# Questions tagged [delay]

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### Time delay vs phase ramp, group delay and phase delay

I need to apply a phase ramp in the frequency domain to a signal in order to apply a delay to it in the time/digital domain. However, I am confused by the fact that if I convert the phase ramp into ...
134 views

### Wideband phase vs time delay beamforming correction

I am studying a 1D beamforming for wide-band signals, so that applying only phase weights to each individual antenna would steer the beam for the central frequency. For other frequencies the steering ...
16 views

### Comparison channel impulse in DD and TF domains

How can I plot a similar comparison plot in Matlab? My attempt I have tried to create a random function like/ Matlab: rand(M, N) and then take SFFT of it ...
1k views

### GCC-PHAT for Multiple Sound Sources

Can GCC-PHAT be used to detect multiple time-delays (that is, having multiple acoustic sources simultaneously)? The documentation for the gccphat(sig,refsig) ...
1 vote
208 views

### How to reduce clicking in an audio signal with seek jumps?

I'm working on a vst plugin where a delay is used, the seek position of the delay sometimes changes gradually sometimes abruptly, when sudden changes occur sometimes a clicking sound is produced. Some ...
114 views

### How does function c2d in MATLAB manage fractional delay?

the function c2d allows to convert a continuous laplace transfer function to a discrete z-transform transfer function. The base method is the Zero Order Holder. In example: ...
1 vote
59 views

I am new to communication systems and am working on a model for task offloading on edge computing. One key parameter I'm aiming to determine is the data transmission rate. While I am familiar with ...
171 views

### Fourier transform of a delayed LFM chirp

I know that for a given signal $s(t)$ and a given delay $\tau$, by the shift theorem: $$\mathcal{F}\{s(t-\tau)(f) \} = e^{-j 2 \pi f \tau} \mathcal{F}\{s(t)(f) \} \tag{1}$$ However, when I try to ...
90 views

1 vote
710 views

### How to estimate the delay in time domain when knowing the phase shift in frequency domain

I am strugling with how to compute the exact value of delay in time-doamin when knowing phase shift in frequency domain. I have a analog circuit, I sweeped about 30 single tones frequency ranging from ...
106 views

### Delays and alignment issues: how to compute the an equalizer delay?

For example, if an equalizer model experiences a delay due to its processing, the equalizer may misinterpret the boundaries between the equalized symbols it outputs and, therefore, return meaningless ...
1k views

### How do we determine the required sampling rate of a closed loop control system?

Consider the controlled dynamical system $\dot{x}_t = f(x_t, u(t-\tau_{sd}))$, where $0<\tau_{sd}$ denotes the time delay caused by sampling. It is intuitively clear that the time delay caused by ...
529 views

### What factors affect the propagation delay at wireless communication?

Generally, the signal propagation delay is d/c. d is a distance between a transmitting antenna and a receiving antenna. c is light speed. However in NS-3, there is Random Propagation Delay Model ...
104 views

### audio signal time delay estimation(TDE) in indiviual and separate mics

common TDE problems algorithms(such as GCC) often require audio signals in different mics concurrently, however, is it possible to estimate audio signal time of arrivals(ToA) in different mics ...
1 vote
325 views

### Fractional Delay in Matlab Scale Signals

I am trying to write a function which takes an input signal and delays it by a non-integer index. The function is based on the ideal bandlimited fractional delay filter technique, already available in ...
728 views

### How to solve a time delay from an FIR filter?

I have designed a FIR high-pass filter $\{h_n\}$ with length 257 to filter a signal $\{f_n\}$ with length 512. To convolve signal with filter in time, I performed an FFT with length 768, padding ...
213 views

### Real time signal processing in frequency domain

i'm doing realtime signal processing simulation. it could be simple question. if i multiply input L sample fft and M block filter in frequency domain and i do ifft the output come out when index is L+...
1 vote
1k views

### What is the meaning of inverse signal bandwidth?

I have been studying the two ray model in communication systems. The text I'm studying has two signals, $u(t)$, which is Line of Sight and $u(t-t')$, which is the reflected signal. It quotes, ...
401 views

### phase difference detection

For application of syncing sampling clock phase to carrier phase of received signal where the received signal is sampled with 10 times the carrier phase and modulated with the PSK shown in the figure (...
224 views

### Introducing Feedback to Miller Puckette's Time-Domain Pitch Shifting Algorithm without Discontinuities

I've implemented Miller Puckette's time-domain pitch shifting algorithm (http://msp.ucsd.edu/techniques/v0.11/book-html/node125.html) in PureData's help files in C++ (my code here: https://github.com/...
715 views

### Issue Understanding Time Delay of a Digital Filter

I am new to the world of digital filters and am educating myself with the book Introduction to Digital Filters by J.O Smith III,. The author derives the frequency response of a very simplistic filter: ...
1 vote
422 views

I am making a real-time audio compressor/limiter. I am in little doubt about the delay. What is typical delay times for a compressors or limiters delay/lookahead time? Most other compressors I see don'...
4k views

### How to Reduce Phase Lag Caused by Kalman Filter

Background I have been developing a system using a moving robot with a distance sensor against another robot. I want to control these robots by estimating relative velocity and acceleration derived ...
50 views

### Audio crackles with delay in series

I am learning to write audio plugins using VST3 sdk. I have an issue implementing 2 delays in serie, the audio starts crackling. Here is the processing code: ...
224 views

### How do large tap counts effect FIR Filters for block data?

I am using the ARM CMSIS DSP library for a signal processing application. I find good filter performance when using tap counts that are in excess of 10% of the length of my data block. I understand ...
356 views

### Estimate the time delay of two signals

I am having 2 sets of data data1 and data2 .I wanted to find the delay between the two datasets. Assume data1=[1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10] and data2=[0 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6].From the data I know that, data2 is ...
99 views

### Generating a 2D delay-Doppler channel matrix

I was wondering if anyone here has any idea on 2D delay-Doppler channel and how to generate the channel matrix? Even a hint or a resource would be helpful. I just want to understand and visualize the ...
1 vote
221 views

### Matlab Pade approximation influence on bode plot and step response

I would like to approximate a delay via the pade approximation. I set a normal delay via the exponential term and I set a delay via the pade approximation and I look the difference between the both ...
76 views

1 vote
60 views

### Why can the number of zeros be no more than the number of delay elements in a signal flow network?

Let $N$ be the signal graph representation network of the system function (in rationale form) of a discrete-time LTI system. For a network $N$ with no loops, the impulse response is no longer than ...
198 views

### How to use cross-correlation to verify speech data and determine delay

I have been experimenting with cross-correlation function to verify the presence of speech in a recorded file wrt a source file. I tried the following in Matlab: <...
883 views

### GCC-PHAT always peaks at zero when estimating delay offset

My question is that when I used gcc-phat to estimate delay between two audio signals, it always returns zero offset. However normal cross correlation Xcorr gives a good result. I don't know the reason....
37 views

### How can I find the delay between two signals? [duplicate]

I am using NARX in Matlab. Is there any method to find the delay between input and output signals? My aim is to decrease memory length by finding the delay. TIA.
312 views

### Interpreting the cross correlation results

I am new to this forum. I am just trying to understand how to calculate delay (in terms of samples) between two signals using cross-correlation function. I wrote a small Matlab code in order to ...
7k views

### Is a notch filter for 50 Hz without delay possible?

I am processing an EEG signal (2 kHz sampling frequency) from hardware and the built-in filter doesn't work as intended. FIR gives a delay, and IIR is unstable. The signal of interest is from 4&...