2022 Developer Survey is open! Take survey.

Questions tagged [discrete-signals]

A discrete signal or discrete-time signal is a time series consisting of a sequence of quantities.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
0 answers
18 views

Finding frequency from the given sampling rate

I have a signal that is sampled at 250 samples/second and I want to find the frequency of this signal. Now in my book i came across a paragraph that "When the random sequence $X_n = X(nT_s )$ ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
27 views

Single Kalman Filter: Resistance based on measurment of current and Voltage [closed]

Given measurement of voltage and current, which contain gaussian noise with known variance and a constant unknown offset $a_0$, I have attempted to estimate the resistance $R=\frac{V}{I}$. The ...
user avatar
  • 41
0 votes
0 answers
27 views

How can I solve this [closed]

a) Consider the signal waveform g(t)= g1(t) + g2(t) where g1(t)= C1cos(w1t+θ1) g2(t)= C2cos(w2t+θ2) and w1≠w2 i. Determine the suitable signal size measure for g(t) ii. Find the numerical value of (i) ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
42 views

Interpreting sensor noise data

Introduction :I am trying to create an EKF for an autonomous vehicle, and i need to model the error of the sensors. (I am a mechanical engineer so my knowledge on electric signals is limited). The ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
28 views

Strided unpadding energy relationship?

If x1 = x0[::2] is unaliased subsampling, then $E(x_1) = E(x_0)/2$, which can be proven via Parseval's theorem. For same $x_0, x_1$, however, ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

Average of discrete periodic signal

I am working on a project which, at some point, relies on the computation of the average of discrete signals, which typically look like this: The project generates hundreds of such signals, and: the ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
37 views

Why is this Python implementation of trigonometric interpolation not working properly?

Consider a signal $u_j, j = 0, 1, \dots, N-1,$ sampled on an evenly-spaced grid of points, $x_j$. Define the discrete Fourier transform of $u_j$ by $$U_k := \frac{1}{\sqrt{N}} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1}u_je^{-(...
user avatar
  • 3
0 votes
1 answer
73 views

Adding Fractional STO to an OFDM Signal using Frequency Domain Zero Padding

I have an OFDM system. I would like to introduce a fractional delay of (0.25 samples). Therefore: I increase the sampling rate of the OFDM signal by a factor of 4 (via frequency domain zero padding (...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
30 views

Weird Pattern in the Power Spectrum diagram (i.e. the frequency domain of the signal)

I am quite a newbie to signal processing. I convert the time-domain signal to the frequency domain with the automated power-spectrum generator in the matlab app. The frequency domain has this ...
user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
2 answers
60 views

Does Zero padding cause noise in the high frequency region?

I have an OFDM system. I would like to introduce a fractional delay of (0.2 samples). Therefore, I increase the sampling rate of the OFDM signal by a factor of 10 (via frequency domain zero padding), ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

Calculate the energy of x[n]

I'm trying to calculate the energy of this signal: x[n] = $(\frac{1}{2})^n\sin(\frac{\pi}{2}n).u[n] $ $$E = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{+\infty}\left|\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^n \sin\left(\frac{\pi}{2}n\right) u[...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
83 views

Applying a window to a signal

How can I Gaussian or Bartlett window to a signal? On the other hand, is it a good way of smoothing signals? If not what are the differences between smoothing and windowing?
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

n-dimentional integral over Multivariate Gaussian

given the prior distribution of $\mathbf{a}=[a_1,\ldots,a_K]^T$ as \begin{equation} p_{\mathbf{a}}(\mathbf{a})= \frac{1}{\pi^K \det{\mathbf{R_{\mathbf{a}}}}} e^{\mathbf{a}^H \mathbf{R}_{\mathbf{a}}^{-...
user avatar
  • 135
0 votes
2 answers
75 views

When is the Fourier transform of a periodic discrete signal $\mathcal{F}x[k]$ the same as $x[k]$ up to a diagonal matrix

I am looking for all pairs $(x[n],q)$ where $x[n]$ is a periodic discrete signal with period $N$ and $q$ is a rational number satisfying the following identity: $$\mathcal{F}x[k]=e^{i(q-\frac{\pi k}{...
user avatar
  • 267
0 votes
1 answer
61 views

Are there any order analysis functions in Python?

I would like to perform the following order related tasks in Python: Convert tachometer pulse signal to RPM signal (tachorpm) Convert RPM signal to even-angle signal (orderwaveform) Time synchronous ...
user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
15 views

Why do I need to shift time for getting a response?

Well this is a basic doubt. Let us take an example of a discrete time impulse response of a system as h[n] which has components at n= 0,1,2. Now my input signal is made of x[0]+x[1] I know the ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
61 views

Transformation of the independent variable of signals

I am struggling to understand the concept of transformation of the independent variable of signals. Let $x[n]$ be a DT time signal. As per my understanding, $x$ is a function of $n$, so it is not ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
25 views

calculate discrete time signal convolution example by hand

Conv. is defined this way:$y[n] = \sum_{i=0}^\infty h[i]*x[n-i]$ I have this example: $x[n] =(3,-1,2,0,1)$ at sample times $n= (0,1,2,3,4)$ is the input of an LTI system with impulse response $h[n] = (...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
43 views

How can I generate long time series data of band limited gaussian white noise in Python?

...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
30 views

Representing changing sample rate in block diagram and frequency response plot

I have an discrete integrator which sums over a block of input samples to produce output samples at a lower rate. The integrator sums a block of 8 input samples, multiplies the sum by a coefficient, ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
37 views

Find maximum of a square wave with variable frequency

I have an experimental signal (measure) that looks like a pwm signal: I want to find the x coordinate (time) of the maximum, i.e., the x coordinate where there is more density of the high values (255)...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
35 views

how to convert continuous signals into discrete signals / signal power

I've just started learning about continuous and discrete signals. I don't really understand how to convert continuous signals into discrete signals especially since there are no values given.
user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
35 views

what the difference between spectral density and the power spectral density?

What is the difference between the spectral density and the power spectral density, Or they are the same thing? In fact, I find this term in the book of GODA 2000.
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
58 views

How to draw the PSD from a time series

I try to draw the spectral density of a time series in order to compare it with the theoretical one. Please can any one help me to do this. This is the time series of all the data. Thanks Dan Boschen ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
42 views

What is the difference between delay and difference properties of z-transform?

I'm working on a discrete updating algorithm as follows: $x[n+1]=Kx[n]$ Here $K$ is a constant. The continuous counterpart of this algorithm translates to: $\dot{x(t)}=Kx(t)$ While the Laplace ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
25 views

pan-tompkins algorithm for qrs detection

1- in pan-tompkins algorithm a bandpass filter of cuttoff frequency of 5hz-11hz was used , can i use a bandpass filter of 0.5hz-45hz instead with the same algorithm ? 2-why do we need moving window ...
user avatar
  • 33
1 vote
2 answers
62 views

Reverse convolution

I was reading about linear systems and random processes and I came across this $$h_{k}*h_{-k}*rxx[k].$$ I know what convolution is and its formula. Does the minus sign affect both of the parameters in ...
user avatar
  • 45
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Why some implementation of Wavelet transform use reconstruction filter instead of decomposition filter?

I'm using MODWT (Maximal Overlap DWT) to extract features from a signal. Matlab implementation is using reconstruction filter instead of decomposition filter. In the first level of modwt decomposition,...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
34 views

pan-tompkins algorithm

The difference equation of the differentiator used in pan-tompkins algorithm is as follows : ( a five-point derivative) $$ y \left( n T \right) = \frac{1}{8} T \left[-x \left(nT - 2 T \right) - 2x \...
user avatar
  • 33
0 votes
1 answer
34 views

Multi-path equalization in SERDES system analysis

In transmitter I send the data 1 sample per bit, then received in Rx passing by ADC then FFE adaptive filter and then a slicer to return the samples in bits and calculate the BER and it works well ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
66 views

Spectrum of triangular pulse - MATLAB

I am new in matlab.I was given the code for spectrum of rectangular pulse of amplitude 1V and duration 1ms, and now I have to find the spectrum of a triangular pulse of amplitude 1V and duration 1ms ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
60 views

How to calculate frequency of a periodic signal?

I know there are similar topics but I can not find any solution in my situation. I have an accelerometer sensor and a basic microcontroller. Accelerometer data is collected in an array via i2C. I want ...
user avatar
  • 21
0 votes
1 answer
68 views

How to compute the inverse Z-transform

How to compute the inverse Z-transform of the form $$ G(z)=\frac{z^{2n}}{a(z^{2n})+b(z^n)+c} $$ I started by taking $$ F(z^n)=G(z) $$ so $$ \frac{F(z)}{z}=\frac{z}{az^2+bz+c}$$ This can be solved ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

Signal decomposition to even and odd components

I'm trying to decompose some signal to even and odd components, here's the Python code of it: ...
user avatar
  • 59
0 votes
1 answer
16 views

Questionable results of on-line butterworth bandpass filtering using scipy.signal.lfilter

I have a data_stream that I'm attempting to filter using two on-line butterworth bandpass filters to extract two frequency bands of interest. The original ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
19 views

What is meant by discrete time plot with Whatsapp voice notes? [closed]

You might have noticed ,as shown highlighted in attached snap, whatsapp voice notes are bearing a discrete time plot Is it exactly referring to sampled(discrete time)version of waveform of actual ...
user avatar
  • 871
0 votes
0 answers
26 views

Question in DSP signal flow graph

How to convert signal flow in Fig3 to Fig4? Is these two equivalent? ZHANG Xiuli, ZHANG Ruihua, CHEN Weidong. Design of digital parametric equalizer based on second-order function[C]// IEEE ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
46 views

Maximum possible CFO that can be estimated

I was trying to model the CFO (Carrier Frequency Offset) estimation in MATLAB. The Frame I was working on is of the following structure, yellow being the information data. How CFO was introduced? ...
user avatar
  • 375
8 votes
1 answer
109 views

Clear understanding of compressed sensing

I am trying to get a clear understanding of how compressed sensing works. A continuous signal $x(t)$ is under-sampled (less samples are collected than the numbers required by the Nyquist theorem). The ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

How to get epochs from eeg data in python?

I am working on sleep stage classification and have EEG data from the link : https://physionet.org/content/hmc-sleep-staging/1.1/ I am using pyedflib to extract the data. I am tring to extract the ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
25 views

Why does the variance of the Empirical Transfer Function Estimate not decay with increased sample points?

Please refer to Ljung's Lemma 6.1. In short, this lemma tells us that for a given LTI system $y[n]=g[n]*u[n]+v[n]$ where $v[n]$ is a stationary stochastic process with a zero-mean and a finite power ...
user avatar
  • 109
0 votes
0 answers
13 views

Getting the detail coefficients as feature vectors

I am trying to get feature vectors from the coefficients I have generated. The spectra are decomposed using 8 levels and I am only choosing the coefficients of ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
28 views

Discrete signals - Z Transforms

If a system has transfer function $H(z) = 1 + z^{–1} + z^{–2}$, then for an input signal of the sequence = {1,2,3,1,4,-2, 4} calculate the output sequence of the system. DO i put transfer function ...
user avatar
  • 1
1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Finding the impulse response of $y[n]=\tfrac12y[n-1]-\tfrac15y[n-2]+x[n]$

I'm new to signals processing and up until now we'd assume that $x[n]$ is the input and $y[n]$ is the output, and when I wanted to get the impulse response I'd simply replace $x[n]$ with sigma and $y[...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
29 views

reconstruct the low resolution signal before upsampling

When we upsampling a discrete 1d signal by 2x, we first interleave the signal by 0 and add zero padding, then pass through a low pass filter. low resolution signal [x1, x2, x3, x4] -> interleave 0 ...
user avatar
  • 103
3 votes
1 answer
50 views

Sufficient condition for a system to have memory

This is for a black box system which is not LTI and for which we have no input output expression, but we have some examples of sample inputs and corresponding outputs. I believe in this situation, we ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
23 views

How to find the relative energies between multiple frequency bands?

I am filtering my input into four frequency bands using IIR filters. The output of each band has some disturbances or ripples in it. I am looking for a method to normalize the four bands so that all ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

Signal to noise ratio for time series audio data

I am writing some software to benchmark an audio noise filtering method using SNR as an evaluation metric. One software component generates noisey audio by taking a clean audio file and a noise source ...
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
792 views

A case that zero padding increase real resolution and extract more info than naive DFT?

It is widely accepted that zero padding cannot reconstruct more information that is originally present in the sample data, which I think is intuitive, because zero padding adds no more information. ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
22 views

Does different frequency signal cause different voltage from antenna?

When antenna received signal,antenna generate voltage,then SDR convert voltage to I=amplitude*cos(t)and I=amplitude*sin(t). When ...
user avatar
  • 175

1
2 3 4 5
44