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Questions tagged [bandpass]

A band-pass filter is a device that passes frequencies within a certain range and rejects (attenuates) frequencies outside that range.

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Third octave bandpass filter with python

I am very new to signal processing and coding which is why my questions might be really basic. I have a signal of the acoustic pressure p'(t) and I would like to use a third octave bandpass filter in ...
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Filtering frequencies in diferent ranges in Python

I would like to filter frequencies: Alpha, Beta and Gamma. These bands have a relation with the task that I want to classify, I am using the Gumpy python tool which has a method to apply Butterworth ...
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32 views

About the variance of the coefficient of narrowband noise when using signal-space representation

Assume that n(t) is a white Gaussian noise process with zero-mean and power spectrum density $N_0/2$. By using the signal-space representation, it can be expressed as: $$n(t) =\sum_{j=1}^N n_j \...
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Why does a higher sampling frequency mess up my bandpass filter?

I was designing a bandpass filter in python using some of the scipy.signal modules. I am plotting the frequency response of my filter to verify that my desired frequency is in the passband. However, ...
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24 views

Quadrature component - condition on equivalent lowpass signal

I have a question regarding the equivalent lowpass signal $x_{LP}$ of a bandpass signal $x(t)$ and the quadrature component. I'd like to find a condition on $x_{LP}(t)$ and $X_{LP}(f)$ such that the ...
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Is it possible to design a band-pass filter with fewer taps than a series HPF + LPF?

I am digitally filtering a signal that is streaming live. The goal is to reduce the filter delay as much as possible while maintaining the quality of some measurements based on the filtered signal. ...
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39 views

AWGN interpretation of bit error rate in time domain

I'll consider a 20 MHz bandwidth between 1.99-2.01 GHz. The carrier has been modulated by an OFDM signal (I/Q modulation) and is passed through a narrowband filter at the receiver. The noise that is ...
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51 views

Detecting phase difference between a clean and a noisy signal

I have a clean square-wave signal and a noisy signal from an accelerometer, perfectly synchronized to each-other but out of phase. I want to find the phase difference between them in real time, in ...
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34 views

LP to BP transformation steps

Considering the following problem, What i know to convert from LP signal to BP signal is to: Draw the FD of the LP equation From it I can draw the FD for BP From this graph I can deduce the equation ...
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67 views

Design of FIR and IIR filters in Matlab

I need to create 4 different pass-band filters. What remains the same throughout is the following: Sampling Frequency = $3000Hz$ Pass-band Frequency = $900Hz-1200Hz$ Now, these are the filters I ...
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1answer
109 views

Computation of parameter filter to match a given frequency response

I'm looking for the practical way to compute the parameters ($a_1$, $a_2$) of a digital filter to match a certain frequency response. I'm studying the 12-poles filter of the vintage component SP0256 ...
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281 views

Passband vs Baseband Bandwidth

Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies. A key characteristic of bandwidth is that any band of a given width can carry the same ...
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Does a linear phase FIR filter shifted in frequency preserve linear phase?

Let's say I have a symmetric (and therefore linear phase) FIR low pass filter with real coefficients. If I then shift this filter in some direction in frequency by multiplying its coefficients with a ...
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36 views

“Side Lobes” When Using a Butterworth filter

So I am attempting to filter a signal containing frequencies at 7Hz, 11Hz, and 74Hz. The signal lasts for 30s and looks like this between -1s and 1s: Using a butterworth filter of order 2 with lowcut=...
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181 views

Is ideal band pass filter (brick wall filter) linear phase? [duplicate]

I'm very new in digital signal processing. I have multiple sensors and the way I filters the signals in post processing is: take FFT of the signals. put zero on out range of interesting frequency (...
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39 views

Parallel Cascaded FIR Filters

I have a relatively simple question. I know if you connect multiple LTI systems in parallel, overall system's frequency response is the sum of each LTI system's frequency response. Therefore, what ...
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166 views

In What Way Is the Difference of Gaussian (DoG) More Tunable than the Laplacian of Gaussian (LoG)?

I was reading through this post "What is the difference between Difference of Gaussian, Laplace of Gaussian, and Mexican Hat wavelet?" and noted in Chris Luengo's answer that he mentioned that the ...
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129 views

Detecting fundamental zero crossing point

I am looking for ideas from the more experienced members on algorithms for determining the fundamental zero crossing point of a 50 or 60 Hz signal. The fundamental zero crossing point is then used as ...
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52 views

Band limited signals that are sparse

I am looking for examples of signals that are band limited but also sparse. For instance, the spiking of the neurons can be modeled as banded in frequency domain and sparse in time domain. What other ...
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85 views

What does it take to design a 4th order band-pass filter with -24dB/Octave?

I would like to implement in software the same isolators that the Pioneer EFX-500 features: The manual says the following about the isolators: High-performance 3-band Isolator Function [Fourth-order ...
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2answers
144 views

IQ modulation: baseband to bandpass transformation

can someone explain me these doubts? it is a baseband signal representation. A- complex signal, R- real. If I multiply baseband signal with FT( cos) then the signal will look like this ( on the ...
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2answers
351 views

Bandpass butterworth filter in python is not working

I've implemented this bandpass filter in matlab for the audio signals and it's working as expected. Now, I tried to implement the same thing in Python but it doesn't produced expected results, it just ...
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48 views

Homodyne concept of receiver

I would like to understand a concept of homodyne architecture of I-Q demodulator and how the wave looks like at each step. It is a bandpass Signal: Step 1: multiplication with cos and sin wave. I ...
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51 views

How to combine filters' effects?

My question is about the use of many filters on a sound signal. I found the following transfer functions for the high cut, the low cut and the pass band filter : H = K / (1 - x^2 + j.x/Q) H = K / (1 -...
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350 views

How to plot the poles and zeros of this Bandpass Filter in MATLAB?

So I'm trying to design a band pass filter in MATLAB (with a center frequency of 10kHz and a sampling frequency of 44kHz). I have calculated the transfer function but I'm not sure how to enter this ...
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72 views

How does works a bandpass filter?

My question is about the action of a bandpass filter. First, I have a temporal signal. I convert it in a spectral signal via a FFT. Now, I want to apply a bandpass filter on that spectral signal. But ...
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Can you use the theory of Signal Space to study Band Base digital systems?

Introduction: There is one way to study different modulations in band pass digital systems and is working with "signal space" and the Constellation Diagram. My questions about this are: 1) Is it ...
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62 views

Bandpass overshoots at the beginning and end of signal: why?

The picture below shows the original data in the upper figure and the filtered data in the figure below. The filter applied to the original data is a simple bandpass implementation: $H(z) = \frac{0....
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3answers
94 views

No-lag causal bandpass filter kernel formula

Can anyone point me towards a formula for a good (for any values of "good") no-lag causal bandpass filter? I am doing sound processing and I need to identify starting points of certain sounds (target ...
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2answers
154 views

Matlab 'filter' returns negative values (when filtering a positive signal)

I just filtered a only positive signal with the following filter which is a bandpass filter with the following characteristics: ...
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1answer
73 views

Remove Frequency Range

I got a signal and I would like to remove a specific frequency range. I am a frequency noob, so I will explain it by images: I have a frequency filter (butter bandpass): I have a signal and it's ...
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422 views

All pass filter design for group delay compensation

I've designed an IIR bandpass elliptic filter in Scilab with the following parameters. Sampling Frequency = 25000 Hz Lower cutoff frequency = 100 Hz Upper cutoff frequency = 150 Hz Pass band ripple = ...
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233 views

IIR filter group delay

I've designed an IIR bandpass elliptic filter in Scilab with the following parameters. Sampling Frequency = 25000 Hz Lower cutoff frequency = 100 Hz Upper cutoff frequency = 150 Hz Pass band ...
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1answer
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When applying a bandpass filter designed in Matlab's DSP system toolbox, is it necessary to do any normalization?

I'm applying the next bandpass filter to the data of an impulse response coming from .wav; it fades data below 10 Hz and above 400 Hz: ...
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154 views

Band energy and Parseval theorem

In Python, I consider a dummy signal as follows: fs = 512 sig = np.random.standard_normal((fs,)) sig corresponds to 1s of ...
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80 views

Why does bandpass performance break down at low frequencies? [duplicate]

I've got a basic bandpass filter design that works great at higher frequencies, but breaks down at around 150 Hz. Here's the MATLAB code: ...
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132 views

Simple Pole-Zero placement bandpass filter doesn't work in MATLAB

I'm trying to make a simple bandpass filter using Pole-Zero Placement method, which has unity gain at frequency w=0.37pi and 3 dB cutoff frequency wc=0.42pi (has a gain of 1/sqrt(2) at that frequency)....
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How do I calculate the impulse response of an ideal band-pass filter?

I understand the FR of an ideal BPF is just 1 between the two cutoff frequencies and 0 everywhere else above and below them both. But with arbitrary cutoffs, how would one find the IR of this ideal ...
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Minimum value of the transition band gap

This question is from the book Discrete Time Signal Processing by Oppenheim and Schafer (3rd ed). I was going through the problems in the chapter concerned with filter design, and stumbled upon this ...
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308 views

Help with audio EQ cookbook BPF filters and Q

I am fairly new DSP, and am using maths that I have not used in 20-30 years. I have been working with Cookbook formulae for audio EQ biquad filter coefficients by Robert Bristow-Johnson and am having ...
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174 views

Second order section digital Bandpass

Does anyone have a ressouce on how I can calculate second order section bandpass coefficients? What I tried allready: I used following formulas from the Book Electronic Circuits (U.Tietze, Ch. ...
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2answers
180 views

Bandpass filtering IQ samples from USRP

I have an USRP (B205mini) with an RX frequency of 900 MHz and a bandwidth of 100 MHz. I want to distinguish between two raw, unmodulated signals at respectively 875 and 925 MHz. My approach would be ...
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88 views

Trouble in applying bandpass filter on BPSK signal

I'm trying to make BPSK simulator using Python. After I made signal communication without adding bandpass filter which I succeeded to decode on my receiver, I added bandpass filter in Tx/Rx to clear ...
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125 views

Avoid side-lobes from bandpass filtering? (Synthetic data)

I am implementing data-filtering in Python using Scipy package, over synthetic data. Filter design: scipy.signal.butter Filter implementation: scipy.signal.filtfilt The signal is made up of ...
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2answers
687 views

Matlab `filtfilt` provides excessive transient

I observed that filtfilt suffers from an undesired behavior when I provide IIR bandpass filters having steep transition bands. Specifically, the output signal exhibits excessive transient response; ...
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65 views

Standard Method for Multiband Compression

I am looking into designing a multi-band audio compressor program and was wondering if anyone can explain how such programs go about separating and processing the different frequency bands. The way ...
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1answer
246 views

DWT versus band-pass filter

Which technique gives better result in extracting a band from a signal, let's say the alpha band (8-13 Hz): using a band-pass-filter or a DWT (Discrete Wavelet Transformation)? P.S.: I am working in ...
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140 views

What is the power spectral density after filtering?

Consider a signal $x(t)$, which is input to a pulse shaping filter with transfer function $g_t(t)$: $$x(t) = \sum_n d_n \delta(t-nT_s)$$ with $n$ an index from negative to positive infinity and $...
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3answers
213 views

Audio wave amplitude decreased after FIR filter

I am doing sampling and filtering for a 17KHz sine audio wave signal, the Nyquist frequency is about 20.8889KHz. I found the fact that this audio signal's amplitude decreased dramatically after it ...
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88 views

Mel seperated filter banks

I am currently a bit confused. I am currently trying to understand the MFCC extraction process, and don't understand how the Mel filterbanks only provide a scalar output from each filter bank. What ...