Questions tagged [demodulation]

Demodulation is the act of extracting the original information-bearing signal from a modulated carrier wave.

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17 views

Designing a PI filter for a Costas Loop

I am currently trying to implement a Costas Loop in order to demodulate a BPSK signal. Here is the reference block diagram I have been using to design the loop:Costas Loop Block Diagram I originally ...
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36 views

Getting hilbert transform of IQ signal

Im new to communications so this may be a stupid question, but I am somewhat confused. I am trying to train an automatic modulation classification (AMC) algorithm on IQ data from the RadioML dataset. ...
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38 views

Using I/Q demodulation/LIA for a fixed-frequency application of several signals - do the phases of the input signals affect the result?

My input is a single signal composed of the sum of four periodic signals, each 4 Hz apart, centered around some resonant f0 typically between 1200 - 1300 Hz; the actual frequencies will change ...
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GPS CDMA signal acquisition (BPSK modulation)

Sorry, this may be a rookie question: I have a CDMA gps communication in BPSK. Codes have a duration equal to $1\ \text{ms}$ and their length is 1023. At the carrier frequency ($f_c = 1.57524\ \text{...
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100 views

IQ signal FM descrimination using phase derivative

I'm trying to demodulate an FM signal recorded as IQ samples from RTL-SDR at 2.4Msps with RTL-SDR centered on an FM station's frequency. So the input signal is 8 bit IQ baseband at 2.4MSps. The data ...
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39 views

Demodulating wideband FM signal in Octave from recorded baseband IQ samples

Assuming I have a baseband recording of 8 bit IQ samples at 2.4MSps centered on an FM station is it correct to say that after low pass-filtering the complex signal to 240KHz, taking discrete ...
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1answer
74 views

Positive slope of BER with a greater frequency deviation?

I am trying to implement a frequency-modulated communication channel on MatLab. However, there is something I don't understand about the sensitivity of the frequency modulator (or the frequency ...
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25 views

QAM and APSK error comparision [closed]

Due to the 16QAM and 16APSK characteristic, is there exact comparison between 16QAM and 16APSK BER?
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1answer
77 views

DPSK vs PSK Error Probability

BACKGROUND The bit error probability for BPSK under AWGN is easily derived from tail probabilities of Gaussian distributions and results in $$P_e = Q\biggr(\sqrt{\frac{2E_b}{N_o}}\biggl)$$ The ...
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1answer
147 views

Demodulation of FSK signal

What kind of FSK signal is this and what demodulation technique can I use to demodulate it. Why is the phase of the 1's changing like that and how does that effect how it needs to be demodulated. I ...
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34 views

RF direct conversion down to DC and signal recovery from IQ

I've previously worked with super-heterodyne receivers where the IF spectral content has been above DC. Reading the below tutorial; direct down conversion receivers are used to mix a signal of ...
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What's wrong with my M-ary ASK modulation demodulation MATLAB code?

My MATLAB code linked below implements ASK modulation of an M-ary signal, impresses it on a carrier, adds AWG noise of various SNRs. Then, for each SNR, demodulates the signal and calculates the ...
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41 views

Mapping soft symbols in DQPSK

I'm trying to soft decode DQPSK. According to this paper the bits are: $b_1 = \mathrm{Re}\{s_n s^*_{n-1}\}, b_2 = \mathrm{Im}\{s_n s^*_{n-1}\}$ If I put 0.707 as a 100% probability of 0: $\begin{...
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26 views

How to add multiple sub bands of frequency into on wide band

Context: I am doing a project where I have to sample a video signal from a monitor with an SDR. The data is coming in for each pixel left to right top to bottom. Since my receiver doesn't have a very ...
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1answer
38 views

IQ demodulation from specific rate

We have an acquisition hardware in our lab that acquires and digitizes data from a source generating band-limited signal in the MHz range. It samples the signal at a rate of 4 times the center ...
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145 views

Is There Any Filtering Technique with Element Wise Product Only Instead of Convolution?

Generally we apply a filter to reduce noise from signal. For example if the received signal is $S$ we would get a signal $Y$ with reduced noise applying a filter $W$ with the operation Y= convolution(...
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33 views

Diode demodulation for AM

What is the capacitor and resistance at output of LPF meant for in the document it was mentioned that it is DC blocker I don't get it can't message contain DC value.
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59 views

Auto correlation , Time duration measurement for SDR calculation purposes

I'm a SDR and DSP beginner , I'm trying to find correlation between pulses I receive using a SDR, with a replica that I have (basically pulses with predetermined duration's). I've looked in this ...
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60 views

Envelope detector for AM signals

How or what are the constraints for deciding factors of envelope detector for AM As far as I know that charging time of capacitor should be below 20T where T is periodic time of carrier and ...
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86 views

Quadrature demodulator. Relationship of sampling rate and error

Task: to estimate the frequency of the power grid signal. I use a quadrature demodulator. I get the I / Q components. I calculate the angle (phi = atan(Q / I)). I differentiate the angle and get the ...
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71 views

Channel state information from non-HT packets: is that possible?

I read several papers about CSI data, but one thing is not clear. I would like to extract csi from legacy rate packets. I read some forums related to existing CSI tools and they only state that CSI ...
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130 views

What is the minimum sampling rate for QPSK or what is the bandwidth of QPSK signal?

Consider we have created a QPSK signal with a carrier frequency 100kHz. Before applying matched filter or demodulation we need to take samples from the received signal. So what is the minimum ...
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149 views

Amplitude demodulation of sinusidal signal in matlab

AM-demodulation task and I was asked to demodulate the signal in MATLAB and the result should contain three pictures. plotting the $fft$ the (frequency spectrum)of the signal i was able to determine ...
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Derive the LFSR sequence from demodulated bitstream

I'm new here and hope to have good feedback from you. I'm trying to blindly demodulate an RF signal and managed to get a sequence of bits for a preamble. After some research, I'm in fact exactly in ...
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129 views

Getting the bitstream of an unknown RF signal

I am trying to get the bitstream of a signal sent over 433MHz. I have installed SDR# (I'm on Windows), connected my NESDR SMART, and I identified the signal here: I can see there is only one peak ...
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144 views

How can an SDR recover a high-frequency signal?

How can software-defined radios operate at high frequency? The Nyquist rate dictates that you need to sample at twice the frequency to fully recover the signal. If my signal of interest is modulated ...
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90 views

What determines the maximum/minimum values in I/Q constellation diagram?

I need to do some data analysis on I/Q samples and was trying to know what are the parameters that determine the maximum/minimum values of these samples. In other words, what determines the maximum/...
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33 views

IT++ and Alternatives DSP Libraries

I want to implement some signal processing blocks in C++ so I did a bit of search on the available libraries for signal processing in C++ and I found that IT++ provides comprehensive set of functions, ...
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43 views

qam demapper why are soft-outputs used?

I'm starting to learn about OFDM QAM demapping, and a lot of documentation points to using "soft-output" algorithms that calculate Log-Likelihood Ratios (LLRs). Why is this method advantageous? My ...
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38 views

Effect of down mixing on complex demodulation method

As I know, IQ demodulation (complex demodulation) consists of three steps: Down mixing X(complex demodulation)(t)=X(real signal)(t).{exp⁡[(-i2π(f_demodulation).t)]} low pass filtering decimation ...
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1answer
16 views

Term for signal waveform correction or demodulation

Let say a periodic signal waveform $v(t)$ can be modeled as: $v(t) = f(\phi) A \sin(2\pi ft + \psi)$ where $A$ is a constant amplitude, $f$ is signal frequency, $t$ is time and $\psi$ is a constant ...
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36 views

Help in identifying low speed image transmission protocol over RF

In the seventies I worked for Muirhead on press fax machines that used to transmit pictures over radio and landline as I recall two FM systems were used a carrier 800 Hz modulated +- 150 Hz and 1900Hz ...
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41 views

Signal acquisition equipment phase noise

I would like to check if there is a way to enhance an RF equipment's phase noise figure. The considered RF acquisition homodyne system includes a mixer for carrier demodulation, amplifier and filter ...
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45 views

Changes in amplitude after Quadrature Demodulation

I'm getting the FSK signal from the satellite in I/Q format (see the last 2 waves at the bottom of the picture). After applying Quadrature Demodulation, I'm getting the top wave. The questions are:...
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244 views

From IQ to pi/4 DQPSK

I need to decode $\frac\pi4$-DQPSK packets from an SDR, preferably in C#. I have the SDR receiver part done. Now I'm trying to learn how to take the IQ stream and get the packet info from it. I've ...
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1answer
90 views

Symbol synchronization with M-QAM. M < 16

I working on M-QAM system using a Cortex-M4 processor. Using a alternating symbol as a preamble, I am able to get carrier lock. Symbol synchronization is then achieved by finding the peak. An early ...
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566 views

In case of using a Doppler radar, do we have to use IQ demodulation to find the direction of a target?

I want to know the way to find the velocity of a target by using a doppler radar. I read some paper about it, In summary, send rf signal to a target receive the reflected signal from the target. ...
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216 views

What does the phase discriminator portion of the Costas Receiver do mathematically?

What does the phase discriminator portion of the Costas Receiver do mathematically? The output of the I-channel is $ \frac{1}{2}A_C \cos \phi \, m(t) $. Which means for small deviation of phase $ \...
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143 views

How does a Costas Loop lock to one of multiple BPSK signals

I've been looking into how GPS receivers work in terms of signal processing. When a GPS receiver tracks the received signal, it often uses a Costas loop to synchronize the carrier. How that works ...
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138 views

CDMA-DSSS with orthogonal codes and BPSK modulation: proper way to demodulate

I am having problems when demodulating the signal: If I demodulate the sequence chip by chip and then operate only with binary information the "integrate and dump" (correlator) sometimes will provide ...
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1answer
65 views

How to correct a QAM time delay

How can you correct the anticlockwise rotation that occurs in the received constellation of a QAM system? My only idea is to compensate the delay with an advance but this is impossible since you ...
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1answer
206 views

RF demodulation for dummies

Given a signal that's been FM encoded on a carrier wave, what are the individual steps I need to take to demodulate it, and recover the original signal? I don't have a background in signal processing,...
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3answers
90 views

Representing data in combination of QAM and BPSK

I have a question regarding the data representation in different modulations. Assuming we are using MIMO system whith $4$ $T_x$ x $4$ $R_x$ which means four transmission antennas by four receiving ...
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1answer
102 views

About combination between QAM and PAM

I have confused question regarding the possibility of combination between QAM modulation and PAM in order to improve the spectral efficiency. Is that possible? As you see in the below Figure, it's ...
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2answers
204 views

Why would we simulate baseband rather than passband

My question is, Why do we usually use baseband in simulation rather than passband? however, if we want to test our simulated idea in real environment, it must be sometimes in passband !! So, should ...
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223 views

How to calculate the accurate BER expression of circular 8-QAM constellation modulation?

It is easy to understand the BER derivation of square QAM, but the circular 8-QAM? I'm quite confused. The decision region is not in a rectangular shape anymore, meaning regular way does not work here....
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114 views

Contradiction between complex baseband and real-valued baseband

Suppose a direct-conversion transmitter+receiver (ideal transmitter) along with its filters. In complex baseband, the filters in the signal chain can be modeled as a complex-valued FIR filter ($y$, $c$...
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205 views

QPSK constellation from baseband signal

My IQ sampler is measuring a QPSK carrier at a set frequency/bandwidth (40MSamp/s), but shifts the signal spectrum to baseband. My signal is 1.5Msym/s, but sampling at 1.5Msym/s gives me a ...
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1answer
240 views

Quadrature demodulation, homodyne detection, lock-in detection - what's the difference?

Quadrature demodulation Homodyne detection Lock-in detection What is the difference between these terms? Are they all synonomous? In my mind they kind of are, so I'm never sure which to use. I ...
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1answer
351 views

How can I do QPSK in MATLAB [closed]

Could you please explain the step below, what is the benefit of it and how does it work. . I do qpsk demodulation, do I started doing the meshgrid, ...

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