Questions tagged [frequency-response]

Frequency response is the quantitative measure of the output spectrum of a system or device in response to a stimulus, and is used to characterize the dynamics of the system.

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71
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4answers
176k views

What is meant by a system's “impulse response” and “frequency response?”

Can anyone state the difference between frequency response and impulse response in simple English?
15
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3answers
24k views

How poles are related to frequency response

I have recently fallen into fallacy, considering pole s=1 as there is infinite response at frequency 1. Yet, response was only 1. Now, can you derive the frequency response, given the poles? ...
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3answers
5k views

How to Average Complex Responses (and Justification)?

I am developing software that calculates the response of a system by comparing the FFT of input and output signals. The input and output signals are divided into windows and, for each window, the ...
10
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3answers
8k views

How to estimate a transfer function from a magnitude-only frequency response?

Given an arbitrary frequency response, what signal processing methods might exist that could guess, estimate or determine a transfer function (pole and zero constellation) which gives a "reasonably ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Approximating the frequency response of a median filter

A median filter is a non-linear and lossy process, so it doesn't have a closed form frequency response as would a FIR filter (say a box filter of the same length) in an LTI system. But how closely ...
9
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1answer
823 views

Ultrasonic speaker calibration and emitting calibrated signals

I'm trying to calibrate an ultrasonic speaker with the aim of emitting predictable signals, but alas I keep running into trouble, probably due to my lack of DSP-fu. A little background I want to be ...
8
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2answers
277 views

Evaluating loudspeakers

If you don't have a lot of money to spend but you want to estimate the frequency response of different loudspeaker setups what is the best way to do it? I bought a very nice microphone and built a ...
7
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2answers
372 views

Why are there comb-like hills in a periodogram?

I am playing with the periodogram of MATLAB. I created a simple script to observe how it behaves: ...
6
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1answer
5k views

Plotting the magnitude response of a biquad filter

I've put together a multi-band audio EQ using biquad filters. I'm getting the coefficients using the methods from the RBJ cookbook. Now I want to plot the curve showing the magnitude response. I'm ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Sine sweep vs impulse response

What kind of pros and cons does these method for identifying a system have? I seem to have a hard time finding literature discussion in this issue. I am operating on a linear system, or the linear ...
5
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1answer
300 views

Understanding the $\mathcal Z$-transform

I was studying $\mathcal Z$-transforms and found pretty good material on the topic, though I feel I do not have a proper understanding of the concept. Could someone help me clarify this? I know that ...
5
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2answers
254 views

Find the frequency response of a system

I'm trying to find the frequency response $$H(\omega) = Y(\omega)/X(\omega)$$ for this system- the signal equations are given: $$y[n] = v[n - M] - g * v[n]$$ $$v[n] = x[n] + g * v[n - M]$$ I've tried ...
5
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6answers
2k views

Design of a digital A-weighting filter with arbitrary sample rate

I want to A-weight a time series with arbitrary sample rate. An analog A-weighting filter is defined exactly by IEC 61672-1. But there's no definition for a digital filter. One method is to use the ...
5
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2answers
4k views

Complex impulse response functions?

I think I must have misunderstood something regarding the relation between impulse and frequency responses. I have calculated the Impulse Response Function, IRF, from the Frequency Response Function,...
5
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1answer
839 views

Constant Magnitude Chirp across audio band (Parseval's Theorem?)

I want to excite a loudspeaker with a constant magnitude chirp that sweeps across all frequencies in the audio band. I downloaded a test file from this website to start with. I plot the log magnitude ...
5
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0answers
380 views

Impulse Response / Frequency response Question [closed]

I have a major question. Please take a look. I have this differential equation (DE): $$ \frac{d^2y(t)}{dt} +\frac{dy(t)}{dt} +4y(t)= \frac{dx(t)}{dt} +2x(t) $$ And I have to find impulse response (...
4
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3answers
11k views

For an LTI system, why does the Fourier transform of the impulse response give the frequency response?

I know that for a given system, the Fourier transform of its impulse response gives its frequency response. I want to find where this property comes from, but haven't been able to find if it's a ...
4
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5answers
585 views

Can two different impulse responses give the same frequency response?

I have two different impulse response each with different length, is it possible that they have the same frequency response?
4
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1answer
153 views

Guess the frequency response of a filter with little information

I have a processing unit that does a nice EQ filtering on soundfiles. The only thing I can do is : I give the original .wav file, and the processing unit gives me back the filtered .wav. I have no ...
4
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1answer
940 views

Compensating Loudspeaker frequency response in an audio signal

I have been working on a project in which I was required to work on the audio signals recorded from the loudspeaker kept in front of a filter. So, to simply explain it: $$\boxed{\rm LoudSpeaker} \...
4
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1answer
450 views

Impulse Response Question

For the differential equation $$\frac{d^2y(t)}{dt^2}+\frac{3dy(t)}{dt} + 2y = x(t),$$ I was able to find the frequency response as $$H(j\omega)= \frac{1}{-\omega^2+3j\omega+2}.$$ However, I am not ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Least-squares digital IIR filter design (with arbitrary responses)

I'm studying the IIR filter design that is described in the book: Algorithms for the constrained design of digital filters with arbitrary phase and magnitude responses. You can get the code at page ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Relationship between the Real and Imaginary parts of a LTI causal system

Prelude I am writing an elaborate text on the relationship between the real and imaginary parts of a LTI causal system and how stability, causality and analyticity imposes various constraints on its ...
4
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1answer
333 views

Discrete-time Biquad filter: Relation between peak frequency and pole frequency

This question arose from a discussion in the comments to this question and its answer. The author of that question discussed a discrete-time second order filter described by the following difference ...
4
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2answers
255 views

Frequency response of a rolling linear regression

I am looking for a way to characterise the frequency response of the slope from a linear regression. We are exploring the effect of window length of the regression to the magnitude of the slope of the ...
4
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1answer
404 views

BPSK modulation under bandlimited channel

I modulated signal using BPSK modulation and I have series of -1 and 1. Now I have to pass these signal from band limited channel that has frequency response of the form $$\frac{s^2}{as^5+bs^4+cs^3+ds^...
4
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1answer
2k views

What is the meaning of a Nyquist diagram in a vibration signal

I need to analyze some vibration data from accelerometers (g-Hz) but I don't quite understand the meaning of each component that the registered signal contains. Basically it is Magnitude and Phase. I'...
4
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0answers
429 views

Attempting to use the trapezoidal rule to form a difference equation representing a circuit

I have a differential equation that has been proven to be correct. The transfer function obtained by Laplace domain analysis and Matlab freqs match up and all is well. The problem is somewhere in ...
4
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0answers
195 views

Digital control: Exercise solution

Can you help me (show me how) to solve the following exercise? For the process with transfer function $G(s)=e^{-2s}/(s+1)$ design a digital controller with sampling time $T_{s} = 1$ that meets the ...
3
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2answers
3k views

Finding the frequency response of a filter defined as a Z-domain transfer function

I am software engineer studying DSP on my own. I came across this question in a graduate textbook and am not sure how to proceed. ...
3
votes
3answers
762 views

Berchin's FDLS arbitrary filter design algorithm

I'm trying to use Berchin's FDLS methods (for those that don't know what it is, it's a way to design arbitrary magnitude and phase of an IIR Eq) I tried different things but neither gave me what i ...
3
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2answers
187 views

Frequency response of system with feedback and feedforward co-efficients?

For seismological application, I am playing with an elliptical filter, and once I have both sets of feedback and feedforward co-efficients, how do I make it so that I can plot the frequency response ...
3
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1answer
515 views

Frequency response of Low pass filter and High pass filter

The transfer function of a Low pass filter is H(w). From this I want to develop a high Pass filter. I read in DSP by Proakis, Sec 4.5, that the high pass filter can be obtained by translating H(w) by ...
3
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1answer
827 views

What exactly is Savitzky-Golay differentiation filter?

I could understand Savitzky-Golay filter as being smoothing filter, but then there also seems to be Savitzky-Golay differentiation filter, though for some reason, details do not seem to be clear. So ...
3
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1answer
3k views

Difference between $\tt freqz()$ and $\tt plot(abs(fft()))$ in MATLAB

I've plotted the response of a high-pass filter x=[1 -1]; freqz(x) gave me where as the magnitude plot for the ...
3
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1answer
699 views

Measuring frequency response range of piezoelectric disc

How can I measure the frequency response range of a piezoelectric disc below. I don't have an oscilloscope but I do know how to program in matlab / octave I was thinking of creating a swept signal in ...
3
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1answer
227 views

Frequency response of $\mathrm{sinc}[n]$

In this image the frequency response of a discrete time filter given as $h[n]$. Can someone explain how the magnitude of the frequency response is found ?
3
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1answer
59 views

Given a plot of both the magnitude $|H(\omega)|$ and its angle, How can you find the $H(\omega)$?

I'm specifically trying to use an inverse Fourier Transform to find $h(t)$, but I'm finding it difficult to get $H(\omega)$ in the first place. I'm under the impression from my textbook that $H(\...
3
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2answers
88 views

Multiple filters or not?

I'm processing audio signal sampled at 44.1 kHz. After some other processing, I need to filter the signal between ~5-50 Hz. Achieving this for a signal with such a high sampling frequency appears to ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Plotting the frequency response of a FIR filter

I am trying to figure out the mechanics of plotting the frequency response of a FIR filter. For example, I have used an algorithm (Parks-McClellan), to generate a low pass FIR filter with an even ...
3
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0answers
5k views

1/3 octave spectra from fft

I have got a signal in frequency domain. This is a frequency response function from software, so I can do nothing about it and have to leave it in frequency domain. I want to transfer the data to 1/3 ...
3
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0answers
257 views

Hints and helps to implement an accurate wavelet packet transfrom

I want to implement a Time-Freqency analysis by wavelet packets. I don't know what level and sampling rate should I use. I've tried different value for level(3,4,5,6,). but I couldn't get an accurate ...
2
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2answers
501 views

Design a linear-phase FIR filter approximating the magnitude of a given IIR filter

I have a biquad IIR filter from which I want to get a linear-phase FIR. I saw that related question but the OP does not care much about phase. I have troubles getting the exact same magnitude curve ...
2
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2answers
2k views

How frequency response related to a transfer function

Can anyone explain how frequency response related to a transfer function?
2
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2answers
232 views

Phase function of filter

I have a filter with the transfer function $$H(z) = 1 - 2z^{-2} + z^{-4}.$$ The task is to find the phase function $\theta (\omega).$ My attempt is to start by expressing the frequency response \...
2
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1answer
666 views

For 2D signals can it be said that the frequency response is the same as the Fourier transform?

Say I have a signal: [1, 1 , 1; 1 100 1; 1 1 1];, I wanted its frequency response, then can I take its FFT? Why does MATLAB have two functions to do the same ...
2
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3answers
242 views

Why are numerator coefficients named $b$ and denominator coefficients named $a$?

This is not a technical question, it is rather a question about the implicit notation used in MATLAB and some digital signal processing books to refer to the numerator and denominator coefficients of ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Why do we choose cutoff frequency to be taken for “1/sqrt(2) magnitude reduce”?

Why don’t we instead choose (calculate) our bandwidth to be between two purple “dot’s”? Why don’t those purple dot’s represent points for “cutoff frequency”? Looking at this picture “frequency ...
2
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1answer
343 views

What is the time unit of the converted Channel Impulse Response?

I don't have a lot of background on wireless communication but as far as I understand, applying IFFT on Channel Frequency Response (CFR) would transform the data into time domain Channel Impulse ...
2
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1answer
373 views

Why must I take abs of filter frequency response?

I was playing with filters in SciPy and noticed something that I'm not that familiar with: I'm using the code: ...