# Questions tagged [fourier-transform]

The Fourier transform is a mathematical operation that decomposes a function into its constituent frequencies, known as a frequency spectrum.

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### why does the spectral envelope of human speech not change w.r.t. pitch when taking a Fourier transform?

In the context of speech recognition (recognizing individual speech sounds), the pitch of a certain person can change at different times. Excerpt from Statistical Signal Processing by Steven Kay: ...
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### Energy of a sinc signal

My book give me two signals to demonstrate that the temporal translation does not alter the energy and area. It gave me $$x(t)=\operatorname{sinc}(t)$$ and $$s(t)=x(t-T)$$ and I found that ...
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### Fourier transform properties

I have to find the Fourier transform of $$x(t)= \frac{1}{T}e^{-\frac{t-T}{T}}u(t-T)$$ First I applied traslation property , so $$F[x(t-T)] = X(f) e^{-i 2 \pi f T}$$ after I applied time scaling ...
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### Hand implementation of Fourier transform have small peaks unseen in Python package

I've implemented the basic version of discrete Fourier Transform and I'm testing it using a pure sinusoid. However, small bumps show up in addition to the large peak. I tried Numpy.fft for this and I ...
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### Finite sequence input to DTFT

i'm studying the practical utility of Fourier transforms and i have some questions. I hope to receive answers in layman terms. 1) Does the DTFT take only infinite input sequences? 2) If i apply the ...
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### Autocorrelation to diagnose faults

I'm attending a very practical course on signals and i have some doubts, i hope to receive answers in layman terms. 1) My prof said i can use the autocorrelation of the output of a process to ...
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### Aliasing and DTFT of a real signal

We are analyzing a real signal with the DTFT. Since we are using a limited number of samples it's like we are transforming a finite signal. As I remember, the FT of a finite signal has an infinite ...
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### Fourier transform of a noisy signal

Let's suppose i have a sensor that measures the output of a process and this cause a not negligible noise that affects my signal. My goal is to analyze the process signal in order to find faults. How ...
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### Spectral Leakage in layman's terms

I'm trying to understand the concept of spectral leakage for the DFT, without going deep to the mathematical intricacies (it's for practical purposes). I've read from the book "Introduction to Digital ...
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### Linearity and time-shifting of $\mathcal{F}\{0.8^n\cos(0.1πn)u[n]\}$

To preface, this is not a homework related question but purely for self-study purposes. Hi there, I try to calculate $\mathcal{F}\{0.8^n\cos(0.1πn)u[n]\}$ by using the properties of Discrete time ...
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### ROC of the function in the problem 9.14 of Oppenheim's Signals and Systems textbook

I have solved the problem 9.14 in Oppenheim's Signals and Systems textbook, but my solution and the one in Slader is different. Problem is given above. And Slader solution is here. I have also ...
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### Fourier coefficients of odd and even part of a signal

I have this signal and I have to find the Fourier coefficients of the odd and even part. First I found that $$x_p(t) = \frac{1}{2} ( x(t) + x(-t) )$$ and I made the graphic of this part and I ...
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### Fourier coefficients of 1/(1+it)

I have to find the Fourier coefficients of $$\frac{1}{1+ t^{2}}$$ I tried with $$\frac{1}{T}\int_{0}^{T} \frac{1}{1+it}e^{-i 2 \pi f_0 T }$$ but I should do at least two integrals by parts , so I ...
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### Response of an ideal integrator to a cosine wave

It sounds like a very elementary question on system theory but I got quite confused about it, so hopefully you guys can enlighten me. I'm considering an ideal analog integrator, i.e., a system with ...
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### E of a signal using Rayleigh

I have to find The energy of a signal using Rayleigh th. the signal is $$x(t) = A e^{-At } u(t)$$ assuming A>0 Using the classic definition of E , I found that it should be $$\frac{A}{2}$$ Using ...
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### Anyone explain to me this video?

I was watching a video in time 24:48 I would like to know where you got the value .9 (1.14z + .941) and 1.0232 + .757 Does anyone explain how he got those numbers?
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### Different representations of frequency space of 2D image FFT

I'm learning images processing using FFT. In my test example provided below the input pixel values are clamped 0-1 (0-255), but I do eventually want to process floating point heightfield pixel values....
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### Why is DTFT of $e^{jn\omega_0}$ an impulse train?

update : After asking the question, I figured out that DTFT result is an impulse train. Now my question evolved to, how it is derived in this way? Using the DTFT formula seems not to be working, ...
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### Why does the frequency window affect the inverse fourier transform oscillation frequency?

I have an oscillating pulse in the frequency domain that I would like to inverse Fourier transform. My signal looks like: Which was coded in MATLAB using the following code: ...
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### FFT giving a huge magnitude of first frequency and pretty much zero after that

So I have a (visually) very noisy time series signal and I have applied the fast Fourier transform using numpy's fft function. I am wondering why I am seeing the ...
Consider a 2D stationary input $e(x,y)$ and a 2D real convolution function $h(x,y)$. Let $S=h*e$ be the result of the convolution of $e$ by $h$. If needed, we may assume $e$ is isotropic (spectrum ...