Questions tagged [filtering]

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Accelerometer drift: What hardware-level signal conditioning operations are being performed under the hood of a MEMS accelerometer chip?

I'm in a debate with a peer who says that filtering accelerometer signals at the chip-level has nothing to do with mitigating the problem of drift Often, additional software-level filtering is ...
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2answers
57 views

DSP signal filtering and number formats

I'm working on a dsPIC33, using Audio Codec Board - Proto to read audio samples and for reproduction. In order to implement a relatively simple signal processing algorithm, I'm reading audio samples ...
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0answers
15 views

Training of adaptive filters

I am trying to understand adaptive filters as I want to implement a denoising algorithm based on them. Do we need to train all thee adaptive filters before they start their actual process? For the ...
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1answer
57 views

Alternatives to offline Kalman filtering

Recently I got into vehicle models and filtering in general and immediately faced with the following question. I have the recorded GPS data from car driving on a highway. However, there is a ...
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2answers
186 views

Using oversampling to increase resolution of a DC-signal as input

Currently I'm working on a project which uses oversampling to increase the resolution of a 12 bit ADC to a maximum of 16 bits. My goal is to fully understand the theory behind oversampling and why it ...
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1answer
22 views

Difference between the average operation and the application of the equivalent LPF

I would be glad if someone could answer my question. I have a bit stream of data and I want to extract the low frequency component. When post processing the data I can calculate the average value over ...
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102 views

Linkwitz-Riley Allpass filters of Nth order from cascaded SVF second order sections

I am in the process of implementing a Linkwitz-Riley filter of 16th order. (LR-16, 96dB/oct) I am using 2nd order SVF sections with three modal outputs on each section. (LP, BP, HP) I am looking to ...
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1answer
112 views

Derivation of the lowpass to bandpass transformation

I have a basic question. The "well known" lowpass to bandpass transformation is $$ s \longmapsto \frac{\bar{s}^2 + \omega_1\omega_2}{\bar{s}(\omega_1 - \omega_2)}, $$ which gives a bandpass ...
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2answers
76 views

Scipy Butterworth highpass filter results in distortion and bloated output

Trying to use Scipy Butterworth filter to filter frequencies below 54 Hz from audio files. Audio files are stored as WAVs. Sample rate is 44100. When I try using this filter the result is distorted (...
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3answers
102 views

Noise added to a Random Process

if we have a discrete random process \begin{equation} x\left(n\right)\:=\:0.2x\left(n-1\right)+w\left(n\right)+w\left(n-1\right) \end{equation} where $ w\left(n\right)$ is a noise with a mean $ m_w=0....
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1answer
27 views

Help or suggestions with Line detection in microscopy images

I'm doing a personal project in which I want to select some very specific lines in a microscopy image. The first picture is the raw image, the second picture is the image for the lines (in yellow) I ...
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12 views

Can I use BRISQUE to compare different filtering techniques for the same acquired image?

BRISQUE compares your image with a pre-learned model with opinion scores. I am not sure about this but would image resolution affect the result of BRISQUE? Moreover, if I have 2 filters and I would ...
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3answers
69 views

How to practically correct for group delay imposed by a digital filter (Python)

I'm using Python to filter a signal using a Butterworth filter (scipy.signal.butter) and subsequently passing this through a forward-backward filter with cascaded second order sections (scipy.signal....
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3answers
60 views

Seeking advice on how to denoise a video from poor CCTV lighting

I have grainy CCTV footage that will need some amount of clean up. I request for ideas on the best way to clean out the noise. I am attaching a frame extracted from the video here for hints on the ...
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23 views

Removal of parallel-line like streaks

Just wondering what image processing techniques can remove some artifacts of parallel-line like streaks, which are shown in the red box in the above picture. I was thinking about removing it from ...
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1answer
27 views

Deriving a Kalman Filter Equation for a Linear Gaussian Filtering Model with Non Zero Mean Noise

I am trying to answer an exercise question from the book Simo Sarkka - Bayesian Filtering and Smoothing. The question is: Does anyone know if there is a resource that has the solutions for this book?
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1answer
103 views

Butterworth filter of the acceleration and drifting displacement problem

I am only mechanic engineering and I need to filter my acceleration from MEMS mobile phone which has a noise and drifts. Here is my data. Acceleration vs time from an app mobile phone ...
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1answer
63 views

Classical spectrum analyzer model

I am trying to reproduce a numerical model of classical spectrum analyzer, described in "Fundamentals of Spectrum Analysis" by Christoph Rauscher. Classical model consists of a few local ...
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1answer
89 views

Use of the harris-Moerder Nyquist Pulse Shaping Filter

I became aware today through fred harris' excellent presentation at the DSP Online Conference (https://www.dsponlineconference.com/) of the harris-Moerder pulse shaping filter which was published 15 ...
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26 views

Is convolving a signal by a wavelet (in time domain) equivalent to wavelet filtering?

I am a noob in signal processing. Please help me understand if the following relation is true or not: ...
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5answers
158 views

An intuitive explanation as to why a matched filter is time reversed?

It easy enough to study correlation, and matched filters. But the challenge I see unmet anywhere to date and which I struggle to meet myself is a simpler presentation, to with more difficult task I ...
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1answer
87 views

Applying zero-phase filtering in the frequency domain - also works in real-time?

In my application a filtering in the frequency space is desired. I designed two high-pass filters: $h_1$ Butterworth IIR filter, and $h_2$ FIR. I designed them using Python's ...
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1answer
126 views

Apply “non-causal” filter buffer-wise, a.k.a “soft real-time filtering”

I am dealing with digital filtering of signals, both offline and in real-time. Typical filtering purposes are highpass filter or bandpass filter. So far I worked on prerecorded signals (e.g. ...
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0answers
21 views

Low pass filter output

What will be the output when a square wave of time period 1sec is applied to the input of LPF of cutoff frequency 1Hz. Please help me, I am not getting the exact expression. What if cutoff of LPF is ...
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2answers
74 views

Question about ideal filters

Following shows the discrete time Fourier transform of an ideal low pass filter with cutoff frequency $\omega_c$: $$H\left(e^{j\omega}\right) = \begin{cases} 1, & \text{if $|\omega| \le \omega_c$...
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1answer
40 views

Which one can be accompanied by linear filters?

I have a matrix : \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 3\\ 1 & 4 & 5\\ 2 & 6 & 7 \end{bmatrix} After doing operation 1 , I get \begin{bmatrix} 0 & 0 & 0\\ 1 & 2 & 3\\ 1 &...
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1answer
195 views

A Simple Algorithm to Filter / Smooth / Denoise a Noisy Staircase Graph

Is there a way to remove the noise and smooth the graph into a staircase graph.
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1answer
66 views

Respiration (breathing) signal movement artifact removal

Situation: I have breathing data of participants who have done different things during the study which caused their breathing change; watching mindless video to which resulted in unconscious regular ...
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1answer
28 views

How does filter works in noise reduction?

On page 22 of the slide, the 1D array is [1, 1, 1, 1, 1], but the dots are uneven. Then why their values are the same? What's the value of the point that the arrow is pointing at? Though it gives ...
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1answer
22 views

How does Correlation for 1D Signals work?

On page 2 of the slide, I don't understand the example. Like $j$ and $s$ are both on the x-axis, what does j+s mean? The filter is $(f(−1), f(0), f(1)) = (−0.5, 0, 0.5)$. How can we use it? Could ...
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0answers
47 views

Multi-channel filter for correlated noise suppression

Short question We need to cancel the correlated noise from recorded datasets, as shown in the figure below, coming from arrays of charge sensitive sensors. I would like to ask to this community to ...
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3answers
153 views

Deconvolving a 1d Signal Using a Lookup Table of Kernels

assuming I measure a signal that has different PSFs per position in time. for example: ...
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2answers
85 views

Distortion of OFDM signal when using RRC filter

I am trying to transmit OFDM signal in pass-band based on RRC filter, but what I noticed that the signal before the RRC filter is completely different compared with signal after the RRC filter (It ...
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0answers
33 views

2nd derivative using gaussian filter (gnu scientific library) - offset?

I am working on an application where I use gaussian filtering (convolution) to smooth a signal and at the same time get the 1st and 2nd derivative in real time. The signal is an equidistant sampling ...
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1answer
40 views

Next steps for analyzing this PWM algorithm and choosing a low pass filtering technique?

The Broadcom BCM2711 GPIO controller used by the Raspberry Pi has a hardware PWM implementation option using an algorithm that provides an average value defined by a rational fraction $N/M$ defined as ...
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1answer
69 views

How to find the best Q format representation?

I'm currently working in a project in which I use the coefficients of a IIR Elliptical digital filter (9th order) and the voice signal from a recording of my cellphone but I'm having issues finding ...
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3answers
46 views

what are some possible reasons of having duplicates in sensor signal? resulting in stair-step signal?

I am using an cellphone application to record cellphone gyroscope signal. I put the sampling rate to "fastest" which means the highest sampling rate the cellphone is able to do. What is strange is ...
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1answer
114 views

Reduce Jitter in Live Kalman Filter

I have a stream of data over time that I have fed into a Kalman filter. This data represents the vertical displacement in time of a vehicle's rearwheel as it travels over a bump in the road. The ...
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1answer
139 views

A filter with low phase shift or no phase shift at all? Which one? [duplicate]

I'm seeking a good advice for a filter. Can you help me? Right now I made my own simple filter. Not sure what I'm doing, but it seems to work. ...
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0answers
32 views

Classifying motor imagery from EEG data: Feature selection

I am an undergraduate student who is trying to classify motor imagery from EEG data! I have no experience working with EEG or any neuroscience background, I only have a very basic knowledge of how ...
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1answer
27 views

How can I plot Wiener filter's behaviour for different taps (memory filter)?

What's the expected behaviour of Wiener Filter for different taps (memory filter) , when input signal is a sinusodial tone? Do you have any idea how I can plot or simulate Wiener Filter's behaviour (...
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1answer
141 views

Filter: IIR Filter

How IIR Filter coefficients formula derived? for LPF, HPF, BPF, BSF there are coefficients formula for a0, a1, a2, b0, b1. How it came? I would like to know the derivation for all those coeffs w.r.t ...
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2answers
198 views

High Pass Filtering and Noise

I have the following code: ...
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1answer
24 views

Image Filtering by Averaging Similar Areas of the Same Image - Patch Based Processing

I heard of filtering algorithms which, to filter an image specific area, find similar areas in the image and average them to reduce the noice of the original area. E.g. an edge of a house can be more ...
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3answers
90 views

I can't wrap my mind around the concept of filtering and the unit circle ? any help? [closed]

Can someone elaborate this theory where there is a link between the stability of a filter and the zeros or nulls being on the unit circle?
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0answers
41 views

How to build intuition for tuning a Kalman Filter?

I'm working on designing a Kalman Filter for more accurately predicting the position of a ultrawideband RFID tag in an indoor space. Before testing with live data, I've been playing with randomly ...
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0answers
104 views

Apply a butterworth filter to columns of a large dataframe

I have a large dataframe (7200, 132) and each column is a signal. I want to apply a butterworth filter to each signal, however, I'm not sure how to do this in Python. When I do it in matlab I can ...
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1answer
45 views

Recoverable continuous function after average sampling

I have a personal interest in this question, but I don't know if it is unfounded. Suppose I have a continuous function x (t), which is sampled using an average sliding window, which performs a ...
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1answer
320 views

How determine the delay in my signal practically

I am trying to practically determine filter group delay so that I can try to reduce or adjust for it. I have tried all kinds of methods but still can't get the right result. I know that theoretically ...
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1answer
38 views

How to get discrete values from a nosiy data set that have a trend?

I have a sensor that produces values over time (appr. 50/sec). I visualized these values (X axis is the time), this can be seen on the picture, measurement A and B - these are two independent ...

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