Questions tagged [filtering]

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1answer
481 views

Bandpass filtering an audio signal with MATLAB's $\tt kaiserord$: unknown new frequency component

I am trying to filter an audio signal with kaiserord in MATLAB, but I'm having a problem. Here is my code: ...
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1answer
37 views

Which one can be accompanied by linear filters?

I have a matrix : \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 3\\ 1 & 4 & 5\\ 2 & 6 & 7 \end{bmatrix} After doing operation 1 , I get \begin{bmatrix} 0 & 0 & 0\\ 1 & 2 & 3\\ 1 &...
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0answers
49 views

Respiration (breathing) signal movement artifact removal

Situation: I have breathing data of participants who have done different things during the study which caused their breathing change; watching mindless video to which resulted in unconscious regular ...
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3answers
117 views

Deconvolving a 1d Signal Using a Lookup Table of Kernels

assuming I measure a signal that has different PSFs per position in time. for example: ...
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1answer
167 views

A Simple Algorithm to Filter / Smooth / Denoise a Noisy Staircase Graph

Is there a way to remove the noise and smooth the graph into a staircase graph.
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1answer
17 views

How can I plot Wiener filter's behaviour for different taps (memory filter)?

What's the expected behaviour of Wiener Filter for different taps (memory filter) , when input signal is a sinusodial tone? Do you have any idea how I can plot or simulate Wiener Filter's behaviour (...
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1answer
21 views

How does Correlation for 1D Signals work?

On page 2 of the slide, I don't understand the example. Like $j$ and $s$ are both on the x-axis, what does j+s mean? The filter is $(f(−1), f(0), f(1)) = (−0.5, 0, 0.5)$. How can we use it? Could ...
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1answer
26 views

How does filter works in noise reduction?

On page 22 of the slide, the 1D array is [1, 1, 1, 1, 1], but the dots are uneven. Then why their values are the same? What's the value of the point that the arrow is pointing at? Though it gives ...
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1answer
57 views

Zone Plate Reconstruction

I am trying to reconstruct the Zone Plate image and am struggling to remove the last remaining aliasing. ShaderToy: https://www.shadertoy.com/view/wdGGWK In the shader above you can see that I am ...
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0answers
33 views

Multi-channel filter for correlated noise suppression

Short question We need to cancel the correlated noise from recorded datasets, as shown in the figure below, coming from arrays of charge sensitive sensors. I would like to ask to this community to ...
3
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2answers
120 views

How to filter very low amplitude staircase signal from a background noise

I have a staircase signal of a specific pattern that is drowned in a background noise. The ratio of signal to noise amplitude is nearly $10^{-4}$. I have attached the image of both with this post. I ...
0
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1answer
116 views

How the zero - phase filter without filtered signal truncation at the end can be implemented?

I mean what for the window FIR filter the filtered signal is truncated at the end because impulse response of the filter is symmetric. For example the code from here (in python) (lowpass FIR filter) ...
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2answers
81 views

Distortion of OFDM signal when using RRC filter

I am trying to transmit OFDM signal in pass-band based on RRC filter, but what I noticed that the signal before the RRC filter is completely different compared with signal after the RRC filter (It ...
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3answers
11k views

Can we have a Digital Anti Aliasing filter?

I am working on a board that has no antialisaing filter at the input of the ADC. I have option to I implement my own filter using RC + Opamp circuit. But is it also possible to implement Anti ...
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2answers
186 views

Filter before or after multiplication of two signals?

I have two signals and want to multiply them, e.g. voltage and current are multiplied to get power. The result (e.g. power) shall be a filtered result, e.g. to see the average. Is it better to filter ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Recoverable continuous function after average sampling

I have a personal interest in this question, but I don't know if it is unfounded. Suppose I have a continuous function x (t), which is sampled using an average sliding window, which performs a ...
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0answers
28 views

2nd derivative using gaussian filter (gnu scientific library) - offset?

I am working on an application where I use gaussian filtering (convolution) to smooth a signal and at the same time get the 1st and 2nd derivative in real time. The signal is an equidistant sampling ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Next steps for analyzing this PWM algorithm and choosing a low pass filtering technique?

The Broadcom BCM2711 GPIO controller used by the Raspberry Pi has a hardware PWM implementation option using an algorithm that provides an average value defined by a rational fraction $N/M$ defined as ...
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1answer
51 views

Comparisons of FIR Causal filters of type HRIR in Discrete Time and Frequency Domains

I have just implemented a Discrete Time Convolution between HRIR filter at a range of angles. I also implemented an Overlalp-and-Add method and FFT and IFFT to compute the same convolution in ...
5
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2answers
1k views

STFT overlap add method - What am i doing wrong?

i am trying to implement a short time fourier transform of an audio signal to do some filtering (subtract another stft signal using spectral subtraction). I am using a hamming window function with 50% ...
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3answers
2k views

Laplacian Filter Implementation in MATLAB

I implemented a Laplacian filter for the Lena image, but I get an unexpected output. For input: I get output: I used the mask ...
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1answer
122 views

Remove high resolution spurious peaks from sinusoidal signal

I have the current from a LEM transducer measured. The measurement is taken on the output of a transformer. The signal is a 50 Hz signal, measured at 100kHz. When the demand of the system is increased ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between the sampling frequency of signal and sampling frequency of filter

I believe that there is no connection between the sampling frequency used for converting an analogue filter to digital filter and the one used to sample a signal that the filter will be used on. But I ...
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2answers
7k views

interpret wavelet scalogram

My knowledge of wavelets is less than epsilon. Bear with me. If I have a signal of two well separated sinusoids (15 and 48 Hz) plus some random noise, I can clearly make out the two in a spectrogram (...
0
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1answer
116 views

Adaptive Band pass filter for extracting respiratory waveform from accelerometer data

I am recording data from an accelerometer attached to the chest (1000Hz). I need to extract the respiratory waveform. I tried an adaptive bandpass filter based on a dominant frequency in my signal ...
1
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1answer
257 views

How to calculate the Fourier transform of a mean filter in Matlab?

In Matlab, how can I calculate the discrete-space Fourier transform of a mean which takes the average of 4 adjacent points, with this kernel $$\begin{pmatrix} 0 &1& 0\\ 1 &0&...
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2answers
1k views

MATLAB : How to filter a data signal

I have a data signal (column vector) with N values taken over at specific sample rate (dx) at a fixed frequency. After taking the Fourrier transform of this signal and representing it in the Fourier ...
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1answer
120 views

Filter: IIR Filter

How IIR Filter coefficients formula derived? for LPF, HPF, BPF, BSF there are coefficients formula for a0, a1, a2, b0, b1. How it came? I would like to know the derivation for all those coeffs w.r.t ...
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3answers
41 views

what are some possible reasons of having duplicates in sensor signal? resulting in stair-step signal?

I am using an cellphone application to record cellphone gyroscope signal. I put the sampling rate to "fastest" which means the highest sampling rate the cellphone is able to do. What is strange is ...
2
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1answer
64 views

How to find the best Q format representation?

I'm currently working in a project in which I use the coefficients of a IIR Elliptical digital filter (9th order) and the voice signal from a recording of my cellphone but I'm having issues finding ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Reduce Jitter in Live Kalman Filter

I have a stream of data over time that I have fed into a Kalman filter. This data represents the vertical displacement in time of a vehicle's rearwheel as it travels over a bump in the road. The ...
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0answers
27 views

Classifying motor imagery from EEG data: Feature selection

I am an undergraduate student who is trying to classify motor imagery from EEG data! I have no experience working with EEG or any neuroscience background, I only have a very basic knowledge of how ...
0
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1answer
60 views

A filter with low phase shift or no phase shift at all? Which one? [duplicate]

I'm seeking a good advice for a filter. Can you help me? Right now I made my own simple filter. Not sure what I'm doing, but it seems to work. ...
0
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1answer
54 views

How to sketch this multirate system spectrum?

In the following system: The signal x(n) is upsampled by 2 and then filtered. The signal and the filter have the following spectrum: After upsampling the spectrum of X would look the same except ...
3
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2answers
135 views

Use samples of Fourier transform as DFT?

Consider the LTI system given by: $H(z) = 1 - \frac{1}{2}z^{-1}+\frac{3}{4}z^{-2}$ Let $x[n] = (\frac{1}{2})^nu[n]$ be the input to the system. We want to find the output for $n = 0,1,...,N_a$, using ...
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1answer
188 views

Manual filter or digital filter first for EEG?

I am getting conflicting advise regarding how to clean my EEG data: 1) Manually remove artefacts first and then apply digital filters OR 2) Apply digital filters first and then manually remove ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Continuous time double exponential filtering in state space form?

I'm trying to determine the continuous time formulation of the double exponential filter so that I can adapt it more flexibly for my particular problem. Typically, this model is expressed as a pair ...
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2answers
165 views

High Pass Filtering and Noise

I have the following code: ...
2
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1answer
18 views

Image Filtering by Averaging Similar Areas of the Same Image - Patch Based Processing

I heard of filtering algorithms which, to filter an image specific area, find similar areas in the image and average them to reduce the noice of the original area. E.g. an edge of a house can be more ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) for Non Linear (Coordinate Conversion - Polar to Cartesian) Measurements and Linear Predictions

I'm new to Kalman filtering and state estimation and I'd like some guidance on EKFs. Currently, I'm trying to use a linear prediction model coupled with nonlinear measurements to estimate the state ...
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3answers
90 views

I can't wrap my mind around the concept of filtering and the unit circle ? any help? [closed]

Can someone elaborate this theory where there is a link between the stability of a filter and the zeros or nulls being on the unit circle?
2
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1answer
240 views

How determine the delay in my signal practically

I am trying to practically determine filter group delay so that I can try to reduce or adjust for it. I have tried all kinds of methods but still can't get the right result. I know that theoretically ...
0
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1answer
164 views

DC Spur in DAC output

I have a design in which a signal from ADC is filtered and then played by DAC. In FPGA the real signal is converted to quadrature using DDS with 70 MHz frequency. After filtering, the baseband signal ...
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0answers
33 views

How to build intuition for tuning a Kalman Filter?

I'm working on designing a Kalman Filter for more accurately predicting the position of a ultrawideband RFID tag in an indoor space. Before testing with live data, I've been playing with randomly ...
0
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1answer
490 views

Filtering Passband Signals using Complex Baseband Filtering

So I'm given a pass band filter with specific transfer function $H_p(f)$, I want to implement this via baseband processing. I already know how to take the input signal $u(t)$ and process it such ...
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0answers
44 views

Apply a butterworth filter to columns of a large dataframe

I have a large dataframe (7200, 132) and each column is a signal. I want to apply a butterworth filter to each signal, however, I'm not sure how to do this in Python. When I do it in matlab I can ...
3
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2answers
272 views

Easy way to get rid of noise in a hand drawing

I would like to take a user's hand drawn input, and filter out "noise", aka small sketches or blobs, where the user might have screwed up and accidentally touched his hand to the drawing device, or ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Supression of sinusoidal interference

I have a bit of project that I'm doing for SIN interference removal. Just not sure Am I doing everything correct: Fs = 1000; Ts = 1/Fs; order = 12; t = 0:Ts:1-Ts; x = sin(2*pi*4*t); noise = ...
2
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2answers
331 views

Anisotropic Diffusion Filter - Intuition Behind Parameters

I need to know what is iteration and divergence in anisotropic diffusion filter technique. Isotropic diffusion $$\frac{\partial I(x, y, z)}{\partial t}={\rm div}\left[c\cdot \nabla I\left(x, y, ...
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2answers
76 views

When to Apply Circular Convolution Formulas?

Context I am studying the family of Discrete Trignometric Transforms (DTT): Discrete Cosine Transforms (DCT) and Discrete Sine Transforms (DST). And trying to understanding more their properties, I ...

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