# Questions tagged [equalization]

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### The cost function of LS algorithm

I'm trying to understand the derivation of LS algorithm for channel estimation in OFDM. Could anyone explain why do we need complex conj transpose in the below equation?
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### Compensating for poor illumination across a specific image axis - possible solutions?

A friend of mine is working at an institute for nano-membranes. Currently they are using ImageJ and do a lot of manual (in my opinion inaccurate) work to process some membrane "photos" (...
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### quantification of histogram equalization improvement

My project consist of classification of images using ML. The images are microscopic slices. For the feature extraction phase, I am using multiple filters and got a good result. So I decided to do a ...
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### Channel equalization affect on input signal

I have the following problem. Am trying to understand how the channel block affects the input signal s(n). I know that x(n), the input signal to the filter is basically: \begin{equation} x\left(n\...
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In ZP-OFDM, The convolution is linear. it's different from CP-OFDM which is circular convolution leading to have one tap equalizer in frequency domain. if I have a ZP-OFDM system, and we have a signal ...
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### ZP-OFDM vs. CP-OFDM channel equalization

Now, I am working on OFDM equalization, according to what I understood, Adding CP into the OFDM block change the convolution from linear to circular. That circular convolution enables using point-wise ...
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### Equalization of ultrasonic transducer [duplicate]

I am working with ultrasonic transducers with frequencies 100 kHz, one for transmission one for reception. The transmitted signals are chirps. I would like to measure the time of flight between ...
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### Distortion of OFDM signal when using RRC filter

I am trying to transmit OFDM signal in pass-band based on RRC filter, but what I noticed that the signal before the RRC filter is completely different compared with signal after the RRC filter (It ...
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### Should we upsample the channel when upsample the signal

I have an OFDM system with Number of sub-carriers $N= 1024$, modulated data using $QAM$ modulation is transmitted via those subcarriers as follows: ...
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### Convolution that outputs a unit impulse

Im thinking whether any convolutional operation can output a unit impulse, an example to further explain: where a convolution between system $h[n]$ and unknown system $g[n]$ would output $\delta[n]$. ...
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### Time Reversal OFDM

I am trying to understand the Time Reversal OFDM where ,According to my opinion, the channel is reversed in time domain at receiver side and then equalized. what I found online is something similar ...
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### What's the computational complexity of MMSE equalizer in OFDM system

As I know that in case of one tap OFDM equalizer, (ZF equalizer), we should have $N$ division complexity since we divide every subcarriers by its correspondent channel tap in frequency domain. But I ...
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### chromatic and polarization mode dispersion compensation in electrical dmain

I am currently working on adaptive compensation of chromatic and polarization dispersions in the electric domain using LMS (least squares method) and CMA (constant module algorithm) algorithms. I am ...
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### Types of equalizers

I can't get my mind around the different types of equalizers and the difference between some of them. I've been looking at different books unsuccessfully. So far, I have Wikipedia's list and this ...
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### What Information Is Lost by Histogram Equalization?

I cannot think of a way to restore an original image after histogram equalization. But this latter seems to "enhance" (= increase contrast of) the image's details. What information is then lost by ...
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Let $f$ be an $N \times M$-image and suppose that $g$ is its equalization. Question - Why the equalization does not change the objects, why a car on $f$ does not convert into a bus on $g$?. It is ...
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### On the signal recovery in OFDM after estimation

Given a modulated signal X which is transmitted based on OFDM with N = 256 sub-carriers through channel ...
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### Clip wav by PSD

I have the following two things. sequence_1: Sound file in the wave format. PSD_1: Some PSD (Power Spectral Density). I want that the PSD(sequence_1) < PSD_1 for all indices. How I think about ...
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### Converting the equalizer coefficients from VSA at 2 sample/Symbol to 1.5 sample/Symbol

I was looking for some feedback on conversion of equalizer/filter coefficients at different sampler rate. Problem Statement: We have built a transmitter system whose output is at 1.5 sample/symbol (...
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### How to exploit auditory masking to boost intelligibility

I am currently working on a dynamic equalizer to improve a synthesized voice's intelligibility in noisy environments. The current implementation of my algorithm simply applies a parametric EQ to the ...
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### Training Fractionally Spaced Channel Estimator and Equalizer

If you are attempting least squares channel estimation with a fractionally spaced channel estimator, do you want the training sequence to also be fractionally spaced or symbol spaced? It looks like ...
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### Digital Communications block diagram question

I am new to digital communications and trying to understand the basic underlying concepts of digital comm systems. So far , studying the course , I have some questions which if anyone can answer would ...
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### The Definition of Q Factor by an Equation and How to Graph

I am currently building an EQ in an music app, and it's relatively simple: 6 bands of fixed center frequency, and a Q knob to control the Q of all bands, because we do not currently have space for ...
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### Is CMA equalization applicable for OFDM

I have a question regarding the constant modulus algorithm (CMA), as you know it's one of the known algorithms used for blind equalization. The cost function of the CMA is build blindly, it means ...
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### Where in the signal chain is Channel Equalization applied?

I am reading about channel equalization and I am somewhat confused on where in the signal chain channel equalization is normally applied and if it's before or after a correlator detector or matched ...
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### What is the difference between an equalizer and a channel estimator?

I was wondering what is the difference between channel estimator and channel equalizer? Thanks!
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### Need information about following channel model

The following research paper is for blind channel equalization and the author has modeled the channel as 7 tap weights https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1096877 On page 3 it has shown the ...
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### Equalizing a temporal sound signal with a convolution

This question is more or less the following of a previous question. The aim is to equalize some sounds signals. By equalizing, I mean increasing or decreasing some frequency ranges, a bit like an ...
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### Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI) channels

Is there any open and free data-set for digital ISI channels? I want to have a variety of ISI channels' taps, such as $h[k]$ here. Especially looking for BPSK channels.
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### Is the Channel shortening similar to Time domain Equalizer (TEQ)

I used to read about Time domain equalizer (TEQ) in many lectures, i.e here , But in many other papers, that's called Channel shortening i.e here . However, in the a two above links, the cost ...
In that paper https://jwcn-eurasipjournals.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/1687-1499-2012-72 .. Equation 3, $J(w) = w^HBw/w^HCw$ .. $B$ and $C$ are matrices, $w$ the filter coefficients vector ...