Questions tagged [channel]

A channel for communication between transmitter and receiver. Sometimes a channel is multi-input/multi-output, allowing for multiple transmitters and multiple receivers.

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21 views

Averaging two channels with Python

I am trying to convert a stereo audio into a mono one by averaging both channels with Python. My audio is stored in sound and I calculate the average using ...
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36 views

How does higher received signal power enable higher data rates?

On page 30, of the book Fundamentals of LTE by Arunabha Ghosh et al. it is written: This allows broadcast signals from different cells to combine over the air to significantly enhance the received ...
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Generating a 2D delay-Doppler channel matrix

I was wondering if anyone here has any idea on 2D delay-Doppler channel and how to generate the channel matrix? Even a hint or a resource would be helpful. I just want to understand and visualize the ...
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69 views

Understanding MMSE equalizer equation

I have read many online materials and journal paper where the equation for MMSE equalizer is given as: $G_{MMSE}$ = $H^H(HH^H+\nu^2I )$ where $H$ is the channel, $H^H$ is its hermitian. $\nu^2$ is ...
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51 views

Can Oversampling help to mitigate the effect of additive white gaussian noise?

Oversampling the signal at the receiver's ADC is a common technique to improve the ADC's resolution, dynamic range and to improve the signal to noise ratio (SNR) due to ADC quantizaiton noise, thermal ...
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84 views

Optimal FEC option for extremely low SNR situation

I am new to this site, which I joined with the aim of finding someone to help me with a little doubt. I am trying to design a system that must be able to work at extremely low (the lower, the better, ...
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63 views

Requirement on sampling rate for Doppler shift estimation

What is the requirement of sampling rate on channel impulse response (CIR) for Doppler shift estimation? Suppose that there is a bi-static radar system with perfect synchronization, the receiver ...
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36 views

Centre channel derivation using correlation

I would like to know the algorithm for how centre channel is derived from rejecting left and right channel in audio upmixing process. Can someone explain intuitively rather than hard hitting ...
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25 views

Unstable Phase in Channel Impulse Response

I'm using DW1000 UWB radio transceiver and extract its channel impulse response (CIR). The CIR output by the transceiver is the complex baseband CIR. In a static environment, the CIR is a LTI filter ...
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43 views

Channel estimation using bit reversed order of FFT matrix

Is it possible to use the bit-reverse order of FFT instead of FFT to estimate the channel? Based on my reading, I found that bit reversed order of FFT matrix can diagonalize the channel, but ...
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95 views

OFDM use a pulse shaping filter or not?

I've heard in various literature that band limited channels use pulse shaping filters. By the way, In OFDM it use a cyclic prefix to overcome ISI, so I wonder if OFDM does not use pulse shaping filter....
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122 views

How is the Tx/Rx Gain calculated in USRP?

I know that USRPs are uncalibrated devices. In many exampls you can set the so called Tx or Rx gain (as in the picture below). Now, I know that this does not correspond to the real power of the ...
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62 views

What is impulse response in simple AWGN channel?

Assume a sender and receiver communicate through an AWGN channel. Let $x(t)$ be a transmitted signal and $y(t)$ be a received signal and $z(t)$ be the Gaussian noise. It is known that $y(t) = kx(t-\...
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36 views

BER and distance relation

I have a system using 16-QAM, with 2.4 GHz, working up to 2 km at different bit rates, e.g. 1Mbit/s. My task is to provide graph, which will show relation between BER and distance for different bit ...
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11 views

Uplink Pilot Design in TDD based OFDM system

In a paper “Design of Orthogonal Uplink Pilot Sequences for TDD Massive MIMO under Pilot Contamination”,it was mentioned that, In the uplink channel estimation, if each user occupy all available ...
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79 views

White noise generation for different bandwidth signals in MATLAB

I'm working on simulating an uplink scenario in satellite communication. The goal is to send a preamble + data to the satellite from ground station. Data symbols have a bandwidth of $15\ \rm kHz$ and ...
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64 views

Shannon formula for channel capacity

Shannon formula for channel capacity states that $$C=\log\left(1+\frac{S}{N}\right)$$ If this formula applied for baseband transmission only? Is it applied with passband transmission? Are there any ...
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341 views

Difference between sampling rate and baud rate and their relation to channel capacity

The sampling rate says that one Hz can carry at least 2 samples, and the bit rate is obtained by multiplying the sampling rate by the number of bits per sample. Thus, many samples and many bits can ...
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75 views

How to remove the modulation before doing frequency offset estimation?

To use DFT/FFT (or maximum likelihood) method to estimate the frequency offset introduced by the channel, we need to remove the modulation on the received data samples in the front. If the unknown ...
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About discrete time model for wireless channel

I am trying to understand Section 2.2.3 of the book "Fundamentals of wireless communication" by Tse and Viswanath. In this section the authors explain how to go from the continuous time ...
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What is meant by Beamspace domain and antenna domain for channel matrix?

I am not from Engineering background that's why asking these overly simplistic question. Anyone who can answer. These are basic research questions. Thanks
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121 views

awgn function in MATLAB

I'm using 'awgn(input_signal,snr_db,'measured')' function in MATLAB to add white noise to the input signal. Here is the simplified script. Does zero padding the input signal affect the behavior of ...
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16 views

In a communications system does the order of channels is in a cascaded channel affect the overall capacity?

I'm currently looking at capacity for cascaded channels as part of my Communications Systems module and we're looking at a question in which we have four identical channels represented by the ...
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179 views

Why is the relationship between Es/N0 and SNR different for complex and real signals?

I try to use the AWGN Channel model of MATLAB to build my simulation model, but the explanation of the relationship between Es/N0 and SNR in the official manual of MATLAB makes me confused. It says ...
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56 views

Why SRS signalling is used in 5g?

Since DMRS is also being used as a reference signal in PUCCH and PUSCH channel, so why an extra SRS signalling is required.
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Correlated fading channel: transmit and receive antenna correlation matrices

I am trying to create a non-i.i.d channel: correlated Rayleigh fading channel. $$ H= R_H \cdot H_o,$$ where $H_o$ is i.i.d. channel ( uncorrelated) and $ R_H$ is a channel correlation matrix, is ...
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111 views

Degrees of freedom in coding (for a communication channel)

I was reading on my lecture slides about how to achieve diversity (i.e. transmit more copies of the same message in order to avoid its corruption; this technique may be realized by repeating the ...
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51 views

how to determine a length of a channel? ( given path, delay)

Given a channel matrices for each subcarrier of a frequency selective channel (OFDM): i.i.d.. channel =(randn(ntx,nrx, N)+1i*randn(ntx,nrx, N))/sqrt(2); simulated ...
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How to send two packets in a point-to-point transmission with NOMA? [duplicate]

If a transmitter T1 has two packets M1 and M2 to send to a receiver R1, can T1 send M1 and M2 at the same time and using the same frequency based on Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)? If T1 sends ...
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82 views

How does subcarrier correlation affect the BER of OFDM?

I am studying the OFDM system and would like to examine it under different subcarrier correlation scenarios. I have calculated BER for the uncorrelated scenario and now I have rewritten it for the ...
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3answers
53 views

Why does altering path length in radio transmission alter the phase of the received signal?

I do have a very naive yet bothering question: Assume I send a sinusoid signal \begin{equation} A*cos(2\pi ft+ \phi_0) \end{equation} over a radio channel. Assume there is only a LOS-path for each ...
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233 views

Relationship between Nyquist and Shannon channel capacity

Nyquist channel capacity(Cn) used for theoretical noiseless channel $C_n=2B\log_2(M)$ Shannon channel capacity(Cs) for noisy channel $C_s=B\log_2(1+\text{SNR})$ So is there a relationship between ...
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166 views

Why multi-path channel has linear phase within the coherence bandwidth?

I read some sentence that said "It is usually assumed that the multi-path channel has a constant gain and linear phase within the coherence bandwidth". I can't understand what it mean " linear phase "....
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67 views

What is the physical meaning of coherence bandwidth in mmWave massive MIMO channel?

I am doing some research about millimeter wave massive MIMO channel now. We first take account about static MIMO channel, cause we only have SISO measurement system now. We use scanner to move our ...
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33 views

Interference Distribution Assumption in NOMA IoT Scenario

I am assuming a NOMA IoT Uplink scenario, which is interference marred. I have to ascertain the SINR at the Access Point (AP) for the NOMA users. A sub-channel is allocated to various users and ...
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65 views

Least square error channel estimation in the presence of AWGN noise

I want to implement Least Square (LS) channel estimation method in the presense of AWGN noise in MATLAB. $y(n) = x(n) * h(n)$ $Y(k) = X(k)H(K)$ Y(k) is the received signal in frequency ...