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Questions tagged [image-compression]

image compression is a process of representing an image file or datastream using fewer bytes. compression can be "lossless", in which the original data can be recovered exactly, or it can be "lossy", in which some detail is lost for the sake of better compression.

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22 views

KL (Karhunen-Loève) transform of images

I know how to implement the Karhunen-Loève (KLT) for one 2D image. Which we first find the covariance matrix of the image vectors of length N along the column and the row dimension and etc. When we ...
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Is there something as self-completing data transfer, like Sudoku?

I would like to know, since I am not that knowledgeable in this subject, if this idea is feasible or widely implemented: If a data package is sent, I know parity-bytes are used to detect errors. ...
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What algorithm generates these “bucket coloring” artifacts?

Context: This is picture (taken with a smartphone*) of a copy of school test. The original answers were in black pencil and the professor made check marks in red. However, the parts of the answer ...
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4answers
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what is the difference between YUV format and HSV format?

i wonder why HSV and YUV are different formats, even though they both works similarly (based on the brightness), if not what is the difference and i have confusions with YPbPr and YCbCr , can anyone ...
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2answers
62 views

Definition of difference between compression and filtering

I'd like to explain the motivation. It sounds like a neuroscience topic but I am after the strict Signal Processing POV. (I don't come from a Signal Processing background). Interested to learn ...
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1answer
62 views

What are the cosine functions in JPEG's DCTII table?

As I understand it from this video, in a JPEG image an 8x8-pixel block is made up of weighted cosine waves, calculated using DCTII. There are lots of visualizations of these waves, such as this one ...
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How do 2D DCT basis functions interact to produce 8x8 JPEG tiles?

This section is a bit of an intro. If you want to skip directly to where the problem is explicitly outlined, skip to the bottom of this post. Please note that I'm not hip with mathematical lingo, so ...
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1answer
35 views

Encoding YUV Color Space with Positive Numbers

I got 2 hdr rgb textures/signals. When fetched one gets bicubicly interpolated and the other bilinearly. So I was thinking I can store as YUV and store Y from each texture in the bicubic one and the ...
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What are the differences between Gaussian down-sampling and bicubic down-sampling in Matlab? Which is more accurate for simulating low resolution?

I see in some of the technical papers, good practice for downsampling is to first pass the image through a Gaussian Filter and then take sampling to avoid problems like aliasing and so on. However, ...
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2answers
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JPEG compression steps after quantization

I have a 3-channel (for colours) a png image that I opened and I splitted the image into 8x8 blocks I applied all of the blocks discrete cosine transform And then applied quantization I stored the ...
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1answer
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Coherence Calculation in Sparse Sensing

i have an image I of size 32*32. I perform the DCT of this image using the matlab function DCT2(I). I get a sparse representation of my image which is again a 32*32 image. I construct a circulant ...
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1answer
243 views

How to determine a quantization table for image compression with DCT?

The quantization table is given on the JPEG Wiki page. How was this table derived? I'm currently doing a project where I have to come up with custom quantization table for an image, but I don't know ...
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“Image Processing” [closed]

I'm an Italian student. I'm studying Gnu Radio and I would like to upload a photo, can I upload it with "file image source" or other blocks? I need to make FFT of an a image. -> image 2D Thank you ...
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1answer
183 views

Facing problem in plotting histogram of DCT coefficient of an image

In digital image forensic, it is assumed that the histogram of DCT coefficients of the un-compressed natural image has the smooth histogram. However, the histogram of DCT coefficients of the ...
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1answer
74 views

How Does Mean Centering Affect the Result of Using SVD to Compress Images?

I have been learning about using the Singular Value Decomposition to find low rank approximations to matrices. I had an image which I converted to a matrix. I regarded each row of the matrix as a '...
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1answer
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How to Approximate the File Size Ratio of Two JPEG-LS Compressed Images? [closed]

For instance, a high-resolution image (25MP) and a low-resolution image (4MP) of the same scene. When compressing them both with ...
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2answers
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How Can JPEG Be Used to Realize a Transfer Application with a Fixed Bit Rate? [closed]

For simplicity, assume a fixed bandwidth (5MB/s) and that each second an image with 12MP is generated. The quality of the image ...
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Reconstructing image from the dwt coefficients

I am trying to compress and reconstruct an image but facing problems with the data type of the compressed image pixel values which are of float64 and therefore, when I am trying to retrieve the pixel ...
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1answer
400 views

`SSIM(YUV)` vs. `SSIM(Y)`: Values Are Very Different

I'm seeing some weird results when trying to compare image qualities in a few different color spaces. Have a look at my graph: I want to compare with another publication, which reported PSNR(YUV) and ...
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1answer
34 views

Need a 2 parameter ranking system for image compression

I'm working on a project in which specific bit planes of an image are extracted and compressed. This process is repeated for every combination of bit planes possible.For an image, I have calculated ...
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2answers
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Which channel coding technique is suitable for wireless SPIHT compressed image: Reed-Solomon or convolutional code?

I want to transmit a SPIHT-based (Set Partitioning In Hierarchical Trees) image compressed image over a wireless fading channel, which will be suitable as channel coding technique: Reed-Solomon or ...
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2answers
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Origin of brightness artifacts in intensity resolution compressed images

when compressing this image (It corresponds to Fig2.20 from the book Digital Image Processing by Gonzalez and Woods and the original .tif document can be downloaded through this link By reducing ...
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1answer
421 views

Confirming what a compression ratio is

I have looked at various sources, but still have not been able to answer the question: what is compression ratio? I have come to the understanding that this is the definitive answer: compression ...
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1answer
150 views

Quadtree decomposition of Discrete Wavelet Transform using bio4.4/CDF wavelet

My problem is pretty basic but fundamental. It relates to the way discrete wavelet transform behaves for biorothognal 4.4 or CDF wavelets. When using most wavelets (e.g., CDF 9/7 or bio4.4 or ...
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1answer
275 views

compression ratio of pixels block

I am new to image compression topic and really appreciate it if someone could help me understand how compression rati works in this case. Assuming I have JPEG lossless coder that encodes the following ...
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1answer
289 views

How to predict next image in a sequence, or predict the deblurring of an image?

I have 3 versions of an image at lower resolutions - 480p, 720p, and 1080p. Is it possible to use those 3 images to predict the next highest resolution image (the 4k image)? My first guess was that ...
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1answer
267 views

Compression ratio for 4x4 block

Say I have the following 4x4 block: [ 120 121 125 119 120 120 118 117 122 121 117 118 122 122 120 120] If this block is intra coded the ...
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2answers
4k views

Bit plane slicing in python

I recently came across a technique called bit-plane slicing for image compression in a book "Digital image processing" by gonzalez and woods . They just presented the theory and i wanted to ...
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2answers
590 views

Are the FFT coefficients symmetric in image processing?

On page 11 of Fundamentals of Image Processing by Ian T. Young, Jan J. Gerbrands, Lucas J. van Vliet (pdf) the results of the Fourier transform are shown (Figs 4a and 4b) and it appears to me (please ...
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3answers
833 views

Does a simple photograph contain more information than a complex painting?

I hope this question is appropriate for this site. I came across this passage in The Three Body Problem, a novel by Liu Cixin: The professor had put up two pictures: One was the famous Song ...
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0answers
185 views

How doesn't JPEG huffman table contain 256 codes?

Here are the DHT entries I got from JPEG snoop: ...
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1answer
1k views

Loss in converting YUV to PNG

I have a YUV 420NV12 image. I'm using ffmpeg to convert the YUV file to PNG and then back again to YUV. ...
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2answers
636 views

How does Jpeg encoding affect the final file size of 24BPP RGB and 8BPP grayscale image?

The reason I'd like to know this is because of a file size problem. I am trying to reduce an image's file size from converting it from TIFF to JPEG. A user challenge me that he notice a RGB TIFF image ...
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1answer
924 views

What are some good images to use when comparing image compression algorithms?

There was a question about images that are hard to compress. Are there images that are better suited to testing compression quality than others? Maybe an image of diagonal lines of specific colors at ...
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2answers
105 views

Fast method to decompress huffman and arithmetic encoded data

By nature, when decompressing huffman (and I assume also Arithmetic encoded data) we have to read it in bit by bit and then see how it traverses a huffman code tree that has the actual symbol value at ...
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1answer
256 views

Does every 8 by 8 DCT matrix have a valid (in range) IDCT?

For a given quantization level of JPEG compression, are all possible DCT matrices have valid IDCTs. By valid, I mean matrices whose elements are in the range [0,255] ?
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2answers
1k views

JPEG DCT padding

Since the JPEG DCT block used is 8x8, how does the method deal with images with dimensions that are not multiples of 8? What kind of padding does it use? How are the 8x8 blocks of the image chosen?
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1answer
43 views

What base image size to choose to assist easier downsizing?

Android applications need image at different resolutions to support different screen densities and pixel size. I am planning to provide only one image with high pixel size and let the underlying ...
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1answer
324 views
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1answer
122 views

What is this kind of distortion called?

Today while watching a movie I noticed the following distortion: Note. The red ring is me painting over to show the area of interest. There are certain areas in which I can see non-smooth shades of ...
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2answers
2k views

Random Noise Removal In Images

I'm trying to remove random noise from an image. The noise is arbitrarily random so it must not necessarily follow a certain distribution (Not every pixel has the same chance of being affected by ...
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2answers
636 views

pixels in the same image are correlated but how can I visualize it?

I am new in image processing.I know that pixels in the same image are correlated with each other but I don't know how can I draw the relationship b/w these pixels in the form of graph?.
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103 views

How to choose basis functions that contribute most efficiently per term to an approximation of an image f(x,y)?

GOAL: I would like to approximate some positive, scalar function, $f(x,y) > 0$, on a 2D field of finite size i.e. $x=[a,b],y=[c,d]$ OBSTACLE: I am familiar with the set of basis functions used ...
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1answer
3k views

8*8 block matrix in JPEG image compression?

In standard JPEG format of a image, Discrete Cosine transform is used. But instead of applying the transform on whole image, we first divide the image in 8x8 block and apply transform on each of them. ...
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1answer
1k views

Why Wavelet based Transform Is More Suitable for Image Compression Compared to DCT?

Everyone knows that JPEG2000 can obtain much better compression result than JPEG. The fundamental transform behind JPEG2000 is wavelet while the basic transform in JPEG is DCT. So my question is why ...
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2answers
178 views

Selective image compression?

Forgive me if this is the wrong site for this question. Here's my problem: I am creating a game where players have to search for a hidden detail within the overall image. I downloaded an 11MB ...
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2answers
622 views

Compare between JPEG and JPEG2000

JPEG image compression is Fourier based DCT while modern image compression technique like JPEG2000 is based on more multi-scale technique like Wavelets.I want to know how Fourier and Wavelets are ...
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1answer
355 views

Why don't DSLR cameras default to png instead of jpeg? [closed]

I'm working with a new DSLR camera for a Computer Vision application and I noticed most of them default to saving in the lossy JPEG format. Initially, this caused some problems in my application and I ...
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1answer
84 views

How does a wavelet help in image compression?

I understand how the discrete cosine transform is used in image compression in standards like JPEG. However, the concept of wavelets is a mystery to me. I do know that wavelets are functions that have ...
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1answer
436 views

What does it mean for an image to be “Markovian”?

I've been following the recent lectures on Coursera for image processing. In the lecture on the use of the discrete cosine transform (DCT) for image compression, he says that for images that are "...