Questions tagged [attenuation]

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53 views

High pass filter not attenuating signal at start of input

I have implemented digital high pass filter with below specs: Sampling frequency = 5333 Hz Cutoff frequency = 10 Hz Order = 3 We are facing problem like below: As ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Given a wide band signal with equal SNR over the whole spectrum, what should the stop band attenuation be for a decimation filter?

Imagine an incoming signal with $60$ dB SNR over the whole spectrum. I want to decimate this signal by a factor of, say, $40$, while maintaining a $60$ dB SNR in the remaining frequency range. What ...
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1answer
41 views

Adding attenuations in dB

I am writing a synthesizer. One part of the synthesizer specification says that different sources can specify an attenuation to be applied to a signal, and that these attenuations should be summed. ...
4
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1answer
178 views

Is there a recommended amount of attenuation for rectifying edge artefacts?

I just noticed that Spotify fades in/out the music when you play/pause - is this to avoid clicking? This attenuation is noticeable; is there a minimum amount of attenuation required to fix clicking (...
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1answer
50 views

Determine reflections from received signal

I have a reference signal $r(t)$ and the correlation between that reference signal and the received signal : $C_{XR}(\tau)$. The signal I receive contains reflections on walls. I have to build a ...
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1answer
24 views

Small Scale Fading time varying or position varying

I would like to ask how small scale fading can affect a transmission with time. The particular system is an antenna transmitting an ASK modulated signal at 915MHz and with bandwidth between 200KHz to ...
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1answer
50 views

Compensate for microphone?

I have trained a machine learning model to recognize a specific audio event from mel spectrograms, and it works pretty well on a hold-out test dataset. I now want to run the model on a device and feed ...
1
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1answer
101 views

High order IIR Comb Notch Filter with small Bandwidth - Low atenuation of harmonics

Im filtering an EMG signal, more precisely the 50 Hz frequency and its harmonics. For that, I've constructed a comb notch filter (on filterdesigner in Matlab), with its fundamental frequency being 50 ...
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0answers
304 views

Differences between Matlab resample() and CMSIS decimate_f32()

I am pretty new to DSP and I need some help to pinpoint my mistake. I am using Matlab to simulate an embedded environment. I have three signals all centered on 50Hz (6.4KHz sampling rate) which have ...
2
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1answer
442 views

When does a Window function's sidelobe level become out of band attenuation?

Another question I'm struggling to answer by myself. For a Window function, say Blackman (response pictured), what is the out of band attenuation? If I'm designing a filter with out of band ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Changing the number of cycles of an sinusoidal input signal

Imagine we have an ultrasonic sensor that transmits a multiple cycles of sinusoidal signal/waveform that can travel up to a specific distance/range. Can we achieve more distance coverage using more ...
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0answers
267 views

I have 24-bit data in two's complement 32-bit integers. I need Q31 data

I have been trying to learn about Q31 format (as well as Q15), but I am having trouble understanding how it works. So my CODEC is giving me 24-bit two's complement data. I have converted this data ...
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1answer
159 views

Variation of channel attenuation with frequency

Consider a standard RF channel over which signals are being transmitted over a 10 MHz bandwidth at 1800 MHz (using OFDM). How does the channel's intrinsic attenuation vary over frequency? More ...
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1answer
112 views

Insertion loss equality - proof

From this paper (slide 11), the insertion loss (or attenuation) is defined as $$ L(\omega^2)=\frac{\lvert V_i(j\omega)\rvert^2}{\lvert V_o(j\omega)\rvert^2}=\frac{1}{\lvert H(j\omega)\rvert^2}=10 \...
5
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2answers
2k views

Understanding the attenuation of a signal

I have been told that the signal in the graph below was obtained by passing a seismogram through a high-pass filter to obtain the high frequency-small amplitude waves common in tremors far from the ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Estimating attenuation using sliding windows

I am looking for an algorithm to measure attenuation of a discrete signal $s[t]$. Starting at the beginning of the signal sequence, is it possible to compute either sliding DFT or Gabor transform ...