Questions tagged [computer-vision]

Computer vision includes methods of processing, analyzing, images and high-dimensional data to form high level understanding and recognition of the scene or images.

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The difference of downsampling an image and smoothing an image?

I am, at the moment, trying to read up on some simple computer vision elements, in which i have become a bit comfused on the terms downsampling and smoothing, and whether there is a difference between ...
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118 views

Video: Detecting a digital timer and when it ticks

Input: A video with a digital timer, possibly several hours long, such as this video. The timer might use any font or color, and might be located anywhere on the video, but it probably won't fill the ...
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what is the possible solution for the Intra-class variations poblems?

my poblem is that i have a database for human dorsal hand veins ,but with intra-class variations , so this problem have a large effect on my results when i need to do matching between my samples for ...
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Guassian Derivatives with orientations

I am reading the paper Selective Search for Object Recognition here. In Section 3.2, they give a similarity measure between two regions of an image based on the texture of the regions with what they ...
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What helped you in reading and implementing papers and coming up with original ideas in computer vision/graphics?

I'm trying to get into academic research at the intersection of vision and graphics, and was wondering how researchers in the field went about this: Was it useful to do a lot of fundamental math ...
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How the Grayscale images are converted back to RGB?

In case of RGB to grayscale conversion we take the average of R,G,B channels and convert them to Grayscale which has songle channel. How to convert back the Grayscale to RGB ??
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Measurement of moving objects using computer vision

I am working on a project to measure lengths of the black objects and distance between them using computer vision (Shown below in the fig.). These objects are moving on a conveyor shown in the blue ...
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Why exactly is the Guassian filter a low-pass filter?

In image processing, a Guassian filter is used to blur an image. A low-pass filter is a filter that attenuates the high frequencies, preserving only smooth variations in the provided image. Is a ...
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Lighting for computer vision automisation

Currently I am working on a computer vision project where we want to gather data from a composite material production environment. I have an example picture here: What I learned so far that my ...
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What happens when we reconstruct a signal after its Fourier transform is done and some frequencies are altered? [closed]

Since we loose time information when we take a Fourier transform, what happens if we alter a few frequencies from the transform and then reconstruct the signal, do we get the altered frequency at the ...
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1answer
137 views

Pinhole camera model from houdini parameters

From a simulation with Houdini software I retrieved these parameters: Camera position: -0.675839, 33.5945, 0.0318854 Camera Rotation: 0.0318854, 92.4693, 0.1 Focal Length: 52.5172 mm Image size: 1920 ...
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Backgammon checkers and dice detection

first of all thanks for reading, and sorry for such a generic question. If it is off topic for your forum i would be thankful if someone could point me to a place where i can find an answer. I am ...
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Generate 3D image from Multiple 2D Images

If we're to capture an image of a body using four (4) WebCam with a 16 megapixel (1 in the front, 1 in the back and 2 sides(left and right)). Is it possible to make a 3D out of it using image ...
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What is different between gradient and imgradient functions in MATLAB

I would like to compute the gradient of an image I. I have the following two options : [Gx, Gy] = gradient(I); g = sqrt(Gx.^2+Gy.^2); or ...
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How do I understand Fourier descriptors more visually and intuitively?

I read the book Image Processing, Vision and Machine Vision and find the concept Fourier descriptors hard to understand, although literally its derivation is somewhat reasonable. Can anyone give me a ...
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Magnitude of Sobel filter result, vector or scalar?

I have a question about image gradient magnitude, given an image $I$. The horizontal and vertical derivatives resulting from Sobel filters are defined as: $$K_x= \begin{bmatrix} -1 &...
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How to represent a given equation more clear, profressional and short form?

I have a image $U_{m \times n}:\Omega \to \mathbb R^2$, the output $P$ can be define as $$P=\mu J_{m \times n} - U$$ where $\mu = \max \{ u_{ij} : 1 \leq i \leq m, 1 \leq j \leq n\}$, $J_{m \times n}$...
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Matching two very similar images

I have two images for the same object from the almost same perspective (no more than 1-2 degrees or 1-2 mm is acceptable). I want to change the perspective of one of them to match exactly the other so ...
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How to proceess Image with curved corners and edges to give sharp Corners?

I have several Images of shape H, F, I, L.. which have curved corners. How do I process them to give sharp right-angled corners? I tried approximating them with inner rectangles, but this takes a LOT ...
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Projecting a 3D point into new camera coordinates

Given I have: a camera with estimated rigid motion 3x4 matrix $P = [R|t]$ that starts from the origin of the reference coordinate system an intrinsics 3x4 projection matrix $K$ a 3D point $X$ How ...
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181 views

How can I go forward with this image processing task?

0 down vote favorite I am totally new to Image processing. I just started my Master thesis in the area of Computer vision and Machine learning. My background is Informatics. Now, my first task is to ...
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718 views

How to Create Image Editing Filters

I am trying to make filters for days but now I just want to know the experience of others rather than go on to wrong way and finally decided to put my query over ...
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1answer
108 views

Queries on Kalman Filter

I am trying to apply kalman filter for video processing , i am studying about it from different sources but it take me towards question that if i don't know that where my object come in frame mean i ...
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1answer
373 views

Is “early vision” chronological or process

This might sound silly, but I have a language barrier type of question, and I was hoping someone could clear up this misunderstanding: I've seen the term "early vision" several times in papers I've ...
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1answer
175 views

trainCascadeObjectDetector seems to be missing from MATLAB R2012b

I wish to use trainCascadeObjectDetector to train on new objects (other than faces); I have the Computer Vision Toolkit installed; but this function trainCascadeObjectDetector seems to be missing from ...
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What is the procedure to obtain a 3D face dataset? Can anyone suggest a good 3D face dataset?

Project Description: Input: Frontal Face Image Expression Angle Size Details: I have to convert the input frontal face image into 3D face and simulate the ...
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Can anyone suggest good algorithms for CBIR?

Project: Content Based Image Retrieval - Semi-supervised (manual tagging is done on images while training) Description I have 1000000 images in the database. The training is manual (supervised) - ...
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1answer
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Terminology: Camera Tracking, Camera Relocalization

I am reading the paper RGBD Datasets: Past, Present and Future available here, and two terms that I am not familiar with are presented. On page three, middle left side of the page, the author refers ...
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1answer
46 views

Detecting corners using structure tensor matrix

How does eigenvalues of structure tensor matrix help in detecting corners? For eg, in Harris corner detection, we consider the matrix $$M = \sum_{w} w \cdot \begin{bmatrix} I_x^2 & I_x I_y \\ I_x ...
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Intuition about tag pose estimation accuracy

I have some difficulties to have a correct intuition about expected pose accuracy when dealing with planar pose estimation (e.g. pose estimation from AprilTag detection) and perspective camera model. ...
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Feature detector vs dense detector

What is the difference between a feature detector and a dense detector in computer vision? Are they the same or a subset of one another? For the following algorithms (implemented in OpenCV), which of ...
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1answer
47 views

Erosion compotition rule $\left ( f \ominus g \right ) \ominus h = f \ominus \left (g \oplus h \right ) $

I want to prove that erosion of a signal by a function $g$ followed by erosion with another function $h$ is equivalent to erosion of the signal by the dilation of the two functions (Erosion property): ...
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1answer
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Low samples numbers machine vision training for object detection

I'm trying to set-up a machine vision application in which I have to detect the position of a printing nozzle (in the red sqaure in the image) in a field of view in order to prcisely position a ganty ...
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2answers
123 views

What is Magnitude and Phase actually represents in Fast Fourier Transform?

When we reconstruct the image from its magnitude only using Inverse Fast Fourier Transform, then why the resulting image looks nothing like but the original image? Can someone please explain me in ...
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1answer
36 views

What's the purpose of augmenting an image with a random “gradient”?

I have the following Python code ...
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1answer
50 views

Camera Pose Estimation from Vanishing Points

I want to estimate the pose of camera (Location and Orientation). Can I use Vanishing Points to get the location and orientation of the camera? There is object in the image which I also know his size,...
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1answer
147 views

Understanding 2D alignment using least squares

In Computer Vision Algorithms and Applications book by Richard Szeliski, the author explains 2D alignment using least squares as follows: Given a set of matched feature points ${(x_i, x_i')}$ and a ...
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1answer
25 views

Gender classification using Periocular Region [closed]

I have a dataset of the periocular region, I have images of the male and female periocular region but they are only labeled as left and right periocular region, Folder is a mixture of male and female ...
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2answers
231 views

What do the 1D filters represent when using imfilter?

I am reading the source code of an algorithm that is used to process an image. While reading this source code (and others), I've found lines of code of the form ...
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1answer
273 views

How to Combine / Cascade two `3 x 3` Filters into One `5 x 5` Filter

If you have a uniform 3x3 box filter T which is: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 And an 3x3 laplacian filter W which is: 1 -2 1 -2 4 -2 1 -2 1 Can these 2 filters be combined into one 5x5 filter, the ...
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1answer
227 views

How to extract a smooth contour from a set of points in 3D?

I am trying to segment a 3D volume. The outcome of all my volume segmentation algorithms is a set of candidate points in 3D space. Now I need to smooth this point cloud and fit a closed surface it. My ...
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1answer
226 views

What is the difference between domain and range filtering?

In the context of image processing, I have heard the expressions "domain filtering" and "range filtering". What do these terms refer to? What is the difference between them?
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1answer
886 views

python: how to compute the gray level histogram features as mentioned in the paper, and

Hi I am extracting the grey level features of image mentioned in this paper (part 4.5 low level features). "We describe two low level features that are particu- larly important for photo quality ...
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1answer
305 views

Hough Transform not working to recognize a line

I have an image composed of small white dots that should stay on the same line. I wanted to recognize this line using the Hough Transform. To do that I binarized the image, calculated the centroid of ...
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1answer
142 views

Computer Vision - Does implementation of Hough Transform for lines require a loop for angle parameter?

I am trying to understand how Hough Transform is implemented in real world applications. Consider a line with equation: $y = mx + b$ In parametric form, this line can be represented using (d, $\...
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1answer
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Scale invariant template matching

For my application I am looking for a free, fast and scale-invariant template matching algorithm. The templates can only be scaled within the scene (no skew or rotation) and the scale is unknown. ...
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1answer
96 views

Good Metric for Spatial Resolution

I am trying to filter crawled images with their image quality. By 'high quality' I mean high resolution, not aesthetic score or perceptual score. However I found that some images have very high pixel ...
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2answers
917 views

Camera measurement of heart rate - frequency bias towards 50 bpm (0.83 Hz)?

I am trying to develop a RGB camera-based non-contact measurement of heart rate using principles of remote photoplethysmography. I want to be able to measure a range of heart rates I have been looking ...
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1answer
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Block normalization of histogram of oriented gradient

I am a beginner in image processing. I have some questions regarding HOG. https://www.learnopencv.com/histogram-of-oriented-gradients/ From this website, it mentioned that each element inside the ...
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1answer
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Line Detection with OpenCV and Python [closed]

Why do we get less amount of lines then desired in line detection using HoughLines tranformation from OpenCV? How could we improve this method and get all the lines appearing in the image? I would ...

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