Questions tagged [discrete-signals]

A discrete signal or discrete-time signal is a time series consisting of a sequence of quantities.

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40 views

Estimate instantaneous frequency using LMS algorithm - optimization

I hope someone can help me with the following problem: I want to estimate the frequency of a soundfile that is composed of a sinusoid with varying frequency and additive white noise: $x[n] = sin(\...
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1answer
37 views

Confused about filter's cutoff frequency in rational sampling rate converter

A interpolator which increase sampling rate by L times is followed by an anti-imaging filter, the filter is said to have a cutoff frequency of Fs/2L. Is Fs here is the frequency before or after ...
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11 views

Effect of filtering on Energy of a Digital Signal

I am trying to detect (not remove) noise from the digital signal to get meaningful information out of it. The signal I need is in the frequency range of 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz. Anything beyond this is just ...
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26 views

Find integral of DTFT after sampling (Graph of CTFT given)

So for the first question: If this is sampled at 10kHz, then the amplitude is scaled by 10000. In the DTFT, the frequency 3.5kHz gets mapped to 3.5/10* 2pi=0.7pi. So this point lies outside the range ...
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63 views

How to filter out noise in high frequency signal?

I am trying to filter this signal (download-zip): ...
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1answer
70 views

Low pass filter output showing instability

I am fairly new to DSP, and I'm trying to implement the Pan Tompkins algorithm for QRS detection of ECG signals in MATLAB. The first stage of the algorithm consists of a second-order low-pass filter. ...
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41 views

Determining if a 2D system is LSI

After a long time away from school, I'm a bit rusty and struggling with this question: Determine if the following discrete system is LSI: $y(m,n) = mn*x(m+n) + mn*x(m-n)$ So here's what I've done ...
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60 views

Position Kalman Filter fails to track a constant-acceleration path

I'm trying to build a discrete Kalman Filter that fuses accelerometer (acceleration) and GPS (position, velocity) measurements. However, I'm finding that my filter can't properly track a constant-...
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1answer
68 views

Measuring group delay through a linear phase filter

I'm having a difficult time wrapping my head around a phase/ group delay problem and it corresponding to where you start sampling so I built up a system to test some of these issues. The system passes ...
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0answers
42 views

MFCC parameters for gunshot recognition

I'm writing a gunshot detector software. I'm using this article as reference:https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1706/1706.08759.pdf. For now, my software is able to recognize an impulsive sound. Now, ...
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0answers
38 views

Frequency warping while creating filter coefficients

If I have an audio signal at 16kHz with frequencies band-limited to 8kHz. I want to low-pass filter this signal such that fc=4000Hz. Meaning when I reconstruct the signal I do not want any content ...
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75 views

Band Edge Filters

I am interested in using Band Edge Filters to do carrier frequency recovery but this is kind of secondary to my question which is: How do you build an FIR filter which isn't symmetric about the ...
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98 views

Why is my resampled signal cutoff when resampling with a windowed FIR filter in MATLAB?

I have an exercise to write a function which upsamples or downsamples a signal by a factor of F (integer) using a FIR filter windowed with a Kaiser window function. Exercise I had last week included ...
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680 views

Linear Predictive Coding example in MATLAB

I have some data that is highly correlated and I wanted to see if I could try and encode it using linear predictive coding (LPC). Here is how I've been understanding the process: Encoding Generate ...
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95 views

Understanding linear predictive coding in MATLAB

I want to test my understanding of linear prediction by running it on some test data in MATLAB. The way I understand it is if I have some data that is correlated, I can encode the signal with linear ...
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2answers
136 views

Conversion from stationarity to non-stationarity

Is there any way to convert a non-stationary signal to a stationary one, perform operations on it meant for a stationary signal and then convert it back to the non-stationary one?
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17 views

artifact identification in irregular-samped data

There is a dataset combined by different datasets a,b,c,d,e. The time intervals are irregular(i1, i2, i3:intervals between a and b, b and c...), but the sampling rate SR in every single dataset is the ...
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125 views

How can I oversample OFDM received signal in MATLAB

I need to oversample a received signal in OFDM by MATLAB, according to the below diagram, but when I oversample, I finally get the same number of samples however that should be double. !! The ...
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41 views

Creating realization of 2D Gaussian field in Fourier space

I want to generate a 2D Gaussian field with dimensions $L\times L$ with $N^2$ cells each of size $l = L/N$. I'm doing this by producing a realization of this field in Fourier space by producing ...
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135 views

Graph signal processing

What's the intuition behind a ''Graph fourier transform'' ? I'm not so much interested in mathematical details or technical applications. I'm trying to grasp what a graph fourier transform actually ...
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0answers
33 views

Sourse separation from known underdetermined mixing matrix

How to recover uncorrelated N sources from given N-1 signals and known mixing matrix M, (e.g. 9x8 matrix)? If I just use pseudo-inverse matrix M+, my source estimates are correlated with each other ...
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100 views

How can I generate a cross spectrum? HFSWR

I have two sets of data (V1 and V2), each is an array of 4096 by 512 complex voltages (raw). I have already applied windowing, range processing and doppler processing leading to the generation of the ...
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50 views

Estimating discrete filter attenuation error

I recently faced a problem that I found quite harder than I thought it would be to solve in the biginning. Here's a little bit of context : I have a library of filters, designed in house. I would like ...
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1answer
479 views

Cramer Rao Lower Bound for Cross Correlation (Time Shift Estimation)

UPDATE 2 Okay, I think I understand now why the defined CRLB is not applying to my use case. In my use case, we have very high SNR, and the the first signal $x_1$ is always the same. So the classical ...
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1answer
277 views

Intervals of convolution product

Given are two Signals $x_1[n]$ and $x_2[n]$. $x_1[n]$ is in Intervall $[0,2]$ different than null and $x_2[n]$ is in Intervall $[0,3]$. The convolution product is Null outside intervals: $[0,6]$ and $[...
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39 views

How to randomly generate a realistic hourly temperature series given historic data

I have 20 years of historic hourly temperature data in Omaha. I want, given just a seed, to be able to generate a pretty realistic year of hourly temperatures. (I have a program that takes such ...
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136 views

Complex Filter design using Matlab's FDAtool

What functions does matlab's FDAtool use to design filters from pole zero placement? Functions such as zp2sos require the the poles and zeros are either real or complex conjugates, FDAtool does not ...
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2answers
180 views

Significance of sequency ordering in Walsh-Hadamard matrices

So I've been doing some reading into Hadamard and related matrices (Slant, Walsh, , and have observed that there are three typical "orderings" of the rows based on various criterion. E.g. "Natural", "...
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170 views

Correct scaling for AWGN noise in OFDM system after adding Preambles

I have a two-part question: Question 1 I wonder if anyone can explain about the scaling factor that is used for AWGN noise in OFDM system. For example I know about the scaling factor for normal OFDM ...
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56 views

Impulse signal function

I am simulating an impulse signal of a resonant bearing fault with this formula: $$ y(k)=\sum_r A_r \sin\left(\displaystyle \frac{2\pi f \left(k - rF/f_m\right)}{F}\right)\cdot e^{\displaystyle-\beta(...
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116 views

Best Method to Separate square wave and smooth wave

I have a signal consists of a smooth wave and square waves. Is there comprehensive method can separate square wave and smooth signal? I looked for the likelihood ratio test but cannot find any ...
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30 views

For extracting the characteristics of the signal what minimum duration should be considered?

Being non signal processing student I have a limited understanding of concepts. I have a continuous periodic bearing faulty signal of 10 seconds duration sampled at 12 kHz. So I have 120,000 ...
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48 views

Match a target spectrum

I'm working on rolling noise emissions from cars. I have a model for rolling noise emissions which gives me sound pressure levels in third octave bands (29 in total, between 20Hz and 8kHz), depending ...
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137 views

How to Sample Smooth Random Walks of Instantaneous Frequency

I want to generate a random sequence for instantaneous frequency with as little aliasing as possible (i.e I expect to see as close to constant amplitude as possible, with only the frequency varying). ...
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39 views

What are the popular benchmark systems and equations in adaptive signal processing?

In various papers I met repeating equations and systems used during experimental analysis. For example AR model as follows $x(k) = 1.79 x(k-1) - 1.85 x(k-2) + 1.27 x(k-3) - 0.41 x(k-4) + v(k)$ seems ...
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60 views

Correlation between a lowfrequent and a fast signal

I need to evaluate the correlation between some measured signals. Those signals are for example current, temperatures at various points, vehicle speed and torque from an electric motor in a vehicle. I ...
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129 views

Wiener filter with no WSS process

I'm trying to learn something more about Wiener Filters and I can't find anywhere what happens when I feed a Wiener Filter with a non WSS process. Could anyone give me an explanation or any book (...
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73 views

Autocorrelation of a $L$-point moving average system

The $L$-point moving system is: $$y[n]=\frac 1L\sum_{k=0}^{L-1}x[n-k]$$ $x[n]$ is a Bernoulli random signal with $\beta=0.5$ (equal probability) The autocorrelation of $x[n]$: $\psi_{xx}[m]=\delta[...
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34 views

Unique signal extraction from a cumulated signal

I'd like to start off by saying that I am not very experienced at signal processing, so I apologise in advance if I do not explain everything properly the first time. I would like to analyse the ...
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23 views

Power Spectral Density Via Rank 1 Update

I know that I can find the autocorrelation matrix of a series of finite length sequences via rank-1 updates using the relation: $\mathbf{R}[k] = \frac{1}{k}\mathbf{R}[k-1] + \frac{1}{k+1}\mathbf{r}[k]...
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464 views

Sampling and zero crossing

I am sampling a sine wave of 50Hz(stepped down from 230V) at the rate of 500KHz. For identifying disturbances in the wave, i was thinking of comparing a cycle of incoming sine values with reference ...
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31 views

connection between theory that is done in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ and its application on discrete signal

I have problems understanding connection between theory that is done in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ and its application to discrete signals. Look at this paper: http://home.ustc.edu.cn/~zhanghan/cs/...
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381 views

Discrete Fourier Transform for text analysis?

I would like to determine the number of text-blocks verifying a roughly similar pattern. I have the intuition that I could do it using some Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT)-like methodology. Example: ...
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62 views

Methods for edge detection with non-equidistant samples

This posting describes two methods of edge detection for wave analysis in a water pipe. I am not sure about advantaged and disadvantages. Therefore I want to evaluate the best method for this ...
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0answers
27 views

Emulate signal loss of a pixellated detector in Python?

I have a matrix 64x64 where each cell represents the pixel of a pixellated detector. The spacial response of this detector decreases by going further from its center (that is, coordinates "31,31" or "...
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23 views

'ADC' sort of conversion method to retain information

I have a program that reads 16 bit two's complement format data to plot/analyze graphs. I have a database text file with various decimals which represent real analogue data, ie. let's say they are ...
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67 views

Relation of roots of a polynomial to amplitude distribution of its coefficients

Consider $g(x)=\sum_{k=0}^{p}a_kx^{k}$, and let $\{\tau_1,\tau_2,\cdots,\tau_p\}\in\mathbb{C}$ be the roots of $g(x)$. What is the relation between how $\{a_0,a_1,\cdots,a_p\}$ are distributed (in ...
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129 views

Finding the Nyquist Frequency of Irregularly Sampled Discrete Data

According to L. Eyer et al. (1999), the correct Nyquist frequency of irregularly sampled data is $$ \frac{1}{2p} $$ Where $p$ is the largest value such that: $$ \forall t_i,t_i = t_1 + n_ip \\ \...
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432 views

Inverse z transform - Pair of complex conjugate poles

How can I perform the inverse z-transform on the following $H(z)$ to be able to calculate a real-valued impulse response $h[n]$? $$ H(z)=\frac{z^2}{z^2+0.8\sqrt{2}z+0.64} $$ My idea was to find an ...
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196 views

Google's self-driving car and LIDAR interference

Firstly: I hope this isn't the wrong place to ask. I'm usually over in the coding forums. But this seemed like the appropriate forum for the question. It occurred to me that if several of Google's ...