# Questions tagged [bandwidth]

the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a contiguous set of frequencies

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### Cutoff frequency condition of input signal so that it can be reconstructed , given frequency response (Answer explanation?)

For the following system: We have: $$r(t) = s(t) + Ks(t-\tau)$$ where $|K|< 1$, with the following impulse response $h(t)$ and frequency-response $H(f)$: $$h(t) = \delta_0(t) + K\delta_0(t-\tau)$$ ...
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### Choosing a suitable modulation format

I'm trying to deal with this question about multiplexing and choosing an appropriate modulation format. It's in two parts. (i) You need to design a system for the transmission of surround audio ...
1 vote
828 views

### Why does the bandwidth of a signal need to be half of the sampling rate? [duplicate]

Suppose I perform a DFT on some function with sampling rate of $\frac{1}{\Delta t}$. According to this page, the bandwidth, which is the maximum frequency that can be analyzed when performed the DFT, ...
3k views

### How Does the RMS of White Noise Change with Sampling Frequency?

There is an analog system which includes the continuous-time linear equalizer (CTLE). With some .noise analysis the power-spectral density (PSD) of the noise in that system is provided. So let's not ...
74 views

### very basic confusion about the bandwidth of constant signal function

I have a very basic question about bandwidth of constant function $f(t) = K$. As the Fourier transform of a constant pulse is a delta-function centered at zero frequency, the bandwidth (maximum value ...
479 views

### Bandwidth of Information Signal

I have trouble finding the bandwidth of a signal. Say I have an info bearing signal m(t)=sinc(2t/pi). I found the fourier transform of the sinc function and found that the angular frequency was 1/pi. ...
529 views

### $Q$ factor refers to what on a lowpass filter? (EE kind of definition)

For what I'm learning, the bandwidth (of a BPF, for example) refers to the $\Delta$ between $f_L$ and $f_H$ at (usually) $-3\textrm{ db}$ from the $f_0$ (from wiki). For a peaking filter instead, $f_L$...
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### What is the most used signal for basic pulse?

My professor said that: in order to avoid interferences/harmonics caused by the nature of the square wave g(t) (sinc will have these secondary lobes), it's better to change the basic pulse g(t) to ...
61 views

### DAC/ADC sample rate selection for modem

So I have a very basic on which I couldn't find much details anywhere. I'll start with an example: I have to transmit 100Mbps of BPSK data. Roll-off factor is 0.25. This data will be processed at ...
579 views

### Two question about RBJ Peak filter

I'm new into DSP and Filters in general. Its the first step ahead I do from learning and using a 1-pole IIR basic Low Pass Filter. I'm about to implement for my VST audio application (using C++ and ...
151 views

### Bandwidth of a complex pole

Text from "Fundamentals of Speech Recognition (Rabiner)". A complex pole of the LPC model spectrum can be expressed as $Z_i = > r_i \cdot e^{j \omega_i}$, where $r_i$ and $\omega_i$ are ...
202 views

### Is the constant signal $x(t)=1$ bandwidth limited?

A quick question I was asked by a friend for homework. We have an LTI system and we needed an example for reconstruction and such... Anyway, he asked me if the constant signal is bandwidth limited. ...
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### Understanding frequency band specification in wireless networks

I am trying to clear my understanding of frequency bands. When a particular wireless network standard like WiFi 6 claims operation in the $2.4$ GHz or $5$ GHz band, what do these values refer to? I am ...
1k views

### Bandwidth of an entire song

My question has to do with the difference between the frequencies of a single note, and the frequencies of an entire song. If I have a 5 second signal of the form: $x(t)=\sin(8\pi t)$, here is the ...
1 vote
294 views

### Why are all baseband signals low-pass?

A baseband signal is just a signal that has not been used to modify a carrier signal. Now, I have noticed that all baseband signals are low-pass too. Why is that? I can understand why digital baseband ...
1 vote
187 views

### What does the bandwidth of a medium even mean?

Whenever the bandwidth of a medium linking two devices is greater than the bandwidth needs of the devices, the link can be shared. Multiplexing is the set of techniques ... Forouzan, Data ...
1 vote
6k views

### Relationship between signal rate, data rate, minimum bandwidth

I need to understand the relationship between bit rate, signal rate and minimum bandwidth. I read in a textbook that We define three cases for relationship between bit rate and signal rate for ...
35 views

### DAC sampling rate when using DSSS/CDMA

I'm currently not sure if I understood DSSS correctly. Following example: We have a shared RF network with around a thousand of users and we want to use CDMA. The RF link should allow the streaming of ...
1 vote
96 views

### Measuring thermal noise of RLC circuit

I am confused about Johnson-Nyquist noise. Specifically, where does bandwidth come in? Thermal noise voltage is usually defined as something like: V^2=4kT∫R(f)df, integrated over a bandwidth. I am ...
1 vote
447 views

### Does bandwidth include negative frequencies?

I've seen countless definitions of bandwidth that disregard negative frequencies. Is that done due to the symmetrical nature of a certain signal eg. a cosine or due to the inherent lack of meaning ...
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### Clarification on video about frequency deviation in phase modulation bandwidth

I am watching this video and at 7:12 he calculates the frequency deviation $\Delta f = f_{c}f_{m}A_{m}$ where the $c$ underscript is for "carrier" and the $m$ underscript is for "...
2k views

### Meaning of roll-off factor 0.5 and bandwidth

We currently have a radio that is transmitting at the following RF params: Modulation: OQPSK Data rate: 500Kbps Uplink coding: BCH I am interested in understanding what is the associated uplink ...
1 vote
4k views

### Minimum Channel Bandwidth for PCM

Please check if my answer to GATE IN 2010 question 11.20 is correct/can be improved upon. So, every $\frac{1}{f_s}$ sec, a sample is taken. The signal amplitude is quantized into $2^n$ levels such ...
109 views

### In the RMS bandwidth equation, why do we have the energy of the signal in the denominator?

In the following equation: $$B_{\rm rms}^2 = \frac{\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^\infty f^2\lvert G(f)\rvert^2df}{\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^\infty \lvert G(f)\rvert^2df}.$$ It is not clear why do we ...
517 views

### spectral bandwidth of QPSK signal

When running the MATLAB QPSK transmitter and receiver example (found here: QPSK Tx and Rx Example) you can see on the plot of the spectrum that the bandwidth is ~80kHz. If we double click on ...
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### Bandwidth transmission for uniform PCM using m-ary PPM

I have a uniform PCM whose bandwidth is W = 1Hz and n = 12 bits, i.e. the transmission bandwidth B_T = n*W = 12Hz. Given this features of the signal, I need to calculate the minimum transmission ...