Questions tagged [frequency-response]

Frequency response is the quantitative measure of the output spectrum of a system or device in response to a stimulus, and is used to characterize the dynamics of the system.

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Compensating Loudspeaker frequency response in an audio signal

I have been working on a project in which I was required to work on the audio signals recorded from the loudspeaker kept in front of a filter. So, to simply explain it: $$\boxed{\rm LoudSpeaker} \...
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What is meant by a system's “impulse response” and “frequency response?”

Can anyone state the difference between frequency response and impulse response in simple English?
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How can I plot the frequency response on a bode diagram with Fast Fourier Transform?

Assume that we have an unknow dynamical system and we only want to estimate its parameters. The system can be discribed as: Continous time: $$G(s) = \frac{3s + 5} {5s^2 + 3s + 2}$$ Discrete time ...
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Berchin's FDLS arbitrary filter design algorithm

I'm trying to use Berchin's FDLS methods (for those that don't know what it is, it's a way to design arbitrary magnitude and phase of an IIR Eq) I tried different things but neither gave me what i ...
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For 2D signals can it be said that the frequency response is the same as the Fourier transform?

Say I have a signal: [1, 1 , 1; 1 100 1; 1 1 1];, I wanted its frequency response, then can I take its FFT? Why does MATLAB have two functions to do the same ...
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How poles are related to frequency response

I have recently fallen into fallacy, considering pole s=1 as there is infinite response at frequency 1. Yet, response was only 1. Now, can you derive the frequency response, given the poles? ...
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How frequency response related to a transfer function

Can anyone explain how frequency response related to a transfer function?
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Design a linear-phase FIR filter approximating the magnitude of a given IIR filter

I have a biquad IIR filter from which I want to get a linear-phase FIR. I saw that related question but the OP does not care much about phase. I have troubles getting the exact same magnitude curve ...
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Discrete-time Biquad filter: Relation between peak frequency and pole frequency

This question arose from a discussion in the comments to this question and its answer. The author of that question discussed a discrete-time second order filter described by the following difference ...
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How to estimate a transfer function from a magnitude-only frequency response?

Given an arbitrary frequency response, what signal processing methods might exist that could guess, estimate or determine a transfer function (pole and zero constellation) which gives a "reasonably ...
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284 views

Hints and helps to implement an accurate wavelet packet transfrom

I want to implement a Time-Freqency analysis by wavelet packets. I don't know what level and sampling rate should I use. I've tried different value for level(3,4,5,6,). but I couldn't get an accurate ...
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Frequency response equivalent to characterise transient response (to sinusoidal inputs)?

I am interested in characterising the time-dependent response of a system to a sinusoidal input. The steady state response of the system is also sinusoidal, however I wonder if there is a standard ...
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845 views

How to stabilize a filter

Suppose we have an unstable all-pole filter with transfer function $H(z) = A(z)^{-1}$. What is the best way to design a stable filter with frequency response as close to that of $H$ as possible. (I ...
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Frequency response of $\mathrm{sinc}[n]$

In this image the frequency response of a discrete time filter given as $h[n]$. Can someone explain how the magnitude of the frequency response is found ?
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Design Lowpass Filter With -7.5 dB/Octave Rolloff

I am working on a project that needs a lowpass filter with a -7.5 dB/Octave rolloff. This is somewhere between the rolloff of a one-pole and two-pole filter, so I wanted to ask what some standard ...
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Understanding the H1 and H2 estimators

So the $H_1$ and $H_2$ frequency response estimators for SISO systems are defined according to: \begin{align} H_1 &= \frac{P_{yx}}{P_{xx}}\\ H_2 &= \frac{P_{yy}}{P_{xy}} \end{align} Where $\...
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Magnitude value of filter frequency response

Can someone help me with this problem: Suppose we filter signals with the below pre-emphasis filter: $$y[n]=x[n]-0.8x[n-1]$$ I have to calculate the impulse response of the filter (ok easy) and ...
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Custom nearly-linear-phase IIR filter computation gone wrong

I'm using the code in this book: Algorithms for the constrained design of digital filters with arbitrary phase and magnitude responses to compute nearly-linear-phase IIR EQs. ...
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Find Magnitude Responce at $\omega=\dfrac{\pi}{2M}$ where $M$ is the number of channel in QMF

I have frequency response of low pass filter ...
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Frequency response using fourier

i need to find the frequency response of the following equations: $$h(t) = e^{-3t} u(t)$$ $$x(t) = 1+\cos\left(\frac{4\pi}{3}t\right)$$ find $y(t)$ However i am quite confused on how to do this, ...
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For an LTI system, why does the Fourier transform of the impulse response give the frequency response?

I know that for a given system, the Fourier transform of its impulse response gives its frequency response. I want to find where this property comes from, but haven't been able to find if it's a ...
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Understanding the $\mathcal Z$-transform

I was studying $\mathcal Z$-transforms and found pretty good material on the topic, though I feel I do not have a proper understanding of the concept. Could someone help me clarify this? I know that ...
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Plotting the magnitude response of a biquad filter

I've put together a multi-band audio EQ using biquad filters. I'm getting the coefficients using the methods from the RBJ cookbook. Now I want to plot the curve showing the magnitude response. I'm ...
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Determining output of a LTI system

Consider following LTI system $$y[n] - 2y[n-1] = x[n]$$ where $x[n]$ is the input to the system and $y[n]$ is the output. Let $x[n] = \cos[n\frac{\pi}{3}] + 2\cos[n\frac{\pi}{2} + \frac{\pi}{4}]$, ...
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Difference between $\tt freqz()$ and $\tt plot(abs(fft()))$ in MATLAB

I've plotted the response of a high-pass filter x=[1 -1]; freqz(x) gave me where as the magnitude plot for the ...
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How to design a variable slope highpass filter

I want to design some specific slope highpass filter to enhance speech; just like $1$ dB/octave, $2$ dB/octave and more. Is there a method to calculate the coefficients by specific slope?
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Approximating the frequency response of a median filter

A median filter is a non-linear and lossy process, so it doesn't have a closed form frequency response as would a FIR filter (say a box filter of the same length) in an LTI system. But how closely ...
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What exactly is Savitzky-Golay differentiation filter?

I could understand Savitzky-Golay filter as being smoothing filter, but then there also seems to be Savitzky-Golay differentiation filter, though for some reason, details do not seem to be clear. So ...
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Design of a digital A-weighting filter with arbitrary sample rate

I want to A-weight a time series with arbitrary sample rate. An analog A-weighting filter is defined exactly by IEC 61672-1. But there's no definition for a digital filter. One method is to use the ...
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The frequency response function (FRF) fails to detect the antiresonance of a system

I am trying to identify a vibrational systems by computing the frequency response function (FRF) of the system when a chirp signal is applied to its input. After comparing the FRF computed and the ...
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1answer
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Nyquist Plot for transfer functions with poles at the origin

I'm learning Nyquist plots and something has been seriously bugging me when treating poles or zeros in the origin. Nyquist plots obtains information based on the argument principle which states "If f(...
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Calculation frequency response of digital filter with known structure

Short question What are main stages (steps) of calculation frequency response of digital filter by their structure? Detailed question Let suppose that there is discrete FIR filter with known ...
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getting frequency response from input and output signal

How does one get the frequency response of a filter, given an input signal and the signal output by the filter?
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How to prove these two definitions of the minimum phase transfer function are same?

There are so many definitions of the minimum phase transfer function, and these are two of them. The transfer function of the system which has no zeros or poles at right half plane. The transfer ...
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Why does this transfer function estimation not work? System identification

Goal: I have an unknow dynmical system $G(s)$ and I want to find it from measurement data, output $y(t)$ and input $u(t)$. The data is frequency responses. Method: I begun first with creating the ...
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inverse FFT when only a few time points are needed

I am developing C++ code to do some modeling that will take as input a parametric model of the complex frequency response (amplitude, phase) and produce as output an impulse response, e.g. using the ...
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1/3 octave spectra from fft

I have got a signal in frequency domain. This is a frequency response function from software, so I can do nothing about it and have to leave it in frequency domain. I want to transfer the data to 1/3 ...
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Plot the frequency response of MTI delay line canceller using Octave

I try to plot the frequency response of the delay line canceller (FIR filter which used for MTI). The delay line canceller has the following structure: ...
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Does chirp have constant magnitude frequency response?

Pg. 223 claims so, yet my results via DFT differ: Is the textbook wrong? My attempted explanations: (code) DFT vs DTFT: "frequency response" is computed via latter. Still, DFT should ...
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How to match zero-pole diagrams to their frequency responses (Discrete Time)

I get confused when there are a lot of zeros/poles in the zero-pole diagram and I find difficulty understanding their frequency response. I know the following: 1. Complex conjugates cause double ...
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What is the correct gain of an RRC Filter?

Breaking my brain all morning with this reading previous questions and googling ... I have made an RRC filter from the equation on wikipedia. It works fine and I compared it to commpy library in ...
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Frequency response of FM modulation/demodulation chain with phase derivative demodulation

Frequency modulating a carrier by white noise and then demodulating the complex signal using discrete derivative of phase it appears that the discriminator is acting as a low-pass filter. How do I ...
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How can I know the type of filter from its cutoff frequency?

So I have the following equation $$ y[n]=0.9y[n-1]+0.1x[n] $$ We can find easily find the transfer function, which is $$ H(z)=\frac{0.1}{1-0.9z^{-1}} $$ and from that, the frequency response, ...
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Why does sampling chirp at peak frequency yield correct frequency response?

Followup; setting Fs = bandWidth in accepted answer's code yields the "correct" frequency response of an LFM chirp: constant magnitude, parabolic phase. ...
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Applying zero-phase filtering in the frequency domain - also works in real-time?

In my application a filtering in the frequency space is desired. I designed two high-pass filters: $h_1$ Butterworth IIR filter, and $h_2$ FIR. I designed them using Python's ...
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Designing appropriate filter by choosing values for $A$ and $B$

Let $$y[n] - ABy[n-1] +A^2y[n-2] = x[n] - Bx[n-1] +x[n-2]$$ Where $A$ and $B$ are constants. Also there are two sounds which have $400$ hertz noise and the sampling rate is $8000$ samples/sec. The ...
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Matlab freqz and custom implementation differences

I am making some homemade tools on Matlab. I made function that plot the frequency response of a discrete transfer function (just like freqz does). When I compare ...
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Deriving Frequency Response for 2-pole Zero-Delay Feedback State Variable Filter

I have an existing zero-delay feedback (ZDF) 2-pole state variable filter implementation (along the lines of the theory presented in VA Filter Design by V. Zavalishin), and I wish to determine the ...