# Questions tagged [control-systems]

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### Fundamental questions about state-space and Kalman filters

I am a dsp guy, I only did a minimum of control theory back in university. While trying to grok state space analysis and (discrete time) regular Kalman filters, I am hitting a few questions that ...
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### Model necessary for PID control

As I am not from control theory, I do not understand - after reading the Wiki page about PID control (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PID_controller) and watching some videos - whether a model of the ...
52 views

### Stabilizing the inverse transform of a system

Currently I try to understand an unknown mechatronic system. I used white noise as an input signal and measured the output of the system. Then I estimated a 2nd order transfer function (Output/Input) ...
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### Influence of a RHP zero/pole in the frequency response

I am studying loop shaping, and I am looking at loop shaping design with unstable poles and zeros. I have seen that noth unstable poles and zeros introduce limitations in the bandwidth. I have also ...
38 views

### Doubt on behaviour of frequency responce of a system

I am doing loop shaping using $H_{\infty }$ approch, and I have a plant with an unstable pole: G = 10/((s+10)*(s-1)); K1 = 4*(s+1)/s; where G is the plant, and ...
48 views

### Doubt on the relationship between the sensitivity and the complementary sensitivity function

I am doing loop shaping with the following transfer functions: G = 10/((s+10)*(s+1)); K1 = 0.5/s; where G is the process and K1 is the controller, and If I ...
38 views

### How can a stable system have a RHP pole?

I am working with a control system which has an unstable pole in the process. So I have the following transfer functions for the controller and for the process: ...
56 views

### What real object could be modeled by this transfer function? [closed]

What object from real world could be modeled by this transfer function? What could parameters b, p1 and p2 stand for?
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### Got stack in calculating state-space representation

I got stack in the process of deriving a state-space representation of the following system: There is an electrical oven described as follows: control of the power supply $u$, heating efficiency ...
43 views

### Discretizing a Controller with the Backward Difference Method

In the book "Modern Control Engineering" by Paraskevopoulos it's proved how to discretize a generic controller in the form: $G(s)=\frac{Y(s)}{U(s)}=\frac{a}{s+a}$ where $a$ is a constant. Done this, ...
34 views

### Doubt on inversion of the dynamics

I am studying control system and I have encountered the topic of the inversion of the dynamics. So I have seen that the ideal situation would be $C(s)=P(s)^{-1}$ but there are some problem with ...
146 views

### Layman Description of the Kalman Filter

I want to know about Kalman Filter but i tried searching different links including Electrical Engineering StackExchange but the information available there was hardly digestible. All I am able to ...
24 views

### Solving the system response using inverse Laplace transform

I am trying to solve this question but I got stuck when inverting the Laplace transform for this problem. I do not know that whether I do it right or wrong. Moreover, I do not know how to handle the ...
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### Optimizing a heating/cooling system for a particular input

Lets say I have a house with 2 rooms. One of them has a window that opens and closes T periodically. So the heat influx behavior of the window is like a square wave. There is an air conditioning unit ...
26 views

I was reading about lead compensator from a website but i am not able to understand how they have extracted zero and pole from transfer function of lead compensator as shown in attached photo? or ...
2k views

### Relation between signal processing and control systems engineering?

Control systems engineering and Digital signal processing are both important courses/subjects of electrical engineering But how these two subjects/courses are related to each other?? Also please ...
41 views

### How to evaluate a close-loop control during transient?

I have implement a close-loop control in order to perform the tracking of the desired signal R. The basic scenario shall be summarized as follow: I have to evaluate the performance of my control G ...
498 views

### Effect of origin poles on stability?

What will be stability if we have only one single pole at origin in s domain?? and what will be the case for multiple poles at origin in s domain?
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### Taking transfer function out of real heating system

I have some king of heating system: heater (that I can control current for final power control) and a thermocouple (for measuring the temperature). I also have a device that can record temperatures ...
32 views

### Adaptive feedforward cancellation (AFC) and least mean squares (LMS) for periodic disturbance cancellation

I already asked this question on Math Stackexchange and Engineering Stackexchange, but since I did not get an answer yet I want to try it here as well: I want to implement an adaptive feedforward ...
33 views

### Controllability's dependence on B matrix

Assuming the LTI system: $\dot{x}=Ax+Bu\\$ , where $x\in R^n$ I understand that the $B$ matrix is usually given, and it is up to us to derive the optimal $u$ given an initial state of the system ...
18 views

### External/Internal Description of a System

When an LTI system is NOT completely controllable/observable, does the linear differential equation governing the system give the internal or the external description of a system?
173 views

### What is the difference between a controller and a compensator?

I recently revisited some texts on control theory. In some textbooks the term compensator is used, seemingly interchangeably with controller (see e.g. The Control Handbook by Levine, chapter 14 on ...
63 views

### Position Kalman Filter fails to track a constant-acceleration path

I'm trying to build a discrete Kalman Filter that fuses accelerometer (acceleration) and GPS (position, velocity) measurements. However, I'm finding that my filter can't properly track a constant-...
45 views

### General tips for PID tuning of super low-friction actuator?

I realize this question is not directly related to signal processing, however, it's relevant to system analysis which is relevant to most signal processing engineers. There's also no good alternative ...
31 views

### what is the co-variance of system output cooresponding to a non-iid random variable

Consider the following system.$\DeclareMathOperator{\sign}{sign}$ \begin{aligned} &\dot{e_1}=c_1e_1+c_2e_2+\eta\\ &\dot{e_2}=c_3e_1+c_4e_2-c_5 \sign(e_1)+a \eta \end{aligned} which $\eta$...
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### How to integrate and differentiate sampled signals?

I am working on a control system which is defined by the equation. As you can see,the equation is in continuous state. $T_i$ = integral time and $T_d$ = differential time which are both constants ...
71 views

### Is a good practice to use one PID in rise time and another PID for steady time in order to eliminate oscillations during steady time?

I'm trying to control temperature with PID(Kp,Ki, Kd). During the rise time the system use one PID and when target is reached the system switch to another PID with other parameter in order to ...
41 views

### Cascade filter realization equivalence? [closed]

Given $$H(z) = \frac{11 +4.6z^{-1} -26z^{-2}-3.75z^{-3}}{1-z^{-1}-8.75z^{-2}}$$ I'd like to know whether this realization: Is equivalent to this one? In short, is the direct form realization ...
I have to design a compensator using root locus for the system $G(s) = \frac{1}{s\cdot(s-4)}$ that follow the following criteria: $op\% \le 5\%$ $t_{2\%} \le 4s$ So I started computing $\zeta$ and \$...