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Questions tagged [demodulation]

Demodulation is the act of extracting the original information-bearing signal from a modulated carrier wave.

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32 views

What's wrong with my M-ary ASK modulation demodulation MATLAB code?

My MATLAB code linked below implements ASK modulation of an M-ary signal, impresses it on a carrier, adds AWG noise of various SNRs. Then, for each SNR, demodulates the signal and calculates the ...
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34 views

Mapping soft symbols in DQPSK

I'm trying to soft decode DQPSK. According to this paper the bits are: $b_1 = \mathrm{Re}\{s_n s^*_{n-1}\}, b_2 = \mathrm{Im}\{s_n s^*_{n-1}\}$ If I put 0.707 as a 100% probability of 0: $\begin{...
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25 views

How to add multiple sub bands of frequency into on wide band

Context: I am doing a project where I have to sample a video signal from a monitor with an SDR. The data is coming in for each pixel left to right top to bottom. Since my receiver doesn't have a very ...
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30 views

IQ demodulation from specific rate

We have an acquisition hardware in our lab that acquires and digitizes data from a source generating band-limited signal in the MHz range. It samples the signal at a rate of 4 times the center ...
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132 views

Is There Any Filtering Technique with Element Wise Product Only Instead of Convolution?

Generally we apply a filter to reduce noise from signal. For example if the received signal is $S$ we would get a signal $Y$ with reduced noise applying a filter $W$ with the operation Y= convolution(...
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26 views

Diode demodulation for AM

What is the capacitor and resistance at output of LPF meant for in the document it was mentioned that it is DC blocker I don't get it can't message contain DC value.
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53 views

Auto correlation , Time duration measurement for SDR calculation purposes

I'm a SDR and DSP beginner , I'm trying to find correlation between pulses I receive using a SDR, with a replica that I have (basically pulses with predetermined duration's). I've looked in this ...
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31 views

Envelope detector for AM signals

How or what are the constraints for deciding factors of envelope detector for AM As far as I know that charging time of capacitor should be below 20T where T is periodic time of carrier and ...
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75 views

Quadrature demodulator. Relationship of sampling rate and error

Task: to estimate the frequency of the power grid signal. I use a quadrature demodulator. I get the I / Q components. I calculate the angle (phi = atan(Q / I)). I differentiate the angle and get the ...
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33 views

Channel state information from non-HT packets: is that possible?

I read several papers about CSI data, but one thing is not clear. I would like to extract csi from legacy rate packets. I read some forums related to existing CSI tools and they only state that CSI ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the minimum sampling rate for QPSK or what is the bandwidth of QPSK signal?

Consider we have created a QPSK signal with a carrier frequency 100kHz. Before applying matched filter or demodulation we need to take samples from the received signal. So what is the minimum ...
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99 views

Amplitude demodulation of sinusidal signal in matlab

AM-demodulation task and I was asked to demodulate the signal in MATLAB and the result should contain three pictures. plotting the $fft$ the (frequency spectrum)of the signal i was able to determine ...
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15 views

Derive the LFSR sequence from demodulated bitstream

I'm new here and hope to have good feedback from you. I'm trying to blindly demodulate an RF signal and managed to get a sequence of bits for a preamble. After some research, I'm in fact exactly in ...
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104 views

Getting the bitstream of an unknown RF signal

I am trying to get the bitstream of a signal sent over 433MHz. I have installed SDR# (I'm on Windows), connected my NESDR SMART, and I identified the signal here: I can see there is only one peak ...
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1answer
92 views

How can an SDR recover a high-frequency signal?

How can software-defined radios operate at high frequency? The Nyquist rate dictates that you need to sample at twice the frequency to fully recover the signal. If my signal of interest is modulated ...
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27 views

What determines the maximum/minimum values in I/Q constellation diagram?

I need to do some data analysis on I/Q samples and was trying to know what are the parameters that determine the maximum/minimum values of these samples. In other words, what determines the maximum/...
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25 views

IT++ and Alternatives DSP Libraries

I want to implement some signal processing blocks in C++ so I did a bit of search on the available libraries for signal processing in C++ and I found that IT++ provides comprehensive set of functions, ...
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1answer
23 views

qam demapper why are soft-outputs used?

I'm starting to learn about OFDM QAM demapping, and a lot of documentation points to using "soft-output" algorithms that calculate Log-Likelihood Ratios (LLRs). Why is this method advantageous? My ...
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33 views

Effect of down mixing on complex demodulation method

As I know, IQ demodulation (complex demodulation) consists of three steps: Down mixing X(complex demodulation)(t)=X(real signal)(t).{exp⁡[(-i2π(f_demodulation).t)]} low pass filtering decimation ...
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1answer
12 views

Term for signal waveform correction or demodulation

Let say a periodic signal waveform $v(t)$ can be modeled as: $v(t) = f(\phi) A \sin(2\pi ft + \psi)$ where $A$ is a constant amplitude, $f$ is signal frequency, $t$ is time and $\psi$ is a constant ...
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33 views

Help in identifying low speed image transmission protocol over RF

In the seventies I worked for Muirhead on press fax machines that used to transmit pictures over radio and landline as I recall two FM systems were used a carrier 800 Hz modulated +- 150 Hz and 1900Hz ...
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40 views

Signal acquisition equipment phase noise

I would like to check if there is a way to enhance an RF equipment's phase noise figure. The considered RF acquisition homodyne system includes a mixer for carrier demodulation, amplifier and filter ...
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36 views

Changes in amplitude after Quadrature Demodulation

I'm getting the FSK signal from the satellite in I/Q format (see the last 2 waves at the bottom of the picture). After applying Quadrature Demodulation, I'm getting the top wave. The questions are:...
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1answer
175 views

From IQ to pi/4 DQPSK

I need to decode $\frac\pi4$-DQPSK packets from an SDR, preferably in C#. I have the SDR receiver part done. Now I'm trying to learn how to take the IQ stream and get the packet info from it. I've ...
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1answer
63 views

Symbol synchronization with M-QAM. M < 16

I working on M-QAM system using a Cortex-M4 processor. Using a alternating symbol as a preamble, I am able to get carrier lock. Symbol synchronization is then achieved by finding the peak. An early ...
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2answers
332 views

In case of using a Doppler radar, do we have to use IQ demodulation to find the direction of a target?

I want to know the way to find the velocity of a target by using a doppler radar. I read some paper about it, In summary, send rf signal to a target receive the reflected signal from the target. ...
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1answer
126 views

What does the phase discriminator portion of the Costas Receiver do mathematically?

What does the phase discriminator portion of the Costas Receiver do mathematically? The output of the I-channel is $ \frac{1}{2}A_C \cos \phi \, m(t) $. Which means for small deviation of phase $ \...
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109 views

How does a Costas Loop lock to one of multiple BPSK signals

I've been looking into how GPS receivers work in terms of signal processing. When a GPS receiver tracks the received signal, it often uses a Costas loop to synchronize the carrier. How that works ...
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108 views

CDMA-DSSS with orthogonal codes and BPSK modulation: proper way to demodulate

I am having problems when demodulating the signal: If I demodulate the sequence chip by chip and then operate only with binary information the "integrate and dump" (correlator) sometimes will provide ...
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21 views

Filtering of an AM signal at the reciever

Transfer function of a filter at the input of a receiver (synchronous demodulator of AM signal) is given with equation: $$H(f)=e^\frac{-(f-f_0)^2}{B^2}+e^\frac{-(f+f_0)^2}{B^2}$$ $B=10kHz$ It is ...
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1answer
55 views

How to correct a QAM time delay

How can you correct the anticlockwise rotation that occurs in the received constellation of a QAM system? My only idea is to compensate the delay with an advance but this is impossible since you ...
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1answer
168 views

RF demodulation for dummies

Given a signal that's been FM encoded on a carrier wave, what are the individual steps I need to take to demodulate it, and recover the original signal? I don't have a background in signal processing,...
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3answers
87 views

Representing data in combination of QAM and BPSK

I have a question regarding the data representation in different modulations. Assuming we are using MIMO system whith $4$ $T_x$ x $4$ $R_x$ which means four transmission antennas by four receiving ...
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1answer
55 views

About combination between QAM and PAM

I have confused question regarding the possibility of combination between QAM modulation and PAM in order to improve the spectral efficiency. Is that possible? As you see in the below Figure, it's ...
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2answers
159 views

Why would we simulate baseband rather than passband

My question is, Why do we usually use baseband in simulation rather than passband? however, if we want to test our simulated idea in real environment, it must be sometimes in passband !! So, should ...
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172 views

How to calculate the accurate BER expression of circular 8-QAM constellation modulation?

It is easy to understand the BER derivation of square QAM, but the circular 8-QAM? I'm quite confused. The decision region is not in a rectangular shape anymore, meaning regular way does not work here....
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2answers
91 views

Contradiction between complex baseband and real-valued baseband

Suppose a direct-conversion transmitter+receiver (ideal transmitter) along with its filters. In complex baseband, the filters in the signal chain can be modeled as a complex-valued FIR filter ($y$, $c$...
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169 views

QPSK constellation from baseband signal

My IQ sampler is measuring a QPSK carrier at a set frequency/bandwidth (40MSamp/s), but shifts the signal spectrum to baseband. My signal is 1.5Msym/s, but sampling at 1.5Msym/s gives me a ...
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1answer
185 views

Quadrature demodulation, homodyne detection, lock-in detection - what's the difference?

Quadrature demodulation Homodyne detection Lock-in detection What is the difference between these terms? Are they all synonomous? In my mind they kind of are, so I'm never sure which to use. I ...
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1answer
275 views

How can I do QPSK in MATLAB [closed]

Could you please explain the step below, what is the benefit of it and how does it work. . I do qpsk demodulation, do I started doing the meshgrid, ...
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1answer
74 views

Homodyne concept of receiver

I would like to understand a concept of homodyne architecture of I-Q demodulator and how the wave looks like at each step. It is a bandpass Signal: Step 1: multiplication with cos and sin wave. I ...
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107 views

What are the pros and cons of common modulation techniques? [closed]

What are the pros and cons of commonly used modulation techniques? Why is one preferred over another in a given situation? Why do so many exist? Are some better at resisting noise, travelling long ...
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105 views

Synchronization of BPSK with variable-length symbols (ISO 14443)

Does anyone have an idea how one would perform BPSK symbol synchronization if symbol length is allowed to vary? As dumb as that sounds, this is not a theretical question.The "Proximity" Type B NFC ...
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3answers
204 views

Bpsk demodulator implementation

For a project I'm trying to implement a BPSK demodulator on some random wave files, I'm getting a few difficulties: How do I know my bit rate, i.e. how many bits each 'real data bit' I'm having. How ...
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1answer
233 views

modulate/demodulate audio file as FSK signal mixed with music signal

What I want to do: I want to encode an audio message inside a regular music file; this shall be decoded by an audio analyzer running on another machine (by listening to the audio playback from the ...
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1answer
298 views

Carrier Recovery, Frequency and Phase offset in (CP)FSK

I wanted to ask what exactly is meant for phase recovery of signal (at least intuitively). I have a working example of an acoustic fsk modulation and demodulation software but i don't know how to ...
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2answers
565 views

QAM constellation slicer with unknown carrier phase

As shown in the image, I have a 16QAM constellation that is misaligned due to a phase rotation. In this case you can see that rotation amount is approximately $\theta = \pi/4$, but this won't be the ...
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2answers
123 views

Demodulation in Rayleigh Flat Fading Channels

A core part of demodulation in Flat-Fading channels is (assuming) the channel as a(random) constant complex number multiplied with your signal. This is done in order to de-rotate the symbol for ...
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1answer
107 views

Detecting I/Q imbalance

Are there any methods of detecting, measuring, and/or estimating I/Q imbalance (from, say, an upstream quadrature mixer and/or ADC), without using or having a controlled test signal (other than ...
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48 views

BPSK demodulation [duplicate]

For experimental reasons i created a function that helps me to modulate a signal using BPSK, the input signal is {1,1,0,1,0} and it works fine ...