Questions tagged [frequency-domain]

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14 views

Harmonic Product Spectrum from FFT output to the fundamental frequency

I'm trying to do the HPS algorithm on my FFT output, but I'm stuck here. My signal is from a bass (cable), 16bits, 48.000Hz. I split in time domain the array of the whole record into multiple arrays ...
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2answers
59 views

How to avoid overtones in audio signal

I'm trying to make a program that catch and audio signal of a bass and show the notes that have been played. My program: Gets the sound and put it in a double data type array. (48 000Hz, 16bits) ...
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2answers
85 views

Smoothing in frequency domain and impulse reponse of the filter in time-domain

I have a low-pass signal in frequency domain, $$\left[f_{min}=0, f_{max}=20\,\mathrm{GHz}\right]_{n=100}$$ After re-configuring the input signal as $$X=\left[-f_{max},\ \dots\ -f_{min},\ \mathrm{DC},...
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1answer
27 views

Time and Frequency Domain Relationship

Why do we say that a good time response means a bad frequency response?
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1answer
49 views

How do I perform a time domain phase shift in the frequency domain?

I've seen some information on this topic around, but I don't quite understand it. I have a time domain signal. I understand that if I want to time shift this signal, I can do so by multiplying its ...
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1answer
193 views

Do negative frequencies count towards null-to-null bandwidth?

I am aware that negative frequencies do not normally count towards the bandwidth when transmitting in the baseband. However when specifically asked to look at the null-to-null or zero-crossing ...
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0answers
34 views

Frequency and Order maps

I'm new to python and I'm using it to analyse accelerations from an accelerometer ie. vibration analysis. For that I need to plot 2 types of diagrams: 1) Frequency map; frequency and time on the axis ...
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0answers
24 views

Time Frequency bin

I am doing research in audio signal processing for DOA estimation. I came across the term Time-Frequency bin. I have gone through several articles but none of them specify a TF bin rather it specifies ...
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5answers
3k views

What's the meaning of a complex zero/pole?

I have been studying signal processing and control for a while now, and I use Laplace and Fourier transforms almost everyday. Also another tools such as Nyquist or Bode plots. However, I had never ...
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1answer
90 views

LP to BP transformation steps

Considering the following problem, What i know to convert from LP signal to BP signal is to: Draw the FD of the LP equation From it I can draw the FD for BP From this graph I can deduce the equation ...
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1answer
35 views

GPS Receiver in Frequency Domain

I'm trying to transmit and receiver the GPS payload in both Time and Frequency Domain. For transmitting and receiving in time domain : ...
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1answer
32 views

Absolute value based AM envelope detection viewed in the frequency domain

In my understanding when a passband AM signal is demodulated with an envelope detector taking the absolute value restores the original baseband version of the signal and the low-pass filter removes ...
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4answers
89 views

Remove brighter regions in an image on frequency domain

I'm newbie and maybe this is not the right place to ask this question, or this question has no sense. I'm very interested in working on filtering images on frequency domain. I have found a few ...
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3answers
4k views

Impulse Response to Frequency Response in Octave

Having an impulse response of an audio system recorded as a wav file, how to calculate the frequency response of the system with octave?
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2answers
74 views

Sampling Theorem: T-Sampled Signal

I am stuck in a small question which I am trying to solve. The signal $f$ defined by $f(t) := \text{sinc}(t)$ is to be sampled. How should I draw the illustrations of the $T$-sampled signal $f_{T} = (...
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1answer
579 views

When listening in to an AM signals of various frequencies, how do we exactly tune in?

Alright, so I read on AM and Double Sideband AM, but I don't the more fundamental idea - the frequencies. Frequency is just: $ \frac{1}{T} $, where T is period So difference between 5 Hz and 30 Hz ...
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1answer
98 views

Break a signal into segments, add them together and then perform an FFT on the result

If you break a 4 second signal into 0.5 second segments, add them together and then perform an FFT on the resultant 0.5 second data. Will the FFT / frequency spectrum be the simlar to an FFT on the ...
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1answer
48 views

Spectrogram of an executable binary [closed]

One of the approaches I have been searching so far is the application of utilizing Neural Network to classify Spectrogram images, which is heavily used in speech recognition. I am conducting an ...
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0answers
17 views

Where can I find more information about how to create filters on frequency domain?

I'm newbie and I'm very interested in filtering images on frequency domain. I haven't found a lot filters on frequency domain and I wondering how can I create new ones. How can I create new ones? ...
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1answer
217 views

Is it right to talk about dynamic range on frequency domain?

I'm comparing three frequency response's plots from simulations and experiments and I observed that two of them look like clamped to a DC component, where the max dB value is i.e. 100 and the min is ...
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1answer
663 views

frequency domain zero padding in OFDM

I have a matlab code for OFDM system, in this code the auther added a zero padded subcarriers before the IFFT stage, in the middle of the raws, and added zero padded guard interval after IFFT, my ...
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1answer
91 views

get poles and zeros of frequency response

I am working on a python based LTSPICE project. I would like to get poles and zeros of AC simulation data. Is there a way to get them under use of the magnitude and phase out of the frequency ...
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0answers
37 views

Range Migration Algorithm in FMCW MIMO radar

I’m using a FMCW MIMO radar [77-79 GHz] with a virtual linear array made of 48 channels. I’m wondering if the adaptation of the range migration algorithm (typically used in SAR processing) is ...
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2answers
63 views

Idea for Noise Level Estimation / Automatic Thresholding in the Presence of Peaks

I have the fft of some signal, and want a rough estimate of the noise level in order to choose an appropriate threshold for our peak detection algorithm. In general, the fft contains mostly noise with ...
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1answer
2k views

Magnitude of the Gradient in Frequency Domain

I'm learning some basics of image processing. Recently I've read about image filtering and two-dimensional Fourier transform, because I'm preparing for exam. And I have one question I don't know ...
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1answer
54 views

Sampling of frequency response

Let's consider any physical quantity depending on the frequency. For example, the impedance of a certain electrical component: $Z(f)$. Now, imagine to measure it in a continuous interval of ...
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2answers
1k views

The frequency response function (FRF) fails to detect the antiresonance of a system

I am trying to identify a vibrational systems by computing the frequency response function (FRF) of the system when a chirp signal is applied to its input. After comparing the FRF computed and the ...
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1answer
47 views

Filtering in the Frequency Domain - DIP [closed]

I am trying to do some filtering with a gray scale image in the frequency domain. I am just getting into matlab after some time away from any signal processing or coding and can't quite seem to get my ...
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0answers
38 views

Find repeating sequences in audio file

I have a long audio file (12+ hours). I know that there are some unknown small (2 minutes each or thereabout, it varies) repeating (not bit by bit: it is recorded with a mic) chunks in it, repeating ...
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1answer
85 views

How do I decide which frequencies are signal and which are noise?

I have an arbitrary recorded digial signal, on which I have run a Fourier transform. I'm not sure what conventions are on a case like this, but I have 1024 frequency bins. Second bin is the highest ...
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0answers
21 views

How to search for irregular signals: Fourier, DWT or k-means?

See my notebook here I want to search for irregular time signals in a data set of ~3 500 000 time signals. By eyeballing I have found hundreds of flat and oscillating signals, but just a few that are ...
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1answer
45 views

What is Imaginary in Fourier transform?

How to plot graph of $e^{-t}$ in frequency domain. What would be the axis? If its Fourier transform is $1 /(1+j\omega)$, then how can we plot imaginary on frequency domain (amplitude vs frequency ...
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1answer
40 views

Contributions to a DFT frequency bin

So, a frequency bin is centered around an interesting frequency $f_0$. Assume the spectrum is such that there is no spectral leakage from other frequencies to that specific frequency $f_0$. Now. I ...
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1answer
628 views

Normalized cross-correlation in frequency domain

I never worked with signal processing and never really used Fourier transforms before, still I am working on a project consisting on taking the output of an accelerometer to detect some movement ...
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2answers
98 views

Is the value of a frequency bin of a DFT-output the average of the 'real' frequency values within that bin's range?

I am wondering whether the value of a frequency bin with a certain resolution is the average of the fourier transform values of the 'real' frequencies within that bin's range.
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15 views

Is the Channel Equalization corrects Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) in signal?

As we know channel equalization is used for restoring the distortion ocured in signal. Hence, can we say the Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) is being corrected and restored the actual signal.
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2answers
84 views

Can a 1-dimensional signal be in a domain other than the time or frequency domain?

In signal processing I have only heard of signals being in the "Time" domain or in the "Frequency" domain, but are there situations where a signal is not in either of these? If so, what are these ...
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2answers
1k views

Finite and Infinite support in time and frequency domain

It's known that signals with a finite support in time has an infinite support in frequency (talking about Fourier Transforms). A common example that is given for the claim is the triangle function ...
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1answer
4k views

Estimate the Filter Coefficients of 1D Filtration (Convolution)

I have an output signal $y$ which is an input signal $x$ convolved $\star$ with an impulse response function $h$ with some added noise $n$ : $$y(t) = h(t) \star x(t) + n(t)$$ I know the input signal ...
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2answers
313 views

Circular Convolution Matrix of $ {H}^{H} {H} $

We all know that Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) corresponds to circular (not linear) convolution. That is to say, if $x(n),h(n)$ and $y(n)$ is the original signal, the filter and output signal in ...
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1answer
941 views

Extract frequency data from MP3 file

I want to do frequency analysis of audio data, basically trying to figure out what the notes are in a song algorithmically. The standard approach is to decode the MP3 into PCM data and run it through ...
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0answers
47 views

Generating a phase modulation frequency spectrum with jitter

I would like to produce a frequency spectrum plot like this: (from All About Circuits) I know that one can take the modulation frequency and multiply it by a given order and scale by the modulation ...
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1answer
47 views

What is the result of fourier transform of an image

I am new to computer vision and Fourier transform concept. I have examined some codes. In those codes, an image is performed Fast Fourier transform by using the function ...
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0answers
38 views

How to get PSD from frequency domain representation of time-series data [duplicate]

Let's say we have a realization (time-series data) of a random process. I take fft() of that to get its frequency domain representation. Then how can I estimate the PSD of this random process by ...
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0answers
20 views

How to match resolution of two or more signals

I have received the following 4 time-series signals and wanted to do some data analytics using these. Although the sampling is the same for all of these signals, 2 samples per second, problem is that ...
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0answers
23 views

Analysis of linear acceleration and angular velocity, how to?

Excuse me If you don't feel that this question is good enough, but at the moment this is my level of entry knowledge. Imagine that you have 200 recordings from the sensors, and information that you ...
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1answer
210 views

Purpose of multiplying fft output by Hann window?

I'm working with some acoustic propagation models at the moment. A feature I've noticed in 2 of these models is that the output of the model is often multiplied by a Hann window in the frequency ...
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2answers
493 views

Color Artifacts in Fourier Transformed Image

I am working with images and Fourier transforms. I am trying to understand what might be causing some artifacts in my output image. I am starting with a 512x512, RGB image of Lenna. I FFT the image,...
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1answer
1k views

Filter - Spatial Domain Versus Frequency Domain

Note: This is a followup question of How can I create a custom band-pass filter?. Can you explain the following python source code?. Bandpass filter bank. Suppose, I have an equation ...

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