Questions tagged [fft]

The fast Fourier transform is an efficient algorithm to compute the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and its inverse.

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22 views

How to get Spectrogram after fft in matlab?

I have many EEG signals which record at 100 Hz. I use FFT on them with fft Matlab toolbox. Now I wanted to get a Spectrogram. As I searched and read a lot, I figure that I should window my signal and ...
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1answer
24 views

Signal Timing Recovery, Loop Bandwidth and SNR

As explained in the answer here, for the symbol timing recovery loop we need to keep loop bandwidth sufficiently below the modulation bandwidth of the signal so as to avoid the filtering of the signal ...
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MATLAB: Generating a random bit stream in a frequency Band for PSK Modulation

I want to generate a pseudo-random bit stream in MATLAB in a given frequency band for PSK Modulation. I am using the idinput function to generate the bit stream: <...
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128 views

High Pass Filtering and Noise

I have the following code: ...
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3answers
63 views

DFT for signals of different length and sampling rate

I would like to compare oscillations of biological object. I have multiple datasets which are taken with different sampling rate and have different length. My current workflow: Take derivative, ...
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2answers
32 views

Am I supposed to normalize FFT in Python?

I'm sorry if this question is posed often, I can't seem to understand the answers already out there. I'm working with several forms of the Fourier transform, including the FFT, PSD, and spectrograms. ...
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23 views

Measuring Phase Difference at DC bin aliased frequency using FFT

I have a code in which two complex signals (I/Q) are created having same frequency but with phase difference. FFT of both signals is taken and atan2 is used to compute phase after which the difference ...
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1answer
19 views

Measuring THD using consumer sound card

I am trying to measure (estimate) THD of an audio path using a consumer sound card. The idea is that I do two measurements, one without the system being measured in the path and one with it: ...
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29 views

Wind turbine vibration analysis approach

This is going to be a bit of a long post. My questions are: Do the 5 signal processing steps look "correct"? Next steps could be to perform order analysis, and extract features from time, frequency, ...
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1answer
31 views

Is there a way to break down a signal into its respective phases (4 in this case) to be later analysed individually

Is there a way to extract amplitude information but over 4 phases of the same frequency. That is, if the frequency is known could I extract amplitude peaks (between given values)in the time domain in ...
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1answer
36 views

Harmonic Product Spectrum from FFT output to the fundamental frequency

I'm trying to do the HPS algorithm on my FFT output, but I'm stuck here. My signal is from a bass (cable), 16bits, 48.000Hz. I split in time domain the array of the whole record into multiple arrays ...
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1answer
19 views

How to specify the input data bit width for fixed point implementation in windowed OFDM?

I am implementing a fixed point model of Windowed OFDM and to quantize the input data, I used 16 bits(complex) to encode it. But I am not sure how do we specify the minimum number of bits that should ...
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2answers
73 views

FFT looking messy after filtering process

I have a vibration signal (25.6 kHz) which has been through the following filters: ...
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23 views

Using the log power spectrum as features for a Classifier

I have a set of time series signals for which I have to develop a anomaly detection algorithm. I am considering using classifiers like SVM to do this. However I am confused about how to properly ...
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2answers
64 views

How to avoid overtones in audio signal

I'm trying to make a program that catch and audio signal of a bass and show the notes that have been played. My program: Gets the sound and put it in a double data type array. (48 000Hz, 16bits) ...
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34 views

Strange FFT spectrum after resampling

I'm pretty new to signal processing and have encountered strange behaviour. I have a vibration signal from a non-stationary gearbox component that I need to resample to do order analysis. The ...
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1answer
45 views

Using overlap add for drawing spectrogram

I'm confused with overlap-add (OLA) in the following two scenarios filtering/convolution an input signal; applying an STFT on input signal only and draw its spectrogram. When applying OLA to ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the effect of padding zeros to FFT on time domain ? (opposite of what is usually done)

As above. I know that zero padding in time increasaes frequency resolution but I'm having a hard time to understand the opposite. How would you interpret that?
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1answer
21 views

Frequency change detection in step-wise frequency chirp

I am driving a system with a step-wise frequency chirp from 50-400 hz with a frequency step of 0.01 hz. I am having difficulty identifying the points of frequency change as the data collected has an ...
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1answer
36 views

How to find correlation between two signals regarding peaks?

In a super-resolution task, I try to predict the higher frequencies of a signal. X low-resolution (lr) is my input and Y high-resolution (hr) is the target. Where X contains only frequencies till 2 ...
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3answers
52 views

How to generate a sinusoid with STFT at a frequency which is between bins

Is it possible to generate a sinusoid at a frequency which is between two bins (so a fractional index) with the STFT algorithm (by filling bins and doing the inverse) ? If yes then how can this be ...
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1answer
50 views

Analyze PCM data

I am getting some 16 bit PCM data (raw bits) from a serial port . I need to collect this stream of bits using some python application running in PC and store it somewhere(Assume it in an array). I ...
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3answers
95 views

Frequency domain samples to time domain without knowing the sampling rate?

I have some frequency response data from 802.11a OFDM communication in channel 8 of the 5 GHz band, and I would like to inverse transform this to produce the corresponding time domain response. That ...
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2answers
49 views

How many data points are required for one revolution?

I have a question about an FFT. I have recorded the vibration of a gearbox with a sampling rate of 48 kHz. The speed of the input is 50 Hz, the speed of the output is 12.5 Hz. At a sampling rate of 48 ...
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1answer
55 views

How can I improve the resolution of a spectrogram of a low-frequency signal with high sampling frequency (Python)?

Imagine you have signals $x_1(t)$ and $x_2(t)$ that contain a limited number of periods of low frequency oscillations and are sampled at 44100Hz (coming from an external source) and you want to obtain ...
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1answer
43 views

How do I generate sound using Python3?

I am totally a newbie in signal processing. I want to generate and play sound for frequencies (1/3 octave band center frequency) 125 Hz, 250 Hz and 500 Hz respectively, each for 30 seconds and with ...
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MFCCs: magnitude spectrum vs power spectrum

As I know, the magnitude spectrum and power spectrum have the same information in this step before applying Mel-Filterbank, and the power spectrum may work slightly better in noise. However, I don't ...
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How to convert an audio signal processed by smartphone to PCM format using Android Studio? The ideia is to apply the FFT algorithm

I'm developing an app for Android that records an audio when we press "Record", play it when we press "Play" button, and shows it's spectrum of frequencies for this audio signal recorded, when we ...
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36 views

What kind of Modulation causes “drops” in FFT Power Spectrum

I am analyzing a signal with FFT and I found an effect, that I do not understand. I am expecting to have an amplitude modulated signal. As far as I know, if you compute the power of the FFT of an ...
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1answer
44 views

How to put specific frequency in a specific bin in frequency domain?

I have eight tones as represented by f, and I want to the distance between every two tones is different as shown in the figure, I have the frequency spacing, but I need to put the tones properly, and ...
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2answers
46 views

help to calculate phase shift in certain frequency(identified from FFT)

I am designing a 24ghz doppler radar, with 1TX 2RX. Four adc channel are recording at 25khz, applying 256point FFT on adc of both of RX I and Q, I could identify the target in certain doppler ...
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24 views

Active Noise Cancellation, coherence and FFT size

I'm looking into active noise cancellation and I am little confused about something. I read that the maximum theoretical cancellation is determined by the coherence of the reference signal ($ x $) and ...
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1answer
68 views

Windowed N-point FFT

In the previous question, Smoothing in frequency domain and impulse reponse of the filter in time-domain I guess I have made a mistake in-terms for applying windowing to FFT. After reading "...
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1answer
35 views

Finding the amplidude of a single frequency in signal

I'm not experienced whatsoever in signal processing. I want to isolate a single frequency (83 Hz) out of a noisy signal. Goertzel works just fine but was wondering if there was any other, maybe even (...
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2answers
84 views

Converting PSD to Time Domain Signal

I am currently using MATLAB and I'm thinking if I can reconstruct PSD back to time domain signal using MATLAB's ifft. I found a link in solving this problem but it's in Phyton and when I tried it in ...
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1answer
42 views

Phase difference calculation for non divisible sample rate to frequency

I am learning DSP and I am trying to simulate a simple phase difference calculator between two sinusoidal signals using GNU radio. My flowchart looks like this: As can be seen on the chart, one of ...
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1answer
22 views

How to Save FFT output for fast read-in?

For a project, I'm reading in hundreds of short (4 sec) wavefiles and giving them to scipy fft for the frequency information for further processing/experimenting in various ways. Problem is, I want to ...
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1answer
85 views

Disagreement between Analytic Convolution and FFT Convolution

I've been working on a small project, and as a part of this I need a function that can compute the structure function of the input data. In the process of writing this part/testing it I found the ...
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2answers
51 views

Is there any other method to get the DFT of a signal without actually computing it using normal calculation

Is there any other method to get the DFT of a signal without actually computing it using a normal calculation. Please help me out in this query
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1answer
74 views

Time series in spectrogram() and spectrum()

I'm trying to create an order map for order analysis from my accelerometer data. To do that I want to resample my acceleration data and their time stamps in python. I found ...
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57 views

If you are given an inverse DFT, then how do you convert it back to the DFT without actually computing any DFT?

If you are given an inverse DFT, then how do you convert it back to the DFT without actually computing any DFT?
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1answer
49 views

How do I perform a time domain phase shift in the frequency domain?

I've seen some information on this topic around, but I don't quite understand it. I have a time domain signal. I understand that if I want to time shift this signal, I can do so by multiplying its ...
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1answer
117 views

Evaluating the continuous Fourier transform of a constant, and matching it up with the FFT result

I am following my optics textbook (Optics, by Eugene Hecht), throughout which are given various exact analytical results for the diffraction patterns that result from light passing through differently ...
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33 views

Matlab DFFT phase shift or data problem

Good day, I found a problem with calculating DFFT in Matlab. I have 1200 signals and for each I calculate FFT separately and then plot them together. it is a wave signal (simulation) propagating with ...
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1answer
26 views

How can I cut exactly the first harmonic (H1) from a FFT of an image

I have 4D( 2D + slices along z axis + time frames) gray-scale image for the heart beating on different moments. I do like to take Fourier Transform along time axis(for each slice separately), and ...
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53 views

What cause frequency change of the acoustic signal (3 kHz to 10 kHz)?

I am working on Acoustic Resonace testing in which I excite the sample and then record the sound (3 kHz to 10 kHz) by microphones. I do few times repetation of the same measurement in series (one ...
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1answer
32 views

Is it possible to estimate what the white noise floor should be, and after cross-correlation?

I am simply sending a signal from a function generator, split it into two signals, and then send it into two inputs of an oscilloscope which can interface with my PC. I take the FFT of these two ...
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1answer
25 views

Power spectral density: where does the difference from decibel and regular representation come from?

I am generating a simple DC signal with noise. As expected the fft shows that there is one peak at 0Hz and some noise. I am also trying to get the spectral power density representation of that signal, ...
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118 views

How to compute position by FFT?

I have FFT data of x, y, z - axis, Now I'm trying to find the position through FFT data. Step 1 : For that, applied corresponds to an ordinary frequency i.e rad·s−1, ...
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1answer
30 views

pyo: Retrieve amplitudes of audio signal frequenciy ranges

I'm playing around with audio signal processing for the first time and just to start somewhere, I decided to use the Python library pyo. My goal is to analyze an audio input signal from the microphone ...

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