Questions tagged [image]

This tag covers signal processing where input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame and the output could be an improved or altered image, parameters related to the image or information about features within the image.

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Efficient image matching technique for small match library set

Background A scene captured from video frames from an Android mobile device camera are to be analyzed in real-time. The scene will contain up to 12 distinct photos. The library images to be matched ...
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Image Processing issue regarding locate on screen

I'm using pyautogui' s locate on screen function to locate an image on the screen.But,its not working if I hover on the image I want to locate. What to do?
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1answer
8 views

order or sequence of performing image denoising, image deblur and image super resolution

In the normal workflow of image processing, there are multiple operations, increase image contrast, image denoising, image deblur and image super-resolution. What are the sequence/order of performing ...
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1answer
36 views

Localized Gamma Correction

Question: Is there an algorithm that does (what I would call) "localized" gamma correction? That is, applying different gamma corrections on different parts of an image, using a masking filter or ...
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Measures of edge image continuity and connectivity

Suppose I have a scalar image $I:\mathbb{Z}_{1,m} \times \mathbb{Z}_{1,n}\rightarrow [0,1]\subset \mathbb{R}$, where $\mathbb{Z}_{1,m} = \{1,\ldots, m\}$. (For instance, computed as the (scaled) ...
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25 views

Deriving transformation from input and output images

I will preface this by saying that my undergrad signal processing course is very far back... Context: I am comparing images of global illumination (GI) passes. I want to be able to change the ...
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13 views

Remove specular highlights from a grayscale image

What methods are there for removing specular highlights from an image without using a threshold? I need to remove highlights from microscope images of droplets in order to recover their approximate ...
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2answers
56 views

Digital Image Processing Textbook with Specific Topics

I am looking for a Digital Image Processing and analysis textbook, but there are specific topics that I would like the book to cover. Among other topics, I would like it to include a discussion of: (...
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1answer
147 views

How to remove striped noise from this image. Which filter or algorithm use better?

I need to process a gray scale image. The task is to remove the stripes, which constitute some noise. I have next origin image: This image received many channels ADC(Y) in moment of time (Xn) from ...
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1answer
18 views

Gender classification using Periocular Region [closed]

I have a dataset of the periocular region, I have images of the male and female periocular region but they are only labeled as left and right periocular region, Folder is a mixture of male and female ...
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1answer
37 views

How do I measure the amount of information within an image?

I'm trying to find some information threshold that is required for performing detection of objects in images. However, I'm not sure how exactly to quantify the amount of information contained within ...
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2answers
22 views

Image downsampling with Haar DWT?

How can the resolution of an image in matlab be reduced by using 2D haar wavelet by downsampling-decimation? Is there any predefined code or tool within wavemenu? thanks in advance
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2answers
32 views

Camera image pixel structure origin

I am using machine vision for industry task with opencv. I have images from a camera monitoring the process. The detailed look at the small part of the image follows: Enlarged: In the detail, it ...
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9 views

How to warp and enlarge the center of an image?

I am trying to smoothly enlarge the center part of an image. The Skimage code that I use need an inverse map that specifies location of input pixels that will occur at the output pixel location. If I ...
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9 views

Adjustments to get better result appyling hough circles

I have the aboveimage and wanted to detect circles spread around the image. I can detect the circles in the middle through hough circles but it does not work out for the left-most circles which exists ...
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420 views

Auto Detection of Rotation Angle on Arbitrary Image with Orthogonal Features

I have a task at hand where I need to detect angle of an image like the following sample (part of microchip photograph). The image does contain orthogonal features, but they could have different size, ...
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1answer
22 views

Why does the Y component in YCbCr represent luma/intensity?

As far as I know, the RGB to YCbCr conversion is just a linear transformation, yet the Y channel successfully captures the intensity value of each pixel. How? In other words, where do the following ...
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47 views

How do 2D DCT basis functions interact to produce 8x8 JPEG tiles?

This section is a bit of an intro. If you want to skip directly to where the problem is explicitly outlined, skip to the bottom of this post. Please note that I'm not hip with mathematical lingo, so ...
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27 views

Intuitive understanding of Fourier transform of images [duplicate]

I am trying to have an intuition about the Fourier transform of images For example the image on the right is the Fourier transform of the image on the left, my question is : 1)Why are the ...
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25 views

Elimination of image blurring using noise model restoration techniques

How can the blurring be eliminated from image using the noise model restoration process techniques? To my knowledge the answer must be filter.If yes,then which filter is used?
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1answer
39 views

What is the difference between domain and range filtering?

In the context of image processing, I have heard the expressions "domain filtering" and "range filtering". What do these terms refer to? What is the difference between them?
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Why is correlation involved? - Axis Rescaling for a 2D axes - brightfield illumination microscopy of blood cells

for 1D axis rescaling, you use a FOV calculation len_pixel=total_magnification * len_specimen_in_pixel len_specimen_in_pixel=len_pixel/total_magnification and then to get the axes rescaled, you do ...
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28 views

Texture model of Active appearence model

I am working in a face detection project and currently I am trying to understand Active Apperance Model.I have understood how Active Shape Model algorithm works which is the shape model of the AAM ...
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1answer
70 views

Are There Common Values of Standard Deviation for Gaussian Noise of an Image?

For example, it occurs to me that there might be a standard deviation value of Gaussian noise in which the human eye could no longer distinguish an object because the standard deviation is very high ...
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2answers
111 views

Is there a rule of thumb for zero padding in image processing?

I see there are a lot of answers on why zero padding is necessary and how it avoids wrapping around the sides of images. However is there a rule of thumb on how much padding will be good for the image ...
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1answer
59 views

How to detect the maximum resolvable spatial frequency of camera?

I am trying to calculate the minimum line pixel width that can be distinguished from noise as shown in the camera test chart in Figure 1 where the thinner lines on the left are getting more and more ...
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25 views

How does phase relate to motions in an image?

There is lots of research based on exaggerating motions by decomposing an image into complex sub-bands using pyramid representations such as the complex steerable pyramid and manipulating phase ...
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272 views

Recover Audio from Spectrogram Image

I have applied transformation(Constant Q Transformation) to my audio time domain signal, this gives me Frequency vs Time representation. Now, the CQT values consists of complex values(84*260), but ...
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1answer
56 views

Why does White Noise in images imply noise in adjacent pixels are independent?

My professor said in the class that for "Additive White noise, the noise in pixels adjacent to each other are independent". How? This is what I have got so far: White noise implies that PSD (Power ...
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24 views

Edge detection for bio-film filaments

I have this image of bio-film filaments growing in a matrix and would like to extract just the filaments from the image to calculate the angle at which they are growing. What techniques would be best ...
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1answer
18 views

Feature normalization (scaling) for Hyperspectral images

have been straggling with the concept of feature normalization for the hyperspectral images. Respect to my problem I have attached a picture of my problem which clearly stands the issue which I have.
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20 views

Filter a picture by its color spectrum

I want to split an image in half and remove all colors from one half which aren't present in the other half. I already converted the image from RGB to YCBCR but I'm not sure (from a theoretical ...
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1answer
30 views

What principles to use, in order to create field that will be read by OCR?

I currently have an invoice, where some numbers are written by hand, and I would need to read them automatically. My past experience is that people who write numbers will them write in so many ...
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1answer
405 views

Performing DFT twice on an image. Why am I getting an inverted image? [duplicate]

I was asked to perform DFT on an image twice as a part of my school assignment. Why am I getting a blurry inverted image when I perform DFT on an image twice? Sorry, I'm new to image processing and ...
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159 views

Multifractal analysis of an image using wavelets

I want to measure the fractal character of images using a wavelet approach (if possible) in python. (E.g., maybe things like roughness, anisotropy, or just the fractal dimension - perhaps just ...
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242 views

How do piecewise affine transformation work?

How can piecewise affine transform be used to warp an arbitrary collection of input landmark coordinates to a corresponding set of base coordinates? Can anyone give any physical examples, the book I ...
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1answer
38 views

Zoom an image with respect to a given image

I posted this question in stack overflow, but I think it is more appropriate here: I have a reference image - 'image_01.png' of size 200x200 and resolution 72 px/in. I have another image 'image_02....
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1answer
138 views

How to increase the sharpness of the image using convolution matrix?

I am using 3 X 3 convolution matrix to obtain an sharpness image. But the output result obtain from the above matrix is not much sharpen image. How to increase the sharpness of the image ? Ya i am ...
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1answer
36 views

When does a color channel such as RGB carry more info than a grayscale channel or image?

Typically a gray-scale image gives us more information about an image in terms of a signal processing problem. But when does a color channel carry more info than a gray-scale channel? I understand ...
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2answers
312 views

Is It Possible to Reconstruct the Original Image from Laplacian Pyramid?

In our computer vision course, my professor said we can reconstruct the original image from the Laplacian pyramid. It just feels to me that information is lost after doing subsampling and upsampling. ...
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1answer
108 views

Brightness equalization between different images

I am dealing with a proprietary whole slide image format from 3DHistech, namely MRXS. This image is produced by scanning a glass slide biopsy. The scanner takes pictures at certain positions which ...
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34 views

What should I know about Morphological processing [duplicate]

i'm studying my first year as technical student , and we are studying image processing, so last week we got delivered a topic to work on : Morphological processing /opening , i'm trying to dig deeper ...
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1answer
70 views

How can I trace a path around an image consisting of only black and white lines?

I'm looking for a way to trace a closed curve (i.e. a long list of pixel values all connected by lines in between) that approximates a bitmap image of black and white lines. The image starts out as ...
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0answers
33 views

“Image Processing” [closed]

I'm an Italian student. I'm studying Gnu Radio and I would like to upload a photo, can I upload it with "file image source" or other blocks? I need to make FFT of an a image. -> image 2D Thank you ...
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1answer
110 views

Edge detection in a crack pattern image

Here's an image of a cracked pattern. I wish to convert it to binary image where the continuous crack lines form the only discernible pixels. The main problems I am having in the lack of uniform ...
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2answers
92 views

Image processing - Why is sum of values of a blurring filter = 1?

Usually, blurring filters have the sum of all the values in the filter matrix equal to $1$. Why is it so?
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1answer
35 views

How many moments are needed for a discrete distributions

I am doing a project on imaging and I have a more general question about imaging. In general we use the moments of the distribution of the object imaged, because the capture information about the ...
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17 views

Can an untilted perspective of an object be obtained from a 2D image of a tilted object using angular transformations?

I'm trying to make a height estimation algorithm that works in tandem with a bounding box object detector. The object detector can recognise the objects in images taken at pitch/yaw angular offsets. ...
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3answers
518 views

How to determine if a pixel is inside a contour?

I have following picture which I extract the contour from. The contour looks like following I am wondering, for any pixel in the image, how do I determine if it is inside the contour or not? Say "...
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1answer
90 views

Is this jumbled image due to difference between Matlab and Python slicing?

When I import an image from Matlab I get the following jumbled image rather than the (224x224x3 RGB) image of a single elephant I expected I write the image from Matlab as a binary file ...