detect the sharp edges in the following image?

I am looking to count the sharp pointy triangular things in the image. However I was unable to do so. One approach I did try was take a convex hull of the contour and then find convex defects but it ...
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1answer
224 views

How to detect the maximum resolvable spatial frequency of camera?

I am trying to calculate the minimum line pixel width that can be distinguished from noise as shown in the camera test chart in Figure 1 where the thinner lines on the left are getting more and more ...
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1answer
98 views

Fundamental matrix rank

Is there any way one can prove that $\text{rank}\big(F+F^{T}\big)=3$? where F is a fundamental matrix. If you have any idea, do let me know. I am trying to solve this problem. I am just trying to ...
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50 views

Recommended approach for extracting specific edges from image?

I have several sets of images with a typical image being: and from each image, I would like to extract the top and bottom curves of the object, shown in red here: What are some possible tools I ...
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DSP or signal/image/data processing jokes

Some other StackExchange/StackOverflow sites are entertained with a certain level of humor or fun. What is your favorite “data analysis” cartoon? is particularly worth mentioning (IMHO) this xkcd ...
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1answer
39 views

Identifying the boundary points of a shape based on the centroid

I have a set of binary 2D images with objects in white and their boundaries in black (attached example). I also have a list of centroids (x,y coordinate pairs) identifying all objects. For each ...
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35 views

How to prepare different input size in CNN

I'm doing a research about personality identification based on their signature using CNN method, however the learning feature for the personality traits have a different input size. I understand that ...
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57 views

How to calculate variance of noise on a noisy image (Noise+Signal)

I have a long exposure image captured at 70ms. (I1) (As attached) I also have another image captured at 0.7ms with Gain24. (I2) (As attached) This image has both noise and signal together. I would ...
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How do you perform range compression of SAR data on a 2D matrix?

I am building a Matlab program to process RADARSAT-1 data that came with this book. The book describes the steps to creating SAR image as follows I am currently implement the range compression step. ...
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26 views

Eroding noisy borders of polygons in an image

I am new to image processing, and this is the task at hand. I have a mask image of shape 500x500x1 that contains polygons. These polygons (=vector data: common term in remote sensing and GIS) are ...
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46 views

Detecting corners using structure tensor matrix

How does eigenvalues of structure tensor matrix help in detecting corners? For eg, in Harris corner detection, we consider the matrix $$M = \sum_{w} w \cdot \begin{bmatrix} I_x^2 & I_x I_y \\ I_x ...
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4k views

Remove Shadows from Contour of an Object (Grapes)

I want to extract only the grapes from the images. Unfortunately, sometimes I don't get the grapes exactly. I have a code that doesn't work well in all cases. Sometimes, it does not differentiate ...
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1answer
23 views

How to estimate the modulation transfer function of images?

I'd like some way to estimate the modulation transfer function in images. This is the observed drop in amplitude vs increase in frequency of spatial details - nice illustration here: (from https://...

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