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25 views

Noise Shape Digital Filter

My objective is to build a noise shape filter from a given transfer function (in one case) and from a given PSD (for another case). Checking my precedent questions you can see that this argument is ...
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1answer
13 views

BIBO Stability in Z-domain

I'd really appreciate it if someone could please explain to me the condition for a LTI system to be BIBO stable, in z-domain. I have a background in control, and in linear control for example, if we ...
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0answers
25 views

Time Domain Signals and Frequency Domain Signales

Are time domain signals all analog and frequency domain signals all digital?
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1answer
51 views

Digital Derivative

I need to calculate the derivative of a digital signal (sinusoidal). In one of the papers they have mentioned Gilbert transformation is used to calculate the derivative. But I have searched in the net ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Block Diagram for a difference equation

I have this little doubt regarding how to draw a block diagram representation of a difference equation. Let us implement $ y(n) = ay(n-3) + by(n-2)+cy(n-1) + x(n)$ in block diagram where $a, b, c$ are ...
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1answer
41 views

Why are binary signals drawn continuous in time despite being a digital signal

The conventional definiton of a Digital signal is as follows: A digital signal is a signal that is discrete in time and quantized in amplitude. Almost all resources (textbooks, online sources,etc) ...
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1answer
31 views

confusion between frequency and amplitude in digital to analog and vice versa conversion

bandwidth is defined as the difference between the highest frequency and lowest frequency. amplitude is the distance between the, let's call it a crest and a trough, in a wave. cycle is the time per ...
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1answer
41 views

Why must the angle contain $\pi$ for $\cos$ be periodic?

The $\cos(\frac{n}{6})$ is aperiodic, and $\cos(\frac{n\pi}{6})$ is periodic, why? What role does the $\pi$ play? By the way, $n$ must be integer I have seen this question,Why is cos(n/6) aperiodic? ...
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1answer
44 views

Glitches in certain frequencies

I am trying to produce some simple audio waves using WASAPI (Windows Audio Session API). If I skip all the abstractions, my program basically receives a buffer from the API, then writes results of a ...
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2answers
121 views

Amplitude ranges for different bit-depths

In Python, I am using the library Soundfile (which uses the library libsndfile) for digital sound processing. I am working with different sound files coming from different internet databases, and ...
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1answer
71 views

Do integration/differentiation processes work as simple filters?

How these processes are different from simple IIR 1 order filtering, FIR filters in terms of amplitude and phase characteristics?
0
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1answer
131 views

Second order section digital Bandpass

Does anyone have a ressouce on how I can calculate second order section bandpass coefficients? What I tried allready: I used following formulas from the Book Electronic Circuits (U.Tietze, Ch. ...
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0answers
187 views

2x oversampling by inserting zeros?

I am making a digital filter. I order to avoid aliasing I want to oversample it x2. I am new to oversampling. But I read that you just insert zero inbetween each sample, and then apply a low pass ...
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0answers
53 views

Processing digital sound in Audiokit to sound like the 1960's

I am looking to imitate 70's analog equipments sound. I was wondering is there a way to create tape saturation / distortion inside Audiokit? I want to add that and randomized tape crackles and ...
2
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1answer
294 views

Bandwidth and Bit rate

I'm kind of confused about digital transmission. Is the bandwidth occupied by some digital signal the Fourier spectrum of the bit (pulse) format,or the one determined by the bit rate?
0
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1answer
48 views

Subtract a digital filter from another filter

How to subtract a digital filter from another one, if their lengths are different. How to make the length equal.
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0answers
44 views

How does bandwidth affect a modulated digital signal? [duplicate]

I'm currently reading up on how the lower layers of the ISO/OSI model work and I don't quite understand how broadband communication works yet. Suppose I want to send some data from point A to point B ...
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1answer
405 views

Compare two wave files

I have two .wav audio(stereo) files to be compared. The files may vary in frequency or amplitude or phase shift. How to compute the difference between the wave files in Scilab? The expected output is ...
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1answer
261 views

Comparison using cross correlation [closed]

I have 2 stereo audio files to compare. Comparison of files include change in frequency, amplitude, phase shift Code: ...
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0answers
79 views

Digital Differentiators with lowpass of order n

My problem is finding the derivatives of a measured signal. The signal contains high frequency noise down to frequency $\omega_{noise}$. The signal thus has to be lowpass-filtered and the derivatives ...
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3answers
419 views

Applying Nyquist theorem to digital vs. analog audio quality

I had a recent conversation with a friend about analog vs. digital recordings. He shared his opinion that music recorded by analog techniques is of superior sound quality to music recorded by digital ...
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1answer
370 views

How do I calculate the bandwidth from a waveform?

Suppose I have a waveform $x(t)$ where $x(t) = 5 + 30\mathrm{cos}(2000\pi t) + 10\mathrm{cos}(6000\pi t)$ that is to be uniformly sampled for digital transmission, how do I calculate the bandwidth of ...
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1answer
832 views

difference between GMSK (Gaussian Minimum shift keying) and GFSK (Gaussain frequency shift keying) [closed]

I am unable to differentiate GMSK and GFSK. How do the modulation techniques differ in Tx? How do their receiving techniques differ..?
1
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1answer
74 views

Galois Field implementation

Just a quick question. What Galois Field is best if you need a minimum Hamming distance of $n$? I want to design a BCH generator polynomial that is acccording to this Hamming distance.
3
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2answers
289 views

Why is CDMA not enough for wireless communication?

I have a question about CDMA, FDMA and TDMA. I don't understand why we suffer from limited capacity when we have CDMA. I can understand the limitation in FDMA and TDMA, as time and frequency are ...
3
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2answers
793 views

Average bit error and symbol energy

How do you draw decision boundaries given this type of 16-qam constellation diagram, I know that there should be no vacant decision boundary but I can't seem to get it.Also, assuming that the correct ...
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2answers
926 views

Analyzing a 16-QAM modulated waveform?

Okay I'm really confused about analyzing the waveform I generated using 16-QAM on MATLAB... I transmitted a $y = [0 \ 1 \ 2 \ 3 \ 4 \ldots \ 15]$ discrete signal (in order) to ...
2
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1answer
14k views

what's the pass band ripple and stop band attenuation of a digital filter?

Hi i'm a beginner in signal processing i want to know what'sthe pass band ripple and stop band attenuation of a digital filter ? Thanks.
5
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1answer
192 views

Why in Overlap Save Method in DSP output length comes out to be same as input length?

I know that when we do convolution of $x(n)$ (Length $L$) and $h(m)$ (Length=$M$), length of output data comes out to be $L+M-1$, but when we break a large sequence of data and find output using ...
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2answers
62 views

Why the correct probability for a square M-QAM is equal to the square of correct probability of ($\sqrt M$)-PAM?

The question is why: $P_c (\text{square} $ $M-QAM) = (1 - P_{\sqrt M})^2$ where: $P_{\sqrt M}$ is the error probability for $\sqrt M$-PAM signal. Thanks.
4
votes
3answers
154 views

Sampling and Reconstructing Digital Signal

Say that I have a digital signal (a bitstream actually) whose output changes every 100 mS. I don't know exactly when it changes relative to my sampling, only that that the next bit to capture appears ...
3
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5answers
277 views

Differentiating between zero and not sending for OOK

How would a trigger works for on-off keying (OOK)? How would it differentiate between not receiving anything and zero?
0
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1answer
14k views

What is the difference between continuous, discrete, analog and digital signal?

It's my first time studying DSP and I've faced a problem finding a convenient definition. Are the following definitions correct? And if so why there are some resources defining it in other terms such ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Canonical Rectangular Modulation

http://zone.ni.com/images/reference/en-XX/help/371025N-01/loc_eps_rectangular_modulation.gif I just wanted to make sure that my assumption that in this figure $\phi(t)$ is representing $m(t)$, and $R(...
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2answers
422 views

Detecting which digital number an image represents

I photograph the dashboard of my car every day to register the mileage for work. I use OpenCv to detect the region of the digital displayed mileage, crop to the numbers and match them. The method I ...
1
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2answers
358 views

Calculation of actual analog input from bipolar ADC's output

I have a $14$-$\textrm{bit}$ ADC which can take $-10\textrm{ V}$ to $10\textrm{ V}$ as input. So, $0$ to $16383$ (digital) represents the voltage from $-10$ to $10$. If I want to get the actual ...
0
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1answer
168 views

why does the decision boundary change in BPSK? is it true?

I am working on modulation and demodulation of BPSK using python. i made a code for modulation and demodulation,while demodulate i tried to compare my actual data bit stream with demodulated bit ...
1
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3answers
103 views

Linearizing digital-analog converters

I'm looking at ways to improve the effective resolution of DACs. It seems that element mismatch (i.e. integral non-linearity) is the main contributor to distortion in modern DACs. Apart from ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Digital Filters deal only with samples, right?

I'm new to digital filters. So I'm trying to get things right and I can't find an explicit answer to my question on the internet. Question: Digital filters only accept samples as input? I mean the ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

2-D Digital Signal Processing

I have been doing my research on 2D digital signal processing. What I am doing is about noise removal of digital image: Type of noise that I want to remove from an images is like the Gaussian noise ...
2
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0answers
977 views

Simple (Arduino) digital butterworth filter : why do I see oscillations?

I want to filter deviations from an ADC over time (low pass), not very critical. So I first tried exponential averaging, something like y= (7*y+x)/8. That gave useful results, but there is an obvious ...
2
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2answers
269 views

DAC to Analog Filter to ADC

As the order of filter needed for digital information gets higher, it takes longer to process and requires more memory. Maybe analog filtering could be of use here. I know that the words analog and ...
0
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0answers
66 views

Multi-Channel LTI Inverse system problem

A sequence $x[n]$ is the output of a linear time-invariant system whose input is $s[n]$. This system is described by the difference equation $(1.1)$ $$x[n]=s[n]-e^{-8\alpha}s[n-8]$$ $$\alpha>0$$ a)...
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1answer
731 views

System characterization given pole-zero mapping

The figure shows the pole–zero plots for three different causal linear time-invariant systems with real impulse responses. Indicate which of the following properties apply to each of the systems ...
0
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1answer
142 views

What would the plot of an two sided digital signal look like?

Please, take a look at section, 1.2.3 (Signal Duration), Page-03, of the book Shaum's Outlines: Digital Signal Processing by by Monson H. Hayes. According to the definition, I can imagine how a ...
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1answer
46 views

Find $X_s(f)$ of a sampled continuous signal

I've been trying to find the transform of the following signal, but have not been successful, any help would be greatly appreciated: Find $X_s(f)$ of the following signal the "mathematical DAC" ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Why is cos(n/6) aperiodic?

This is a very common example in most Signal Processing books I have come across. x(n) = cos($\frac{n}{6}$) is a non-periodic discrete signal because it doesn't satisfy the periodicity condition for ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Understanding “voltage” and “power” in SNR of a sampled signal

I'm facing a gap in my understanding of when a signal is a "voltage" signal and when it is a "power" signal that I've always managed to avoid resolving until now... First what I think I understand, ...
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2answers
250 views

Design one of 4 type of FIR filter by window function?

There're 4 type of FIR to chose from symetry ,even symetry ,odd antisymetry, even antysymetry, odd Also, there are many type of window like rectangular, Hanning, Kaiser,etc So how to use a window ...
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3answers
90 views

What is the transfer function of this block diagram

I and my friend have different answer for this block diagram Mine: $$y[n] = -\frac23x[n] + x[n-1] -\frac12[n-2]$$ Hence $$H(z) = \frac{1}{-\frac23 + z^{-1} -\frac12z^{-2}}$$ My friend: $$q[n]=x[n]-...