# Questions tagged [beamforming]

Forming a beam (directional gain) and, sometimes, shifting the beam direction.

72 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
42 views

### How to generate a beam pattern from a beamformer on 3D

given a 3D microphone array with $M$ microphones, $d(f,\Theta)\in \mathbb{R}^{f\times M}$ is the steering vector for a given direction $\Theta=(\varphi,\theta)$, inclanation and azimuth respectively. ...
15 views

### Steering vector for beamforming in 3D

I am trying to implement a steering vector in 3D for beamforming. Let $A\in \mathbb{R}^{M\times 3}$ be a matrix containing the $(x,y,z)$ coordinates for $M$ sensors and the impinging source direction ...
9 views

### Question on unitary DFT matrix based beamforming

I am trying to experiment with digital beamforming for the first time & found a lot of literature making use of unitary DFT based beamforming but wasnt able to figure why(or how) DFT-based ...
81 views

### Proving that a product of matrices invertible

Given $R_x$ a Positive Definite (PD) covariance matrix of size $M\times M$ and $C$ a full rank $M \times N$ matrix, I want to prove that $C^* R_x^{-1} C$ is invertible to derive the Linearly ...
25 views

### Hot to generate image through Delay and Sum algorithm

I want to generate image through Delay and Sum algorithm. The list of the formula are attached, I have calculated rij(t) which is nothing but signals in time domain (1xn matrices), and the tij(x,y) (...
79 views

### Amplify Sound From Known Direction

I have microphone array which records sound. There is one main sound which direction I know and some noises in the background. Now I want to selectively amplify sound from known direction. This looks ...
22 views

### How to create test vectors for wideband beamforming aplications?

I'm trying to create test vectors for a beamforming algorithm I'm simulating in Matlab. I have a complex signal and I want to create the signal as seen by each antenna element. This will allow me to ...
54 views

### Implementing MVDR beamformer in the STFT domain

I am trying to implement an MVDR beamformer for the first time. I was reading a couple of papers and books with many different notations and I am a bit confused. In my case, without loss of ...
44 views

### Beamforming but only for total power?

Is there a method to speed up beam-forming if you only care about the total power in a given direction, or total power in frequency groups? I've googled this, and can't find anything. My intuition ...
37 views

### frequency/phase offset estimation in satellite DOA beamforming applications

In satellite QPSK demodulation, we first estimate and remove the phase offset introduced by the channel. Then, we demodulate the baseband information bits (I & Q channels). In satellite DOA ...
64 views

### Linear Combiner Based LMS Transfer Function

I am currently working on narrowband beamforming and looking to compute the transfer function for a linear combiner based LMS. While doing a quick search I have found the following article which ...
196 views

### Tetrahedral microphone array beamforming

I have a microphone array of 4 channels taken as channels [6,10,22,26] from Eigenmike spherical microphone array. I wish to do 3D beamforming and create $8\times 4$ beams, 4-elevations with 8 ...
113 views

### How to realistically represent antenna elements in phased array system alongside it's 3D gain response?

Please find the figure below where I've plotted a 3D gain response(in dB) of an antenna array system for beam-steering application and overlaid the actual antenna element(in red X marks surrounded by ...
34 views

### Beamforming back lobes question

When performing a conventional digital beamforming I see in some textbooks they show beam patterns as where the arrival angle ranges between -90 to 90 degrees. But then other places show the full ...
24 views

### Can the j be equal to k in the first formula ?In MISO system

In this system model,the received signal available for RF EH at each RX_k is given by However,its SINR formula is given by We can find that author said the j can't be equal to k,but their range are ...
33 views

### How multi layer map to different beams in LTE Beamforming

I understand for SU-MIMO Beamforming single layer maps to all antennas with phase shift applied to create beam. Also I understand in this case all beams will be carrying same signal (say s1). But in ...
46 views

### Radar - CFAR processing post Digital Beamforming - efficient alternative methods

A radar using a ULA with a large number of elements(for instance N=150 for 1[deg] beamwidth[1]) is being designed. After the Range and Doppler processing, Digital Beamforing is being performed, ...
45 views

### Space-time filtering vs. beamforming

Say I have a dense linear array of sensors in space and an acoustic signal propagating through them. In this case, how would delay-and-sum beamforming compare to space-time filtering by masking the ...
66 views

### Beamforming question

I'm working on a beamforming network. Every node in the network is half-duplex and has a linear antenna array that is capable of digital beamforming. A receiving node can be capable of forming any ...
54 views

### Multiple beam beamforming

For digital beamforming, we can form as many beams as we want. No matter where I read about this subject I cannot find any discussion of the interference that one would expect between beams (not ...
252 views

### how to calculate the maximum obtainable directivity for a microphone array?

Introduction The relationship between the maximum obtainable directivity and aperture of an antenna is described by: $$D = \frac{4\pi A_e}{\lambda^2}$$ Where $D$ is the directivity, $A_e$ the ...
284 views

### Time-Delay beamforming delay computation

I'm trying to implement a beamforming algorithm in python and I'm stuck with the time-delay computation for a rectangular array. I'm using the following equation to compute the delays based on the ...
141 views

### Calculation of Correlation Matrix

In the description of any Beamforming Technique for microphone array signal processing there is a usage of the co-relation matrix. What is the use of calculating such a co-relation matrix in such ...
455 views

### what is an alpha filter?

Currently, I'm working on adaptive beamforming using LMS approach, so they change the value of the step factor adaptively in which one of the steps is to pass the weight vector through an alpha filter....