Questions tagged [filtering]

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28 views

How to effectively stationarise non-periodic wave signals?

I am pre-processing a non-periodic signal for further implementation of autoregressive modelling on the signal. The signal is shown in the following figure. However, when I applied the Augmented ...
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1answer
34 views

A filter removing forbidden information in the stop-band

Is it possible, and how could it be done, to make an extension of filters that converts the signal in the filter's stop-band into noise with no information content or at least with zero correlation to ...
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105 views

Design an FIR linear phase lowpass filter using windows to meet the following specifications. What is given in the question? How to start solving it?

What is given in this question? I have not seen a single solution of these types of filter design problems in the internet. So I am confused, how do I proceed solving these problems. Can you guide me ...
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1answer
40 views

What's the correct way to align two signals downsampled at 10 Hz?

I'm trying to build a dataset where one of the features is a signal which has originally been sampled at 500 Hz, while another feature is a signal which was sampled at 100 Hz. I want to downsample ...
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1answer
161 views

Does it make sense for my filter to depend on the discrete sample variable n?

I feel a little nervous asking this question as I am not sure if know what exactly I am trying to ask. But please see if you can help. Ok, I have a filter whose output grows as long as the input is ...
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1answer
49 views

Aritifacts of time-varying IIR filters

I'm doing something like spatial audio algorithm using IIR modelled HRTFs. At each frame I get a direction information with azimuth and elevation, and then I have to find or interpolate the ...
5
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1answer
414 views

Deblurring 1D Data Using Direct Inverse Filtering

In my assignment I have been given recorded temperature over a period of time (193 Values) and the Impulse Response (5 Values with n=0 corresponding to the middle value). data : data.csv | h = [1/16 4/...
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1answer
60 views

Find coefficients of optimal Wiener filter of length 2

I need to find the coefficients (impulse response) of a FIR Wiener filter with length equal to 2. I have a gaussian white noise signal that is generated using the Standard Normal Distribution (mean = ...
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1answer
121 views

Sound activated recording and advanced filtering on Raspberry Pi

I'm making a Raspberry Pi bat detector using a USB-powered ultrasonic microphone. I want to be able to record bats while excluding insects and other non-bat noises. Recording needs to be sound-...
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3answers
51 views

Detrending PPG signal

I'm filtering a raw PPG signal sampled at 100sps After applying a bandpass filter my signal looks like this As you can see, It has a trend (a low pass component which is not in the desired signal). I ...
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1answer
16 views

How to apply an atmospheric attenuation filter in the freq domain and then convert the filtered signal back to the time domain?

This question is a part of a more general question the answer of which I don't know - How to apply a filter in the freq domain and then convert the filtered signal back to the time domain? Well, I ...
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2answers
66 views

Constructing frequency domain filter from a 2d spatial kernel

Given a 2d spatial kernel $h$, I want to construct the corresponding frequency filter $H$. In theory, $H$ is simply obtained by calculating the DFT of $h$ using a FFT algorithm. But in practice, there ...
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1answer
36 views

ANSI S1.11.2004 Octave-Band Filter implementation

I am trying to implement some code to firstly generate an Octave-Band and Fractional-Octave Band filter. I have used MATLAB's octaveFilter method to generate compliant Class-1 and Class-0, 1/1 and 1/...
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1answer
55 views

RF-Chain Signal Delay for Sensor Switching

Lets have a RF-chain as above with system bandwith from HP corner to the green line say 1 MHz. The signal accumulates delay as it passes through this analog chain, and due to it being non-liner filter ...
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1answer
28 views

Pulse shaping with root-raised cosine filter for a non-Gaussian channel

I am here to check whether my line of thinking is correct. Root-raised cosine (RRC) filtering is one way to minimize intersymbol interference (ISI). Hence, we apply matched RRC filters on both sides ...
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1answer
39 views

Help identifying filter

Apologies in advance for asking something so basic, this is not my field at all so I'm a bit lost where else to find this info. I'm trying to understand this piece of code that detects sudden drops in ...
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4answers
487 views

Deconvolution to Remove Gaussian Blur in 1D Signal (Wiener Filtering?)

I've got a set of biology data that I'm trying to denoise (effectively, a population statistic can only be measured convolved with a gaussian of known width) My problem is this: I can measure (f*g), ...
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1answer
43 views

Minimum phase conversion with Cepstrum method, how to scale the result?

I am trying to convert a zero phase spectrum (magnidue response curve with zero phases) to a minimum phase spectrum, because I need a totally causal impulse response for FFT spectral filtering, and ...
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1answer
36 views

Why does applying RRC to the signal increase bandwidth?

Please see this question: Why samples per symbols $\geq 2$ in the GNURadio Constellation Modulator block?. The first answer here says "filtering the signal, you have bandwidth expansion". ...
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1answer
130 views

Memory efficient filtering with scipy.signal in Python

I have several EEG channels that need filtering, and one channel may reach a recording length of 12 hours or potentially even more. This results in billions of data points stored which, when loaded, ...
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1answer
72 views

Implementation of Overlap Save Filtering with Decimation

I am trying to implement Matlab code which performs FIR filtering with complex bandpass filter using Overlap Save method and perform decimation as well by using different length forward and inverse ...
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0answers
49 views

Laplacian filter in matlab

I want to compute the output image by first dividing the image into 8*8 blocks and applying laplace filter separately and combine them but I am not getting the correct output Here is the code: ...
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1answer
58 views

Expected value of a quantized noisy signal

I am given a noisy signal $y(t) = x(t) + w(t)$, where $x(t)$ is my desired signal and $w(t)$ is the noise. In my scenario, the noise is very strong, much stronger than the desired signal $x(t)$. ...
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0answers
40 views

Deep Learning for Online EEG Denoising

I'm currently working on the development of deep learning methods for online artifact removal from EEG signals. I'm interested in removing common biological artifacts such as EOG and EMG individually ...
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1answer
45 views

The result if order of two filter are reversed

Apply the Composite Laplacian Filter first, then apply the gaussian filter. Apply the gaussian filter first, then apply the composite laplacian filter. My work as below: Here we assume the original ...
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1answer
138 views

Bandwidth of PSK modulated signal

What does it mean that the bandwidth of PSK modulated signal without applying any filtering or shaping of the pulse, is equal to the sampling rate with "1st lobe" equal to two times of ...
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1answer
70 views

Offset after Butterworth bandpass filtering

guess I'm stuck with this filtering problem and I'm thinking it has something to do with my raw data but I'm not so sure. So the problem is the following, please refer to the figures below, basically, ...
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0answers
15 views

Accelerometer drift: What hardware-level signal conditioning operations are being performed under the hood of a MEMS accelerometer chip?

I'm in a debate with a peer who says that filtering accelerometer signals at the chip-level has nothing to do with mitigating the problem of drift Often, additional software-level filtering is ...
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2answers
65 views

DSP signal filtering and number formats

I'm working on a dsPIC33, using Audio Codec Board - Proto to read audio samples and for reproduction. In order to implement a relatively simple signal processing algorithm, I'm reading audio samples ...
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0answers
21 views

Training of adaptive filters

I am trying to understand adaptive filters as I want to implement a denoising algorithm based on them. Do we need to train all thee adaptive filters before they start their actual process? For the ...
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1answer
90 views

Alternatives to offline Kalman filtering

Recently I got into vehicle models and filtering in general and immediately faced with the following question. I have the recorded GPS data from car driving on a highway. However, there is a ...
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2answers
257 views

Using oversampling to increase resolution of a DC-signal as input

Currently I'm working on a project which uses oversampling to increase the resolution of a 12 bit ADC to a maximum of 16 bits. My goal is to fully understand the theory behind oversampling and why it ...
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1answer
36 views

Difference between the average operation and the application of the equivalent LPF

I would be glad if someone could answer my question. I have a bit stream of data and I want to extract the low frequency component. When post processing the data I can calculate the average value over ...
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0answers
131 views

Linkwitz-Riley Allpass filters of Nth order from cascaded SVF second order sections

I am in the process of implementing a Linkwitz-Riley filter of 16th order. (LR-16, 96dB/oct) I am using 2nd order SVF sections with three modal outputs on each section. (LP, BP, HP) I am looking to ...
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1answer
214 views

Derivation of the lowpass to bandpass transformation

I have a basic question. The "well known" lowpass to bandpass transformation is $$ s \longmapsto \frac{\bar{s}^2 + \omega_1\omega_2}{\bar{s}(\omega_1 - \omega_2)}, $$ which gives a bandpass ...
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2answers
169 views

Scipy Butterworth highpass filter results in distortion and bloated output

Trying to use Scipy Butterworth filter to filter frequencies below 54 Hz from audio files. Audio files are stored as WAVs. Sample rate is 44100. When I try using this filter the result is distorted (...
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3answers
106 views

Noise added to a Random Process

if we have a discrete random process \begin{equation} x\left(n\right)\:=\:0.2x\left(n-1\right)+w\left(n\right)+w\left(n-1\right) \end{equation} where $ w\left(n\right)$ is a noise with a mean $ m_w=0....
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1answer
45 views

Help or suggestions with Line detection in microscopy images

I'm doing a personal project in which I want to select some very specific lines in a microscopy image. The first picture is the raw image, the second picture is the image for the lines (in yellow) I ...
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0answers
18 views

Can I use BRISQUE to compare different filtering techniques for the same acquired image?

BRISQUE compares your image with a pre-learned model with opinion scores. I am not sure about this but would image resolution affect the result of BRISQUE? Moreover, if I have 2 filters and I would ...
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3answers
422 views

How to practically correct for group delay imposed by a digital filter (Python)

I'm using Python to filter a signal using a Butterworth filter (scipy.signal.butter) and subsequently passing this through a forward-backward filter with cascaded second order sections (scipy.signal....
4
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3answers
72 views

Seeking advice on how to denoise a video from poor CCTV lighting

I have grainy CCTV footage that will need some amount of clean up. I request for ideas on the best way to clean out the noise. I am attaching a frame extracted from the video here for hints on the ...
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0answers
30 views

Removal of parallel-line like streaks

Just wondering what image processing techniques can remove some artifacts of parallel-line like streaks, which are shown in the red box in the above picture. I was thinking about removing it from ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Deriving a Kalman Filter Equation for a Linear Gaussian Filtering Model with Non Zero Mean Noise

I am trying to answer an exercise question from the book Simo Sarkka - Bayesian Filtering and Smoothing. The question is: Does anyone know if there is a resource that has the solutions for this book?
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1answer
216 views

Butterworth filter of the acceleration and drifting displacement problem

I am only mechanic engineering and I need to filter my acceleration from MEMS mobile phone which has a noise and drifts. Here is my data. Acceleration vs time from an app mobile phone ...
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1answer
107 views

Classical spectrum analyzer model

I am trying to reproduce a numerical model of classical spectrum analyzer, described in "Fundamentals of Spectrum Analysis" by Christoph Rauscher. Classical model consists of a few local ...
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1answer
135 views

Use of the harris-Moerder Nyquist Pulse Shaping Filter

I became aware today through fred harris' excellent presentation at the DSP Online Conference (https://www.dsponlineconference.com/) of the harris-Moerder pulse shaping filter which was published 15 ...
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5answers
331 views

An intuitive explanation as to why a matched filter is time reversed?

It easy enough to study correlation, and matched filters. But the challenge I see unmet anywhere to date and which I struggle to meet myself is a simpler presentation, to with more difficult task I ...
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1answer
181 views

Applying zero-phase filtering in the frequency domain - also works in real-time?

In my application a filtering in the frequency space is desired. I designed two high-pass filters: $h_1$ Butterworth IIR filter, and $h_2$ FIR. I designed them using Python's ...
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1answer
289 views

Apply "non-causal" filter buffer-wise, a.k.a "soft real-time filtering"

I am dealing with digital filtering of signals, both offline and in real-time. Typical filtering purposes are highpass filter or bandpass filter. So far I worked on prerecorded signals (e.g. ...
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0answers
24 views

Low pass filter output

What will be the output when a square wave of time period 1sec is applied to the input of LPF of cutoff frequency 1Hz. Please help me, I am not getting the exact expression. What if cutoff of LPF is ...

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