# Questions tagged [continuous-signals]

A continuous signal or a continuous-time signal is a varying quantity (a signal) whose domain, which is often time, is a continuum.

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### Continuous time double exponential filtering in state space form?

I'm trying to determine the continuous time formulation of the double exponential filter so that I can adapt it more flexibly for my particular problem. Typically, this model is expressed as a pair ...
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### Deconvolution of 1D Signals Blurred by a Gaussian Kernel

I have convolved a random signal with a a Gaussian and added noise (Poisson noise in this case) to generate a noisy signal. Now I would like to deconvolve this noisy signal to extract the original ...
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### Mathematically Inclined Signal and Systems / Signal Processing Book Recommendations

I'm an electronics engineering student with high inclination to analysis and pure mathematics. I was just wondering if there was any book ( or any resource ) that treats signal and systems and signal ...
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### Using unlabeled EEG data for Machine Learning

I am working on a project that is basically a game for motor-paralyzed people. It should take an EEG signal from FP1 channel of brain and then after processing it should generate command for the game ...
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### Is $y(t) = \cos(t) + x(t)$ a time-invariant system?

Is $y(t) = \cos(t) + x(t)$ a time-invariant system? $y(t-k) = \cos(t-k) + x(t-k)$ But it isn't equal to $\cos(t) + x(t-k)$ So, would it be time-invariant?
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### Initial Rest Condition for LCCDE causal LTI systems

I am self studying Alan Opennheim's course Signals and Systems. I am a math major and have no background in EE. I understand that for a LCCDE system to be linear its auxiliary conditions must be 0. ...
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### In an automotive ECU application for STM32, what ADC modes should I use? [migrated]

I am writing an application for the STM32f407-Discovery board that will use the ADCs present on it. I want to have access to all 17 of the input channels, and I will be using the HAL library to write ...
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### Signal similarity analysis after cross correlation

I have a time series signal and using this as reference, from the main data set extracted possible matching sections using cross correlation technique.(xcorr matlab).Based on with the threshold xcorr ...
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### Fourier Series representation of a signal

Use the defining equation for the Fourier Series coefficients to evaluate the Fourier Series representation of the following signal: $$x(t)=\sum_{m=-\infty}^{+\infty}=(\delta(t-m/3)+\delta(t-2m/3))$$...
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### What is the autocorrelation of a Dirac pulse?

What is the autocorrelation of $x(t) = \delta(t)$? Can you explain to me how to calculate it?
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### Determining Stability of a continuous time system using Laplace Transform

I'm following Oppenheim's book. In exapmles, the laplace transforms of of the following signals $e^{-t}u(t)$ and $e^{-t-1}u(t+1)$ is given as $\frac{s}{(s+1)}$ and $\frac{e^{-s}}{(s+1)}$ both ...
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### Confusion in linearity?

I am studying linear systems from the book "Signals and Systems Laboratory with MATLAB". I have performed an example on MATLAB myself in this regard. Code is as follow: ...
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### Bessel filters: linear passband phase characteristic only for low pass filters?

I've found a test (internet) from the contest to signal processing teacher and it has a question (true) or (false). I cant find any book or paper to argue this statement. Is it really true?
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### How can the Poles of the Root Locus be negative?

My understanding of drawing a root locus diagram is that stability requires all roots of the characteristic polynomial of the open loop transfer function to lie in the negative real part of the plane. ...
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### Fourier series representation of a full wave rectifier output

I am trying to compute the Fourier series representation of a full wave rectifier output. The equation of the signal is: $x_8(t) = | \cos (2 \pi f_o t)$ | I have tried to find the Fourier series ...
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### How can I get the continuous-time transfer function coefficients (or poles and zeros) from the corresponding discrete-time TF and vice versa?

Let's say I have a continuous time transfer function which I know its numerator coefficients $(B^c = [b^c_m, ..., b^c_1, b^c_0])$ and denominator coefficients $(A^c = [a^c_m, ..., a^c_1, a^c_0])$. ...
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### negative value of signals

can we say there is no sound produced when the amplitude is 0? if yes what can we say when the amplitude is negative?
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### How poles are related to frequency response

I have recently fallen into fallacy, considering pole s=1 as there is infinite response at frequency 1. Yet, response was only 1. Now, can you derive the frequency response, given the poles? ...
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### How to automatically identify a surge in a periodic signal

Say I have a periodic signal i.e. Sine wave, which sometimes can have spikes that are 100% larger than the peak value. These spikes can be periodic as well. I'm trying to find an algorithm that could ...
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### Inverse Laplace Transform

A system given by $\frac{s-1}{(s+1)(s-2)}$ has to be inverse transformed so that it is anticausal and nonstable. The answer given is $h(t)=-\frac{1}{3}(2e^{-t}+e^{2t})u(-t)$ Why the minus sign at the ...
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### Step response of third-order continuous-time transfer function

I have a transfer function of the form: $$H(s) = \frac{b\omega_n s^2 + a\omega_n^2 s + \omega_n^3}{s^3 + b\omega_n s^2 + a\omega_n^2 s + \omega_n^3}$$ If it matters, $a=b=2$. Is anyone aware of ...
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### Difference Between Dirac delta and unit impulse function

The definition of Dirac delta function states that it gives a value of $\infty$ at t=0 and 0 elsewhere. But, the definition of unit impulse function states that it gives a value of 1 at t=0 and 0 ...
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### How to convolve $u(-t)$ with other signals?

How can I convolve the following $u(t+1)*u(-t)$ I know that convolution with $u(t)$ gives the integral of a function but what change occurs due to $u(-t)$?
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### Continuity and its relationship with asymptotic spectral decay

The asymptotic decay of the magnitude of the Fourier transform of a function appears always to be determined by its continuity properties as follows, with examples given in Fig. 1: Continuous ...
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### what is the co-variance of system output cooresponding to a non-iid random variable

Consider the following system.$\DeclareMathOperator{\sign}{sign}$ \begin{aligned} &\dot{e_1}=c_1e_1+c_2e_2+\eta\\ &\dot{e_2}=c_3e_1+c_4e_2-c_5 \sign(e_1)+a \eta \end{aligned} which $\eta$...
Assume that you are giving an arbitrary amplitude frequency response $A(\omega)=|H(j\omega)|$ Is there a characterization that ensures that $A$ is monotone? i.e, $A$ has a global maximum at $\omega=0$...