Questions tagged [digital-filters]

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17 views

Load cell noise filteration

I'm currently working in a project as apart of a student team. Setup A platform is attached (placed over and screwed) two 1 Kg load cells in order to measure the weight of the system. A vibration ...
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19 views

Do we need a transmit and a receive filter in a OFDM transceiver system?

can anyone specify in brief what are the filters that can be used as a transmit and receive filter in OFDM. Any material to start with will be very much appreciated. Thank you!
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1answer
25 views

how can the channel fading model (Rayleigh, or Rice, or Log normal distribution) infer the way channel estimation is done?

For a dense urban environment with rich scattering and no Line of sight (LoS) path, the Rayleigh distribution can be used to model the fading. Rician fading is a stochastic model for radio propagation ...
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2answers
129 views

High / Low Pass Filters from Zero

I everyone, I'm a computer scientist but not from the signal processing community. I want to implement a real time digital low pass filter (to begin with) for a sound processing application. I've ...
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24 views

How to compute the LMS DFE based equalizer FF and FB coefficients in a adaptative way?

I am still struggling to understand the filter updating process, the computation of the demodulated result and the computation of the error. Attached you can find the simulation I've done so far, the ...
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2answers
52 views

Eye pattern construction and interpretation

I have read some text about the eye pattern (or eye diagram), but I do not understand how should I read it. The wikipedia definition of it is this one: In telecommunication, an eye pattern, also ...
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43 views

Can someone explain or elaborate on the channel estimation and noise variance estimation algorithms used in HF receiver?

For different type of communication, there is different type of algorithms to acquire CSI. For instance 4G (LTE) network have SRS or DMRS to estimate the channel based on pilots. I am designing a ...
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1answer
43 views

What does filtering do to a signal in time domain? Does the signal gets distorted?

When considering a transceiver system, if we do a certain filtering operation on the signal, will the BER of the system be affected? My point is, since filtering in frequency domain filters a portion ...
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57 views

First order IIR high pass filter

The cutoff frequency is 0.05 Hz. The DC offset of the signal is 5mv. How to determine when the signal will stabilise to the baseline?
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1answer
23 views

Help in designing filter for DUC (Digital Up-Converter) and DDC (Digital Down-Converter) using the built-in DUC and DDC blocks in MATLAB Simulink

Can anyone please help me in simulating a simple BPSK transceiver system that correctly receives a signal through a DUC and DDC? I have attached the screenshot of my Simulink system along with ...
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2answers
433 views

How to find lattice coefficients of all pole IIR filter with filter coefficient $k_m$ is 1?

Given the following system function $$ H(z) =\frac{1}{1+\frac{2}{3}z^{-1}+\frac{5}{8}z^{-2}+\frac{2}{3}z^{-3}+z^{-4}} \tag{1} $$ We have to draw lattice structure for above system function The ...
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3answers
88 views

I can't wrap my mind around the concept of filtering and the unit circle ? any help? [closed]

Can someone elaborate this theory where there is a link between the stability of a filter and the zeros or nulls being on the unit circle?
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29 views

Hydrophone signal calibration by frequencies

First of all excuse me if anything I post is completely or partially wrong (or poorly explained), I am new in signal processing and still learning a lot from this community, I will do my best to ...
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14 views

How to compute the DFE based MMSE equalizer FF and FB coefficients in a non adaptative way?

I seek your assistance, I am reading the Proakis 5th edition and I came across a paragraph explaining the tuning of DFE filters, i.e, how to compute the FF(FeedForward) and FB (Feedback Filter) ...
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1answer
49 views

Noise Reduction Moving Average FIR

I read that the noise reduction of a moving average FIR can be expressed as the square root of N where N is the length of the filter. How do you prove? I can't quite get it.
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1answer
37 views

How to match zero-pole diagrams to their frequency responses (Discrete Time)

I get confused when there are a lot of zeros/poles in the zero-pole diagram and I find difficulty understanding their frequency response. I know the following: 1. Complex conjugates cause double ...
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1answer
161 views

How determine the delay in my signal practically

I am trying to practically determine filter group delay so that I can try to reduce or adjust for it. I have tried all kinds of methods but still can't get the right result. I know that theoretically ...
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1answer
146 views

DC Spur in DAC output

I have a design in which a signal from ADC is filtered and then played by DAC. In FPGA the real signal is converted to quadrature using DDS with 70 MHz frequency. After filtering, the baseband signal ...
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7 views

HF ionospheric Channel Model Example in matlab : Watterson model

In the example file in matlab HFIonosphericChannelModelExample.m, the watterson model is simulated. In this model the channel is represented as one tap (for the sake of simplification) delay channel. ...
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1answer
164 views

How to perform spectral inversion in the frequency domain to convert a low-pass filter into a high-pass filter?

To convert a linear-phase FIR low-pass filter into a high-pass filter with the same cut-off frequency, we can invert the sign of the low-pass filter's impulse response $h(n)$ and then add one to the ...
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2answers
51 views

Filter response to sinusoidal input signal

This question is related to Does 46 dB gain of a filter for a frequency imply 200 times more amplitude? In the accepted answer it is mentioned that "For a sine wave input the amplitude of the steady ...
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1answer
125 views

CIC Filter implementation for Normalized Correlation

This is a follow-on to the original post ... I am trying to implement real-time correlation of two signals. I noticed the CIC Filter discussion here: How to find correlation/cross-correlation of two ...
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0answers
125 views

Early-Late Symbol Synchronizer on Non-Triangular Pulses

I've been studying the basics of digital communications using the free book at desktopsdr.com. One of the examples is a 4-QAM demodulator which where symbol timing recovery is done with some Early-...
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2answers
38 views

How to re-program/modify sound frequencies without DSP processor?

I'm developing a mobile application that controls Bluetooth sound-speaker functions, which includes an equalizer to modify the output audio frequencies. The audio processing module on the speaker ...
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1answer
35 views

std::cosf fluctuation: Results are off in low frequencies [closed]

I attempted to generate a continuous wave signal by using the C++ cos/sin functions. It's partly successful, meaning high frequencies seems ok, but very low frequencies give unexpected results. The ...
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1answer
44 views

how to stop matlab from rounding my values and keep them at same precision during calculations?

here are my IIR coefficients: CoefIIR=[1.630078934734 1.267893338385 1.112390120011] and here are the result given to me by matlab commands: ...
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1answer
42 views

Modeling audio effects, reverse engineering

Okay so I'm relatively new to signal processing and don't know the specific terminology to help narrow my search, but I'm looking for advice in the form of books, papers, references, etc that can help ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the slope of a transfer function?

Lets say I have a Transfer function (H) plot as below. I need to find the SLOPE of the transfer function in dB/MHz. That is... i need a plot (db/MHz) vs frequency. How can i go about it ? ...
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1answer
86 views

How do I know what is causing the noise in my signal

I have a noisy audio file, available here (It is safe to download if you wish to) https://ufile.io/pstrt Now, I inspect it in matlab: And then i plot it on normalised frequency: Now I need to ...
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1answer
245 views

How can I get the continuous-time transfer function coefficients (or poles and zeros) from the corresponding discrete-time TF and vice versa?

Let's say I have a continuous time transfer function which I know its numerator coefficients $(B^c = [b^c_m, ..., b^c_1, b^c_0])$ and denominator coefficients $(A^c = [a^c_m, ..., a^c_1, a^c_0])$. ...
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5answers
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What Is the Transfer Function of a Moving Average (FIR Filter)?

To make post-processing easier, I export scope measurements as CSV files, which are then post-processed (mostly in Microsoft Excel, which is not the best tool for the job, but it is all I have at my ...
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0answers
99 views

Choosing Right Type of Filter for time series data

I am working on a temperature time-series data which is very noisy. I am trying to measure true low and ...
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1answer
42 views

Digital Tanlock carrier recovery loop

I’m currently trying to understand a digital tanlock carrier recovery loop for QPSK (for example) I cannot understand how it works. For example we an ideal QPSK constellation. phi = atan2(Q/I) = pi/...
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29 views

Design of frequency sampled filter in matlab

I have written following matlab code for frequency sampled filter: ...
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2answers
148 views

Spread spectrum receiver

I want to design a receiver for a spread spectrum system. I know that two Pseudo sequence with two different length must be used in the receiver, but I can' t manage this with common receivers(such as ...
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2answers
2k views

highpass filter design in Matlab

I hope to design 1st order highpass filter from transfer function. In the example of 1st order lowpass filter, I first get the coefficients of numerator and denominator in the variable 'b' and 'a'. In ...
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1answer
147 views

How do I initialize the state of a digital filter in Direct From II?

Suppose I have a digital filter implemented in Direct Form II. How do I initialize the state of the filter as if the input $x[n]$ had a fixed value $x_0$ for all $n<0$?
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3answers
230 views

How does a digital filter work?

To introduce my situation: I'm developing a digital synthesizer in a form of a C++ library, working with low level APIs like WASAPI, ASIO, ALSA etc. It's probably not very practical and I'm mostly "...
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1answer
77 views

Adaptive Band pass filter for extracting respiratory waveform from accelerometer data

I am recording data from an accelerometer attached to the chest (1000Hz). I need to extract the respiratory waveform. I tried an adaptive bandpass filter based on a dominant frequency in my signal ...
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1answer
280 views

Weighting function for output error IIR filter design

I noticed, when I try to fit filter coefficients to a given complex transfer function with the output error method, implemented for example in the MATLAB function ...
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1answer
177 views

Relationship between wavelet shape and wavelet filters

MATLAB has a library of wavelet functions, showing their "continuous forms" as well as the the decomposition and reconstruction filters. In decimated wavelet transform the filter size remains the ...
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1answer
3k views

Exponential weighted moving average time constant

I think it is an easy question but I am stuck. I want to derive that $$ \alpha = -e^{\frac{-T}{\tau}}\,. $$ Can someone provide me with an answer? [EDIT] Sorry guys, this was really a senseless ...
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1answer
144 views

Generating FIR filter in Web Audio API

I'm creating an HTML that applies a low-pass Windowed Sinc filter with a window size of 8192 to white, pink, or Brownian noise. There are nine radio buttons, eight of which set a cutoff frequency and ...
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1answer
59 views

bibliography about implementation of IIR filters

I need to implement a 6th order IIR filter. The filter I need to implement is the A-weighting. I've simply used the bilinear function of Matlab with an fs of 20Khz. I need to implement this over the ...
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1answer
30 views

Parallel form filter design

I have a transfer function coefficients as following: [b,a] = ellip(4,.2,40,[.41 .47]); I'd like to factor this system into its PFE using ...
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1answer
27 views

ROC and impulse response

For the LTI system given below, there are three regions of convergence. $$H(z)=\frac{5-3z^{-1}}{1-\frac53z^{-1}-\frac23z^{-2}}$$ a) Find all possible regions of convergence for this filter. b) For ...
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1answer
34 views

To find the filter Co-efficients of the following equation

Given $y[n]=h_1[n]x[n]+h_2[n]x[n-1]+h_3[n]x[n-2]$ is an LTI system with unity gain at $\omega =0$ and zero gain at $\omega =\pi$. $h[n]\neq0$ .Also given that the system has a linear phase. Compute $...
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0answers
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GNU Radio - Bandwidth and Band Reject Filter

I am currently trying to generate a psk modulated carrier with gnu radio. Attach is an image of my flow graph. As can be seen I am generating a bit stream using the Random Source module and ...
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1answer
46 views

How do I interpret this block diagram correctly?

I am reading notes ahead of the class and have encountered this particular slide: While I completely agree with the first block diagram, I am at a loss trying to understand how the second block ...
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1answer
23 views

Whats the technical term for a filter that allows a non unity stride when sliding it's window?

So a 1D mean filter of size two with a sliding window defined as W below could be considered as having a stride of one. Wn=(Xn + Xn+1) / 2 Vn=W2n where as if I were to define a 1D 'stepped ...

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