Questions tagged [image]

This tag covers signal processing where input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame and the output could be an improved or altered image, parameters related to the image or information about features within the image.

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26 views

How to convert bytes to video using python? [closed]

I made a python program that basically sends a tcp signal to a gateway from the drone and receives another signal, but that signal comes in bytes and I don't know how to convert it into an array or ...
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21 views

Zero Padding in image reconstruction

I need to zero-pad the image for a better reconstruction but according to my project details, I will be given a Fourier-transformed image so can someone tell me how to pad the image in such a ...
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19 views

Applying which kernel or technique contours are detected in image? [closed]

How contours are calculated from image ?? How calculating contours is different from calculating the edge detection ??
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19 views

Fourier coefficients of images?

For a continuous function $f$, it is well-known that the decay of $f$'s Fourier coefficients $\hat f_n$ is related to the differentiability of $f$. Some examples: for a smooth periodic function $f$, ...
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8 views

Python, Is there a way to find the properties of a subregion within a larger image region?

The goal: I have images with particles that I need to find the area of. Each particle also has four to five sub-regions that I need to know the area of. Think of a bunch of stripped shirts in a ...
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32 views

Solving for a convolved function inside an integral

I have an imaging system that produces a signal in a pixel, in part, by responding to incident radiance $L(\lambda)$ that passes through a filter with transmission $T(\lambda)$. Lumping all the other ...
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1answer
20 views

MATLAB: Prepare an RGB image for digit and letter recognition

I need a Matlab function that prepares an image for digit and letter recognition. What I need now is to convert the original RGB image to a binary image that every pixel in it is white except the ...
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29 views

Spatial frequency and video frequency of an image

in my lecture notes about image sensors (CCD, precisely) I have read the following statement: The transfer function $F(\omega)$ of the image sensor is related to its spatial resolution function $F(\...
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1answer
30 views

Is it okay to interpolate between overlapping areas obtained using a sliding window?

I am using a 50x50 pixel sliding window which moves left to right every pixel so that it covers a whole binary image which is about 2000x2000 pixels. In the window, the ratio value of black to white ...
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3answers
149 views

What does this paragraph mean?

I'm reading this paper about about an algorithm to measure image sharpness, and am confused by these sentences in the 6th paragraph: It is well known that the attenuation of high-frequency content ...
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16 views

Standard Deviation of Character Gradients in a Document Image

I have the paper titled "CG-DIQA: No-reference Document Image Quality Assessment Based on Character Gradient". It is all about assessing the quality of the document image based on its blurriness. To ...
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What is Maximally Stable Extremal Regions (MSER)?

In the paper , MSER is being defined. Please help me understand what is MSER and how to implement it. The paper says, The regions are defined solely by an extremal property of the intensity ...
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1answer
15 views

Comparision between SSIM and MAD Image Quality Assessment Algorithms

I have been working with Most Apparent Distortion(MAD) tool to evaluate the quality of images. I have read a paper that compares SSIM, PSNR, FSIM, etc. with MAD. I am uncertain about some calculations ...
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1answer
32 views

Image Processing [closed]

I have an image and I am trying to find its rows and columns. A = imread('lena.jpg'); nrows = size(A,1) ncols = size(A,2) This is 3 dimensional matrix. Output ...
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1answer
20 views

Regarding the nature of white noise in images

I have just started learning the very basics of noise. I have come to understand what white noise is in sound samples, but I do not understand the meaning of white noise in images. In sound samples, ...
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2answers
40 views

Average image over $N$ frames with one frame buffer

Can you give some filter that is averaging an image over $N$ samples in a recursive way that only needs one frame buffer? $\frac{1}{N} \sum_{k=1}^{N} y_{k}(m,n)$ I can only imagine filters that need ...
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20 views

How do you apply DCT steganography on an RGB image?

I am working on a DCT-based steganography program in Python and I found a working model in Github. The program, however, can only encode on one of the RGB channels. Resulting in a discolored image. ...
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49 views

Maximally Stable Extremal Regions (MSER) Implementation in Document Image Character Patch Identification

My task is to identify character patches within the document image. Consider the image below: Based from the paper titled "CG-DIQA: No-reference Document Image Quality Assessment Based on ...
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19 views

Why is my Fourier descriptor not rotation invariant?

I am trying to implement a simple contour based Fourier descriptor to classify some MNIST images. Nothing fancy. As expected, if I discard the first coefficient, I achieve translation invariance. ...
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1answer
28 views

Identify if a Specific Edge Pixel Belongs to Horizontal, Vertical or Diagonal Edge Line

I have a code below that identifies the edge of the text image. Input image is: Output display is: I want to select random points near the edge border of the text. I was thinking to identify if the ...
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1answer
36 views

How is downsampling and low-pass filtering done in MS-SSIM?

I am just studying the Multiscale Strutural Similarity measure for image quality and going through the original paper [1]. I think I understood the basic ides and "regular" structural similarity, but ...
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8 views

Need to calculate the VARIANCE of GLCM matrix of an image in MATLAB

I have calculated by Matlab the four characteristics of texture derived from the GLCM or co-occurrence matrix (entropy, contrast, correlation, energy) but in what way can the VARIANCE be calculated ...
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1answer
39 views

Measure how Straight/Smooth the Borders are Rendered in an Image

I have two images: I want to measure how straight/smooth the text borders are rendered. First image is rendered perfectly straight, so it deserves a quality measure ...
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22 views

Dirty Image Quality Assesment Measure

I was looking for a way to measure how dirty is the document in image processing. Example images below: a. Dirty Backgrounds b. Dirty Backgrounds with Text Can someone give me an initial idea to ...
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66 views

IQ to RF conversion

I appreciate any help: I wanna convert IQ data to its RF data, representing an image. The centre frequency and sampling rate are available. What I do is: First I do up-sampling in MATLAB by ...
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1answer
26 views

Modifying sizes and thickness of letters to “embed” an image in text

I am wondering if this is defined, names and possibly solved - suppose I have a grayscale image and about one page worth of text. I would like to attempt to give the text an appearance of an image ...
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1answer
44 views

Why we need Laplacian for edge detection?

I am studying some trivial computer vision processing techniques and I came across edge detection algorithms. IMO sharp changes in the gradient are enough indications to detect the edges in an image ...
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1answer
48 views

How to compute an old style shore line drawing?

I wish to represent a shore line, old-style, as in the following image (city on the left, water on the right): UPDATE: new image for another example of what I'm after, namely the thin lines (given ...
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1answer
25 views

Describing a certain quality of an image

Generally I guess I’m asking for a source of image processing terminology. Specifically here I’m trying to find the word for the quality that would identify the main difference between the Mondriaan ...
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15 views

Grading Images According to the Noise It Contains

I have collected a lot of dirty blank pages and each image is varied in the noise it contains. How will I grade images according to the noise it contains in terms of amount, and other aspects? What ...
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13 views

Overlaying A Distorted Text According to its Background

I have several dirty background images, sample image is below: I want to overlay a text on it but I want the text to be as distorted as the background. Example, if the background is a bit wavy, I ...
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11 views

Measure that Compares an Actual Old Document from a Synthetic Old Document

I have collected dirty background images, below is the sample: I have also a collection of an actual image of a dirty document with text on it, just like below: My problem with my actual image of a ...
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11 views

active contour without edges

i am new to image segmentation.i am studying chanvese ACWE paper1.This is level set equation of chan vese paper ACWE. Above, μ,ν,λ1,λ2 are real parameters, c1,c2 are constants determined for ...
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1answer
41 views

Comparing spectra from hyperspectral images

I extracted the mean spectra of regions of interests of different tissues from hyperspectral images. How to compare those spectra by the difference of their reflectance and their spectral behavior (...
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1answer
33 views

Fixing edge/pixel defects in image

I have a large number of images that are supposed to look something like the top part of the image: Instead, some have defects in them, as in the bottom part of the image. As you can see, there are 2 ...
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66 views

How to improve interpolation for chroma upsampling (4:2:0 to 4:4:4)?

I am trying to perform the best possible interpolation in order to perform proper chroma upsampling from 4:2:0 YCbCr to 4:4:4 YCbCr. I have implemented the improved interpolation proposed at this ...
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17 views

Finding Duplicate Pixel/Objects along Image seams

I have a seam of two photos joined by a seam alignment algorithm that on occasion generates duplicated pixels/objects/artifacts on both sides of the seam in the final, aligned photo. The images are ...
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176 views

What is the definition of the bsd68 dataset?

If I just google "bsd68 dataset", I find this page which allows to download the whole BSD dataset, with all 300 images (potentially 500). However, I have no idea which of the 100 test images are ...
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2answers
2k views

Running the BM3D Denoising Algorithm in Python

I am looking for a strong baseline in image denoising and therefore wanted to have the BM3D algorithm in my benchmark. These 2 python implementations: https://github.com/ericmjonas/pybm3d https://...
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1answer
342 views

Generating Kawase Blur Kernels to Approximate a Gaussian Blur on an Image

Is there an algorithm to generate the Kawase Blur Kernels to approximate the actual Gaussian Blur (of a specific kernel size, and if possible, a sigma)?
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46 views

Randomly Generate Synthetic Noise in an Image Text Document

I'm working on denoising dirty image document. I want to create a dataset wherein synthetic noise will be added to simulate real-world, messy artifacts. Simulated dirt may include coffee stains, faded ...
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31 views

What does dynamic range values in SSIM image quality technique refers and how to calculate?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structural_similarity Below is java implementation of SSIM. ...
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2answers
60 views

What are the measurable factors of image sharpness?

I need a way to present data on an essay written about image sharpening algorithm. So I've thought that if I measure a factor of sharpness from image or relative sharpness (between test img and ...
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10 views

Want to create a function that calculates the ISO and Shutter speed based on the brightness of previous image

I want to calculate the shutter speed and ISO of Picamera using the brightness information of the previous image I captured. I have already calculated the brightness of the previous image but I am ...
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1answer
183 views

Estimate Variance of Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) Given Multiple Realizations with Different Mean

Given $ N $ images of the same scene, where each image is corrupted by additive white Gaussian noise of the same variance $ {\sigma}^{2} $. How can $ {\sigma}^{2} $ be estimated? So we have an Image $...
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41 views

Matching Coordinates between two images

I am using images and corresponding lidar values for depth estimation CNN. I have RGB images. Corresponding to each RGB images, there is another image representing a subsets of pixels and distances to ...
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1answer
200 views

Strong (0,0) pixel among an otherwise normal cross correlation peak

I am working on an imagery registration problem via cross-correlation and am seeing a weird phenomena sometimes. First, I am pre-processing each image by subtracting the mean image brightness from ...
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1answer
99 views

Generating spectrogram for band-pass filtered wav file python

I have some .wav files of heart sounds. I want to apply band-pass filter [20Hx 100 Hz]. Then generating PCG images size of 560x420 pixels and RGB format. How could i do this? Any help will be highly ...
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73 views

Combining two images with different resolutions?

I am attempting to combine two radar images, each of which is a 3-dimensional cube with a range dimension, an azimuth angle dimension, and an elevation angle dimension. One image has high azimuth ...
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49 views

Face image quality assessment

I'm trying to filter out bad face images (with artifacts) generated by StyleGAN. Is there a good image quality measurement mechanism in python for doing this? I've tried using BRISQUE but it is not ...

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