# Questions tagged [image-processing]

In general, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame.

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### What do the 1D filters represent when using imfilter?

I am reading the source code of an algorithm that is used to process an image. While reading this source code (and others), I've found lines of code of the form ...
20 views

### Estimate gap between two adjacent images

I have two images of a panoramic view but there is a small gap (<24 pixels) in the horizontal dimension between them. I would like to do interpolation/inpainting to fill the gap, but the exact size ...
39 views

### Coherence Calculation in Sparse Sensing

i have an image I of size 32*32. I perform the DCT of this image using the matlab function DCT2(I). I get a sparse representation of my image which is again a 32*32 image. I construct a circulant ...
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### How does the “additive operator splitting” exactly work?

I am reading about the non-linear (or non-homogenous) diffusion method (aka anistropic diffusion method). There are several ways of implementing this method. In all cases, we first need to discretise ...
23 views

### How to create 3D signed distance function?

I am trying to segment a 3D shape using levelset. I want to track shape movement in consecutive frames. Now I want to create a signed distance function matrix for ...
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### Why is the anisotropic diffusion equivalent to the heat equation when using a constant diffusion coefficient?

The anisotropic diffusion is defined as $$\frac{\partial I}{\partial t} = \mathrm{div} \left( c(x,y,t) \nabla I \right)= \nabla c \cdot \nabla I + c(x,y,t) \Delta I$$ where $\operatorname{div}$ is ...
733 views

### What does opencv mean function do when passing a mask of zeros?

INTRO I am looking at this project to implement some changes. The project is written in C++ using openCV library. Its goal is to detect cars in parking area to calculate the number of free spots. It ...
52 views

### Why am I not getting the intended coefficients in this 2D Fourier demonstration?

I am trying to demonstrate how the 2D Fourier decomposition of an image works with Matlab and a very, very simple example. I create a 4 x 4 pixel image with cosine basis vectors as such: ...
164 views

### what method for thresholding?

I want to do one threshold method on high pass components of a wavelet frame decomposition approch,for edge detection in image. I have 14 high pass components. for thresholding, I need keep the ...
126 views

### After advice about detecting focus quality of objects in a photo detected using YoloV3

I've spent the last couple of days playing with YoloV3, and have had very good results. My use case is sports photography, and the object detection for people/bikes etc is very very good, I'm very ...
221 views

### Easy way to get rid of noise in a hand drawing

I would like to take a user's hand drawn input, and filter out "noise", aka small sketches or blobs, where the user might have screwed up and accidentally touched his hand to the drawing device, or ...
45 views

### HVS models and rods and cones

It is common to say that the YUV color model is inspired from the human visual system (HVS), knowing that we have many more rods than cones, and consequently, we are more sensitive to light than color....
92 views

### Circular Convolution Matrix of ${H}^{H} {H}$

We all know that Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) corresponds to circular (not linear) convolution. That is to say, if $x(n),h(n)$ and $y(n)$ is the original signal, the filter and output signal in ...
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### Is document image binarization a closed research field [closed]

A lot of work has been done in the field of document image binarization. Is it a closed research field or still an interesting challenge area? I am new in the field, and just curious.
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### What Is the Relation Between Deblurring and Deconvolution in Computer Vision and Image Processing?

The deblurring problem can be modelled as follows $$f = \phi u + \epsilon, \; \epsilon \sim N(0, \sigma)$$ where $\phi$ is a filter (e.g. a low-pass filter) and $\epsilon$ is a Gaussian noise. In ...
313 views

### What Are the Differences between Super Resolution, Denoising and Deblurring?

In the fields of computer vision and image processing, what are the differences between Super Resolution, Denoising and Deblurring?
2k views

### How to remove reflections from images?

I've been playing around with making images better and removing all the unwanted disturbances from it. I found out a major concern would be removing the unwanted reflections that might come. I've ...
28 views

### is there a use for a changing kernel in image convolution

I understand the principle of image convolution. Maybe. I think it is this: You use a small matrix with numbers in it, then take a sample of an image with as many pixels as you have numbers in your ...
32 views

### Why entropy value can be used as measure of contrast of an image?

I was looking for value that can measure a contrast of an image. And I found a couple of answers like this one https://stackoverflow.com/questions/13397394/how-to-measure-contrast-in-opencv-visual-c/...
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### How is the Gaussian kernel related to the Euclidean distance of the neighbourhoods in the non-local means algorithm?

I am reading the paper A non-local algorithm for image denoising that describes the original non-local means algorithm. They define (p. 3 of the pdf) the distance between two square fixed ...
42 views

### What is the relation between time, frequency, spatial and spectral domains?

What is the relation between time, frequency, spatial and spectral domains? I think that time and spatial domains are the "original" domains (e.g. if the signal is a greyscale image, then the domain ...
56 views

### How do I denoise a microscope image?

I'm working in a computer vision project, where the goal is to detect some specific parasites, but now that I have the images, I noticed that they have a watermark that specifies the microscope ...
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I have the following image I and I want to add additive noise using the array N below. Can you please give me a calculation example of how to achieve this? Do I have to move from image space to ...
248 views

### Programming the IDWT for image processing

I want to program the 2D inverse discrete wavelet transform (only 1 level) in the case of image processing. In the matlab website there's this diagram: now, I want to program the IDWT with haar ...
2k views

### Calculating an image's fourier spectrum by hand?

Suppose I have a $4x4$ image with the following values as its grey-level intensity for each pixel like this: I want to get its Fourier spectrum. Usually, I would just punch into Matlab and run a fft ...
24 views

### Fresnel transform over image

You can recommend the literature or tell you what the Fresnel Transform does to the image. I realized that this describes the passage of a light wave through an optical element, but I need to ...
117 views

### Redistributing Color in a RGB Image According to a Gaussian Distribution

I haven't done this stuff in a while. If I have an image $I$ I can equalize the histogram of the image using some opencv procedure, it's already defined. Equalizing an histogram means essentially to ...
1k views

### How does image masking work?

I am new to image processing and I am interested how image masking can be used to extract a portion of a image. Have a look at this OpenCV tutorial. In the section Application of Mask, they say that ...
112 views

### wavelength / RGB valve per pixel

Preamble: I want to stress that I don't know anything about photo-editing or signal processing. But I am a composer who happens to be working on a project in which sound / light overlap. Question: Am ...
8 views

### Efficient way to compute how much light is present in a scene (for camera focusing)

I'm developing somewhat of a camera app and need a way to compute how much light is present in a specific scene to know how to adjust the exposure and iso level so that the focused point will detailed ...
72 views

### Sum of Squared Intensity Difference for block matching with ORB features, c++

I am trying to implement feature matching algorithm between image reference and image current. The pipeline is as follows: ...
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### Why does the Y component in YCbCr represent luma/intensity?

As far as I know, the RGB to YCbCr conversion is just a linear transformation, yet the Y channel successfully captures the intensity value of each pixel. How? In other words, where do the following ...
526 views

### 3D point cloud to 2.5D graycale image (metric) [Halcon?]

I have a problem ragarding transferring a point cloud to a 2.5D metric grayscale image (gray value gives depth information). I start with a three channel image of 32bit floats with each pixel ...
2k views

### What is a good distance measure for matching SIFT descriptors depending on the distribution of their noise?

I have read some papers about distance measures like Euclidean, Manhattan or Chi-Square for matching gradient based image descriptors like those computed from the SIFT Algorithm (128-D vectors). Most ...
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### What are the keywords to find an algorithm that detects embossed text from a 3d model?

Currently I am doing an acadmic research about an idea which came into my mind lately. I have a 3d model and I want to extract embossed text .. anyone knows any papers? or if it is already proposed? ....
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### What is the result of fourier transform of an image

I am new to computer vision and Fourier transform concept. I have examined some codes. In those codes, an image is performed Fast Fourier transform by using the function ...
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### How do 2D DCT basis functions interact to produce 8x8 JPEG tiles?

This section is a bit of an intro. If you want to skip directly to where the problem is explicitly outlined, skip to the bottom of this post. Please note that I'm not hip with mathematical lingo, so ...