Questions tagged [frequency]

Frequency in signal processing is the number of cycles (of the signal) per second.

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Frequencies calculation of discrete signal in frequency domain

I have some misunderstanding in definition of frequency resolution of the signal. Here it is assumed that the resolution is: $$\hat{f_k}=f_{signal}\cdot T_{sampling}$$ (which is just relation of ...
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Why is the error of the frequency estimation dependent on SNR?

Last time, I asked how to estimate the error of the frequency estimation (1) (I want to determine the error as in $f=0.92 \pm 0.013 \; Hz$). I'm analyzing a sample of a continuous signal that was ...
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44 views

How to find the max frequency at a certain db in a fft signal

I am processing some audio files and I would like to find out the maximum frequency in the spectrum (fft) given a certain magnitude range (in may case: maximum magnitude to -60db). How can I achieve ...
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Multiple frequency estimation - MSE from data

I have a multiple frequency estimation problem at hand according to the signal model $$ \boldsymbol{x} = \boldsymbol{A}(\boldsymbol{f}) \boldsymbol{s} + \boldsymbol{n} $$ where $\boldsymbol{x} \in \...
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Error estimation for frequency

I want to estimate the error my frequency estimation has. I used FFT with a window on a series with 3954 samples, sampled at 40 Hz. I know I can calculate the frequency resolution after Rayleigh's ...
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Manually write an audio file

I want to write an audio file (the particular format does not matter to me) by hand, i.e. for each frame I would write manually which frequencies are present at which intensity. How do I do this? Is ...
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How to differentiate between line frequency (50Hz) and the signal frequency of 50Hz? [closed]

I need to filter out line frequency of 50 Hz. As my signal may contain the frequency of 50 Hz, how can I remove the effect of line frequency of 50 Hz without losing the information in the signal? The ...
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how make an equation of a procedure?

Good day to everyone, i have frequency spectrum i selected top 10 peaks of that spectrum i give weightage from 1 to 10 to top 10 frequencies by multiplying the corresponding amplitude by weightage ...
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Beginner Q: Methodology of processing 5 kHz accelerometer signal for event detection

I'm very new to the world of signal processing and looking for some guidance. I have 5 kHz accelerometer data from a car and looking to process this to remove some of the high frequency noise and also ...
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What kind of noise features should I know before removing them programmatically?

This is my first question here in DSP StackExchange and honestly speaking I don't have any experience in this field, but one of the school project I'm currently working in is building an application ...
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Sampling of sine wave :which one to choose? start with zeroth sample or 1st sample

sampling rate=200KHz signal freq =1KHz When I sample 1KHz signal I'll get 200 samples. Should I consider 0 to 199 samples? Or 1 to 200? I want only 1 cycle.
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Super resolution for narrowband signal

How effective it is to apply super resolution techniques (like MUSIC, ESPRIT) on low bandwidth signals for indoor (BW=30Mhz) and outdoor (BW = 1MHz) location estimation?
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Shifting frequency in Fourier domain

Assume I have a continuous function $f(x)$. Its spectral representation is $F(X)=\mathbb{F}(f)$. I need to calculate another function $f'(x)$ which has a spectral representation of $F'(X)=g(F(x))$, so ...
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Minimum discernible frequency in power spectral analysis

Say I have a signal of length 20s that contains signal from various (unknown) biological sources, e.g. heartbeat (~0.2Hz), respiration (~1Hz), and possibly som very-...
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Convolve with a box filter in time domain

To low pass filter a signal, we have to convolve it with a sinc function because it's the same as multiplying the Fourier transform of the signal with a rect function, resulting in the high frequency ...
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Convert A frequency weight to Z frequency weight

I want to get the SPL of a monotonic sound like a 1khz tone but the problem is that I have a SPL meter which gives data in terms of A frequency weight. Is it possible to get the SPL of a 1khz signal, ...
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How to find the number of vectors to sample in Compressed Sensing?

When comparing my MATLAB code to a previously written one, I come across the following formula for the number of vectors to sample: ...
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Specify minimum trigger frequency for recording audio in Python

I'm writing a script for sound-activated recording in Python using pyaudio. I want to trigger a 5s recording after a sound that is above a prespecified volume and frequency. I've managed to get the ...
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ELI5: How do biquad filters like bandpass "know" the frequency of a signal?

I understand the code behind biquads, but I fail to understand how 5 coefficients in a biquadratic formula can isolate frequencies so precisely, especially considering it only takes the last two ...
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Extracting different frequency bands (alpha, beta, gamma) from MEG source estimated data

I have a dataset that consists of source estimated data of MEG brain signals. I need to extract the different frequency band features (i.e., alpha, beta, gamma, etc) from them. What steps/procedure ...
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DSP: newbie not understanding z transform/complex sinusoidal frequency and phase

Im reading Will Pirkles Designing audio effect plugins book and I'm not sure if I'm understanding the z transform correctly. I got up to differential equations in college, but haven't done math in ...
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What should be my sampling frequency for a peak detector output where it is extremely important for me to capture the first time the peak occured?

Following is the output of the peak detector: The amplitude is not important to me, however the time when the peak occurs is extremely important. So my microcontroller will have an algorithm like ...
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Perform Transposed Convolution in Spectral / Frequency Domain?

I'm doing some experimentation on performing end to end generative modeling in the frequency domain. I've got a working convolutional layer, but do not yet have a Conv2DTranspose equivalent. Please ...
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149 views

How do I determine the carrier frequency of a given AM signal?

I am trying to figure out what the carrier frequency of a signal is given only its discrete-time domain information and the fact that it is a signal on the AM radio frequency band(550 - 1700kHz). Is ...
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68 views

How to calculate the instantaneous frequency for one specfic signal?

I have a signal which like this: I want to calculate this signal's instantaneous frequency.I have tried hht and so on which method I can find but can not get the result. So does somebody can give me ...
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Karplus-Strong with Jaffe-Smith sample rate-independent

I tried to implement the Karplus-Strong algorithm with some of the Jaffe-Smith extensions (improve pitch, dynamics, etc). Here is the code. When I run it with a sampleRate of 48000Hz, I get very ...
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Bandpass filter equivalent for amplitude

I have a signal where I am using a bandpass filter to limit the frequency range. I am also interested in filtering the remaining frequencies (after bandpass filtering) within the signal by their ...
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Belt tension measurement (36 Hz): What should my FFT size be? [closed]

These are my setting that I can adjust and I need to measure 36 Hz. +- 1 Hz. What settings do you recommend?
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101 views

Finding Frequencies from Log Indexed FFT

I have FFT data that has logarithmically scaled at x-axis as shown on the image. But the problem is I do have only array of float numbers that has 1024 element in it, but I know that is already not a ...
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Fine frequency correction : grouping and finding max amplitude inside a group

I work on phase and frequency estimation algorithm. Currently I am working on a derivation and determination of the Doppler shift( dF – frequency step). For each dF, The following algorithm was ...
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Transmitting an approximate CW with an FM modulator

Imagine we had an FM modulator with carrier frecuency $f_c$. My doubt is about the optimal approach to use it for transmitting a tone (CW) of a frequency $f_c+\Delta f$. Let $x(t)$ a and $y(t)$ be the ...
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Breaking EEG signal into epochs: why should we multipy windows-time length by frequency?

I am new to EEG data, Could you please explain why we need to multiply Fs by window_time_length ? I thought by defining window_time_length, we define the length of epoch! I am working on P300 BCI ...
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Transfer of the signal spectrum to zero frequency

There is a signal at a frequency of 6 kHz-6.5 kHz. Sample rate 40kHz. It is required to transfer it to zero frequency. I counted two arrays cos and sin: ...
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DTFT and Eigenvalues in frequency domain

Consider an LTI system with impulse response $h[k]$. Does the frequency response $H(e^{j\Omega})$ equal the eigenvalue corresponding to an eigensignal of frequency $\Omega$? So if I convolve an ...
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Optimal sampling frequency

I am working with microcontroller's ADC to sample the data. I know that Nyquist criteria tells us that the sampling frequency should be at least twice the highest frequency, but it might involve ...
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Spectrum in real life with Spectrum in theory

as you know it is possible to measure the power spectral density ($|X(f)|^2$) of a certain voltage signal $x(t)$ through a Spectrum Analyzer. As far as I'm concerned, the simplest spectrum analyzer ...
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What is really the Mel-filterbank?

After applying STFT to a signal, you typically need to convert the frequencies to the Mel scale. Typically the frequency values range from $0$ to $N/2$, where $N$ is the width of each sliding window. ...
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Extraction of the phase lag form cross-correlation function

I would like to find out the phase offset that my signal contains at the receiver side. For this, I use the cross-correlation function, where I cross-correlate signal before and after matched filter. ...
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Estimating Average HR from PPG sensor

I am reading Smartphone based Blood Pressure Monitoring via the Oscillometric Finger Pressing Method, which is trying to estimate blood pressure from a PPG sensor and a small applied force finger ...
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Why is GPS 1575 MHz?

I’ve read that that frequency is a ‘window’ in weather, impacted less by raindrops for example. I otherwise would’ve thought that simply increasing the wavelength would decrease impact. I don’t ...
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RRC filter in receiver side well applied?

I would like to ask question bout the rrc filter that I applied as an matched filter for receiver side in communication. My aim after RRC filter is to draw the eye diagram, and so far the eye opening ...
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The timing offset remains after Gardner loop

I would like to use Gardner loop to remove the timing offset in order to demodulate the signal. My signal contains the frequency offset, however I know that the Gardner loop can handle substantial ...
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236 views

Symbol timing recovery in Python

My objective is to demodulate QPSK signal. At the receiver I apply RRC filter and interpolate the signal to get the values of the signal (approximately) at the sampling instances. Then I am concerned ...
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How to take into account phase differences when doing Fourier Transform?

I apologize if the title seems very vague, I don't really know how to put it a different way. From what I understand, the Fourier transform is essentially just doing a dot product between multiple ...
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Matlab function rpmfreqmap doesn't show diagonal lines though there is variation in speed

Matlab function rpmfreqmap doesn't show diagonal lines though there is variation in speed. I'm using vibration and tachometer data from dataset. I'm trying to perform order analysis as shown in Matlab ...
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161 views

How to obtain the exact value of wavelength from a 2D FFT amplitude vs wavenumber plot like it is obtainable from 1D FFT amplitude vs wavenumber plot?

I have a two dimensional multi modal spatial signal generated from a MATLAB code using sinusoidal functions of different wave numbers, amplitudes and phases. What I want to know is that if I have the ...
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What does frequency weighting an acceleration signal mean? And How do I frequency weight the raw acceleration data collected?

Disclaimer: I have very little knowledge in signal processing. I'm trying to calculate a Whole Body Vibration(WBV) measure called Vibration Dose value(VDV). $$VDV = \left(\int_{0}^{T}a(t)^4\,dt\right)^...
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What is the use of quasi logarithmic frequency distribution in multisine frequency signal in finding FFT

I'm using multisine but recommended to use quasi log frequency distribution to find out FFT. What is the advantage of using this?
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Amplitude decrease in FFT at higher frequency for multisine

I am adding sine signals with different frequencies but same amplitude=100. Sampling frequency is 50MHz. I am not getting 100 in frequency domain for frequency 787KHz. At 1K, 3K I am getting 100 ...

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