Questions tagged [digital-to-analog]

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1answer
32 views

explanation of Hybrid systems?

I want to study Detailed explanation of hybrid systems?Which incorporate both continuous and discrete time signals & systems? for example In which a continuous-time input signal is transformed ...
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2answers
262 views

Audio processing. Is it possible to directly access the decoded audio data going into the analog input of a computer

When a computer transcodes an audio file from one file format to another, does the computer first decode it into the raw digital stream (exactly what is fed into the DAC for the audio output) , or ...
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0answers
44 views

Why do IQ Impairements, Quadrature Skew and DC offset have these geometric effects on the constellation?

I'm studying telecommunications, and would like to be sure to understand the maths behind these effects. For IQ Imbalance and DC offset, it seems pretty clear why we observe a rectangle shape or a ...
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0answers
16 views

How can we do finite-step signal sampling in practical?

The signal has infinite length. We cannot sample it with a whole length. How can we truncate a infinite signal and sample it in finite step? And then how can we analyze it.
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1answer
317 views

What is the difference between undersampling and oversampling in analog to digital conversion ?

When converting a signal from analog to digital, we observe undersampling and oversampling. Does oversampling means that the sampling frequency is greater that the signal's frequency and does ...
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1answer
30 views

About Data spreading in CDMA

If we have data we need to transmit which is $i$, so we should multiply is using XOR function with spreading code $y$. How many bits (Maximum and Minimum) should $i$ and $y$ can have ?
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1answer
68 views

confusion between frequency and amplitude in digital to analog and vice versa conversion

bandwidth is defined as the difference between the highest frequency and lowest frequency. amplitude is the distance between the, let's call it a crest and a trough, in a wave. cycle is the time per ...
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0answers
57 views

Why do we use conjugate transpose IFFT in OFDM

I have a question regarding the OFDM and using the conjugate transpose of vector (matrix). As you know, if we have a block of data,let's call it $X_n$, consisting of $N$ data symbols, we should ...
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1answer
92 views

Quantization of analog sound signals

I am using Librosa to detect pitch in a guitar audio signal. I have very little background in signal processing, and I was quite confused with the distinction between analog - digital signals and ...
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2answers
499 views

How does the RaspberryPi radio hack convert digital GPIO signals to an FM signal?

After having looked at various explanation of how the RaspberryPi FM transmitter hack works, I realize there are some fundamental pieces missing. Most explanations talk about how to construct a ...
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1answer
429 views

Is dithering and noise shaping needed when upsampling an audio signal 8 times (from 44.1kHz to 352.8kHz for example)

The main purpose of upsampling before digital to analog conversion is to move quantization noise far beyond the audible spectrum to be able to filter it out by simple second-order low pass analog ...
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2answers
3k views

Why analog anti aliasing filter is used before analog to digital converter when there is already a digital filter after ADC?

Normal data acquisition consist of: Analog anti aliasing filter( Sampling frequency : $5\textrm{ kHz}$) ADC - Digital Filter - (Sampling : 200K samples /sec) Digital low pass filters Filters DAC ...
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1answer
435 views

How is a PCM byte converted to a voltage level?

16-bit signed PCM would have possible values of ~-32,000 to ~+32,000. How is this value converted to a voltage level for the speaker? If a DAC outputs 5VAC, the values would be ~+-5v. How is the ...