Questions tagged [frequency]

Frequency in signal processing is the number of cycles (of the signal) per second.

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34 views

How do I generate sine waves with MATLAB’s max operator and the plot the resulting values in dB versus log frequency? [closed]

I just start learning about matlab. Im very confuse with this. Can anyone gives me such an example solution or any kind of help? HINT: Put the desired input frequencies in an array and use a for-loop ...
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283 views

How can I determine the order of filter?

This is my first study about signal analysing. I'm very confused about filter order. My problem is how can I know whether its 12-th order, or 2nd order like the book says so? I already knew that slope ...
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30 views

Is there just a carrier in each frequency band in FDMA?

The figure is the FDMA,and i know that FDMA is that dividing the bandwidth into many blocks(frequency band),i want to ask Is there just a carrier in each frequency band in FDMA?i mean one carrier for ...
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37 views

Modulation of real-valued signal

I have one doubt according to modulation of a real signal. there are so many examples where the real signal was modulated with frequency bigger then 0. Why the signal could not be putted in f=0? is ...
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117 views

Estimation of Two Closely Spaced Frequencies?

What is the best frequency estimation algorithm for two closely spaced frequencies in term of the minimum frequency spacing achieved?
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125 views

Efficient calculation of exact frequency from a broad frequency range (1 Hz - 1000 Hz)

I have some input signal sampled at 1-10 MS/s. Let's assume that it contains one strong frequency component (with frequency anywhere in the range from 1 Hz to 1000 Hz or even higher, changing over ...
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198 views

About phase unwrapping

I am not too familiar with phase-related problems so I need some suggestions or corrections in a problem that might be an old but easy one. Here is my problem: given a complex signal: $$y(t) = e^{j\...
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2answers
136 views

How to compute impulse and frequency response of Flanger?

I have to the implementation of a Flanger effect on Matlab, buy previously I have to plot its frequency response and impulse response. The difference equation is $y[n]=x[n]+a\cdot x[n-d[n]]$ where $a$...
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The grid frequencies In the design of a digital filter

I want to find many difference 'h' with same group delay and length filter using this code : https://gist.github.com/mattdsp/17f508d2b368db61f47689e4622d8841/c1518f22a5aa451951601b56c5d9f72743868bfe ...
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187 views

how to calculate the maximum obtainable directivity for a microphone array?

Introduction The relationship between the maximum obtainable directivity and aperture of an antenna is described by: $$ D = \frac{4\pi A_e}{\lambda^2} $$ Where $D$ is the directivity, $A_e$ the ...
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1answer
901 views

Numpy fft2 frequency shift

I don't understand how to make frequency shift in fft2 or higher dimensions. Could anyone explain it, please? import numpy as np import matplotlib.pyplot as plt from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import ...
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31 views

Non-decaying Harmonics in Vibration Signal

I am analyzing vibration data collected by an accelerometer positioned in a stamp press machine. The fundamental frequency is around 10 Hz. The problem here is that when I take the FFT of the data I ...
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59 views

How to calculate wave length

Given that 30GHz to 300GHz is considered mm wave spectrum which can be used for high-speed wireless communication such as 5G. My question is how to calculate the wavelength if we know the frequency? I ...
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36 views

How can I design a PI controller for a closed loop system, which requires a bandwidth equal to the natural frequency and a set Phase Margin?

For a school project I have to hand in a small report on a this problem. I've been studying so much for it but right now I'm just mixing up everything I've seen and just don't know where to start. I'd ...
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69 views

Equalize Speaker using impulse response

So I have this school project where my aim is to improve a loudspeaker in general, my idea is to mesure the impulse response of the room using a mic, then use this mesure to conceive a loudspeaker ...
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226 views

The concept of normalized frequency

This question has already been asked and answered, but the motivation behind the use of normalized frequency units still evades me. The Discrete Time Fourier Transform $$X(\tilde{ \omega }) = \sum_{n=...
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Estimating frequency when there's little isolation between signal and noise frequencies

Say I have a signal which is guaranteed to have a frequency between 110-120 Hz but is corrupted by interference signals that're very close to this frequency range. For example, let the interference ...
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377 views

Instantaneous Frequency Estimation by Hilbert Transform - Theoretical Justification and Proof

I would like to better understand why the instantaneous frequency estimation by Hilbert transformation works (and especially why it doesn't work / lead to precise results in many cases). The ...
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164 views

Wavelet central frequency

What is the definition of the central frequency of a Wavelet and the bandwidth of a Wavelet? How do they affect the resultant waveform of the wavelet? Thanks.
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Evauating response to $x(n) = \sin{2\pi\frac{1}{4}n}$ given the system function

Let the input signal $x(n) = \sin{2\pi\frac{1}{4}n}$ go in to the system described by: $$y(n) - y(n-1)+\frac{3}{16}y(n-2) =x(n).$$ What is the output signal? I've calculated the system function $H(...
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173 views

Pitch perception - Why does our ear not directly detect the missing fundamental frequency?

My motivation for this question is related to biological phenomenon of our inner ear, so I initially posted in the biology community, but I suspect the answer has a DSP explanation, so I figured this ...
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Does anyone recognize this modulation?

I'm trying to extract the code of my garage remote, but i have some difficulty to find witch modulation has been used. At first I thought it was a simple digital modulation, but there is some strange ...
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How to connect $\omega$ in time domain to physical frequency?

I'm a noobie to DSP, and recently I'm learning DSP for an urgent assignment. There's a problem that has been confused me for days. I hope anybody could shed some light on it, although it might seem to ...
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192 views

How to see the amplitude of each frequency?

do you know software that exports spectrograms to images of 500x22000 pixels? all the spectrograms that I know show diffused frequencies and it does not look very good I just want to see the amplitude ...
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160 views

Frequency extracted from MATLAB's $\tt fft$ is not very accurate

As a test I made up a sine wave in MATLAB of this form y = 5*sin((2 * pi * freq).*x + 1.4) - 6; where freq is ...
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418 views

When listening in to an AM signals of various frequencies, how do we exactly tune in?

Alright, so I read on AM and Double Sideband AM, but I don't the more fundamental idea - the frequencies. Frequency is just: $ \frac{1}{T} $, where T is period So difference between 5 Hz and 30 Hz ...
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225 views

Phase of FMCW linear chirp

I'm doing a project involving FMCW linear chirp signals. Given the phase $\phi = 2\pi\frac{k}{2}t^{2} + 2\pi f_{c} t + \theta$ where $k$ is the frequency increase rate. When transmitting ...
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2answers
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12kHz sine or square. I can hear the difference - why?

I can hear 12kHz sinewave but not 22kHz. A 12kHz squarewave has the fundamental and harmonics I think. But the first harmonic is outside my hearing range, so how come I can hear the difference ...
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4answers
187 views

Very basic question about how we define frequency in signal processing

When talking about general periodic continuous-time signals for which $$x(t + T_0) = x(t)$$ where $T_0$ is the fundamental period we define the fundamental frequency $\omega_0$ as $\omega_0 = 2\pi/T_0$...
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How do i select my frequency range to plot when fft is made on time domain

I have a vibration signal that i need to convert from time domain to frequency domain using fft in python. ...
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138 views

i want to mute a particular frequency in real time audio

i want to mute a particular frequency range in real time audio for eg: in audio signal frequency above 3 kHz should be muted for specific interval of time.
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Basic sampling excercise - unsure of rationale informing np.arange parameters for time array

I'm extremely new to DSP, so I apologise if it's a very basic question. I'm having issues understanding the following exercise: "Create an array of 201 samples containing a sin wave with a frequency ...
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Matlab produces two unknown spikes in custom FFT

I'm making a relatively small Cooley–Tukey FFT in Matlab and I'm noticing unusual spikes in the result compared with Matlab's own FFT. The figure below shows the signal flow of my program. It's a ...
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82 views

How to best separate my signal into frequency regions?

I have a signal with frequencies betwwen [0.5,500] Hz and i want to create a filter to best separate the signal in the following regions: [0.5-3]Hz [3-8]Hz [8-13]Hz [13-30]Hz [30-500]Hz My ...
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2answers
143 views

How to make bode plot when output signal changes amplitude?

When I do frequency analysis on my feedback controlled system and the controller is really tightly tuned, I get a frequency response that looks like this: Blue is excitation signal and green is ...
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295 views

Getting Frequencies Corresponding to Peaks In FFT Plot - MATLAB

So I'm currently working on a project where I need to find the frequencies for specific peaks in my FFT plot of an audio file. However, I'm not sure how to actually get the frequencies that correspond ...
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627 views

Why do we need to find the frequency response of FIR filter? [closed]

Sorry about my unscientific and informal question but i have an exam $3$ days later and i need to learn this. Can anyone explain clearly, shortly and without formula Why do we need to find the ...
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1answer
38 views

Highest frequency of collected force signal [closed]

I have collected force at the footrest during paddling at two occasions. During one occasion I accidently collected the force signals at 150 Hz instead of 1500 Hz. During the other time the data was ...
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3answers
1k views

Get frequency and amplitude from an audio sample [closed]

I'm wondering how can i get the frequency and the amplitude from a 16 bits sample. I have actually an array of 16 bits signed int and I would like to get the frequency and the amplitude of each sample....
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1answer
275 views

Are IQ-samples independent from the carrier frequency?

Since i am not sure if i have understood IQ samples correctly, i want to ask the following question: If i look at inphase and quadrature in an IQ diagramme, the length of the arrow describes the ...
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4k views

How to correctly compute the EEG Frequency Bands with Python?

so I am trying to compute the EEG(25 channels, 512 sampling rate, 248832/channel) bands (alpha, beta, gamma, etc.) with Python. I managed to do so by: firstly filtering the signal with a butterworth ...
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1answer
112 views

fast fourier transform frequency limit [closed]

I'm a french student in engineering and I'm given a kind of mandatory technical project to work out on until February. I must investigate the following article : https://www.osapublishing.org/...
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131 views

Period of a quasiperiodic digital signal

I have a signal made of a perturbed square wave, sampled so that there are at least six samples per period, for a total of 15 to 50 periods. The sampling frequency and the signal frequency are ...
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883 views

Why is doing fft on a non-stationary signal a problem?

Why is it a problem to do frequency analysis on a non-stationary signal? what makes the frequency interpretation incorrect?
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112 views

Mel separated filter banks

I am currently a bit confused. I am currently trying to understand the MFCC extraction process, and don't understand how the Mel filter banks only provide a scalar output from each filter bank. What ...
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Discrete Time Signal Property

Property: The frequency of oscillation of discrete time sinusoids sequence increases as $\omega$ increases from $0$ to $\pi$. If $\omega$ is increased from $\pi$ to $2\pi$ then frequency of ...
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FFT resolution and sampling frequency

I am computing FFT of the data which I am receiving from an ADC with SPI protocol. Since resolution of FFT is related to $F_s/N$ where $N$ is the FFT length and $F_s$ is the sampling frequency of ADC, ...
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349 views

finding frequency range and dominant frequency of a stored signal

I have sEMG signals, captured from commercially available device. the signals are stored in .tdms file format. i want to varify whether the captured signals are really sEMG (or simply EMG) signals or ...
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How does bandwidth relate to the bitrate?

This might be a really trivial question, but I can't wrap my head around it. In almost every textbook, we're told that bandwidth (among power and noise), is the factor for both range and bitrate. I'...
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1answer
2k views

Finding notes played in an audio clip

I am working on a program that will be able to tell when a musical note is played in audio and what that note is (ie. guitar or piano). You can assume can assume any audio used for the program will be ...