# Questions tagged [frequency-domain]

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### Time -Domain to Frequency Domain

I am constructing a MFCC and come to a section which is kind of confusing me. It is: Step 4: Fast Fourier Transform and has this equation: Now I understand that FFT needs to be carried out, I ...
1answer
37 views

### Yet another fft question - a vocoder

Lets assume a pipeline X: ...
0answers
9 views

### Is the Channel Equalization corrects Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) in signal?

As we know channel equalization is used for restoring the distortion ocured in signal. Hence, can we say the Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) is being corrected and restored the actual signal.
0answers
16 views

### Generating a phase modulation frequency spectrum with jitter

I would like to produce a frequency spectrum plot like this: (from All About Circuits) I know that one can take the modulation frequency and multiply it by a given order and scale by the modulation ...
0answers
20 views

### How to get PSD from frequency domain representation of time-series data [duplicate]

Let's say we have a realization (time-series data) of a random process. I take fft() of that to get its frequency domain representation. Then how can I estimate the PSD of this random process by ...
0answers
12 views

### How to match resolution of two or more signals

I have received the following 4 time-series signals and wanted to do some data analytics using these. Although the sampling is the same for all of these signals, 2 samples per second, problem is that ...
2answers
103 views

### Circular Convolution Matrix of ${H}^{H} {H}$

We all know that Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) corresponds to circular (not linear) convolution. That is to say, if $x(n),h(n)$ and $y(n)$ is the original signal, the filter and output signal in ...
0answers
13 views

### Analysis of linear acceleration and angular velocity, how to?

Excuse me If you don't feel that this question is good enough, but at the moment this is my level of entry knowledge. Imagine that you have 200 recordings from the sensors, and information that you ...
0answers
59 views

### Encoder: Quantization in Frequency Domain

The article, "Let’s build an MP3-decoder!" describes quantization noise in the time domain: [masking] This property is very useful: not only can the nearby masked signals be removed; the audible ...
0answers
29 views

### Frequency Domain - Meaning [duplicate]

I'm new in digital signal processing and having hard time understanding this. By Fourier Transform I mean Discrete Fourier Transform as it's the only one I'm learning. As far as I know Fourier ...
1answer
54 views

### LP to BP transformation steps

Considering the following problem, What i know to convert from LP signal to BP signal is to: Draw the FD of the LP equation From it I can draw the FD for BP From this graph I can deduce the equation ...
2answers
51 views

### How to interpret correlation angle from frequency domain

Since the coefficient of one frequency could be seen the length of the signal projects on that frequency basis. And the length is $$|a|\cos\theta= \frac{a\cdot b}{|b|}$$ If I divide the ...
0answers
15 views

### Is there a criterion that says at what point you can distinguish 2 partially overlapping Lorentzian peaks?

If you have 2 Lorentzian peaks that partially overlap and you have some frequency resolution df (your points in frequency space are separated by df) and both Lorentzian peaks have FWHM $\Gamma$ is ...
0answers
67 views

### Plot Background Noise

I am a total newbie in signal processing. I have been trying to plot on simulink a time/frequency domain noise in PLC (Powerline Communication) that matches a real-world research "...
0answers
16 views

### What is the best spline to interpolate freq analiser graph

the question is as it is in the topic: What is the best spline to interpolate freq analiser graph? I am looking something simply and fast to implement. I read about catmull-rom it looks it could be ...
1answer
440 views

### When listening in to an AM signals of various frequencies, how do we exactly tune in?

Alright, so I read on AM and Double Sideband AM, but I don't the more fundamental idea - the frequencies. Frequency is just: $\frac{1}{T}$, where T is period So difference between 5 Hz and 30 Hz ...
1answer
86 views

### Convert fixed frequency bandwidth samples to time domain

I'm trying to convert signal (bandwidth 1400 MHz, start freq 9300 MHz, stop freq 10700 MHz, step 3.5 MHz) from frequency domain to time domain. Signal data in frequency domain, as well as signal data ...
1answer
578 views

### frequency domain zero padding in OFDM

I have a matlab code for OFDM system, in this code the auther added a zero padded subcarriers before the IFFT stage, in the middle of the raws, and added zero padded guard interval after IFFT, my ...
0answers
1k views

### Operations applied to functions in time domain and frequency domain

I am trying to make a succinct summary of how algebraic operations in the time domain translate in the frequency domain (via the use of Fourrier/Laplace transforms). Here is what I have derived so far:...
1answer
28 views

### Unexpected result after calculating the response of a system in frequency domain

I'm implementing a Python script that calculates the response of a system given an input. The system is $y(t) = x(t-2)$, i.e. it delays the signal by $2$, and the signal is $x(t) = \sin(3t)u(t)$. As ...
2answers
1k views

### Equalize Speaker using Frequency Response Curve

I have a speaker for which I know the frequency response curve (-5dB at 600Hz, -3dB at 700Hz, ... +5dB at 10kHz). This response curve is not as flat as I would like, and so I want to write a script ...
1answer
58 views

### How to determine the central frequency from a vectorial spectrum analyzer?

I have taken measures of an antenna with a vectorial spectrum analyzer. I need to obtain the central frequency at which the antenna works. In order to do so, I have selected S11 (reflection) and I ...
2answers
113 views

### question regarding convolution theorem

As per the convolution theorem, a convolution in time domain is equivalent to a multiplication in the frequency domain. Then say (MATLAB code), ...
0answers
61 views

### Frequency Domain Equalization [Sources request]

When I read papers, I often see the term "Frequency Domain Equalizer". I do not understand what a "frequency domain equalizer" is. Do they mean equalizers like MMSE, LMMSE? Or is there an equalizer ...
3answers
407 views

### Time period to Instantaneous frequency

I have simple smooth time signal with different time period. I would like to transfer period over the time to frequency, and to track frequency changing over the time, I would call it Instantaneous ...
0answers
151 views

### Poles and zeros from FRF

How can I determine the poles and zeros of a system given its frequency Response? I can understand how one can find the Frequency response from poles and zeros of a system. Is it possible to do it ...
0answers
217 views

### Determining Valid DTFT's

Are the following frequency domain signals valid DTFT's (Discrete Time Fourier Transforms)? Answer yes or no, and justify your answer. a) $X(\omega) = \omega + \pi$ b) $X(\omega) = i + \pi$ c) \$X(\...
0answers
367 views

### FFT frequency domain averaging and zero padding

I'm trying to get the average frequency response of an entire piece of audio by splitting it into segments, doing an FFT on each one, and averaging the magnitudes together. Its working great until I ...
1answer
95 views

### Image with specific frequencies

I have created a frequency domain image filter and would like to test it against some images where it is known that the frequencies only occur within a given band. Trouble is, I don't know how to go ...
0answers
388 views

### FFT of irregular shaped data

I have an irregular shaped 3D image that I want to do frequency domain filtering on. Currently I simply zero-pad the data to make it a cube, then do an fft. I was wondering if this was a valid ...
1answer
198 views

### what I'll get if I take FFT of a frequency domain data

What I'll get if I take FFT of a frequency domain data. I have two questions related to this. For ex, x is a time domain data where X = fft(x), now fft(X)= what i'll get ? While reading SCFDMA, data ...
1answer
268 views

### Stationary signal: time-domain vs frequency domain

If I understand correctly, a signal is stationary if: time domain: it's generated from the same distribution at each instant time. frequency domain: its frequency content does not change in time. ...
1answer
271 views

### Alignment of signals for ensemble averaging? Something else?

I have been applying ensemble averaging (adding signals of different trials to obtain one signal) to improve Signal to noise ratio in my data. I have achieved good results in terms of classification ...
1answer
367 views

### fft2 of interferometric image - how to interpret the result in term of dominant frequency

I have an interferometric image which shows fringes at a certain frequency, basically a dominantly periodic signal overlaying the information that I want to extracthere are the fringes that I want to ...
1answer
461 views

### WIDELY UNKNOWN?? Wireless Channel Transfer Function or freq response - frequency vs attenuation

We know that the signal attenuates out with distance and according to the channel transfer function or frequency response, the signal frequency components attenuate to different values based on ...
1answer
1k views

### Effect of frequency shift on a sound signal

I had two sound files and did the following to it: ...
1answer
229 views

### How Fourier decomposition is performed?

The Fourier decomposition explains a time series entirely as a weighted sum of sinusoidal functions and with the Fourier series,it is possible to do it. But I have some doubts Suppose ,for any ...