Questions tagged [demodulation]

Demodulation is the act of extracting the original information-bearing signal from a modulated carrier wave.

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Representing data in combination of QAM and BPSK

I have a question regarding the data representation in different modulations. Assuming we are using MIMO system whith $4$ $T_x$ x $4$ $R_x$ which means four transmission antennas by four receiving ...
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2answers
499 views

Relationship between Carrier Frequency Offset and the Constellation Diagram

As part of a project I am doing, I have to investigate how having a carrier frequency offset would affect the constellation pattern of the received signal.This question has got me baffled because to ...
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2answers
245 views

In case of using a Doppler radar, do we have to use IQ demodulation to find the direction of a target?

I want to know the way to find the velocity of a target by using a doppler radar. I read some paper about it, In summary, send rf signal to a target receive the reflected signal from the target. ...
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350 views

Is there an efficient algorithm to extract low frequency signal from audio with high frequency carrier?

I need to process an audio signal in an Android app. As shown in the two examples below, there is a 16kHz carrier signal and a lower frequency signal of varying frequency (0-4kHz). Does anyone know of ...
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1answer
604 views

I can't figure out why spectral features are “displaced” on a spectrogram

I'm trying to create a spectrogram of a complex signal 'y', but I'm running into a problem where the spectrogram that I create appears to have its spectral features "displaced" in frequency space, and ...
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1answer
602 views

Extracting the carrier signal from AM

I am new to DSP and leaning about amplitude modulation. I am trying to demodulate a 5 Hz signal that is modulated by a 50 Hz carrier. I am trying to extract the carrier, not the the 5 Hz signal. A ...
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1answer
339 views

Demodulating upper sideband (USB) signals

A modulating signal $m(t)= \sin(2 \pi \nu_m t)$ is transmitted via a carrier of frequency $\nu_c$ using upper sideband (USB) modulation. Show that the USB modulated signal can be demodulated using a ...
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1answer
226 views

why does the decision boundary change in BPSK? is it true?

I am working on modulation and demodulation of BPSK using python. i made a code for modulation and demodulation,while demodulate i tried to compare my actual data bit stream with demodulated bit ...
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2answers
2k views

OFDM symbol acquisition block in GNU Radio gives rotating constellation even if there is no carrier offset. How is this possible?

Why does the constellation rotate when using OFDM Symbol Acquisition block in this flow graph below ? The only explanation I could think of would be carrier frequency offset but in this flowgraph ...
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2answers
643 views

Minimum Sampling Rate of Bandpass signal

Consider a DSBSC signal s(t) = m(t).cos(2.pi.20k.t) where say m(t) is multi-tone signal with frequencies less than 5 kHz. The ...
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1answer
25 views

Diode demodulation for AM

What is the capacitor and resistance at output of LPF meant for in the document it was mentioned that it is DC blocker I don't get it can't message contain DC value.
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1answer
59 views

What is the minimum sampling rate for QPSK or what is the bandwidth of QPSK signal?

Consider we have created a QPSK signal with a carrier frequency 100kHz. Before applying matched filter or demodulation we need to take samples from the received signal. So what is the minimum ...
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1answer
49 views

About combination between QAM and PAM

I have confused question regarding the possibility of combination between QAM modulation and PAM in order to improve the spectral efficiency. Is that possible? As you see in the below Figure, it's ...
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1answer
69 views

Homodyne concept of receiver

I would like to understand a concept of homodyne architecture of I-Q demodulator and how the wave looks like at each step. It is a bandpass Signal: Step 1: multiplication with cos and sin wave. I ...
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1answer
267 views

Carrier Recovery, Frequency and Phase offset in (CP)FSK

I wanted to ask what exactly is meant for phase recovery of signal (at least intuitively). I have a working example of an acoustic fsk modulation and demodulation software but i don't know how to ...
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1answer
354 views

Square law demodulator. How can we eliminate the term containing $m^2(t)$?

We are trying to extract the message signal from the AM signal using square law demodulator. In the final expression, $V_2(t)$, the term encircled in blue has to be retained, and the others have to ...
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1answer
163 views

How to calculate baudrate?

I'm going through this article https://www.elttam.com.au/blog/intro-sdr-and-rf-analysis/ and I find it hard to understand the following part: However, in our case we might want to transmit this ...
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1answer
640 views

Demodulation on noise

I'm new in DSP, and I'm working on dsp application involving machinery (Diagnostics based on noise), and to do this I need to make DEMON processing. I want to process the signal like in the picture (...
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2answers
514 views

Non coherent Symbol Error Rate vs Es/N0

Purpose: Implementing a noncoherent M-ASK modulation ($M=2$) and comparing the results, $\mathrm{SER}$ vs. $E_s/N_0$, to the theoretical formula. The theoretical formula is not based on differential. ...
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2answers
566 views

Use GNU Radio to extract information from a VOR signal

I want to design a GNU Radio project to extract the information of a VOR signal, then find the angle to the north and the Morse code of the station. Is there any example that shows how to do it?
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197 views

Pilot tone frequency doubling

U.S. Broadcast FM stereo includes a $19\textrm{ kHz}$ pilot tone that needs to be frequency doubled to help demodulate the DSB stereo difference signal. How can this frequency doubling be done ...
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2answers
2k views

Envelope detector for non-zero mean signal (Matlab)

I used hilbert transform to get an envelope signal. envelope = abs(hilbert(inputSignal)) This works for zero-mean signal: But, for nonzero-mean case, ...
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1answer
648 views

Squaring signal for amplitude demodulation

I read the following here. Can someone explain/elaborate on this? Squaring the signal effectively demodulates the input by using itself as its own carrier wave. This means that half the energy ...
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1answer
945 views

Matlab : Help in getting the correct constellation diagram for QAM modulation

I would like to see the constellation diagram after equalization as shown in the website Correct constellation for QAM. But I am getting a different plot. Can somebody please tell me where I am going ...
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1answer
893 views

QAM for analog and digital waves [closed]

I tried the following code for modulation of two analog waves. Can anyone point to how to modulate and demodulate for an analog and a digital wave? I tried by replacing the second signal (x2) with a ...
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2answers
760 views

16 psk demodulation

I have to implement a complete receiver in digital communications. The transmitter gives me an output vector which has real and imaginary values. It uses 16psk for modulation. How would I ...
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1answer
17 views

qam demapper why are soft-outputs used?

I'm starting to learn about OFDM QAM demapping, and a lot of documentation points to using "soft-output" algorithms that calculate Log-Likelihood Ratios (LLRs). Why is this method advantageous? My ...
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1answer
53 views

Symbol synchronization with M-QAM. M < 16

I working on M-QAM system using a Cortex-M4 processor. Using a alternating symbol as a preamble, I am able to get carrier lock. Symbol synchronization is then achieved by finding the peak. An early ...
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1answer
148 views

QPSK constellation from baseband signal

My IQ sampler is measuring a QPSK carrier at a set frequency/bandwidth (40MSamp/s), but shifts the signal spectrum to baseband. My signal is 1.5Msym/s, but sampling at 1.5Msym/s gives me a ...
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1answer
239 views

How can I do QPSK in MATLAB [closed]

Could you please explain the step below, what is the benefit of it and how does it work. . I do qpsk demodulation, do I started doing the meshgrid, ...
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2answers
118 views

Demodulation in Rayleigh Flat Fading Channels

A core part of demodulation in Flat-Fading channels is (assuming) the channel as a(random) constant complex number multiplied with your signal. This is done in order to de-rotate the symbol for ...
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1answer
95 views

Detecting I/Q imbalance

Are there any methods of detecting, measuring, and/or estimating I/Q imbalance (from, say, an upstream quadrature mixer and/or ADC), without using or having a controlled test signal (other than ...
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1answer
296 views

FM demodulation

I have a frequency modulated signal. My problem is the following: The sidebands are asymmetric. Meaning that the amplitudes of the sidebands left and right are not equal. Does anyone know what this ...
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2answers
124 views

mpsk demodulation using digital sample

I am trying to receive and demodulate a 8PSK modulated sinusoidal waveform (real not complex) which is constant envelop and changing only in phase of the continuous sinusoid carrier every Symbol ...
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1answer
1k views

Downconverting real signal to IQ baseband

Despite reading various answers on this site and on other sites I am still confused about how to convert a real-valued signal back down to its original IQ baseband values. Note I am still a beginner ...
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1answer
364 views

How does the PSK demodulator differentiates one carrier from the other in CDMA

I'm trying to understand the way in which CDMA works. Once the transmitter bit sequence is spread it is modulated for instance using a PSK modulator. Lets assume BPSK is used. I'm particularly ...
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1answer
172 views

Frequency-ratio at baseband IQ-mixing

I was wondering by what logic or mathematics the frequency-ration $$ \frac{f_{lo}}{f_s} $$ in the sine-functions comes into existence? Source
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1answer
326 views

Downconversion / Demodulation of RF signal to DC

My question is around down conversion of a signal (e.g. RF) to DC and the affect of negative frequencies. If I have a signal whos spectral content is say between 2-4kHz and I mix this with an ...
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1answer
76 views

Difference between demodulation and band-stop Filter

I was wondering what is the difference between demodulating a signal that is carried with a frequency $F_{\rm carrier}$ and applying a band-stop on a band around $F_{\rm carrier}$ ?
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1answer
619 views

OFDM demodulation, how to set the sampling rate?

I have a signal for which I know the OFDM burst length (from the autocorrelation function of the signal) T_burst and the FFT size 1024 (by measuring the channel ...
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2answers
669 views

M-Array DPSK decoding and encoding

So i'm trying to figure how how to do the encoding and decoding of an M-array Differential Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) signal. I understand how to do it for binary DPSK, but on higher ordered signals I'...
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1answer
456 views

Maximum Likelihood carrier phase estimation of $A\cos(2\pi f_ct)$

This question refers to the example 5.2-1 of the book "Digital Communications, 5th Edition by John Proakis, Masoud Salehi" (example 6.2-1 in the 4th edition of the book) which asks for the estimate ...
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1answer
927 views

In-phase and Quadrature demodulation

I'm new with signal processing and have started to learn it for physics research I am involved in. I have a signal which I want to process to find the amplitude of one frequency of. To do this, I'm ...
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1answer
201 views

Where do I start in learning how to demodulate a BPSK31 signal in software?

I'm a software developer and a Amateur Radio operator. Everything I know about audio (which isn't saying much) is self taught. I've learned how to generate audio samples and build wav files, send ...
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1answer
216 views

dvb-s to dvb-c direct transmodulation

Is this possible to direct trans modulate DVB-S/S2 -> QI into -> DVB-C/C2 signals without doing it the way DVB-S/S2->Demodulator.ic-Transport Stream -> Modulator.ic-Transport Stream -> DVB-C/C2 ? Qpsk ...
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2answers
248 views

FM demodulation amplifier with saturation

I'm trying to understand how FM demodulation works. I read a lot on the internet and as far as I understand, the main process is to extract the phase difference (that is also the output) between a ...
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1answer
166 views

Calculate properties of a given Modulated Signal

I'm having a hard time trying to understand signal modulation graphics and how can I calculate/find the properties of the signal. The properties I'm talking are: Max. amplitude Carrier frequency the ...
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732 views

Demodulation with MATLAB

I am trying to listen VLF radio signals. I have a recorded wave file (download) and here is the frequency spectrum: I have produced this spectrum using this matlab code: ...
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1answer
1k views

how to get the phasor(frequency domain) representation of a digitalized signal?

I know that we can get the phasor representation(frequency domain) of a signal through Fourier transform, but the picture above gives a method that can get the phasor representation of a signal in a ...
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1answer
93 views

best meathod to lock onto a cdma signal?

I've been looking at 2 different methods to acquire a known prn code in a CDMA signal. The first trys Xor prn code chip to I sign data. Then average the result over a time period to determine the data ...