# Questions tagged [frequency]

Frequency in signal processing is the number of cycles (of the signal) per second.

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### What is the physical significance of negative frequencies?

This has been one of the holes in my cheddar cheese block of understanding DSP, so what is the physical interpretation of having a negative frequency? If you have a physical tone at some frequency ...
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### Which time-frequency coefficients does the Wavelet transform compute?

The Fast Fourier Transform takes $\mathcal O(N \log N)$ operations, while the Fast Wavelet Transform takes $\mathcal O(N)$. But what, specifically, does the FWT compute? Although they are often ...
209k views

### What is meant by a system's “impulse response” and “frequency response?”

Can anyone state the difference between frequency response and impulse response in simple English?
27k views

### Image Reconstruction:Phase vs. Magnitude

Figure 1.(c) shows the Test image reconstructed from MAGNITUDE spectrum only. We can say that the intensity values of LOW frequency pixels are comparatively more than HIGH frequency pixels. Figure 1.(...
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### Why does a wave continuously decreasing in frequency start increasing its frequency past the half of its length?

I'm trying to programmatically generate a wave (sine or square) with a continuously decreasing frequency. To do so, I simply multiply the starting frequency for a decreasing value, that linearly goes ...
476 views

### Amplitude modulation vs sampling rate? [closed]

As a sampled tone's frequency nears $f_s / 2$, amplitude modulation grows apparent: ("Actual" curve in grey; blue is what we get if taking samples (dots) "at face value"). This is ...
277 views

### What can be meant by “bandlimited”?

This question was a source of disagreement on whether "amplitude aliasing" can occur for a signal bandlimited to below half the sampling frequency. The question was closed before the ...
18k views

### Designing High Pass Filter to Remove DC Offset from a Signal

I want to design a high pass filter (f0*S/1+f0*S) in order to remove the dc offset from a signal ? (i.e. how to choose the frequency f0). Thanks, Hacene Ps : the filter is for MATLAB implementation, ...
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### Determine fundamental period from zero crossing signal

I have got a signal which consists of zero crossings over discrete time and I would like to estimate the fundamental frequency (period) from this signal in order to remove noisy samples. The signal ...
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### Signal Processing/FFT gives very high magnitudes for low frequencies

The script essentially pulls PCM data from the sound card and stores them in a buffer. Then I apply fft and graph it. I am looking through this blog post for some examples and ideas on how to ...
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### Magnitude value of filter frequency response

Can someone help me with this problem: Suppose we filter signals with the below pre-emphasis filter: $$y[n]=x[n]-0.8x[n-1]$$ I have to calculate the impulse response of the filter (ok easy) and ...
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### PLL for Phase Demodulation and Carrier Tracking

I've been playing around with using a PLL for phase demodulation and it's working pretty well. The PLL locks to the carrier and the error term is the demodulated message signal. However, depending on ...
141 views

### OFDM sampling frequency offset

how the 4G LTE Or 5G NR OFDM measures and corrects the sampling frequency offset? if there is an algorithm using matlab please help
575 views

### Average FFT Magnitude in bins

I am analyzing sounds of daily activities recorded by a smartphone. For example walking, getting up from bed, falling, running etc.. (one at the time). Let’s take one them. My goal is to convert from ...
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### What is the Gabor filter? And what are its main uses?

I'm doing research on the Gabor filter. When I Googled it, I found very long and complicated articles. Can anyone help me to find a simple explanation about it, or recommend a website or article to ...
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### How do I determine if a discrete signal is periodic or not?

I want to know how I can determine whether a series of data is periodic or not. I want to use Fourier transform/series. My data looks either aperiodic [111100001111000110010101010000101] or ...
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### How can I plot frequency vs magnitude of wavelet transform?

I am running Morlet continuous wavelet transform. I have got wscalogram of signal and now I want to plot freq-magnitude like the following picture., but I don't ...
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### Why should one use windowing functions for FFT?

So I just revised my pitch calculation algorithm using a harmonic product spectrum algorithm. I was just curious about why this explanation of Harmonic Product Spectrum states that you need to ...
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### What is the bandwidth of a (real) sinusoidal tone, and pulse?

I would like to know how to go about calculating the bandwidth of: A constant (real) sinusoidal tone A (real) sinusoidal pulse. The question is as simple as that, but I am having a hard time with ...
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### Discrete Time Signal Property

Property: The frequency of oscillation of discrete time sinusoids sequence increases as $\omega$ increases from $0$ to $\pi$. If $\omega$ is increased from $\pi$ to $2\pi$ then frequency of ...
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### Simple and efficient algorithm to detect frequency and phase of a sine signal

I need an algorithm to detect frequency and phase of a pure sine signal. The frequency of the input signal changes between 0 and 100 Hz. The value of the signal gets captured with a frequency of 20 ...
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### Understanding the $\mathcal Z$-transform

I was studying $\mathcal Z$-transforms and found pretty good material on the topic, though I feel I do not have a proper understanding of the concept. Could someone help me clarify this? I know that ...
28k views

### Amplitude of the Signal in Frequency Domain different from Time Domain

How does the Amplitude of the Signal is changed when taking the FFT of a Signal, Have a look, The amplitude had changed from 2 to 30, and Here is my code for generating the above output, ...
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### Setup frequency array properly

I've just stepped into the FFT's world since the last weeks, therefore I still don't have an clear overall idea of how to setup the frequency array. In case of even...
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### How can I get the power of a specific frequency band after FFT?

I need help with my matlab code. I have recorded EEG data and now I want to analyse it in matlab. I want to find the mean power of specific frequency ranges (theta: 4-8 Hz,alpha: 8-12Hz etc.). For ...
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### Removing noise from audio using Fourier transform in Matlab

I'm trying to remove noise from an audio file. This audio file contains speech as well as constant pink noise. I know that I have to use the Fourier transform to convert to the frequency domain then ...
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### Frequency vector and fft

I have got a question concerning the definition of the frequency vector for an fft operation. Generally, I work with a frequency vector, f, with power of 2 ...
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### How is it possible to Filter out a person's voice out of 100 of other voices?

So, I've just learned that the human voice is not a single sine wave its a bunch of unlimited Sine waves each having a different frequencies, According to Wikipedia, The voice consists of sound ...
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### Why is oversampling helpful to an anti-alias filter?

Why does oversampling make the job of an anti-alias filter easier? I don't understand the intuition on why it becomes helpful. Isn't it economical to just keep the sampling rate at the minimal level,...
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### How to compute fundamental frequency from a list of overtones?

Given a list of overtones (F1, F2, F3, etc), how do I compute the fundamental frequency? Can I do something like F2/F1=F1/F0? Is it the correct method to use?
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### Fundamental frequency

Can someone help me: I have a signal which consist of three frequencies; for example, $f_1=800\,\text{Hz}$, $f_2=1050\,\text{Hz}$, $f_3=1600\,\text{Hz}$. How can i compute the fundamental frequency? ...
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### What features describe audio signals? (Besides frequency and amplitude)

I recorded sounds with a microphone and I try to distinguish them in my Java program. The frequency works quite good, but if I look at the fourier transforms it seems like there should be more ...
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### Performing classification based on FFT results

It is perhaps important to start with the fact that I am a complete beginner in DSP. I have got a number of audio recordings (of sampling rate 22 kHz) - of bird songs - which I have been trying to ...