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Questions tagged [demodulation]

Demodulation is the act of extracting the original information-bearing signal from a modulated carrier wave.

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What does the phase discriminator portion of the Costas Receiver do mathematically?

What does the phase discriminator portion of the Costas Receiver do mathematically? The output of the I-channel is $ \frac{1}{2}A_C \cos \phi \, m(t) $. Which means for small deviation of phase $ \...
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How does a Costas Loop lock to one of multiple BPSK signals

I've been looking into how GPS receivers work in terms of signal processing. When a GPS receiver tracks the received signal, it often uses a Costas loop to synchronize the carrier. How that works ...
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CDMA-DSSS with orthogonal codes and BPSK modulation: proper way to demodulate

I am having problems when demodulating the signal: If I demodulate the sequence chip by chip and then operate only with binary information the "integrate and dump" (correlator) sometimes will provide ...
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Filtering of an AM signal at the reciever

Transfer function of a filter at the input of a receiver (synchronous demodulator of AM signal) is given with equation: $$H(f)=e^\frac{-(f-f_0)^2}{B^2}+e^\frac{-(f+f_0)^2}{B^2}$$ $B=10kHz$ It is ...
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31 views

How to correct a QAM time delay

How can you correct the anticlockwise rotation that occurs in the received constellation of a QAM system? My only idea is to compensate the delay with an advance but this is impossible since you ...
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76 views

RF demodulation for dummies

Given a signal that's been FM encoded on a carrier wave, what are the individual steps I need to take to demodulate it, and recover the original signal? I don't have a background in signal processing,...
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3answers
72 views

Representing data in combination of QAM and BPSK

I have a question regarding the data representation in different modulations. Assuming we are using MIMO system whith $4$ $T_x$ x $4$ $R_x$ which means four transmission antennas by four receiving ...
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44 views

About combination between QAM and PAM

I have confused question regarding the possibility of combination between QAM modulation and PAM in order to improve the spectral efficiency. Is that possible? As you see in the below Figure, it's ...
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Why would we simulate baseband rather than passband

My question is, Why do we usually use baseband in simulation rather than passband? however, if we want to test our simulated idea in real environment, it must be sometimes in passband !! So, should ...
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81 views

How to calculate the accurate BER expression of circular 8-QAM constellation modulation?

It is easy to understand the BER derivation of square QAM, but the circular 8-QAM? I'm quite confused. The decision region is not in a rectangular shape anymore, meaning regular way does not work here....
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Contradiction between complex baseband and real-valued baseband

Suppose a direct-conversion transmitter+receiver (ideal transmitter) along with its filters. In complex baseband, the filters in the signal chain can be modeled as a complex-valued FIR filter ($y$, $c$...
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81 views

QPSK constellation from baseband signal

My IQ sampler is measuring a QPSK carrier at a set frequency/bandwidth (40MSamp/s), but shifts the signal spectrum to baseband. My signal is 1.5Msym/s, but sampling at 1.5Msym/s gives me a ...
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Quadrature demodulation, homodyne detection, lock-in detection - what's the difference?

Quadrature demodulation Homodyne detection Lock-in detection What is the difference between these terms? Are they all synonomous? In my mind they kind of are, so I'm never sure which to use. I ...
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What is the relationship between FFT size and demodulation in OFDM

As I mentioned in the title of the question, how can we demodulate the data in order to get the same number of subcarriers with different FFT size. For example, 10 MHz LTE can be sampled with 15.36 ...
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1answer
84 views

How can I do QPSK in MATLAB [closed]

Could you please explain the step below, what is the benefit of it and how does it work. . I do qpsk demodulation, do I started doing the meshgrid, ...
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47 views

Homodyne concept of receiver

I would like to understand a concept of homodyne architecture of I-Q demodulator and how the wave looks like at each step. It is a bandpass Signal: Step 1: multiplication with cos and sin wave. I ...
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266 views

Why does my OFDM demod in GNU Radio not return anything?

This is the flowgraph I used: Output after mod: Output after demod: I've read that it might be a synchronization problem but since I'm not actually transmitting anything over a medium, that shouldn'...
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What are the pros and cons of common modulation techniques? [closed]

What are the pros and cons of commonly used modulation techniques? Why is one preferred over another in a given situation? Why do so many exist? Are some better at resisting noise, travelling long ...
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Synchronization of BPSK with variable-length symbols (ISO 14443)

Does anyone have an idea how one would perform BPSK symbol synchronization if symbol length is allowed to vary? As dumb as that sounds, this is not a theretical question.The "Proximity" Type B NFC ...
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1answer
90 views

Bpsk demodulator implementation

For a project I'm trying to implement a BPSK demodulator on some random wave files, I'm getting a few difficulties: How do I know my bit rate, i.e. how many bits each 'real data bit' I'm having. How ...
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100 views

modulate/demodulate audio file as FSK signal mixed with music signal

What I want to do: I want to encode an audio message inside a regular music file; this shall be decoded by an audio analyzer running on another machine (by listening to the audio playback from the ...
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165 views

Carrier Recovery, Frequency and Phase offset in (CP)FSK

I wanted to ask what exactly is meant for phase recovery of signal (at least intuitively). I have a working example of an acoustic fsk modulation and demodulation software but i don't know how to ...
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463 views

QAM constellation slicer with unknown carrier phase

As shown in the image, I have a 16QAM constellation that is misaligned due to a phase rotation. In this case you can see that rotation amount is approximately $\theta = \pi/4$, but this won't be the ...
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2answers
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Demodulation in Rayleigh Flat Fading Channels

A core part of demodulation in Flat-Fading channels is (assuming) the channel as a(random) constant complex number multiplied with your signal. This is done in order to de-rotate the symbol for ...
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60 views

Detecting I/Q imbalance

Are there any methods of detecting, measuring, and/or estimating I/Q imbalance (from, say, an upstream quadrature mixer and/or ADC), without using or having a controlled test signal (other than ...
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BPSK demodulation [duplicate]

For experimental reasons i created a function that helps me to modulate a signal using BPSK, the input signal is {1,1,0,1,0} and it works fine ...
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165 views

Removing I/Q phase rotation

What is the most reliable and agnostic way to correct for a phase rotation of I/Q downconversion - without time alignment of the signal and support different lengths of transmitted and received data? ...
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Does anyone recognize this modulation?

I'm trying to extract the code of my garage remote, but i have some difficulty to find witch modulation has been used. At first I thought it was a simple digital modulation, but there is some strange ...
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Vestigial Side Band Demodulation: Which components are to be retained and which are to be filtered out?

This article shows the analysis of Vestigial Side Band Suppressed Carrier demodulation. I have understood the mathematical derivation up to eq (1). However, I am unable to understand which components ...
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1answer
177 views

Square law demodulator. How can we eliminate the term containing $m^2(t)$?

We are trying to extract the message signal from the AM signal using square law demodulator. In the final expression, $V_2(t)$, the term encircled in blue has to be retained, and the others have to ...
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145 views

AM demodulation from a real RF signal

I'm capturing an RF signal transmitted at 433.8MHz, with a bandwidth of about 50KHz. My goal is to be able to save it as a .wav file. I'm using an RTL-SDR dongle and a software named HDSDR, where I ...
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Wrap Around Viterbi Algorithm for tail biting decoding “WAVA”

Tail-biting where the initial and final states of the encoder are identical. Tail biting is done by initializing the shift register contents with the last m information bits in the input block to ...
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Single sideband demodulation via phasing method

Math. I need the math! None of the articles show the math! Need help with demodulation part about "selecting either uppersideband or lowersideband". Modulation. Let's say I will get Lower sideband ...
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2k views

AM Modulator-Demodulator in Python

I am trying to make a AM modem using Python Numpy and Matplotlib. I am successful in generating the AM Signal but I cannot demodulate it using a lowpass filter function that I made. The demodulation ...
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How is this signal being modulated?

I have a small device that transmits commands in bursts. Looking on the FCC website for the device, the encoding is supposed to be ASK. Previous examples of ASK encoding that I have seen look like ...
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462 views

Help with OQPSK Demodulation with GNU Radio

I am working on demodulating/decoding the GOES-15 satellite EMWIN signal @1692.7MHz, BW: 50KHz Mod: OQPSK. I have minimal experience in signal processing and some experience in using GNU Radio. I have ...
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2answers
243 views

Mystery signal - FSK, BPSK?

I have a mystery audio signal that I need to decode, it's from a discontinued product. Inspecting the object code shows a module called decodeFSK so that suggests ...
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1answer
312 views

Prepare IQ Data for Goertzel Algorithm

I have a quadrature (IQ - 0..255) data byte stream that I receive from an rtl-sdr dongle as IQIQIQIQ..... That means that negative values are < 128 and positive values >= 128 I am attempting to ...
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1answer
446 views

Extracting the carrier signal from AM

I am new to DSP and leaning about amplitude modulation. I am trying to demodulate a 5 Hz signal that is modulated by a 50 Hz carrier. I am trying to extract the carrier, not the the 5 Hz signal. A ...
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72 views

Autocorrelation BPSK Transmit with Binary Sequence (PRN Code)

I am working to design the Transceiver using a SDR hardware. In the transmitter side, the BPSK modulation was used to modulate a binary sequence number which has good autocorrelation properties. The ...
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1answer
26 views

How to model airborne sound channel

I'm making a soft demodulation/decoding to communicate a microphone and a speaker in short range. I have to calculate the LLR using my constellation and the airborne sound channel probability density ...
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1answer
255 views

FM demodulation

I have a frequency modulated signal. My problem is the following: The sidebands are asymmetric. Meaning that the amplitudes of the sidebands left and right are not equal. Does anyone know what this ...
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1answer
107 views

How to calculate baudrate?

I'm going through this article https://www.elttam.com.au/blog/intro-sdr-and-rf-analysis/ and I find it hard to understand the following part: However, in our case we might want to transmit this ...
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2answers
96 views

mpsk demodulation using digital sample

I am trying to receive and demodulate a 8PSK modulated sinusoidal waveform (real not complex) which is constant envelop and changing only in phase of the continuous sinusoid carrier every Symbol ...
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131 views

Recovering DSSS signal from below noise Floor

I want to understand what actually happens in the direct sequence spread spectrum demodulator ? Why is it said that the signal is recovered from below the noise floor ? Can someone please explain the ...
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2answers
373 views

Demodulating AM signal from carrier signal on Matlab

I'm trying to demodulate a voice signal (bandwidth approximately 5 kHz) from a carrier signal (100kHz). [y,Fs]=audioread('Signal1.wav'); h=10*sinc(10*(-10:10)); y1=filter(h,1,y); But ...
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How is a signal with SNR less than unity demodulated?

The title pretty much says it all. What technique can be used to demodulate a signal with SNR less than 1?
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462 views

Demodulation on noise

I'm new in DSP, and I'm working on dsp application involving machinery (Diagnostics based on noise), and to do this I need to make DEMON processing. I want to process the signal like in the picture (...
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312 views

Digital section in BPSK demodulator

In BPSK demodulation, The modulated signal is passed by carrier recovery circuit then multiplication then ADC then digital section of demodulator, What is the digital section ?? Note: The received ...
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1answer
1k views

Downconverting real signal to IQ baseband

Despite reading various answers on this site and on other sites I am still confused about how to convert a real-valued signal back down to its original IQ baseband values. Note I am still a beginner ...