# Questions tagged [image-processing]

In general, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame.

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### How Does Mean Centering Affect the Result of Using SVD to Compress Images?

I have been learning about using the Singular Value Decomposition to find low rank approximations to matrices. I had an image which I converted to a matrix. I regarded each row of the matrix as a '...
334 views

### Binarization, and then thinning/skeletonization

I have pictures of networks, like the one below, and my goal is to obtain the network's skeleton from processing those images. My approach lies in two steps, first I convert grayscale image to binary ...
44 views

### How to recognize for small video sequence with a large sequence?

I'm working on the idea of recognizing a small video sequence (a sequence of 18 seconds) within a long one (a sequence of 15 minutes), the first idea that come to mind stats that I have to ...
81 views

### Image Interpolation Using the Yule Walker Equations

I have been studying about the Yule-Walker equations for prediction of a time series data from knowledge of past values of the series. Is there any way I can use the same in an image to exploit the ...
100 views

### What is the meaning of the sum of kernel components in digital image filtering?

When analyzing an image signal as a series of Dirac impulses in the continuous spatial domain, I applied continuous low pass filters (to reconstruct or smooth it) with area equal to 1 to preserve the ...
141 views

### How would you interpret the pattern in this picture? (generated by re-sorting pixels based on their RGB value)

Was playing with some pictures and ran the ruby code below. The code reads an input image using the ImageMagick library, gets an array of pixels, re-sorts the pixels and then writes out an image with ...
1k views

### Why a Convolution Matrix Is Called a Kernel?

According to Wikipedia: In image processing, a kernel, convolution matrix, or mask is a small matrix. I am wondering, why the matrix is called a kernel? Does it has anything to do with kernel ...
471 views

### In Plain English, What Are the Within and Between Class Variances in Otsu's Thresholding?

For the past week I've been through numerous research papers and tutorials on Otsu's thresholding. Even wrote to the authors, but every single one of the explanations are in terms of "Class" and "...
145 views

### Given a Horizontal Derivative Kernel What Would Be the Output Image?

Hi, im solving this problem and everything went well until i went and solved the position p(5,3) and i got the answer of 0. However, the solution guide lists the solution as 150 which is pointed at ...
1k views

### The Effect of a Kernel on an Image By Filtering

I am going through an old exam paper and trying to understand this question where they ask us to tell them what effect the following image filter would have if its convolved with an image: ...
18 views

### What is the difference between positive matrix coefficients and negative matrix coefficients of an audio?

I have turned an audio file into an one dimensional array by using audioread function in matlab and found several positive and negative fractional coefficient values.What is the basic difference of ...
50 views

### How can I detect the tree rings?

I'm looking for the way to detect the tree rings automatically in the wood dist image. Using the matlab, I have removed the background, and binarized the image. How can I detect the white and black ...
183 views

### Facing problem in plotting histogram of DCT coefficient of an image

In digital image forensic, it is assumed that the histogram of DCT coefficients of the un-compressed natural image has the smooth histogram. However, the histogram of DCT coefficients of the ...
71 views

### What Is a Weighted Local Histogram?

I'm reading through a couple of academic papers, and this terms often comes up "local weighted histogram". An example of quote is the following: First, cumulative histograms are built for every ...
157 views

### Homography Matrix Correlations

If the homography matrix of Image 1 to Image 2 is given, and another homography matrix for image 2 to image 3 is given, how do I calculate the homography matrix for image 1 to image 3? PS : I need the ...
68 views

### Calculating the numerical gradient of a volume in one direction at a time

I want to calculate the gradient of an image volume in one direction at a time. Using the built-in function of Matlab gradient() I can get the ...
468 views

### How to use the Walsh-Hadamard transform to filter 24 bit RGB color values in a localized spatial region?

After reading this Signal processing Stack Exchange article tonight, What is the Walsh-Hadamard Transform and what is it good for?, I became interested in applying the Walsh-Hadamard transform to ...
273 views

### Detect quasi-parallel lines with spurs in a binary image

I'm looking for a way to remove quasi-parallel curves from the net, as depicted in the figure. Not only the original nets (upper row in figure) contain many spurs, but also the curves to be detected ...
90 views

### What motion estimation techniques that could estimate the motion of every pixel?

I'm trying to estimate a motion from a video, however based on my finding, those methods usually meant for large motion and sparse in nature. Optical flow: Sparse and fail to detect sub-pixel motion ...
32 views

### Fast and Slow motion video detection using Optical Flow

I'm trying to calculate a "video motion" value in a given video sequence, meaning how fast or slow motion the video is. For instance, if a video is about a car racing, the value is high. Whereas if ...
372 views

### Deconvolution Question on Article “Deriving Intrinsic Images from Image Sequences” by Yair Weiss

there are n derivative filters: $f_i$, and denote $f_i^r$ as $f_i$'s reverse filter such that $$f_i(x,y)=f_i^r(-x, -y)$$ $r_i, f_i$ given, to find $r$ from the equations: f_i * r = r_i, (1 \leq i \...
28 views

### Confusion regarding lacunarity of koch curves with same fractal dimension but different orders

I'm trying to use the concept of lacunarity to classify images, as per how a few research papers have done it. To verify whether my equations and implementation are correct, I'm trying to verify the ...
188 views

### Question About Linear and Circular Convolution - 1D and 2D

We know that applying a filter on an image is called correlation or convolution depending on the filter angle. In Gonzalez I have read that we can apply linear convolution on an image. Here I have a ...
327 views

### Chroma key algorithm with unknown background color

Suppose that I have an image with a foreground subject and a monochrome background. The image is a real world picture so the pixels belonging to the background do not share the same exact value. I ...
162 views

### Scratch Detection On Noisy Textured Surface

I wish to extract long thin scratches from the noisy background image.I have tried several ways such as stacking smoothed image with input image to remove some of the noisy background patch before ...
65 views

### What is meant by product of two images?

I would like to compute the product of two images. I tried with the code below. But the result is not like I expected. Can you tell me where is the problem in my code? https://ibb.co/Njc8w3b ...
126 views

### How to find Performance Ratio (PR)?

If we have one image from BSD (The Berkeley Segmentation Dataset and Benchmark) and for this images Ground truth, how to calculate PR? PR is the ratio of true to false edges and can be calculated by ...
2k views

### Improving Template Matching Algorithm for OpenCV

Car detection using OpenCV I am working on a small personal project where i have to know wether an image shown is a car or not. I am using the basic OpenCV python based template matching. Positive ...
147 views

### Obtaining the size of objects from an image

My objective is to be able to obtain the size, in pixels, of objects in images I'm receiving from a camera. I've tried two approaches thus far, both working to some extent, and I'm wondering if there'...
697 views

### Calculating the SNR of a blurred image

I have a blurred and noisy image $X$, I want to apply the Wiener filter on it and get a deblurred and denoised image $Y$ (i.e apply inverse of blurring filter while at the same time reducing some ...
1k views

### Finding circle in binary image (R, not matlab)

How would I go about extracting the circular area of a binary image which looks like: The two rods emerging from the side of the circle are noise. I know of the hough transform in Matlab. However, I ...
184 views

### 2D DWT computation order

In 2D the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) of an image using lifting based 5/3 filter, if I perform a row-wise operation first then perform column-wise operation then I will get 4 sub-band LL, LH and ...
47 views

### Implementing rotation in frequency domain and map it back to spatial domain

Please consider the following small example: ...
10 views

### What are the Red-Black Wavelets transformation for color (RGB) images?

I am looking for Red-Black Wavelet transform implementation on internet but I am unable to find it. Or How wavelets can be used for Images. Please help if you know how wavelets can be used for images.
21 views

### How to make ground-truth image for document image binarization task?

The two images are from DIBCO (Document Image Binarization Contest). The objective is to find a solution to binarize the top image (original image) to be similar to the bottom one (ground-truth image)....
228 views

### How can I properly detect a ball moving in a film capture?

I have problem in detecting a ball moving in a flume (image below). since converting the frames into grayscale format didn't work I converted it into rgb and make it more saturated. problems are: 1- ...
89 views

### how to describe the color of a small image patch?

I want to describe the color of an image patch (say of size 5x5) centered around a pixel of an rgb image. The most straightforward way to do that is to calculate the average color over that patch and ...
111 views

I am a bit confused as to how to go about this. I have a surface [x,y,z] given by: ...
102 views

### How to transform an aerial image

This is the first time I'm diving a little deep into images and computer vision. I have an aerial image taken from a drone (I know the pitch, roll, yaw of the drone and the angle of the camera ...
67 views

### Digital Image Processing Textbook with Specific Topics

I am looking for a Digital Image Processing and analysis textbook, but there are specific topics that I would like the book to cover. Among other topics, I would like it to include a discussion of: (...
19 views

### Image processing and object detection in sales force automation

We have a specific requirement in our sales force automation product. Requirement in merchandising module There is one shelf check activity in merchandising where salesman is capturing which ...
42 views

### 2D Multi-scale dot enhancement filter based on Gaussian filter and Hessian matrix

I'm trying to implement an algorithm that enhance dot and line like structures based on Hessian matrix, the algorithm uses Gaussian filter with different scales before calculating the hessian matrix ...
50 views

### How do I detect the sharp edges in the following image?

I am looking to count the sharp pointy triangular things in the image. However I was unable to do so. One approach I did try was take a convex hull of the contour and then find convex defects but it ...
78 views

### How to detect the maximum resolvable spatial frequency of camera?

I am trying to calculate the minimum line pixel width that can be distinguished from noise as shown in the camera test chart in Figure 1 where the thinner lines on the left are getting more and more ...
30 views

### Recommended approach for extracting specific edges from image?

I have several sets of images with a typical image being: and from each image, I would like to extract the top and bottom curves of the object, shown in red here: What are some possible tools I ...
8 views

### Logical Steps to segmenting Lung Fissure Structures

I am given the task to do the Lung Major Fissure Segmentation in a CT image to find it's position in an image. This is what a Major Fissue looks like: https://www.med-ed.virginia.edu/courses/rad/cxr/...
36 views

### morphological processing : Hit or Miss shape detection

I am currently looking at shape detection for Hit or Miss. I am having a bit of trouble with the concept of the window that they have you to detect the shape. Up till now reading about hit or miss ...
16 views

### need tool to identify most focussed image in a series

I have a situation where I am sent a series of photographs of hand-written documents (quite old, from 1850-s). Each photo is done just as you and I would photo a page from a book, so not a ...