Questions tagged [bilinear-transform]

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For unit step $g(t) = u(t)$, why does $G(z) = \frac{z}{1-z}$, whereas $G(s) = \frac{1}{s}$?

Edit: The source of my confusion is over the existence of multiple s-z mappings. After researching these mappings and where they came from, I couldn't find why $z=e^{sT}$ can be ignored and replaced ...
51 views

Bilinear transformation with a high sampling rate (chebyshev filter)

I'm trying to design a digital Chebyshev filter of order 2. This gives the general transfer function If I transform this and simplify I get If I then expand the denominator and then normalize so ...
1 vote
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Bilinear transform for a system in zero-pole-gain form

MATLAB's bilinear performs the following steps for a system in zero-pole-gain form If fp is present, it prewarps: ...
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How to design digital Butterworth filter and return its zeros, poles and gain

I'm implementing digital Butterworth filter and encounter some numerical problem when filter order is high using direct form, so I wonder how to design the digital Butterworth filter and return its ...
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Do we use calculator in radians or degree while calculating prewarping analog frequency in Bilinear Transformation?

Say $\omega_s=1.96\;,\omega_p=0.785$ For bilinear transformation-: $\Omega_p=2/T*tan(\omega_p/2)$ $\Omega_s=2/T*tan(\omega_s/2)$ Should I put my calculator in radian mode or degree mode. I believe it ...
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1 vote
231 views

Digital IIR LPF Difference Equation from Transfer Function

I want a digital IIR filter with f0=225kHz and fs=53.125GHz. I can come up with the transfer function and plot it using Matlab. ...
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1 vote
330 views

States transformation of the bilinear transform

I have used the bilinear (or tustin) transform for a while, have been though the derivation of it and also through the concept of frequency warping. Something that I still not understand that is ...
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1k views

Why must the order of a Band-Pass and Notch filter always be even?

My professor mentioned that the order of a band-pass and a notch filter must always be even, when showing an example of designing a digital filter using the bilinear transformation. Then he also ...
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How to break a second-order filter into two first-order filter

Let's assume the transfer function of a continuous-domain filter consists of two poles and one zero: $H(s) = \frac{k_c (s-\omega_{z_1})}{(s-\omega_{p_1})(s-\omega_{p_2})}$. Let's consider we do the bi-...
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1 vote
390 views

Is the sampling period arbitrary for a bilinear transform, and why?

I have been given the specifications for a digital highpass filter (stopband, passband, stopband attenuation and maximum passband ripple). I am expected to design a prototype lowpass filter in the ...
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Bilinear transformation of continuous time state space system

I'm trying to understand the derivation of the bilinear transform for a set of continuous time state-space matrices. I've found plenty of websites which list steps to perform the conversion (here 1 or ...
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Bilinear Transformation Comparison

If I have transfer function coefficients, I can analyze the transfer function in the s-plane and/or the z-plane. If I wanted to demonstrate that the z-plane and s-plane responses are equivalent: ...
• 353
1k views

Mathematical question that comes out of using bilinear transform

So this is related to the Cookbook and I tried solving it maybe two decades ago, gave up, and was reminded of the unsolved problem. But it's pretty damn straight forward, but I still got slogged down ...
568 views

DSP filter. Is prewarping performed when discretizing using Forward/Backward?

I am trying to derive the coefficients used for a IIR implementation for the lowpass portion of a SVF filter. I've seen finished expressions for the coefficients (smith (p.8) and victor), their ...
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Prewarping both resonant frequency $f_0$ and bandwidth (or $Q$) when using bilinear transform

RBJ's Audio EQ cookbook takes into account only frequency prewarping when case Q is used for bandwidth. Why not $Q$ prewarping as well with some of those filter ...
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Analog butterworth to digital - bilinear transform

In my previous question I've designed analog butterworth filter (poles own calculated). But now I would like to transform it to digital domain. I'm using bilinear transformation but not all is clear ...
770 views

A few conceptual questions about filter, pole, and bilinear

I am working on a school project on converting a 6th order butterworth high pass filter to digital filter using bilinear transformation. Just got a couple conceptual questions need to be clarified ...
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Convert low pass continuous time filter design to bandpass, discrete time

I am trying to convert the continuous time transfer function of a second order lowpass Butterworth filter is given by: To a bandpass fourth order bandpass digital filter, I first apply the mapping to ...
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659 views

my Butterworth lowpass formulas do not agree with Fisher webpage

I want to implement Butterworth low-pass filter. Thanks to this question, I have found out that the filter coefficients can be generated using Tony Fisher web-site or using his code. But the problem ...
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184 views

Confusion Regarding Bi Linear Transform

I was reading my book where the z-transform of a signal is derived to be ${1-e^{-2bT}z^{-1}}$ . Then it goes on to say that by applying the bilinear transform we can get \frac{2(1+bT+(bT-1)z^{-1})}...
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