# Questions tagged [frequency]

Frequency in signal processing is the number of cycles (of the signal) per second.

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### Frequency modulation of audio signals. Does increasing the pulse width of frequency tone result in larger operating distance?

I have a simple frequency modulation scheme where in I am sending simple textual data by encoding it into specific frequencies(for example 'a' is converted to ASCII value of 97 and I use 10 ...
7k views

### How compute frequency of signal from zero crossing? [duplicate]

I need to compute frequency of a signal from zero crossing.It's possible to compute to frequency from zero crossing of a signal. Plz anybody help me about this with matlab .
2k views

### FFT bin interpolation for low frequency with DC offset

I have a noisy signal in I/Q format with a peak frequency that constantly changes between 0.5Hz and 4Hz. The sample rate is 64Hz. I want an output showing the current peak frequency with a maximum lag ...
65 views

### How to scale fundamental frequency to [0,1]?

[Sorry for the noobish question...] I have a signal which is known to be generated by a process operating at some known rate $f$ Hz and the sampling rate is also know to be $K$ Hz. Now I do a ...
1k views

### What is the minimum sampling duration to capture a given frequency?

Due to the Nyquist rate, you need to sample twice as fast as the highest frequency you want to measure. Then when you do a FFT the number of samples determines the number of bins and thus the ...
438 views

### Instantaneous magnitude

I was reading this thread: How to get Instantaneous Magnitude for a Instantaneous Frequency From FFT? I have basically the same question, but I'm curious about more detail about the Hann window ...
2k views

### How do I identify CUTOFF frequency from my audio signal? [closed]

I was able to recorded an audio signal through the MIC and i applied FFT and Hanning window function to it. Now I want to know how do I identify CUTOFF frequency from it to apply the High Pass Filter. ...
76 views

### Signal Sampling

I am new in this field (junior year) and I have a question may a little lazy for the majority of the forum. I have a speech signal $x(t)=0.4\cos(100πt)+0.3\cos(1800πt)+0.2\cos(980πt)$ and I know ...
83 views

### Determine Frequency Resolution samples

Can someone tell me if the way I solved this problem is right? Suppose I have a signal $X_a(t)= 0.5cos(700πt)+0.6cos(720πt)+0.1cos(780πt)$ where $F_s=8000Hz$ I want to determine the minimum samples ...
285 views

### Magnitude value of filter frequency response

Can someone help me with this problem: Suppose we filter signals with the below pre-emphasis filter: $$y[n]=x[n]-0.8x[n-1]$$ I have to calculate the impulse response of the filter (ok easy) and ...
293 views

### FM demodulation amplifier with saturation

I'm trying to understand how FM demodulation works. I read a lot on the internet and as far as I understand, the main process is to extract the phase difference (that is also the output) between a ...
5k views

### Fundamental frequency

Can someone help me: I have a signal which consist of three frequencies; for example, $f_1=800\,\text{Hz}$, $f_2=1050\,\text{Hz}$, $f_3=1600\,\text{Hz}$. How can i compute the fundamental frequency? ...
1k views

### PLL and zero crossing detection

Is there an algorithm which can give the frequency and phase of a three phase signal (three phase voltages) without using zero crossing detection. I mean an algorithm which is done in open loop.
485 views

### Beat Detection with Arduino

I'm trying to make a robot dance on several songs using Arduino. I need to understand how to get the rhythm from the songs, something like detecting the beats, calculating the bpm.. I'm not expert but ...
76 views

### Frequency of a noisy signal with fixed width pulses

My electricity meter has a front panel LED which pulses in proportional to the current energy rate. The frequency changes but the pulse width is set at 250ms. Due to environmental conditions there's ...
73 views

### What is the relationship between signal and its analytical version?

Hilbert transform is used to transfer signal into analytical signal. But why after the transform, the envelop and instant frequency (if the signal is monogenic) can be calculated. What is happened in ...
921 views

### Confusion in the spectrum of FSK modulated signal by using matlab fskmod module

I want to do a comparison of power spectral density of BFSK, 4FSK and 8FSK by using matlab baseband module "fskmod".Following is ...
2k views

### Correlation between Sin and Square wave

I would like to know how $\frac T2$ came for time period in the image below.Because I think the frequncy is 1 so time period should be 1.Is that correct? or can anyone help me.. The article from ...
14k views

### Simple and efficient algorithm to detect frequency and phase of a sine signal

I need an algorithm to detect frequency and phase of a pure sine signal. The frequency of the input signal changes between 0 and 100 Hz. The value of the signal gets captured with a frequency of 20 ...
175 views

### Codec Output has “Wavy” Amplitude on Chirp Input

I am sending a chirp that sweeps form 20Hz to 500Hz to an audio codec, CS42L52, connected to an MCU, STM32F405, and I am receiving a "wavy" amplitude output. There is no processing on the MCU, I pass ...
492 views

### Given two waves, 441 Hz and 700 Hz, how many samples long is each wave's period if the sample-rate is 48 kHz?

The title says it all. I have two waves, Master and Slave. Master is at 441 Hz and Slave at 700 Hz. The sample-rate is 48 kHz. I want to know how to calculate the period of each wave in terms of ...
903 views

### What are the frequency components of a sampled signal after low-pass filtering?

A continuous signal $x_a(t)$ is a linear combination of sinusoids of frequency 250 Hz, 450 Hz, 1 kHz, 2.75 kHz and 4.05 kHz. The signal $x_a(t)$ is sampled at $f_s=$1.5 kHz, and the resulting digital ...
2k views

### Effect of Sampling frequency on RMS estimation

I have a simple, but interesting question for you. I have to compute the RMS (root mean square or standard deviation) value of a time signal which represents in my case a velocity mesasurement over ...
600 views

### Selecting the number of cycles for wavelet transform

I'm trying some wavelet analysis of EEG signals, using the phase lock measures from [1], specifically the S-PLV measure. In order to calculate that we perform a wavelet transform on the signals and ...
412 views

### Signal corrupted using peak (biquad) filter at low frequencies

I'm trying to process an audio stream through a series of peak filters at static frequencies that range from 0 to nyquist. If I start the range from anything below about 25Hz, the audio gets corrupted ...
173 views

### What is the shortest time period that can be used to find the frequency of a signal burried in noise and harmonics?

I have a continuous-time signal that is of the form $$x(t)=A \sin(2 \pi f t+\phi_1)+B \sin(2 \pi (5f) t+\phi_2)+C \sin(2 \pi (7f) t+\phi_3)+n(t)$$ sampled at 50us where $f$ is the frequency I want to ...
762 views

### frequency divider

How would one implement a frequency divider? I know I can resample up and then treat it as if I'm at the same frequency, however I want to divide the frequency of my signal by 2 and keep the same ...
300 views

### What is the best Algorithm to estimate the frequency for Almost-Periodic Data or complex periodic data?

I’ve got what it looks like a periodic signal but the periods seem not equally repeated, I want to estimate the PSD, particularly I need to obtain the dominant frequency of this data. I’ve estimated ...
58 views

I really having a hard time to tackle the following question. It is asked to load a ".mat" file using load file.mat. And the result is two variables: Fs varaible ...
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### What is the best method to estimate the frequency(PSD) for noise signal

I’ve been trying to estimate the frequency of a signal I obtained at 1000Hz sampling frequency. The dominant frequency is expected to be not more than 4 or 5 Hz. I’ve estimated the PSD using ...
639 views

### Incorrect Frequency results when using Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC)

I am using MUSIC (Multiple Signal Classification) to determine Direction Of Arrival (DOA) and frequency of signals impinging on an Antenna Array. I am using a function ...
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### What filter should I pass to these signals to make them constant on every piece

I'm analysing the frequencies of something I'm recording (whistling), which is resulting like this (yes, it's super mario bros' beginning song: I'd like to filter it to make it remain like: in order ...
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The frequency resolution of DFT is $\Delta f = \frac{1}{T_{0}} = \frac{1}{NT} = \frac{f_{s}}{N}$ where $f_{s}$ is sampling frequency, $T_{0}$ is sampling time, $N$ is number samples, and $T$ is the ...
210 views

### Can I ignore the Nyquist criterion?

If I have a signal with frequencies up to 2000 Hz but I'm only interested in the frequency range up to 500 Hz, is it correct to sample at 1000 Hz $(f_\mathrm s \geq 2 \cdot f_\mathrm{max})$? Or do I ...
8k views

### Determine whether a signal is periodic or not and get fundamental period

Here is my signal Cos(n/2)*cos(pi*n/4) cos(n/2) has period 4pi and cos(pi*n/4) has period 8 Now, the question is will the signal be periodic for fundamental ...
2k views

### How to Normalize Frequency in MATLAB

I know all about conversion of frequency from HZ to normalized frequency and from normalized frequency to angular frequency ,but I wonder how it is done in MATLAB. I have the following code: ...
18k views

### Designing High Pass Filter to Remove DC Offset from a Signal

I want to design a high pass filter (f0*S/1+f0*S) in order to remove the dc offset from a signal ? (i.e. how to choose the frequency f0). Thanks, Hacene Ps : the filter is for MATLAB implementation, ...
128 views

### Calculating Energy Spectral Density from Magnitude and Phase data

I'm trying to do a program that can judge whether 2 audio files have the same pronunciation or not by comparing the frequency of them with each other. The first step, finding the magnitude and phase ...
520 views

### Tuning a radio to a certain frequency

I've a fundamental problem with understanding terminology used in DSP. What does it mean to tune a radio (for example, a software defined radio) to a certain carrier frequency $f$? The received signal ...
3k views

### What is the rate of change of amplitude? Frequency?

I know that frequency is not the same as the rate of change of amplitude, but why? Surely a high frequency is when your amplitude changes rapidly. Does an FFT perform something similar to ...
28k views

### Image Reconstruction:Phase vs. Magnitude

Figure 1.(c) shows the Test image reconstructed from MAGNITUDE spectrum only. We can say that the intensity values of LOW frequency pixels are comparatively more than HIGH frequency pixels. Figure 1.(...
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### Polarity inversion in frequency domain (polar coordinates)

I don't fully grasp how polarity inversion is performed in the polar coordinates of frequency domain. The frequency components of the signal do not change, so the amplitude part is going to stay ...
230 views

### what is the maximum instantaneous frequency of Dirac delta?

I wish to find the maximum frequency of $\sin(\varphi(t))$, where $\varphi(t)=u(t)$. We have $\omega(t)=d\varphi(t)/dt=\delta(t)$. What is the the maximum instantaneous frequency $\omega_{\max}$?
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### Android: fundamental frequency

I want to find the fundamental frequency for human voice in an Android Application. I want to use autocorrelation method. My code is this: ...
664 views

### Comb-like peaks in frequency spectrum

I am currently working on a project which involves measuring the sound produced by the onset of a vapour bubble in boiling water. All the experiments went perfectly well and I'm now trying to obtain a ...
328 views

### Linear-phase lowpass filters: frequency responses alignment

These two filters have very similar frequency responses, but those responses are not identical except at a single frequency $\omega_0$. I want to find $\omega_0$. One way I've seen that done is like ...
103 views

### Finding the best principle component

The title might be unclear, but the problem is this. I have a signal sampled 1500 times with a rate of 60/s, and a sensor array 512 units large. There is a lot of noise, echo and other frequencies ...
282 views

### Time-varying waveform

My situation is as follows: i am trying to generate a waveform the hard way, by constructing the samples one by one and then saving the result to a .wav file using Python. When the frequency is ...