Questions tagged [bandwidth]

the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a contiguous set of frequencies

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Bandwidth of a modulated signal in analog domain

If i am using QPSK modulation with data rate 4 Mbps with rolloff factor $0.5$, then the bandwidth will be symbol $\rm rate\times (1 + rolloff\ factor)$. So here it will be $\rm 2\ MHz\times 1.5 = 3\ ...
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49 views

Why the bandwidth in frequency spectrum of AM wave is 2fm and not 2fc?

We know, the instantaneous voltage of AM wave is: ...
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24 views

the best pre emphasis for MMSE equalizer

The system consists of multiple low-pass filter and noise, $h_1$, $h_2$, $h_3$, ..., $n_1$, $n_2$, $n_3$, ... At the transmitter, the power of signal is fixed; and at the receiver, MMSE equalizer is ...
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95 views

Find Bandwith from Spectral Efficiency and Eb/N0

to give you a short intro of why I am asking here. My Uni is offering a TeleCom Lecture, I love the topic but all they teach is electronics, the exercise sheets are still TeleCom, we get no supporting ...
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355 views

What is the meaning of inverse signal bandwidth?

I have been studying the two ray model in communication systems. The text I'm studying has two signals, $u(t)$, which is Line of Sight and $u(t-t')$, which is the reflected signal. It quotes, ...
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10 views

What is role of BW and frequency in internet speeds?

First the bandwidth (BW): It is the amount of data that can be transferred simultaneously.just like more no. of highway lanes so that many cars can travel side by side simultaneously. Frequency It ...
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44 views

Bandwith of a energy signal

I'm studying for my finals , and I'm struggling with finding bandwidths. I have this energy spectral density : Ψ(f)=rect(f) , and I need to find the bandwith, 3 dB band and the band with 90 % power. ...
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Design and a notch filter using two Butterworth filters in parallel (MATLAB)

I am doing a project to filter out a 1kHz noise inserted to a 30sec .wav audio file. To filter out the 1kHz noise, I am required to design using two Butterworth filters connected in parallel where ...
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136 views

Should I filter before calculating power, if I'm looking for relative changes in power?

I am building a "scanner" sort of program, which reads IQ samples from an rtl-sdr stick, and keeps track of the power on certain frequencies, in certain bands. I am interested in detecting activity ...
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3k views

Bandwidth vs. sampling rate of DAC

What is the difference between the sampling rate and the bandwidth of a DAC? I have found in one paper a DAC speced as 15GHz 3dB bandwidth, and 64GS/s sampling rate, and I haven't been able to relate ...
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50 views

What is the physical meaning of coherence bandwidth in mmWave massive MIMO channel?

I am doing some research about millimeter wave massive MIMO channel now. We first take account about static MIMO channel, cause we only have SISO measurement system now. We use scanner to move our ...
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28 views

Bandwidth and BER of FM0 encoding

What is the bandwidth (i.e., the lowest possible bandwidth) and BER for FM0 encoding? To be precise, this is my example of an FM0 encoded waveform: There is always a transition between each bit. For ...
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26 views

How come FFT window give half size frequency bands when filter can seems to have an infinite precision?

I don't really understand maths behind filtering but use it lot in music production and i'm a total newbie to DSP. Usually parametric filters let you filter frequencies with a precision that seems ...
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56 views

Detection Bandwidth for Noise Power Calculation

I am trying to calculate the $P_{noise}$ in an experimental setup, such as given below. The DUT is excited at a predefined frequency, $f$ , with power $P_\text{in}$. The total power is measured by the ...
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54 views

flat fading and Nyquist minimum bandwidth

For flat fading, the bandwidth of the transmitted signal must be less than than the coherence bandwidth of the channel, and no intersymbol interference (ISI) occurs. Nyquist showed that the ...
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934 views

Loop bandwidth for symbol timing recovery

I am trying to design the Symbol timing recovery (STR) block of DVBS Receiver. How should I chose the loop bandwidth and damping ratio for determining the loop filter coefficients $k_1$ and $k_2$? ...
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25k views

How to calculate the bandwidth of a continuous signal?

Can someone please explain how to compute the bandwidth of a signal? Like why the bandwidth of $5\sin(2t)$ is $0$ and of $\sin(2t) + \sin(3t)$ is $1$? Thanks.
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49 views

frequency band and Bandwidth

All I know so far is that frequency is how much a signal repeat it self in a given amount of time (usually one second), like shown in the following figure: I'm confused with some concepts like ...
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263 views

Do negative frequencies count towards null-to-null bandwidth?

I am aware that negative frequencies do not normally count towards the bandwidth when transmitting in the baseband. However when specifically asked to look at the null-to-null or zero-crossing ...
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322 views

Why we measure bandwith at -3dB?

To characterize a signal it's a common use to determine bandwidth at -3dB from the peak (half power). Also, filter's cutoff frequency is pointed at -3dB. Why we use this rule?
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63 views

How to generate IQ samples of a signal?

I am using a HW with LMS7002 RF transceiver chip. This chip takes IQ values as an input. 1. Can anyone point me to a sample IQ value generator? That I can use to test. 2. What will be the IQ values ...
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53 views

Calculating the power spectral density on a different bandwidth

Let us say I have the power spectral density for a given bandwidth F1 at a transmit power T. I would like to calculate the power spectral density for bandwidth F2 for 1) the same transmit power T 2) ...
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47 views

Bandwidth and probability of continuous signal

I'm a little bit confused as to how to calculate the bandwidth of a signal. A question has me believing that it is correlated with the probability distribution. I am however not sure of this. ...
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45 views

Bandwidth of a signal

Given a complex,with fmin<0(say -10) and fmax>0(say 30) what is the bandwidth of this signal.Is it form fmin to fmax ,or 0 to fmax? Thank you!
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35 views

What is the unit for power spectrum of acceleration signals in log scale

I have a signal recorded by an accelerometer in m/s^2. It is basically accelerations over a period of time. I have calculated the power spectrum of the signal over in a certain frequency band and then ...
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267 views

Bandwidth of Information Signal

I have trouble finding the bandwidth of a signal. Say I have an info bearing signal m(t)=sinc(2t/pi). I found the fourier transform of the sinc function and found that the angular frequency was 1/pi. ...
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113 views

What's the theoretical bandwidth?

A radio signal is sampled at $f_{s}=5512$ Hz, and $n=2^{14}=16384$ points are used in the FFT to display it as a spectrogram. The frequency resolution is $\frac{f_{s}}{n}=0.33642578125$ Hz/point, ...
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179 views

duty cycle of a WiFi Packet

I am doing a simple over-the-air(WiFi 802.11a) test in a shielded chamber involving one Tx and one Rx (around 5 feet).. I need to find the duty cycle given the length of the payload (in bytes), MCS ...
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71 views

When can a windowed cosine be considered band-limited signal?

I have an exam in the following days and i have no clue of what is the response to this question in the exam: given this signal: $$g(t) = H\left(t+\frac{T}{3}\right) f(t) - H\left(t-\frac{2T}{...
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90 views

sum of 2 signals

I have $2$ signals: $x(t)$ and $y(t)$. They have the same bandwidth $B_x=B_y$. But the bounds for the bandwidth are not the same. For example, $B_x=f_{max}-f_{min}$ and $B_y=g_{max}-g_{min}$ with $f_{...
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99 views

How to generate random data with a specific bandwidth

I generate some random data (bits, actually, using MATLAB's randi) and then I convert such bits to BPSK (1 and -1). After that, I use a RRC pulse (roll-off factor ...
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Digital Spectrum Analyzer: Video Bandwidth

I am currently working on a Digital Spectrum Analyzer. We are trying to imitate a hardware Spectrum Analyzer by capturing I/Q data and performing an FFT on it. I am a bit stuck on how to imitate the ...
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How to add multiple sub bands of frequency into on wide band

Context: I am doing a project where I have to sample a video signal from a monitor with an SDR. The data is coming in for each pixel left to right top to bottom. Since my receiver doesn't have a very ...
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1k views

Relationship between signal rate, data rate, minimum bandwidth

I need to understand the relationship between bit rate, signal rate and minimum bandwidth. I read in a textbook that We define three cases for relationship between bit rate and signal rate for ...
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86 views

Representation, Bandwidth and composition of Digital Signals

I have started learning data communication and I'm not able to grasp certain topics. First (i) I know that analog signals are continuous and digital signals are discrete. Analog signal are ...
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55 views

Separate speech signals that are bandlimitted

I have 2 kind of signals (refer figures) in a folder. One is band limited to 4khz and another is band limited to 8khz, both are with sampling frequency 16khz. I need to separate them. Any idea??
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Doppler Spread and Doppler Spectrum

I am a bit confused about Doppler spread and Doppler Spectrum. I believe the Doppler spread is related to channel coherence time T_c, so that . Due to inconsistencies and incoherency of the channel, ...
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161 views

Why bit rate is same in a lower frequency spectrum and higher spectrum?

If there is a spectrum between 0 Mhz - 1 Mhz, bandwidth would be 1 Mhz here and for example with baseband we can send 2000 bps. What I can't understand is if spectrum is 5-6 Mhz instead of 0 - 1 Mhz, ...
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952 views

Nyquist Maximum data rate formula for PCM

The Nyquist maximum data rate formula for a binary PCM is given by $$C = 2B\log_2L$$ I'm not very sure what "$B$" is here. Is it the bandwidth of the signal being sampled or is it the channel ...
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142 views

Bandwidth of a finite impulse response filter

In a machine learning application, a model learns to apply a filter h(n) via convolution to a 1-dimensional input signal s(n) (e....
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1answer
325 views

Calculating Data Rate using Bandwidth, Transmission Power, Noise Power Spectrum Density and Channel Gain

I'm a Software Engineering student researching on Load Balancing in IoT and I need to calculate data rate. However, I don't know how to use these values to attain data rate despite searching on the ...
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241 views

Notch Filter with given Bandwidth

I have to use Matlab with the iirnotch()-function to design a notch filter. The notch should sit at 520Hz, the Bandwidth should be 100Hz and I have a sampling ...
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Binary Polar vs 4-PAM Signalling

Why is binary polar signalling not feasible for a data rate of 2.0Mbps within a bandwidth not exceeding 1MHz? Is it due to the fact that binary signalling can only transfer 1 bit of data per symbol ...
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305 views

Wavelet central frequency

What is the definition of the central frequency of a Wavelet and the bandwidth of a Wavelet? How do they affect the resultant waveform of the wavelet? Thanks.
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142 views

Appropriate channel bandwidth for my BPSK modulated Psuedo-Random code on direct conversion transceiver

My hardware is an analog device SDR+Xilinx FPGA (sdr = fmcomms4-ebz). The direct conversion transceiver (ad9364) has a tunable channel bandwidth of 200Khz - 56Mhz. I am employing BPSK modulation on a ...
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847 views

QPSK Data Rate vs Bandwidth at Passband: Why can it only transmit 1 bit per Hz and not 2 bits per Hz?

1) This is a follow up question to the most up-voted answer to this question. 2) The accepted answer is that "QPSK transmits 1 bit per Hz at passband". 3) The theory found in books seems to agree ...
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Chirp resolution as a function of bandwidth

My question concerns about the Chirp resolution during the crosscorrelation as a function of the sampling rate and available bandwidth. Suppose at a transmitter a chirp signal is transmitted (ranging ...
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197 views

How is frequency related to data rate?

How does (if it does) frequency affect/relates to Data Rate. Why for example using the same modulation, LoRa (in the physical layer), you get somewhere around 250kbps at 2.4Ghz and only 20kbps at ...
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639 views

Bounds of the derivative of a bounded band-limited function

Let $f(t)$ be a function with properties: $$\begin{array}{ll} t\in\mathbf{R}&t\text{ is in reals}\\ f(t)\in\mathbf{R}\text{ for all } t&f(t)\text{ is in reals}\\ |f(t)|<A\text{ for all }t&...
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714 views

Noise power and bandwidth

$$N=kTB$$ In this formula for calculating noise power, why do we use the total bandwidth of the system? I mean our signal is at $f_0$ carrier frequency, why is it effected by a large bandwidth and ...