Questions tagged [bandwidth]

the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a contiguous set of frequencies

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Calculate cutoff frequency of filtered data

I am processing data which was put through a low pass filter at some point. Looking at the FFT, I can see that it is less than the Nyquist rate. I am trying to filter another set of data so that the ...
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153 views

Why Shannon Theorem has nothing to do with frequency?

According to Shannon theorem $$C= B \log _2(1 + S/N)$$ My question is, why there is no frequency in this formula? Let's say we have 2 channels, both of them have same 20 MHz bandwidth, one is from ...
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How do I calculate the bandwidth from a waveform?

Suppose I have a waveform $x(t)$ where $x(t) = 5 + 30\mathrm{cos}(2000\pi t) + 10\mathrm{cos}(6000\pi t)$ that is to be uniformly sampled for digital transmission, how do I calculate the bandwidth of ...
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What is the definition of small/large signal bandwidth?

What is the definition of 'small signal bandwidth' and 'large signal bandwidth'? If I google them, I only encounter them in an electrical context (transistors etc.). However, I am looking for a ...
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680 views

Quantization level versus bandwidth [closed]

Why is it that increasing the number of quantization levels $L$ results in an increase in the signal's bandwidth?
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325 views

Changing the Bandwidth of a signal of fixed Sampling frequency [closed]

If sampling frequency is fixed, how can I generate a frequency domain signal of a particular bandwidth from a time domain signal of dimension $1\times N$? e.g. if $f_s=100\,\text{kHz}$, how can I ...
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724 views

Guard Interval in OFDM

If I extend the length of the Cyclic Prefix (Guard Interval) in an OFDM signal, the loss in data rate is clear by means of the time domain, but I can't see it in the frequency domain as the BW is ...
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26 views

How come FFT window give half size frequency bands when filter can seems to have an infinite precision?

I don't really understand maths behind filtering but use it lot in music production and i'm a total newbie to DSP. Usually parametric filters let you filter frequencies with a precision that seems ...
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319 views

Total bandwidth in a network calculation

I have data on the number of devices in a wired network and the data rates on links among these devices. I also know the positions of these devices from which I can compute the distances between the ...
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110 views

Confusion with regards to units in Sinc pulse

I am currently reading a section in the Handbook for MRI Pulse Sequence book where it says that the time-bandwidth product for a SINC pulse is given by: $$ T \Delta f = Z $$ where $T$ is the length ...
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What is bit rate? How is it related to bandwidth? [closed]

I am very confused about when to use bandwidth as bit rate and where not. Are these terms one and the same?
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530 views

I do not understand this simple bandstop filter example

I have a periodic signal like this one with period $T=120$: I would like to apply a bandstop filter to the signal, the stop band should go from 90% of $\frac{1}{T}$ to 110% of $\frac{1}{T}$. So I ...
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815 views

Effects of sampling rate approaching the Nyquist frequency? (not undersampling)

I understand that you need to sample at a frequency greater than or equal to the Nyquist frequency to reconstruct a signal/aliasing etc. I read though that a "more conservative" approach is to sample ...
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107 views

What's the theoretical bandwidth?

A radio signal is sampled at $f_{s}=5512$ Hz, and $n=2^{14}=16384$ points are used in the FFT to display it as a spectrogram. The frequency resolution is $\frac{f_{s}}{n}=0.33642578125$ Hz/point, ...
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648 views

Noise power and bandwidth

$$N=kTB$$ In this formula for calculating noise power, why do we use the total bandwidth of the system? I mean our signal is at $f_0$ carrier frequency, why is it effected by a large bandwidth and ...
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Passband vs Baseband Bandwidth

Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies. A key characteristic of bandwidth is that any band of a given width can carry the same ...
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569 views

Understanding the definition of signal's bandwidth

In class, we have defined bandwidth of a signal as the difference between the maximal and minimal frequency. Also, our tutor explained that the bandwidth indicates how fast the signal is changing. ...
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67 views

Clarification on how bandwidth effects input signal

I know that the system bandwidth is the maximum range of frequencies that a system can handle. Is the reason that the input signal gets distorted as the bandwidth decreases a result of fewer segments ...
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2k views

Spectral Effeciency of BPSK

The null-to-null bandwidth of the main lobe of a BPSK signal is twice the symbol rate. BPSK transmits one bit per symbol, so the signal bandwidth is twice the bit rate. That has been shown on a few ...
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7k views

Bandwidth of lowpass filter?

This article here on the Window method for FIR filter design speaks of the total normalized bandwidth of the lowpass filter in $\textrm{Hz}$ (counting both negative and positive frequencies) What ...
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603 views

Additive Gaussian white noise - bandwidth

The average power at output when additive Gaussian white noise is present is given by the formula below: $$P_0 = \int\limits_{-B}^{B} \frac N2\ df ,\quad \text{with $B$ being the bandwidth.}$$ My ...
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1k views

Bandwidth of M-ary modulation schemes

I am confused with regard to how bandwidth increases with increase in number of bits transmitted for given duration. 1) Usually say in PCM system, when we increase the number of bits (n) for a given ...
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6k views

Essential Bandwidth of rect(t/T)

Here is a question I have been trying to solve: Estimate the "essential bandwidth" of a rectangular pulse $$ g(t) = \operatorname{rect}\left(\frac{t}{T}\right), $$ with $T>0$, where this "...
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1answer
508 views

Time-bandwidth product and uncertainty on harmonics

For a signal that is not corrupted with noise, how is the time-bandwidth product affecting the uncertainty or error introduced when extracting the fundamental frequency ? I mean, instead of choosing ...
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1answer
210 views

How to calculate BW ofdm?

HI I have these specification for an OFDM program I was wondering, what is the bandwidth and the sampling frequency? I'm not a student of Digital signal processing, hence I am so confused. ...
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28 views

Bandwidth and BER of FM0 encoding

What is the bandwidth (i.e., the lowest possible bandwidth) and BER for FM0 encoding? To be precise, this is my example of an FM0 encoded waveform: There is always a transition between each bit. For ...
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49 views

How to generate IQ samples of a signal?

I am using a HW with LMS7002 RF transceiver chip. This chip takes IQ values as an input. 1. Can anyone point me to a sample IQ value generator? That I can use to test. 2. What will be the IQ values ...
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33 views

What is the unit for power spectrum of acceleration signals in log scale

I have a signal recorded by an accelerometer in m/s^2. It is basically accelerations over a period of time. I have calculated the power spectrum of the signal over in a certain frequency band and then ...
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63 views

When can a windowed cosine be considered band-limited signal?

I have an exam in the following days and i have no clue of what is the response to this question in the exam: given this signal: $$g(t) = H\left(t+\frac{T}{3}\right) f(t) - H\left(t-\frac{2T}{...
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242 views

Do negative frequencies count towards null-to-null bandwidth?

I am aware that negative frequencies do not normally count towards the bandwidth when transmitting in the baseband. However when specifically asked to look at the null-to-null or zero-crossing ...
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896 views

Relationship between signal rate, data rate, minimum bandwidth

I need to understand the relationship between bit rate, signal rate and minimum bandwidth. I read in a textbook that We define three cases for relationship between bit rate and signal rate for ...
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74 views

Bandwidth of the Derivative of a Message [duplicate]

If I have a message signal $m(t)$ and it has a bandwidth $B$. I know that the bandwidth of $m^N(t)$ is $NB$. But what is the bandwidth of $\frac{d m(t)}{dt}$? Thanks!
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55 views

Separate speech signals that are bandlimitted

I have 2 kind of signals (refer figures) in a folder. One is band limited to 4khz and another is band limited to 8khz, both are with sampling frequency 16khz. I need to separate them. Any idea??
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282 views

Wavelet central frequency

What is the definition of the central frequency of a Wavelet and the bandwidth of a Wavelet? How do they affect the resultant waveform of the wavelet? Thanks.
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498 views

Condition for modelling noise as white noise

I am reading a book on Communication System by Simon Haykin. In the topic of white noise there is a paragraph "We may state that as long as the bandwidth of noise process at input of a system is ...
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951 views

How does one compute the band width of a signal in the time domain $x(t)$?

Sorry if this is a super easy question, I am really not a signals guy (more of a statistician, computer scientist). But I was trying to reconstruct/learn a sinusoidal function $x(t)$ with linear ...
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105 views

Conditions for finite bandwidth

I'd like to know which conditions must be satisfied in order to get a signal with a finite bandwidth. Thank you for your time.
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244 views

Two question about RBJ Peak filter

I'm new into DSP and Filters in general. Its the first step ahead I do from learning and using a 1-pole IIR basic Low Pass Filter. I'm about to implement for my VST audio application (using C++ and ...
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116 views

Advantages of 2-VSB vs BPSK?

Both BPSK and 2-VSB transmit one bit of information per smybol and both modulate the real part of the signal. The difference is, as far as I understand, that BPSK does not modulate the imaginary part ...
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10k views

What is Typical RTP Packet size for H.264 video transmission

I am encoding my video using JM reference software. The encoded file is divided into RTP packets. I can set a RTP packet size in bytes using configuration file. But i am unable to find what should be ...
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577 views

Relation between bandwidth and data rate

I have trouble understanding the following from wikipedia - Bandwidth (Signal Processing) A key characteristic of bandwidth is that any band of a given width can carry the same amount of ...
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1answer
134 views

Bandwidth of a trimmed sinus wave

I generate a sinus which duration is 15ms and frequeuncy of 13KHz. Is its bandwidth is (1/15ms) ? Or in other words, BW = 66.6Hz? I ask that because I have two freqs in my system: 13K & 13.1K. I ...
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388 views

Noise Equivalent Bandwith of IIR and FIR Filters?

How do you calculate the noise equivalent bandwidth for an IIR or FIR filter?
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306 views

Effect of bandwidth reduction in bit growth

I just want to ask, whenever you reduce a bandwidth of signal by filtering, I wonder why do you need to improve the number of bits used to represent that signal. The number of bit growth is $$\frac{1}...
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1answer
87 views

What factors determine synchronous signal transmission ability of a channel?

So I am Designing a system which would be able to send and receive stereo voice signals.( like a telephone but with full-band stereo voice signals) here is an example to make my question clearer. In ...
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7 views

What is role of BW and frequency in internet speeds?

First the bandwidth (BW): It is the amount of data that can be transferred simultaneously.just like more no. of highway lanes so that many cars can travel side by side simultaneously. Frequency It ...
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Design and a notch filter using two Butterworth filters in parallel (MATLAB)

I am doing a project to filter out a 1kHz noise inserted to a 30sec .wav audio file. To filter out the 1kHz noise, I am required to design using two Butterworth filters connected in parallel where ...
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43 views

Bandwidth of a signal

Given a complex,with fmin<0(say -10) and fmax>0(say 30) what is the bandwidth of this signal.Is it form fmin to fmax ,or 0 to fmax? Thank you!
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136 views

duty cycle of a WiFi Packet

I am doing a simple over-the-air(WiFi 802.11a) test in a shielded chamber involving one Tx and one Rx (around 5 feet).. I need to find the duty cycle given the length of the payload (in bytes), MCS ...
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Digital Spectrum Analyzer: Video Bandwidth

I am currently working on a Digital Spectrum Analyzer. We are trying to imitate a hardware Spectrum Analyzer by capturing I/Q data and performing an FFT on it. I am a bit stuck on how to imitate the ...