Questions tagged [denoising]

Denoising is a collection of techniques to remove unwanted noise from a signal. Typically this is done by filtering, but a variety of other techniques is available. Often combinations are used in sequence to optimize the denoising.

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Removing periodic spike noise from ECG signal

The signal shown in the following figure is collected from a ECG sensor. The spike noise that is observed with a periodicity of 30 seconds was traced to the periodic blip of the LED as it draws ...
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406 views

How to Estimated the Noise Standard Deviation (STD - $ \sigma $) as a Function of Brightness from an Image?

Hi I don't know where to start from. I'm trying to implement a plot of noise with MATLAB. I have found a plot of noise standard deviation sigma vs. brightness from a images in the blog post - ...
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56 views

Nonlinear tricks for blocking wide band noise

Conventional methods of filtering allow one to block parts of a frequency band while passing others. But thinking outside of conventional means, and perhaps not based on any frequency methods at all, ...
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Motion Artifact Cancellation from ECG Signal Using 3 Axis Accelerometer Data

I have a ECG signal measured as a test subject is performing 3 different activities - sitting, walking(2mph) and jogging(5mph) and also the corresponding 3-axis accelerometer(X,Y and Z) signals. I can ...
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1answer
242 views

1D filter for speed input and noisy position sensor

I was tasked with designing a filter to smooth out a translating table. The system, we command a speed and a desired position, and measure it with two noisy position sensors. The commanded speed is ...
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1answer
3k views

Calculating SNR for ECG signals

I'm reading through the literature for finding the best way to calculate SNR for a ECG signal. While there are many algorithms for improving SNR, I couldn't find any that details any standard ...
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1answer
397 views

Weighted Nuclear Norm Minimization for Image Denoising

Recently, I saw new published papers like Shuhang Gu, Lei Zhang, Wangmeng Zuo, Xiangchu Feng, Weighted Nuclear Norm Minimization with Application to Image Demonising [pdf]. about denoising images ...
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2answers
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Removal of noise from vibration recordings

Problem I am analyzing accelerometer recordings that are contaminated by 'spikes' caused by issues in the digital circuitry. The spikes are problematic, because I wish to determine the peak-amplitude ...
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700 views

Duration of unknown rectangular pulse with additive white Gaussian noise

Problem. There is a discrete signal $f[i]$ (example below). It is known, that $f[i]$ have a form of rectangular pulse with additive white Gaussian noise. $f[i] = s[i] + n[i]$, $s[i] = \alpha(\...
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How to remove the noise without destroying the main edge?

I am working on a project. I want to segment a logo from a car and the picture's size is 3648*2432. The logo is selected by the red rectangle. I extracted this area and turn into gray level. The ...
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459 views

Denoise images with wavelets

I try to understand what following algorithm from this gimp plugin does to denoise an image: ...
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174 views

Adaptive Line noise removal using IIR notch filters

I'm trying to filter out line noise(60Hz and 120Hz) from a EEG signals received over a bluetooth link. I'm proposing to use a IIR notch filter to filter out the line-noise which varies w.r.t to ...
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Estimating plant parameters from noisy frequecy response data

I have to estimate the parameters of a 1st order transfer function, namely, the coefficients, through experiment. I ran a few experiments and I have a bunch of input-output data vectors. The ...
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655 views

Adaptive Gaussian Filter for Image Denoising

I am looking for methods to enhance noisy images, where: some pixels in the image are very noise, some other pixels do not contain so much noise. My first thought is to build an adaptive Gaussian ...
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2answers
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Poisson noise and curve fitting - denoise first?

If I have an image that is severely corrupted by Poisson noise, and I want to fit a function to the image, is it "better" to attempt to denoise the signal first before fitting, or should I move ...
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2answers
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Using MATLAB `xcorr()` to Find a Signal Hidden Behind Noise

I am trying to develop some code to find a transient signal in a data set I have. Before I get there however I am trying to write code using simulated data. I first am creating a signal with a ...
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597 views

Separate Signal Values from Noise

let us consider following graph of singular values i want to make some kind of clustering of these data,namely to seperate main components from non main components,let say signal components from ...
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148 views

denosing given signal using wavelet

let us suppose that we have given following model $y(t)=A_1 \sin(\omega_1*t+\phi_1) + A_2 \sin(\omega_2*t+\phi_2) + A_3 \sin(\omega_3*t+\phi_3)+ \ldots +A_p \sin(\omega_p*t+\phi_p)+z(t)$ where $z(t)...
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Image Noise Detection Using MATLAB

I want to implement the following algorithm. Let $I$ denote noisy image and for each pixel of $I$ is represented by $I(x,y)$. A Sliding window of size $3\times3$ centered at $I(x, y)$ is ...
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What is the math behind median filter's noise reduction property?

I am interested in understanding the mathematical reason for why does applying a median filter on an image (or signal) result in reduction of noise.
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4answers
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Which filters are the most commonly used and easier to implement for ECG noise removal?

ECG signal is affected by interferences such as the Powerline Interference, Baseline Wandering and Muscle Noise. There are many filters available which can reasonably cancel these types of noise. I'...
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172 views

Algorithms for removing oscillations?

I am interested in removing oscillations from a signal to capture the lower-frequency variations, similar to the objective of this problem. The oscillations vary in frequency in the time domain, so ...
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1answer
559 views

Karhunen loeve transform question

I have read some about Karhunen-Loeve Transform (KLT) and its application to the field of seismic data processing. The method as I understand it based on decomposing the data (actually mostly used in ...
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Using Total Variation Denoising to Clean Accelerometer Data

I know this is maybe a very basic question but I am doing this as a hobby and I can't find a solution to this problem. Basically I am trying to remove some noise from data I am reading from an ...
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1answer
715 views

Metrics for Noisy Images

I have a doubt. We calculate metrics such as PSNR, SNR, and MSE to prove that the proposed algorithm is better than its counterparts. To do this we need Original image (Noise free), Noisy image (we ...
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754 views

Non Local Means Filtering Technique Compared to Gaussian Blur and Total Variation Denoising

How does the Non Local Means Filter different from other approaches such as: Gaussian Smoothing. Total Variation Denoising.
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Removing a sinusoidal artifact from a set of movie frames

I am doing some post-hoc analysis of a dataset consisting of a series of movie frames that are contaminated by a strongly periodic artifact. I would like to remove this artifact from my frames. For ...
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307 views

Bandpass filter on noisy sinusoid that predicts turning points

Is there an application where it is required to predict turning-points of a signal that is like a sinusoid with constant frequency, variable amplitude and some noise (Gaussian additive noise)? The ...
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Noise reduction from very noisy audio

I am trying to write an algorithm that would automatically segment a piece of audio with bird calls recordings. My input data are 1 minute-long wave files and on the output I would like to get ...
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1answer
229 views

Remove artifact from space probe image

This is a photo of our homeworld, taken by the Juno spacecraft recently, sling-shotting on its way to Jupiter. What it gained in speed, we lost in ours, however thankfully we will not be falling into ...
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381 views

Sine-weighted moving average on non-periodic, stationary signal

I am looking for -or trying to create- a filter with a piece-wise monotonic second derivative in such a way that when placed on a non-periodic input signal, changes in sign of the second derivative ...
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2answers
418 views

Is Image Noise Removal Image Enhancement or Image Restoration Operation? [closed]

I am working in digital image processing field, recently I am studying about Image Noise, I just want to know that whether this noise removal is part of image enhancement or image restoration. I ...
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what does musical noise sound like and is there a sample clip for it?

Musical residual noise is created when a noisy signal passes through a noise reduction algorithm. For instance, please see the paper: Esch, T; Vary, P: "Efficient Musical Noise Suppression for Speech ...
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Limitation of Wiener filter in image denoising

In image processing, up to which value of mean and variance can a Wiener filter be used to denoise the image? Wiener filtering can be used when variance of the noisy image is low, but I don't know ...
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544 views

Which Anisotropic Diffusion Method is Best for Denoising Now?

The best standard may be varying from PSNR to human's visual feeling. Any one is OK. I have tested J.Weickert's tensor diffusion and P&M's, they all can't satisfy me. Is there any anisotropic ...
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1answer
507 views

Removing surrounding noises from voice recording

I have a wave file whose frequency spectrum looks like this. It contains audio, which I want to keep while removing the rest. The problem is that the surround noise changes, just those distinct ...
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1answer
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How one apply correctly FFT in image denoising

I'm writing program (Qt widgets/c++) for removing noise from images. As denoising method, i selected non local means method. This method has incredible quality of restored images (that's why it's the ...
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1answer
121 views

Spectral analysis of positive signals

Suppose that I have a sensor that can acquire samples $X[k]$ of the Fourier transform of an unknown signal $Y[t]$. An example is MRI, where the acquired data is in $k-$space. Now suppose that the ...
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1answer
329 views

How to denoise a conversation between two people?

I would like to know how to determine (using any programming language) whether a given audio file contains noise, such as of people talking in background, how to remove the noise, and how to ...
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1answer
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wavelet denoising routine for environmental data series

I have a time series of water temperature, e.g. y = 1+(30-10).*rand(1,365); I have previously used the wavelet denoising routine in the wavelet toolbox by matlab ...
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2answers
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Eliminate Signal A from Signal B

i have 2 audio signals, both available in time and frequency domain: A: Noise B: Noise(A with minor variations) + Additive sounds (C) i want to eliminate Signal A from B to leave only C. C is for ...
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637 views

Audio Signal Noise Filter Problem

I'm currently working with audio signals and have a problem: C = A*B + N, where C = recorded signal from microphone consisting of: A = known music file data played on speakers next to microphone ...
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1answer
932 views

Gradient of Total Variation of Magnitude of Complex Function for Denoising

Say I have a complex function $f^*$ (e.g. a MRI image) that has a near piece-wise constant magnitude, but a non constant phase. If I have an optimization problem to find $f^*$ and set up an objective ...
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4answers
614 views

Solving Convex Optimization Problem Used for High Quality Denoising

The highest voted answer to this question suggests that to denoise a signal while preserving sharp transitions one should minimize the objective function: $$ |x-y|^2 + b|f(y)| $$ where $...
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Bag of Tricks for Denoising Signals While Maintaining Sharp Transitions

I know this is signal dependent, but when facing a new noisy signal what is your bag of tricks for trying to denoise a signal while maintaining sharp transitions (e.g. so any sort of simple averaging, ...
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1answer
284 views

What is Super Resolution in the Context of Windowing?

I have been trying to understand what super-resolution is, in the context of DSP/DIP. What criteria is being maximized/minimized, and why? Most of my online searches yield super-res techniques from ...
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Wiener Filter for Image Noise Reduction (Image Denoising)

I'm trying to get my head round the operation of the Wiener filter for the purpose of image noise reduction. In my case I'll have used another noise reduction filter first and will then use the result ...

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