# Questions tagged [frequency]

Frequency in signal processing is the number of cycles (of the signal) per second.

641 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
16 views

### interpreting wavelet transform of brain siganls

I have created wavelet transform of my signal using the following code: ...
7 views

### How to find the number of vectors to sample in Compressed Sensing?

When comparing my MATLAB code to a previously written one, I come across the following formula for the number of vectors to sample: ...
33 views

### Perform Transposed Convolution in Spectral / Frequency Domain?

I'm doing some experimentation on performing end to end generative modeling in the frequency domain. I've got a working convolutional layer, but do not yet have a Conv2DTranspose equivalent. Please ...
68 views

### Specify minimum trigger frequency for recording audio in Python

I'm writing a script for sound-activated recording in Python using pyaudio. I want to trigger a 5s recording after a sound that is above a prespecified volume and frequency. I've managed to get the ...
105 views

### What is really the Mel-filterbank?

After applying STFT to a signal, you typically need to convert the frequencies to the Mel scale. Typically the frequency values range from $0$ to $N/2$, where $N$ is the width of each sliding window. ...
102 views

### ELI5: How do biquad filters like bandpass “know” the frequency of a signal?

I understand the code behind biquads, but I fail to understand how 5 coefficients in a biquadratic formula can isolate frequencies so precisely, especially considering it only takes the last two ...
83 views

I have FFT data that has logarithmically scaled at x-axis as shown on the image. But the problem is I do have only array of float numbers that has 1024 element in it, but I know that is already not a ...
279 views

### Coding an LFO in C

I want to know how I could implement a Low Frequency Oscilator on a simple synth I've coded in C. First in order to understand how to make this happen I would like just to modulate a sine wave by a ...
25 views

### Extracting different frequency bands (alpha, beta, gamma) from MEG source estimated data

I have a dataset that consists of source estimated data of MEG brain signals. I need to extract the different frequency band features (i.e., alpha, beta, gamma, etc) from them. What steps/procedure ...
43 views

### DSP: newbie not understanding z transform/complex sinusoidal frequency and phase

Im reading Will Pirkles Designing audio effect plugins book and I'm not sure if I'm understanding the z transform correctly. I got up to differential equations in college, but haven't done math in ...
22 views

### What should be my sampling frequency for a peak detector output where it is extremely important for me to capture the first time the peak occured?

Following is the output of the peak detector: The amplitude is not important to me, however the time when the peak occurs is extremely important. So my microcontroller will have an algorithm like ...
52 views

### Nyquist Frequency and Window Length

The Nyquist theorem states that the sampling rate must be twice the highest frequency to be observed. How does the length of the interval play into this relationship? The main resource that I found ...
132 views

### Aliasing below $f_s/2$

phi = exp(linspace(0, log(511), 1024)) - 1 x = cos(2 * pi * phi) Above will alias, despite peak instantaneous frequency evaluating to ...
37 views

### Fine frequency correction : grouping and finding max amplitude inside a group

I work on phase and frequency estimation algorithm. Currently I am working on a derivation and determination of the Doppler shift( dF – frequency step). For each dF, The following algorithm was ...
44 views

### How do I determine the carrier frequency of a given AM signal?

I am trying to figure out what the carrier frequency of a signal is given only its discrete-time domain information and the fact that it is a signal on the AM radio frequency band(550 - 1700kHz). Is ...
65 views

### How to calculate PSD if i have power vs freq spectrum?

i have a signal something like this how to calculate PSD? i have freq from 191000200 to 196500000 time gap or delta t = 1 or 2 sec, (what i mean is [tn] - [tn-1]) i will be computing in python any ...
49 views

### Karplus-Strong with Jaffe-Smith sample rate-independent

I tried to implement the Karplus-Strong algorithm with some of the Jaffe-Smith extensions (improve pitch, dynamics, etc). Here is the code. When I run it with a sampleRate of 48000Hz, I get very ...
34 views

### Extraction of the phase lag form cross-correlation function

I would like to find out the phase offset that my signal contains at the receiver side. For this, I use the cross-correlation function, where I cross-correlate signal before and after matched filter. ...
66 views

### How does one interpret an element of the “transfer matrix” used to calculate frequency domain granger causality (via VAR models)?

I am attempting to gain a better mathematical understanding for how autoregressive models can be used to infer frequency-domain granger causality. All freq. domain measures of causality that utilize ...
49 views

### How to calculate the instantaneous frequency for one specfic signal?

I have a signal which like this: I want to calculate this signal's instantaneous frequency.I have tried hht and so on which method I can find but can not get the result. So does somebody can give me ...
589 views

### Amplitude modulation vs sampling rate?

As a sampled tone's frequency nears $f_s / 2$, amplitude modulation grows apparent: ("Actual" curve in grey; blue is what we get if taking samples (dots) "at face value"). This is ...
54 views

### Bandpass filter equivalent for amplitude

I have a signal where I am using a bandpass filter to limit the frequency range. I am also interested in filtering the remaining frequencies (after bandpass filtering) within the signal by their ...
31 views

### Belt tension measurement (36 Hz): What should my FFT size be? [closed]

These are my setting that I can adjust and I need to measure 36 Hz. +- 1 Hz. What settings do you recommend?
24 views

### Transmitting an approximate CW with an FM modulator

Imagine we had an FM modulator with carrier frecuency $f_c$. My doubt is about the optimal approach to use it for transmitting a tone (CW) of a frequency $f_c+\Delta f$. Let $x(t)$ a and $y(t)$ be the ...
38 views

### Amplitude decrease in FFT at higher frequency for multisine

I am adding sine signals with different frequencies but same amplitude=100. Sampling frequency is 50MHz. I am not getting 100 in frequency domain for frequency 787KHz. At 1K, 3K I am getting 100 ...
23 views

### Breaking EEG signal into epochs: why should we multipy windows-time length by frequency?

I am new to EEG data, Could you please explain why we need to multiply Fs by window_time_length ? I thought by defining window_time_length, we define the length of epoch! I am working on P300 BCI ...
67 views

### Transfer of the signal spectrum to zero frequency

There is a signal at a frequency of 6 kHz-6.5 kHz. Sample rate 40kHz. It is required to transfer it to zero frequency. I counted two arrays cos and sin: ...
60 views

### DTFT and Eigenvalues in frequency domain

Consider an LTI system with impulse response $h[k]$. Does the frequency response $H(e^{j\Omega})$ equal the eigenvalue corresponding to an eigensignal of frequency $\Omega$? So if I convolve an ...
40 views

### Optimal sampling frequency

I am working with microcontroller's ADC to sample the data. I know that Nyquist criteria tells us that the sampling frequency should be at least twice the highest frequency, but it might involve ...
206 views

45 views

### How to obtain the exact value of wavelength from a 2D FFT amplitude vs wavenumber plot like it is obtainable from 1D FFT amplitude vs wavenumber plot?

I have a two dimensional multi modal spatial signal generated from a MATLAB code using sinusoidal functions of different wave numbers, amplitudes and phases. What I want to know is that if I have the ...
94 views

### QPSK demodulation

My objective is to demodulate QPSK signal. At this moment, my constellation in the best case looks like in the picture below: and the corresponding eye-pattern: Eyes are completely closed, which ...
17 views

### What is the use of quasi logarithmic frequency distribution in multisine frequency signal in finding FFT

I'm using multisine but recommended to use quasi log frequency distribution to find out FFT. What is the advantage of using this?