Questions tagged [filtering]

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53 views

How to quantify phase distortion of a filter specific to a signal?

For example, a EKG input signal is filtered with a known transfer function that does not have linear phase. How do you quantify the phase distortion of the output signal given you have the input? I ...
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2answers
80 views

Downsides of higher order filtfilt's

I understand that with a standard filter, higher order will yield sharper frequency selection at the cost of increased phase delay. However, with so-called zero-phase-distortion filters like that ...
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1answer
119 views

how does the Frequency spectrum of a signal change in the logarithmic space?

I am trying to implement basic homomorphic filtering but I can't seem to understand what happens in the frequency domain when you take the natural logarithm of the function. In Matlab I'm getting not ...
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1answer
295 views

How do I find the frequency of a particular bin in a cosine transform, and two other questions

I have a discrete series of values and I have applied a Discrete Cosine Transform to it, obtaining values like: ...
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1answer
119 views

ARMA & MA methods: how do you know the error terms?

Reading the ARMA model for the first time, and I'm confused. Let's say I have a time series x = [1, 2.1, 2.9, 3, 4.1] According to the ARMA model, $X_t$ is a ...
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1answer
115 views

When applying a bandpass filter designed in Matlab's DSP system toolbox, is it necessary to do any normalization?

I'm applying the next bandpass filter to the data of an impulse response coming from .wav; it fades data below 10 Hz and above 400 Hz: ...
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1answer
452 views

Implementing FIR/IIR “alike” filter in R

I am new to signal processing. I am trying to simulate something similar to IIR/FIR filter with $k$ delays to imitate acoustic echo reflection. The difference equations for FIR and IIR respectively ...
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3answers
2k views

How to use Kalman filter for altitude prediction based on barometer data?

I have barometer noisy data with known variance. I studied Kalman filter but I did not find an answer to this problem: My process model is: altitude is changed because of velocity that is changed ...
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1answer
1k views

Implementation of the filter function (Matlab) C/C++

I am trying to apply some filtering in C/C++ code, I have designed an algorithm using Matlab and it works well, so now I am moving it to native code. I am ...
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1answer
446 views

Filter problems in python

I am recording a 30 second 1000Hz Sine wave, saving it to a list, splitting the list into 5 second sublists and I would like to apply a notch filter to each sublist to check when the signal drops out ...
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1answer
761 views

Digital Lowpass butterworth filter with cut off 500Hz and sampling rate 1.25MSPS

I am trying to simulate a distributed sensing system and I need to filter only frequencies lesser than 500 Hz(low pass filter) from acquired signal with sample rate 1250000 Samples/sec using below ...
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1answer
357 views

How to find analytic description of filtered signal

I am looking for an exact analytic description of a filtered signal. I have an electronic circuit whose input is a monoexponential decay. First (1) the signal gets filtered by a simple RC-Lowpass. ...
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1answer
197 views

Extracting narrow-band ZigBee signals(4 MHz) from a wide-band WiFi signal(20 MHz)?

I am planning the following. First sample the 20 MHz WiFi channel (WiFi channel-1 in figure). Put band pass filters (5 MHz wide) around each of the ZigBee center frequencies (11, 12, 13, 14). Re-...
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1answer
170 views

Do filters work on a “per sample basis”?

I'm confused because of filter length, whether (such) filters can be used to filter audio on a "per sample basis"? By per sample basis I mean that I would like to filter audio one sample at a time, ...
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1answer
178 views

iZotope RX's FFT processing?

How does iZotope RX handle the FFT (i.e. how does it manage to perform those processes in the frequency domain without creating glitches) since its able to e.g. Apply another DSP process (even time-...
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1answer
57 views

Nonlinear tricks for blocking wide band noise

Conventional methods of filtering allow one to block parts of a frequency band while passing others. But thinking outside of conventional means, and perhaps not based on any frequency methods at all, ...
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1answer
56 views

Different results for seperable filtering v/s direct filtering on 2-D image in MATLAB

I compared the difference between seperable and direct filtering for MATLAB's cameraman image. The difference is huge. I would like to understand the reason for this. Code below. ...
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1answer
226 views

Extract signal from big gaussian noise

I have signal, periodic with amplitude 10 with frequency about 10 kHz. It is hidden in Gaussian noise with standard deviation 100. Some idea how to extract periodic signal? Thanks in advance.
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1answer
321 views

Effect of bandwidth reduction in bit growth

I just want to ask, whenever you reduce a bandwidth of signal by filtering, I wonder why do you need to improve the number of bits used to represent that signal. The number of bit growth is $$\frac{1}...
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0answers
23 views

Deep Learning for Online EEG Denoising

I'm currently working on the development of deep learning methods for online artifact removal from EEG signals. I'm interested in removing common biological artifacts such as EOG and EMG individually ...
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0answers
12 views

Accelerometer drift: What hardware-level signal conditioning operations are being performed under the hood of a MEMS accelerometer chip?

I'm in a debate with a peer who says that filtering accelerometer signals at the chip-level has nothing to do with mitigating the problem of drift Often, additional software-level filtering is ...
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0answers
16 views

Training of adaptive filters

I am trying to understand adaptive filters as I want to implement a denoising algorithm based on them. Do we need to train all thee adaptive filters before they start their actual process? For the ...
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1answer
22 views

Difference between the average operation and the application of the equivalent LPF

I would be glad if someone could answer my question. I have a bit stream of data and I want to extract the low frequency component. When post processing the data I can calculate the average value over ...
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0answers
109 views

Linkwitz-Riley Allpass filters of Nth order from cascaded SVF second order sections

I am in the process of implementing a Linkwitz-Riley filter of 16th order. (LR-16, 96dB/oct) I am using 2nd order SVF sections with three modal outputs on each section. (LP, BP, HP) I am looking to ...
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1answer
28 views

Help or suggestions with Line detection in microscopy images

I'm doing a personal project in which I want to select some very specific lines in a microscopy image. The first picture is the raw image, the second picture is the image for the lines (in yellow) I ...
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0answers
13 views

Can I use BRISQUE to compare different filtering techniques for the same acquired image?

BRISQUE compares your image with a pre-learned model with opinion scores. I am not sure about this but would image resolution affect the result of BRISQUE? Moreover, if I have 2 filters and I would ...
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0answers
24 views

Removal of parallel-line like streaks

Just wondering what image processing techniques can remove some artifacts of parallel-line like streaks, which are shown in the red box in the above picture. I was thinking about removing it from ...
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1answer
119 views

Butterworth filter of the acceleration and drifting displacement problem

I am only mechanic engineering and I need to filter my acceleration from MEMS mobile phone which has a noise and drifts. Here is my data. Acceleration vs time from an app mobile phone ...
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1answer
70 views

Classical spectrum analyzer model

I am trying to reproduce a numerical model of classical spectrum analyzer, described in "Fundamentals of Spectrum Analysis" by Christoph Rauscher. Classical model consists of a few local ...
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0answers
26 views

Is convolving a signal by a wavelet (in time domain) equivalent to wavelet filtering?

I am a noob in signal processing. Please help me understand if the following relation is true or not: ...
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1answer
115 views

Applying zero-phase filtering in the frequency domain - also works in real-time?

In my application a filtering in the frequency space is desired. I designed two high-pass filters: $h_1$ Butterworth IIR filter, and $h_2$ FIR. I designed them using Python's ...
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0answers
21 views

Low pass filter output

What will be the output when a square wave of time period 1sec is applied to the input of LPF of cutoff frequency 1Hz. Please help me, I am not getting the exact expression. What if cutoff of LPF is ...
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1answer
28 views

How does filter works in noise reduction?

On page 22 of the slide, the 1D array is [1, 1, 1, 1, 1], but the dots are uneven. Then why their values are the same? What's the value of the point that the arrow is pointing at? Though it gives ...
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1answer
22 views

How does Correlation for 1D Signals work?

On page 2 of the slide, I don't understand the example. Like $j$ and $s$ are both on the x-axis, what does j+s mean? The filter is $(f(−1), f(0), f(1)) = (−0.5, 0, 0.5)$. How can we use it? Could ...
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0answers
50 views

Multi-channel filter for correlated noise suppression

Short question We need to cancel the correlated noise from recorded datasets, as shown in the figure below, coming from arrays of charge sensitive sensors. I would like to ask to this community to ...
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0answers
34 views

2nd derivative using gaussian filter (gnu scientific library) - offset?

I am working on an application where I use gaussian filtering (convolution) to smooth a signal and at the same time get the 1st and 2nd derivative in real time. The signal is an equidistant sampling ...
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0answers
34 views

Classifying motor imagery from EEG data: Feature selection

I am an undergraduate student who is trying to classify motor imagery from EEG data! I have no experience working with EEG or any neuroscience background, I only have a very basic knowledge of how ...
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1answer
48 views

Recoverable continuous function after average sampling

I have a personal interest in this question, but I don't know if it is unfounded. Suppose I have a continuous function x (t), which is sampled using an average sliding window, which performs a ...
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1answer
38 views

How to get discrete values from a nosiy data set that have a trend?

I have a sensor that produces values over time (appr. 50/sec). I visualized these values (X axis is the time), this can be seen on the picture, measurement A and B - these are two independent ...
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0answers
38 views

How to downsample my data readings from 0.5hz to 0.001667hz. Do I filter and downsample?

I have a device that, in the lab, takes voltage readings every 2 seconds. However in real-life application the device would only wake every 10 minutes and then take a 100 readings whilst awake. How do ...
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1answer
67 views

Zone Plate Reconstruction

I am trying to reconstruct the Zone Plate image and am struggling to remove the last remaining aliasing. ShaderToy: https://www.shadertoy.com/view/wdGGWK In the shader above you can see that I am ...
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1answer
181 views

Adaptive Band pass filter for extracting respiratory waveform from accelerometer data

I am recording data from an accelerometer attached to the chest (1000Hz). I need to extract the respiratory waveform. I tried an adaptive bandpass filter based on a dominant frequency in my signal ...
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1answer
65 views

How to sketch this multirate system spectrum?

In the following system: The signal x(n) is upsampled by 2 and then filtered. The signal and the filter have the following spectrum: After upsampling the spectrum of X would look the same except ...
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1answer
90 views

Continuous time double exponential filtering in state space form?

I'm trying to determine the continuous time formulation of the double exponential filter so that I can adapt it more flexibly for my particular problem. Typically, this model is expressed as a pair ...
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1answer
72 views

Comparisons of FIR Causal filters of type HRIR in Discrete Time and Frequency Domains

I have just implemented a Discrete Time Convolution between HRIR filter at a range of angles. I also implemented an Overlalp-and-Add method and FFT and IFFT to compute the same convolution in ...
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1answer
132 views

How the zero - phase filter without filtered signal truncation at the end can be implemented?

I mean what for the window FIR filter the filtered signal is truncated at the end because impulse response of the filter is symmetric. For example the code from here (in python) (lowpass FIR filter) ...
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0answers
39 views

Applying a filter on an input sequence in matlab

Given a input sequence $x = {x_1, ... x_n}$ and a filter with l elements $h = [h_1, ..., h_l]$ with l < n. We want to filter the input sequence with the specified filter. My first thought was to ...
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1answer
216 views

Manual filter or digital filter first for EEG?

I am getting conflicting advise regarding how to clean my EEG data: 1) Manually remove artefacts first and then apply digital filters OR 2) Apply digital filters first and then manually remove ...
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0answers
98 views

How to filter a sequence of frames?

I'm have a sequence of 2-dimensional MxN frames. I have concatenated these frames to form a 3-dimensional MxNxT matrix. Now i want to filter this 3D volume by 2 types of filters (a 2D log-Gabor in xy-...
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1answer
749 views

How to eliminate negative frequencies from IQ signal

I have a 192kHz IQ signal from an RF receiver, and i'm trying to remove signals in the negative (or positive) frequency spectrum. I see that the negative frequency signals are -90 degrees phase ...