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1answer
43 views

ARMA & MA methods: how do you know the error terms?

Reading the ARMA model for the first time, and I'm confused. Let's say I have a time series x = [1, 2.1, 2.9, 3, 4.1] According to the ARMA model, $X_t$ is a ...
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0answers
33 views

Get variance of white noise from Accelerometer data

i have a static accelerometer data. So i assume that all signal are from noise. So i model it like this, $$X(k) = X(k-1) + U(k)$$ But I plot the $U(k)$ autocorrelation function seems it is not white ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Find filter coefficients to model a device using its measurement

I am trying to realize a digital filter that has the same freq. response of an existing speaker. I have fed an audio sine sweep to the speaker and measured the speaker output, both at 48kHz. Then I ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Autoregressive sequence mean and variance

I have proven that the given sequence can be written as per the hint and I have found the mean to be zero as the mean would be: $E(a^k) \cdot E(U[n-k])$ , where the mean of $U$ is zero as given. I ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Finding the auto-correlation sequence $r_{xx}[k]$ for an AR(2) process

Consider the following recursive difference equation of a LTI system, where $v[n]$ is a white noise, zero-mean process with $\sigma_v^2 = 1$. $ x[n] = v[n] + 0.75x[n-1]-0.25x[n-2] $ I want to ...
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0answers
24 views

Time Series Extrapolation from existing past values

Using the Levinson-Durbin algorithm, I am trying to predict the next value in a time series based on previous observations, but the results do not follow the trend of the time series. How can I ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Linear Predictive coding vs AR modeling

I'm looking for a suitable explanation of the circumstances in which the LPC error polynomial for a discrete time process x[n] is replaceable with an error polynomial categorized under the AR model? I ...
1
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2answers
51 views

Difference Between Two Forms of Equations of Auto Regressive (AR) Model

I found equation 1 for Autoregressive model in various books and articles but i also found equation 2 for AR model, I understand the physical meaning of the equation but two different equations ...
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0answers
41 views

Autocorrelation Matrix of a AR process

i'm beggining to study signal processing, and i'm having trouble on writting it ( specially defining the signal x(n) ) in matlab and finding the solution for this problem, if anyone could help I would ...
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0answers
70 views

Using Kalman filter to estimate ARR (p) model's parameters

Recently I came across the fact that Kalman filtering can be used to estimate time-varying series parameters. Since I'm totally new to the time series type of data it wasn't a surprise I couldn't ...
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0answers
8 views

Scilab: How to use of “lev” and “filter” to model AR1 processes?

(Cross-posted from Stack Overflow) I need to fit an AR1 model to a series of values. Reading Scilab documentation, I came up with the method in the example below (edited with new code and more ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Find the coefficient of an AR-model

How can I infer the coefficients for an AR(2) model given an autocorrelation plot? What I have tried so far: I can see this a cos-wave of 0.4 Hz, and then i find the values for each step $(1, 0.9211, ...
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2answers
38 views

Confusion regarding model order and lags

I have similar questions as the one asked in these posts: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/47083890/fir-filter-length-is-the-intercept-included-as-a-coefficient-matlab/47085339?noredirect=1#...
0
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1answer
555 views

How to generate colored Gaussian noise and adding it to a ODE system - Do I need Euler-Maruyama method?

In the tutorial, when white noise process is added to ordinary differential equations (ODE), the ODE becomes a stochastic process. Then the stochastic process needs to be solved using Euler Maruyama ...
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0answers
51 views

Is it possible to do autoregressive modeling with a delay in time?

I am using granger causality by estimation of the coefficients, comparing two models, the restricted and full model. I am then plotting the $p$-value versus model order (on the $x$-axis). But now I ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Autoregressive Exogenous model on multiple datasets in MATLAB

I had trouble translating this exact question into search queries, which is why I am turning to you. Any sources you can provide on the topic would be greatly appreciated. Say your data contains ...
0
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0answers
36 views

AR filter length

I need to use the AR filter for pre-whitening a time series data to do multi taper spectral analysis on them, . How can I choose the AR filter length?
0
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1answer
215 views

Finding autocorrelation matrix of an autoregressive process AR(1)

Having that $\ v(n) = [x(n),x(n-1),x(n-2))]^T $, and being $\ x(n) $ an autoregressive process AR(1) with known variance $\ \sigma_v^2 $ and transfer function $\ H(z) ={ 1 \over {1-0.7z^-1}}$, how ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Autoregressive modeling (linear prediction) of electrical transmission lines?

I've read that the reflection coefficients in speech processing (as computed by the Levinson-Durbin algorithm for solving the Yule-Walker equations) "represent the fraction of energy reflected back" ...
0
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1answer
522 views

How to create an AR filter in Matlab

My goal is to replicate the procedure described on pages 15-16 (1461-1462) in this paper, prior to adaptive mixture ICA (AMICA): Overlearning in Marginal Distribution-Based ICA: Analysis and Solutions ...
1
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1answer
193 views

autoregressive moving average code implementation

I am new to DSP and i am trying to take a wav (human speech) file and apply ARMA filter and plot its PSD graph in python. I see that there are a lot of AR implementations but almost none ARMA. I ...
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0answers
74 views

MSE and time delay relation

I have time series for which I used autocorrelation property and made autoregression model for prediction, with different time delays $0-30$. I got diagram which is dependency MSE on time delay $0-30$...
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2answers
207 views

Levinson Method

i have just one question about Levinson, my question is: can we apply this method to determine the coefficients for FIR filter? if yes, please help me ! this is an example: ...
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0answers
41 views

derive AR model based on the autocorrelation of jakes model

I am trying to derive the channel model based on the autocorrelation of Jakes model. In step 2, i am trying to get rid of $s(n+1)$ by inserting it to $s(n-k)$ in which the limit will change. However i ...
2
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1answer
196 views

Predicting account balance based on historical data

Given the values of a bank account balance over time (see figure below as an example), how can one predict the account balance at a given date in the future ? Should I just fit one linear regression ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Two-Box-Model of a nonlinear amplifier

A nonlinearity with memory can be modelled by a two-box-model, which consists of a filter and a memoryless nonlinearity. I am referring to chapter 5.3.2 of the book "Simulation of Communication ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Fourier transform relationship

I am having trouble understanding the relationship between a frequency function and it's Inverse Fourier transform. The Frequency function is $$\frac{1+0.8(e^{-j 2\pi f}+e^{j 2\pi f})+0.64}{1+1.4\...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Physically understanding autoregressive model (really basic question)

I would like to basically understand what an autoregressive model is used for (so I don't really attempt maths in the answers). I just started a signal processing course and the model was introduced. ...
1
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2answers
432 views

Practical examples of ARMA model

I am studying the Kalman filter and its basic implementation, and it was asked to use the filter to estimate a signal observed in noise $$y(n) = x(n) + v(n)$$ where $v(n) \sim \mathcal{N}(0, \sigma^2)$...
0
votes
1answer
477 views

How to estimate the autocorrelation from nonuniformly spaced data

Assume a continues-time random process $X(t)$ sampled nonuniformely in time to acquire discrete signal $x[n]$. The sampling times are known but the autocorrelation is not. Is there an accurate ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

How do I test stability of a MIMO system?

Let's say I have a system similar to two interconnected IIR filters described like this: \begin{align} x_1(t)&=a_{11} x_1(t-1)+a_{12} x_1(t-2) +a_{13} x_2(t-1) + a_{14} x_2(t-2)+y_1(t)\\ x_2(t)&...
0
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1answer
59 views

Different results for different orders of estimating AR model using Yule-Walker equations

I'm trying to use MATLAB to estimate the AR parameters to the following filter: $$H(z) = \frac{1}{1-0.5z^{-1}+0.25z^{-2} -0.25z^{-4}}$$ As I can see, the process at the output of this filter depends ...
0
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0answers
589 views

How can I estimate a signal similar to my data using ar modeling in matlab

To be more specific, I have a time series which corresponds to a section from an EEG signal. The idea is obtain AR coefficients and then use these coefficients to create a simulation where I can get a ...
0
votes
1answer
523 views

Determining the autocorrelation sequence from an AR model

I have the following equation: $$x(n)=\frac{14}{24}x(n-1)+\frac{9}{24}x(n-2)-\frac{1}{24}x(n-3)+w(n)$$ where, $w(n)$ is a stationary white noise process with variance $\sigma^2_w$ Now, I want to ...
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0answers
367 views

Autoregressive Model for EEG frequency analysis?

I want to do EEG frequency analysis in matlab using autoregressive models (e.g. Burg's method). How do I do this correctly? I just treated each channel individually (loop over channels), so I go ...
1
vote
1answer
249 views

How can I reconstruct a Time series using it AR coefficients in MATLAB?

I have estimated AR coefficients of a time series using "aryule" function in MATLAB. Now I want to obtain the error of the estimated model. I think at first I must reconstruct it. so How can I ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Linear Prediction of AR Process

A discrete signal x is generated by the recursive process $$ x_n = x_{n-1} - 0.2 x_{n-2} + w_n $$ where $w_n$ is white noise with zero mean and unit variance. What is the optimum order of a linear ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Filtering a signal using Autoregressive (AR) filter and finding the coeff of AR filter using Yule Walker equation in MATLAB

I have a random signal x of 1000 samples and I've to generate y1 by filtering x using an ...
1
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0answers
110 views

What is a “Unit Shock” in an Impulse Response Function?

Is a "one unit shock" in an impulse function of variable "temperature" a 1% increase or 1 more "unit" (1 degree)?
0
votes
1answer
272 views

AR model order selection for half second EEG fragments

I am using MATLAB to evaluate power spectral density estimates of half second EEG signals, using modified covariance method. Can anyone suggest me how to select the AR model order for this process? Is ...
2
votes
0answers
178 views

How to evaluate performance of an ARMA, MA or AR model?

How to evaluate performance of a model after estimating ARMA/MA/AR parameters for any process x(n)? How to regenerate back a process after estimating average parameters? what kind of performance ...
0
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0answers
93 views

how to find the distance of the root from the origin?

Good Day, I have 9 polynomial roots. i have plotted the roots. my problems are: 1)how to find the distance of the roots from origin? I want to find the distance of all the roots from the origin. 2) ...
0
votes
1answer
434 views

How to plot the root of polynomial in Matlab?

I obtained this polynomial equations: $$A(z) = 1 - 0.7987 z^{-1} - 0.125 z^{-2} - 0.511 z^{-3} + 0.06889 z^{-4} + 0.3465 z^{-5} + 0.4809 z^{-6} + 0.04951 z^{-7} - 0.5298 z^{-8} + 0.1828 z^{-9}$$ How ...
0
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0answers
238 views

How to determine the order from Auto-Regressive model in Matlab?

I have time series vibration signal recorded for 10 seconds. I segmented the vibration signal into a number of frames. I need to use an Auto-regressive model for this signal. AR model is used to ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Forecasting with ARMA models, from a filter point of view

ARMA models are afaik just filters with transfer function $ {MA(z) \over AR(z)} \equiv {FIR(z) \over IIR(z)} $ . However forecasters of stock prices, market trends ... seem to be mainly ...
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0answers
37 views

Yule walker equation limited matrix size

Definitions For an ARMA model $$x_n=-\sum_{p=1}^P a_px_{n-p}+\sum_{q=0}^Qb_qw_{n-q}$$ where $w_n$ is zero mean stationary white noise with unit variance. It is straightforward to show that the ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Conceptual Question from Signal Processing - Impulse Response and AR Coefficients

In continuation to the previous question Conceptual questions from signal processing I have a doubt which is: Consider an Autoregressive model (AR(2)): $$ y(t) = ay(t-1) + by(t-2) $$ and a FIR (...
0
votes
1answer
222 views

Issues in generating AR model with a constraint

I am new to the topic of system identification and looking for a large Autoregressive (AR) model. Can anybody point out a large stable AR model which has more than 2 coefficients AND there should be a ...
1
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0answers
167 views

ACF and PACF Confidence Levels for ARMA

I'm trying to figure out where exactly to draw the confidence levels for the autocorrleation function (ACF) and the partial autocorrelation function (PACF) for an ARMA model. For PACF I found that a ...
1
vote
1answer
519 views

Can someone show the details of how to apply AIC for sinusoidal models to specific data?

NOTE: This is a question that another user has been trying (unsuccessfully) to ask. Because the multiple questions asking, essentially, the same thing have either been deleted by me (because they were ...