# Questions tagged [bandwidth]

the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a contiguous set of frequencies

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195 views

### Parseval's Theorm and Effective Bandwidth

This question says that RMS bandwidth (effective bandwidth) is defined based on the carrier frequency of a signal. This makes intuitive sense to me that the carrier frequency shouldn't determine the ...
285 views

### Why does BLE require twice the bandwidth of Bluetooth Classic?

Bluetooth Classic Basic Rate sends data at a rate of 1 Mbps using GFSK modulation in 1 MHz-wide data channels. Bluetooth Low Energy also transmits at that same data rate and modulation, however, it ...
409 views

### How does bandwidth relate to the bitrate?

This might be a really trivial question, but I can't wrap my head around it. In almost every textbook, we're told that bandwidth (among power and noise), is the factor for both range and bitrate. I'...
53 views

### How does bandwidth affect a modulated digital signal? [duplicate]

I'm currently reading up on how the lower layers of the ISO/OSI model work and I don't quite understand how broadband communication works yet. Suppose I want to send some data from point A to point B ...
120 views

### Can picking an inappropriate roll-off frequency for a digital filter just alias the roll-off value?

I believe a related question is asked here, but my question deals more with what filter is realized if one fails to consider design parameters relative to sampling rate. In designing an IIR filter we ...
284 views

### Signal power and signal-to-noise ratio with repeaters

I am trying to solve this question but I am confused on some aspects When solving part B what power signal will we use. Will we use power signal before repeater 2 or after repeater 2 (x5) When ...
3k views

### Minimum bandwidth condition in FSK

I know that FSK occupies a larger bandwidth compared other keying schemes, $$BW= f_1 -f_2 +2R_b$$ where $f_1$ and $f_2$ are carrier frequencies and $R_b$ is the bit rate. For achieving a ...
177 views

### Why Shannon Theorem has nothing to do with frequency?

According to Shannon theorem $$C= B \log _2(1 + S/N)$$ My question is, why there is no frequency in this formula? Let's say we have 2 channels, both of them have same 20 MHz bandwidth, one is from ...
1k views

### How do I calculate the bandwidth from a waveform?

Suppose I have a waveform $x(t)$ where $x(t) = 5 + 30\mathrm{cos}(2000\pi t) + 10\mathrm{cos}(6000\pi t)$ that is to be uniformly sampled for digital transmission, how do I calculate the bandwidth of ...
2k views

### What is the definition of small/large signal bandwidth?

What is the definition of 'small signal bandwidth' and 'large signal bandwidth'? If I google them, I only encounter them in an electrical context (transistors etc.). However, I am looking for a ...
880 views

### Quantization level versus bandwidth [closed]

Why is it that increasing the number of quantization levels $L$ results in an increase in the signal's bandwidth?
340 views

### Changing the Bandwidth of a signal of fixed Sampling frequency [closed]

If sampling frequency is fixed, how can I generate a frequency domain signal of a particular bandwidth from a time domain signal of dimension $1\times N$? e.g. if $f_s=100\,\text{kHz}$, how can I ...
736 views

### Guard Interval in OFDM

If I extend the length of the Cyclic Prefix (Guard Interval) in an OFDM signal, the loss in data rate is clear by means of the time domain, but I can't see it in the frequency domain as the BW is ...
32 views

### How come FFT window give half size frequency bands when filter can seems to have an infinite precision?

I don't really understand maths behind filtering but use it lot in music production and i'm a total newbie to DSP. Usually parametric filters let you filter frequencies with a precision that seems ...
382 views

### Total bandwidth in a network calculation

I have data on the number of devices in a wired network and the data rates on links among these devices. I also know the positions of these devices from which I can compute the distances between the ...
135 views

### Confusion with regards to units in Sinc pulse

I am currently reading a section in the Handbook for MRI Pulse Sequence book where it says that the time-bandwidth product for a SINC pulse is given by: $$T \Delta f = Z$$ where $T$ is the length ...
31k views

### What is bit rate? How is it related to bandwidth? [closed]

I am very confused about when to use bandwidth as bit rate and where not. Are these terms one and the same?
580 views

### I do not understand this simple bandstop filter example

I have a periodic signal like this one with period $T=120$: I would like to apply a bandstop filter to the signal, the stop band should go from 90% of $\frac{1}{T}$ to 110% of $\frac{1}{T}$. So I ...
833 views

### Effects of sampling rate approaching the Nyquist frequency? (not undersampling)

I understand that you need to sample at a frequency greater than or equal to the Nyquist frequency to reconstruct a signal/aliasing etc. I read though that a "more conservative" approach is to sample ...
132 views

### What's the theoretical bandwidth?

A radio signal is sampled at $f_{s}=5512$ Hz, and $n=2^{14}=16384$ points are used in the FFT to display it as a spectrogram. The frequency resolution is $\frac{f_{s}}{n}=0.33642578125$ Hz/point, ...
838 views

### Noise power and bandwidth

$$N=kTB$$ In this formula for calculating noise power, why do we use the total bandwidth of the system? I mean our signal is at $f_0$ carrier frequency, why is it effected by a large bandwidth and ...
4k views

### Passband vs Baseband Bandwidth

Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies. A key characteristic of bandwidth is that any band of a given width can carry the same ...
649 views

### Understanding the definition of signal's bandwidth

In class, we have defined bandwidth of a signal as the difference between the maximal and minimal frequency. Also, our tutor explained that the bandwidth indicates how fast the signal is changing. ...
68 views

### Clarification on how bandwidth effects input signal

I know that the system bandwidth is the maximum range of frequencies that a system can handle. Is the reason that the input signal gets distorted as the bandwidth decreases a result of fewer segments ...
2k views

### Spectral Effeciency of BPSK

The null-to-null bandwidth of the main lobe of a BPSK signal is twice the symbol rate. BPSK transmits one bit per symbol, so the signal bandwidth is twice the bit rate. That has been shown on a few ...
8k views

### Bandwidth of lowpass filter?

This article here on the Window method for FIR filter design speaks of the total normalized bandwidth of the lowpass filter in $\textrm{Hz}$ (counting both negative and positive frequencies) What ...
663 views

### Additive Gaussian white noise - bandwidth

The average power at output when additive Gaussian white noise is present is given by the formula below: $$P_0 = \int\limits_{-B}^{B} \frac N2\ df ,\quad \text{with B being the bandwidth.}$$ My ...
1k views

### Bandwidth of M-ary modulation schemes

I am confused with regard to how bandwidth increases with increase in number of bits transmitted for given duration. 1) Usually say in PCM system, when we increase the number of bits (n) for a given ...
7k views

### Essential Bandwidth of rect(t/T)

Here is a question I have been trying to solve: Estimate the "essential bandwidth" of a rectangular pulse $$g(t) = \operatorname{rect}\left(\frac{t}{T}\right),$$ with $T>0$, where this "...
522 views

### Time-bandwidth product and uncertainty on harmonics

For a signal that is not corrupted with noise, how is the time-bandwidth product affecting the uncertainty or error introduced when extracting the fundamental frequency ? I mean, instead of choosing ...
220 views

### How to calculate BW ofdm?

HI I have these specification for an OFDM program I was wondering, what is the bandwidth and the sampling frequency? I'm not a student of Digital signal processing, hence I am so confused. ...
28 views

### LoRa sensing using USRP GNURADIO

I made a simple RF sensing using USRP N210. I am trying to detect LoRa transmission. A LoRa Node is operating at 915 MHz with Spreading Factor 8 and bandwidth 500 kHz. I have used a USRP UHD Source ...
44 views

### How do we calculate bandwidth from signal formula?

How can we calculate the bandwidth of distinct signals like this? I guess the right answer is 90 - 10 = 80 Hz. But I have a hard time understanding why is this calculated in that way. I thought the ...
30 views

### how sinc pulses can be used to distinguish different symbols

Let's say we want to transmit a sequence of numbers Using PAM, this sequence is transmitted with the signal $s(t)$ The pulses in $s(t)$ are transmitted at a rate $R_p=\frac{1}{T_p}$. This is called ...
222 views

### Find the Equivalent Noise Bandwidth

I have already asked (in another thread) how to quantify (specify) the window function I have created. One figure I need it seems is the Equivalent Noise Bandwidth (ENBW) Or Noise Equivalent Bandwidth....
38 views

### the best pre emphasis for MMSE equalizer

The system consists of multiple low-pass filter and noise, $h_1$, $h_2$, $h_3$, ..., $n_1$, $n_2$, $n_3$, ... At the transmitter, the power of signal is fixed; and at the receiver, MMSE equalizer is ...
33 views

### Design and a notch filter using two Butterworth filters in parallel (MATLAB)

I am doing a project to filter out a 1kHz noise inserted to a 30sec .wav audio file. To filter out the 1kHz noise, I am required to design using two Butterworth filters connected in parallel where ...
37 views

### Bandwidth and BER of FM0 encoding

What is the bandwidth (i.e., the lowest possible bandwidth) and BER for FM0 encoding? To be precise, this is my example of an FM0 encoded waveform: There is always a transition between each bit. For ...
151 views

### How to generate IQ samples of a signal?

I am using a HW with LMS7002 RF transceiver chip. This chip takes IQ values as an input. 1. Can anyone point me to a sample IQ value generator? That I can use to test. 2. What will be the IQ values ...
38 views

### What is the unit for power spectrum of acceleration signals in log scale

I have a signal recorded by an accelerometer in m/s^2. It is basically accelerations over a period of time. I have calculated the power spectrum of the signal over in a certain frequency band and then ...
279 views

### duty cycle of a WiFi Packet

I am doing a simple over-the-air(WiFi 802.11a) test in a shielded chamber involving one Tx and one Rx (around 5 feet).. I need to find the duty cycle given the length of the payload (in bytes), MCS ...
92 views

### When can a windowed cosine be considered band-limited signal?

I have an exam in the following days and i have no clue of what is the response to this question in the exam: given this signal: g(t) = H\left(t+\frac{T}{3}\right) f(t) - H\left(t-\frac{2T}{...
385 views

### Do negative frequencies count towards null-to-null bandwidth?

I am aware that negative frequencies do not normally count towards the bandwidth when transmitting in the baseband. However when specifically asked to look at the null-to-null or zero-crossing ...
2k views

### Relationship between signal rate, data rate, minimum bandwidth

I need to understand the relationship between bit rate, signal rate and minimum bandwidth. I read in a textbook that We define three cases for relationship between bit rate and signal rate for ...
99 views

### Bandwidth of the Derivative of a Message [duplicate]

If I have a message signal $m(t)$ and it has a bandwidth $B$. I know that the bandwidth of $m^N(t)$ is $NB$. But what is the bandwidth of $\frac{d m(t)}{dt}$? Thanks!
60 views

### Separate speech signals that are bandlimitted

I have 2 kind of signals (refer figures) in a folder. One is band limited to 4khz and another is band limited to 8khz, both are with sampling frequency 16khz. I need to separate them. Any idea??
333 views

### Wavelet central frequency

What is the definition of the central frequency of a Wavelet and the bandwidth of a Wavelet? How do they affect the resultant waveform of the wavelet? Thanks.
512 views

### Condition for modelling noise as white noise

I am reading a book on Communication System by Simon Haykin. In the topic of white noise there is a paragraph "We may state that as long as the bandwidth of noise process at input of a system is ...
### How does one compute the band width of a signal in the time domain $x(t)$?
Sorry if this is a super easy question, I am really not a signals guy (more of a statistician, computer scientist). But I was trying to reconstruct/learn a sinusoidal function $x(t)$ with linear ...