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# Questions tagged [frequency]

Frequency in signal processing is the number of cycles (of the signal) per second.

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671 views

### Why do we need to find the frequency response of FIR filter? [closed]

Sorry about my unscientific and informal question but i have an exam $3$ days later and i need to learn this. Can anyone explain clearly, shortly and without formula Why do we need to find the ...
38 views

### Highest frequency of collected force signal [closed]

I have collected force at the footrest during paddling at two occasions. During one occasion I accidently collected the force signals at 150 Hz instead of 1500 Hz. During the other time the data was ...
1k views

### Get frequency and amplitude from an audio sample [closed]

I'm wondering how can i get the frequency and the amplitude from a 16 bits sample. I have actually an array of 16 bits signed int and I would like to get the frequency and the amplitude of each sample....
300 views

### Are IQ-samples independent from the carrier frequency?

Since i am not sure if i have understood IQ samples correctly, i want to ask the following question: If i look at inphase and quadrature in an IQ diagramme, the length of the arrow describes the ...
5k views

### How to correctly compute the EEG Frequency Bands with Python?

so I am trying to compute the EEG(25 channels, 512 sampling rate, 248832/channel) bands (alpha, beta, gamma, etc.) with Python. I managed to do so by: firstly filtering the signal with a butterworth ...
124 views

### fast fourier transform frequency limit [closed]

I'm a french student in engineering and I'm given a kind of mandatory technical project to work out on until February. I must investigate the following article : https://www.osapublishing.org/...
139 views

### Period of a quasiperiodic digital signal

I have a signal made of a perturbed square wave, sampled so that there are at least six samples per period, for a total of 15 to 50 periods. The sampling frequency and the signal frequency are ...
1k views

### Why is doing fft on a non-stationary signal a problem?

Why is it a problem to do frequency analysis on a non-stationary signal? what makes the frequency interpretation incorrect?
126 views

### Mel separated filter banks

I am currently a bit confused. I am currently trying to understand the MFCC extraction process, and don't understand how the Mel filter banks only provide a scalar output from each filter bank. What ...
2k views

### Discrete Time Signal Property

Property: The frequency of oscillation of discrete time sinusoids sequence increases as $\omega$ increases from $0$ to $\pi$. If $\omega$ is increased from $\pi$ to $2\pi$ then frequency of ...
1k views

### FFT resolution and sampling frequency

I am computing FFT of the data which I am receiving from an ADC with SPI protocol. Since resolution of FFT is related to $F_s/N$ where $N$ is the FFT length and $F_s$ is the sampling frequency of ADC, ...
409 views

### finding frequency range and dominant frequency of a stored signal

I have sEMG signals, captured from commercially available device. the signals are stored in .tdms file format. i want to varify whether the captured signals are really sEMG (or simply EMG) signals or ...
283 views

### How does bandwidth relate to the bitrate?

This might be a really trivial question, but I can't wrap my head around it. In almost every textbook, we're told that bandwidth (among power and noise), is the factor for both range and bitrate. I'...
3k views

### Finding notes played in an audio clip

I am working on a program that will be able to tell when a musical note is played in audio and what that note is (ie. guitar or piano). You can assume can assume any audio used for the program will be ...
158 views

### Down sampling in the frequency domain

I would like to down sample a signal from it's original sampling rate of 2,000,000 samples per second to 48,000 (or 44100) starting from the output of an FFT. This FFT delivers 16384 data points (...
1k views

### Difference between Fine and Coarse Frequency Offset in OFDM

I need to explain for a project the difference between Fine and Coarse Frequency Offset in OFDM signals. I know what the frequency offset is and what it does to the carrier frequencies but I cannot ...
622 views

### Generating inaudible sound waves using MATLAB

I want to generate inaudible sound waves (above 18kHz) with 48kHz sampling rate using MATLAB. Generating a sound wave with 18kHz frequency makes it inaudible. I've inserted the data in the 18kHz ...
75 views

### Plot spectrum of $X(-k)$

Assume FFT of $x[n]$ is $X(k)$ and I would like to find $X(-k)$. I have implemented two techniques: I am calculating the X(k) = fftshift(fft(x)) and then find <...
50 views

### How to discover the caracteristic frequency of the use of an app by someone

Let's say I have an user that uses the application one time every monday exactly... That means once a week. If I do the dfft I can see a peak in this frequency How can I analyse the general case for ...
46 views

### Algorithm to identify pitch-shifted recordings?

new to this whole DSP thing. Two related questions: Does there exist an algorithm or classifier that, when given two sound files, would be able to tell me if one is a pitch-shifted version of the ...
428 views

### Sine Wave spectrum showing multiple frequencies - Audacity

I am generating a sine wave using audacity with 2000 Hz, 30s duration, amplitude 0.5 48 kHz is the sampling rate of the recording device. I just play and record the generated sound, this is the ...
466 views

### Regarding phase and frequency components in the signal [closed]

As I am not a signal processing student, I have limited understanding of the concepts. The general formula for sine wave is $$s(t)= A \sin(\omega t-p)$$ where $A$ is amplitude $\omega$ is ...
813 views

### How to calculate the spatial frequency of an image in cycles per image

I have been attempting to calculate the spatial frequency of a colour image. I first converted it to grayscale and used a Fast Fourier transformation (fft2) that codes the quantity of each spatial ...
556 views

### Formula of frequency modulated sine wave from data points

I'm trying to determine the formula of a variable frequency sine wave based on the values of max1, max2, min1 and min2. y(0) isn't necessarily 0 and I can assume the frequency increases or decreases ...
1k views

### What is the relationship between scales and frequency in a Morlet wavelet transform?

I'm using PyWavelets, with a complex Morlet wavelet. Its complex wavelet transform function requires scales as one of its parameters, rather than frequencies. However, I don't understand the ...
769 views

### Removing cyclic noise from signal

I'm using a sensor with output that looks like the following figure. The cyclic noise is common to ask measurements made by the sensor. Is there a way to remove the noise without negatively effecting ...
534 views

### How we do frequency shaping and amplitude shaping in hearing aid

My project name is Digital Hearing Aid with frequency shaping and amplitude shaping using adaptive noise cancellation DSKC6713 DSP kit . Almost I have done this noise cancellation using code studio ...
133 views

### Sub-band partitioning of filter-banks

In ECE-700 Filterbank Notes the partitioning is $\Delta = \frac{2\pi}{M}$ with center-frequencies at $\omega_k = \frac{2\pi}{M}k$ which makes me wonder, considering that frequencies in the range ...
67 views

### Periodic signal filtering: transform from frequency domain doesn't meet expectation

The signal in question is: $$x(t)= \sum_{n=-\infty}^{+\infty} \text{rect}\left(\frac{t-4nT}{2T}\right)+\text{trian}\left(\frac{t-n4T}{T}\right)\quad\text{with}\quad T=1\,\textrm{ms}$$ Passes through ...
718 views

### Generating sound of particular frequency matlab

I want to generate a high frequency (single) tone. I am using matlab (any other platform/tool for the same will also work). I am using the following snippet which I wrote by referring to various ...
63 views

### Frequency of Signal of a point tracked in a video?

I have used MATLAB to track a feature point (corner point) using Lucas-Kanade tracker and plotted its movement through each frame now I need to find its frequency content, how should I find it? (I ...
57 views

### I want to find the first period $T_0$ in a signal $x[n]$ and save it to a vector?

I want to find the first period $T_0$ in a signal $x[n]$ and save it to a vector $\hat x$? $x[n]$ is read in by the command: ...
2k views

### Calculate average mean FFT Magnitude in bins [duplicate]

I am analyzing sounds of daily activities recorded by a smartphone. For example walking, getting up from bed, falling, running etc.. (one at the time). Let’s take one them. My goal is to convert from ...
347 views

### Average FFT Magnitude in bins

I am analyzing sounds of daily activities recorded by a smartphone. For example walking, getting up from bed, falling, running etc.. (one at the time). Let’s take one them. My goal is to convert from ...
20k views

### Calculating values of frequency bins in Python

I have to use FFT to determine the period of waves inside a signal. After applying FFT on a window of 10000 point from a signal, I get something like this: What I don't understand is that FFT is ...
171 views

### How to look at Rubidium frequency standard using the oscilloscope?

This question is about the checking hardware, please help if someone who has done it before. I have the Rubidium frequency standard: http://www.thinksrs.com/products/PRS10.htm and the Oscilloscope: ...
68 views

### Why doesn't a sudden loud noise sound high pitched?

The jumpiness or high change of a signal is due to the higher frequency components in the signal. So if I have a sound signal that increases suddenly in amplitude, why doesn't the signal sound very ...
860 views

### Acceptable Carrier Frequency Offset for Specific BPSK system

I've been working to build a transceiver system, with details as follow: Consists of Lime LMS6002D MyriadRF-1 board (RF front-end) and own-designed multi-proc SoC (baseband processor). SoC is running ...
33 views

### Frequency identification as a convex problem

Suppose I have two time series, $x(t)$ and $y(t)$: $x$ is the output of a sine wave generator, and $y$ is the generator's frequency setting. Given a training set of $(x, y)$ pairs, Is it possible to ...
749 views

### Impact of modulation index in FM

If I have the spectrum of a FM modulation, does the frequency of the carrier disappear when the modulation index is too big? Does the amplitude of any side band depend from the modulation index? And ...
102 views

### How to add the noise covariance matrix of my measurements to tmy 1D kalman filter?

So I am new to kalman filters. This is my first experience with it. I have some measurements but sometimes due to external factors those measurements become totally wrong (hence the peak when you run ...
344 views

### Detecting a low frequency cue in audio recording

I am hoping to find a linux program or library for a language like perl or python (open to ...
97 views

### Why the bandwidth of the system with the minimum-order observer is higher than the full-order observer?

In Ogata's Modern Control Engineering (5th Ed., page 786) it says: The bandwidth of the system with the minimum-order observer is higher than that of the system with the full-order observer, ...
437 views

### Identify the frequency spectrum of an audio file by using matlab [closed]

I need to identify the first few harmonics of a audio file by cancelling the noise of the specific signal. So I have partitioned the signal into 1024 Hz sample blocks and then took the FFT values of ...
3k views

### What is the difference between phase noise and frequency noise?

I'm reading Audoin and Guinot's The Measurement of Time: Time, Frequency and the Atomic Clock, and ran across a confusing an interesting passage (Section 5.2.5, pp 72-73): The physical origins of ...
34 views

### Reduce impact of outliners for frequency analysis by increasing signal length?

I am working on a project to detect drivers drowsiness with EEG signals. I am using the frequency values retrieved by FFT. I have some outliners (artifacts) in my signals, which I don't want to remove ...
1k views

### Signal Processing/FFT gives very high magnitudes for low frequencies

The script essentially pulls PCM data from the sound card and stores them in a buffer. Then I apply fft and graph it. I am looking through this blog post for some examples and ideas on how to ...
407 views

### Sampling and the creation of multiple images at integer multiples of the sampling frequency

From what I thought I learned about sampling is that when you draw a sampled signal in the frequency domain, you can show copies or "images" of that signal at integer multiples of the sampling ...