# Questions tagged [frequency-domain]

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### Standard deviation of Gaussian corresponding to perfect low pass filter [1,1]

For a time discrete signal, the rect-filter (for 1D signal [1,1]) is a perfect low pass filter. I was wondering, what is the best gaussian approximation of this filter? For a current problem, I ...
736 views

### Frequency domain to time domain conversion-(varying sample count)

I need to convert 150 Frequency domain samples to the time domain. The problem is, I have been provided with 250 time domain samples for comparing my results. How am I supposed to relate the 150 ...
1k views

### What does the negative sign mean in the image frequency domain?

When I transform an image from the spatial domain to the frequency domain, some frequencies are negative. What is the meaning of the negative sign? For example:
1k views

### How to get Instantaneous Magnitude for a Instantaneous Frequency From FFT?

My understanding if a frequency in my signal doesn't line up exactly with a bin, it is smeared over a few bins to the right and left. How can the instantaneous magnitude be determined? (do I have to ...
496 views

### WIDELY UNKNOWN?? Wireless Channel Transfer Function or freq response - frequency vs attenuation

We know that the signal attenuates out with distance and according to the channel transfer function or frequency response, the signal frequency components attenuate to different values based on ...
721 views

### Examples of Causal and Complex Wavelets?

I'm looking for wavelets that are both: causal (a wavelet coefficient $W(j,k)$, where $j$ is scale and $k$ is translation, does not use data from $t > k$ to be estimated). complex (such as the ...
2k views

### What is relationship between entropy and frequency in image

When I was studying spatial frequency and entropy, it occured to me that "is there a relationship between entropy and frequency?". As you can see, if we consider only horizontal line, the frequency ...
2k views

### Performing classification based on FFT results

It is perhaps important to start with the fact that I am a complete beginner in DSP. I have got a number of audio recordings (of sampling rate 22 kHz) - of bird songs - which I have been trying to ...
777 views

### Adding shot noise in frequency domain

I have a current signal represented by an array in python, which I would like to add shot noise to. Shot noise is defined as $$Ļ_i = \sqrt{2qI \Delta f}$$ where $q$ is the elementary charge, $I$ ...
207 views

### what I'll get if I take FFT of a frequency domain data

What I'll get if I take FFT of a frequency domain data. I have two questions related to this. For ex, x is a time domain data where X = fft(x), now fft(X)= what i'll get ? While reading SCFDMA, data ...
68 views

### Stability varying with order

I have been doing some research into modelling acoustic spaces, and (with help from this site) I've managed to take the frequency response of fibrous layer model, convert it to a reflection response ...
396 views

### FFT frequency domain averaging and zero padding

I'm trying to get the average frequency response of an entire piece of audio by splitting it into segments, doing an FFT on each one, and averaging the magnitudes together. Its working great until I ...
108 views

### How to optimize a wavelet transform?

I am using complex morlet wavelet to estimate frequencies and damping ratios in a 1-D signal. I have done it so far, and the results are accurate enough. Now my question is how can I modify or ...
653 views

### Spectral Leakage, Phase and other questions about FFT

I'm currently implementing a voice recognition algorithm using FFT and now some questions came up to me: Spectral Leakage: I know what it is, why it appears and how to solve it using a Windowing ...
12k views

### When should I calculate PSD instead of plain FFT magnitude spectrum?

I have a thirty-second speech signal that was sampled at 44.1 kHz. Now, I would like to show what frequencies the speech has. However, I'm not sure what would be the best way to do that. It seems ...
96 views

### Image with specific frequencies

I have created a frequency domain image filter and would like to test it against some images where it is known that the frequencies only occur within a given band. Trouble is, I don't know how to go ...
439 views

### FFT of irregular shaped data

I have an irregular shaped 3D image that I want to do frequency domain filtering on. Currently I simply zero-pad the data to make it a cube, then do an fft. I was wondering if this was a valid ...
4k views

### frequency domain phase shift

While going through FFT I came to know that, shifting of phase in frequency domain results on shifting of time in time domain. According to this, in wireless communications, from the transmitter side ...
63 views

### Square of Frequency characteristic of the system

What does $|H(j\omega)|^2$ in $20 \log_{10}|H(j\omega)|$ mean? Is it some ratio of energy or power? And why? How to derive it? I'm sorry for curtness of my questin.
4k views

### How to compute fundamental frequency from a list of overtones?

Given a list of overtones (F1, F2, F3, etc), how do I compute the fundamental frequency? Can I do something like F2/F1=F1/F0? Is it the correct method to use?
4k views

### Fourier series - time and frequency domain confusion

I am computing the fourier series of the following function between $[-0.5, 0.5]$ $$\displaystyle f(t) = \frac{1}{2} - |t|$$ According to the definition of Fourier Series the coefficients are given by ...
88 views

### Keep the exact frequency content - Multidimensional fft

In Matlab I've got to generate a Gaussian process embodying a certain frequency content. Not to go multidimensional, I have used reshape function. I explain better ...
11k views

### Determining the noise floor of a signal in the frequency domain

Is there an accepted way of determining the noise floor of a signal by looking at it in the frequency domain? Is it a matter of averaging all the bins, or median, or some more complex calculation ...
151 views

### What features to use for multilayer perceptron model of an EEG signal?

I have an EEG signal that I want to extract features to apply multilayer perceptron (MLP). What I should use, Fourier or wavelet coefficients?
2k views

### Extract frequencies from PCM signal

I have an PCM (pulse-code modulation) signal. If I want to work out the frequency of a sample $x$ long, I count the number of peaks/troughs of the sample, and divide by $x$. The equivent dB of ...
455 views

### Time -Domain to Frequency Domain

I am constructing a MFCC and come to a section which is kind of confusing me. It is: Step 4: Fast Fourier Transform and has this equation: Now I understand that FFT needs to be carried out, I ...