# Questions tagged [frequency]

Frequency in signal processing is the number of cycles (of the signal) per second.

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### Question on spatial sampling for non-linear and/or non-uniform arrays

I am a little confused as to how to compute the nyquist criterion for a sensor array that is not linear, and/or non-uniform. For the linear, uniformly spaced case, the spatial nyquist is delimited by ...
194 views

### Down sampling in the frequency domain

I would like to down sample a signal from it's original sampling rate of 2,000,000 samples per second to 48,000 (or 44100) starting from the output of an FFT. This FFT delivers 16384 data points (...
641 views

### Incorrect Frequency results when using Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC)

I am using MUSIC (Multiple Signal Classification) to determine Direction Of Arrival (DOA) and frequency of signals impinging on an Antenna Array. I am using a function ...
110 views

### Global Transforms besides the DFT?

This is a simple question. Fourier analysis gives us the DFT, which is known as a global transform of a signal. In contrast, the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) has a plethora of wavelets, all of ...
604 views

### Instantaneous Frequency Estimation by Hilbert Transform - Theoretical Justification and Proof

I would like to better understand why the instantaneous frequency estimation by Hilbert transformation works (and especially why it doesn't work / lead to precise results in many cases). The ...
103 views

### ELI5: How do biquad filters like bandpass “know” the frequency of a signal?

I understand the code behind biquads, but I fail to understand how 5 coefficients in a biquadratic formula can isolate frequencies so precisely, especially considering it only takes the last two ...
60 views

### DTFT and Eigenvalues in frequency domain

Consider an LTI system with impulse response $h[k]$. Does the frequency response $H(e^{j\Omega})$ equal the eigenvalue corresponding to an eigensignal of frequency $\Omega$? So if I convolve an ...
27 views

I read that in adaptive delta modulation, we have a block for step size control (diagram below) which takes into account the one bit quantizer output in a feedback loop and modulates it, the intent ...
48 views

### Is it possible to create a causal filter with a positively-sloped phase response?

I am currently prototyping a set of noise-cancelling headphones that utilize active EQ to modify the noise-cancelling signal, allowing the user to modify the frequencies that they hear or don't hear. ...
262 views

### Frequency translation with FFT

I'm new to DSP and I would like to make an SDR receiver. For this I want to shift bins in the frequency domain in order to bring to 0Hz any portion of the base band spectrum (I know that there are ...
96 views

### Does anyone recognize this modulation?

I'm trying to extract the code of my garage remote, but i have some difficulty to find witch modulation has been used. At first I thought it was a simple digital modulation, but there is some strange ...
98 views

### Periodic signal filtering: transform from frequency domain doesn't meet expectation

The signal in question is: $$x(t)= \sum_{n=-\infty}^{+\infty} \text{rect}\left(\frac{t-4nT}{2T}\right)+\text{trian}\left(\frac{t-n4T}{T}\right)\quad\text{with}\quad T=1\,\textrm{ms}$$ Passes through ...
601 views

### Doppler shift using PLL

I am trying to apply phase lock loop to calculate phase shift due to doppler effect and finally calculate the doppler frequency($\Delta f$). I am assuming that the received wave is of the form, \$r(t) =...
2k views

### How are the time scales of an exponential decaying autocorrelation related to the duration of peaks?

I'm reading a biology article (full text here) that analyzed the variation of a cell parameter over time at different stimulus intensities (calcium concentration). The frequency of peaks increases at ...
266 views

### Is there any problem with my FFT method?

I am trying to analysis a system by Fourier Transform. my system has 3 dominant modes. (1,0.05) (0.51,0.01),(0.46,0.01) the pairs are defined as (freq,damping_ratio) I've got those result with ...
619 views

### why wavelet (CWT) doesn't show accurate results always?

hmm any one can help please? I have a signal that contains some modes in it. I've run a CWT transform but I haven't got my desired results. so I implement a test signal that contains freqs [0.1,0.3,0....
70 views

### Varying signal bandwidth with two signal generators

I would like to emulate a signal with bandwidth (like BPSK) for some testing, but the two signal generators I have access to do not have any BPSK options installed. If I know the frequency (2462MHz) ...
2k views

### Calculating a filter's attenuation at a certain frequency from the Q-factor

I'm using the Web Audio API to make a graphic EQ with four BiQuad filters; a highpass, two bandpass and a low pass: You can see each node representing each filter's frequency. It's working nicely but ...
10k views

### Maximum Frequency deviation in Frequency Modulation

I am writing a script to frequency modulate the stereo audio signal, and later calculating the modulation index wrt time. As we have to modulate the stereo audio signal, I have to first synthesize ...
83 views

I have FFT data that has logarithmically scaled at x-axis as shown on the image. But the problem is I do have only array of float numbers that has 1024 element in it, but I know that is already not a ...
20 views

### Estimating Average HR from PPG sensor

I am reading Smartphone based Blood Pressure Monitoring via the Oscillometric Finger Pressing Method, which is trying to estimate blood pressure from a PPG sensor and a small applied force finger ...
52 views

### Nyquist Frequency and Window Length

The Nyquist theorem states that the sampling rate must be twice the highest frequency to be observed. How does the length of the interval play into this relationship? The main resource that I found ...
31 views