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# Questions tagged [analog]

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423 views

### how to detect signal noise

I have data from a power transformer that has a frequency of 60 hz. Sometimes there are faults in the system and causes a large spike in the reading of the transformer. What I want to do is run the ...
1k views

### How increasing the Signal to Quantization noise increases the resolution of ADC

Inside ADC we have a quantizer, when the sampled signal is passed through it, the signal values get discretized. The number of discrete levels in which the signal is discretized is called the ...
199 views

### Designing a practical integrator

One way to describe a practical integrator ("leaky integrator") is $$H(s) = \frac{g R}{1 + sRC}$$ I am trying to understand how to choose the values $g$, $R$ and $C$ because in practice, I will ...
2k views

### Analog Hilbert transformer

I know the FIR approach, I have seen IIR, to, but I'd like to know if it's possible to implement a Hilbert transformer in analog domain, i.e. with integrators instead of delays. Is it possible? If yes,...
42 views

### Lpcm encoded data kept on an analog source

Let us say i have some digital data placed in a wav file by lpcm method. At a sampling rate of 44.1khz i can place 5.5kb of data per second of audio by choosing two amplitudes (quantas) for each ...
80 views

### Before the birth of computers how people calculated the bandwidths?

In these days we can able to easily calculate the bandwidths with the help of technology, but in olden days where people used the analog phones, how did they calculated the bandwidths?
336 views

### Analog vs. digital communications in PCM and noise [closed]

How do you determine if you are using analog or digital communications? For example when dealing with PCM and noise how can one notice any difference in the signals when using the two types of ...
450 views

### Approximate the magnitude response of an analog filter with a digital filter, starting from its gain expression

I have an analog filter with its frequency response curve in dB described by the following expression: $$N_{dB}=20log_{10}\omega t_1 \sqrt{\frac{1+(\omega t_2)^2}{1+(\omega t_1)^2}}$$ This ...
288 views

### Digital Vs. Analog Phase measurement [closed]

I'm working on a Ultrasonic Transducers resonance tracking system. Where phase shift between Voltage and Current is the feedback signal for my system when phase difference is Zero that means system is ...
8k views

### Nyquist Frequency Phase Shift

The figure below shows in dashed lines sinusoidal signals of the same frequency at three different phase shifts. The signals are then sampled such that the sinusoidal frequency is exactly a half of ...
825 views

### Confusion with ADC conversion in MCP3424

I am learning about ADC MCP3422 Chip, because I want to use ADC Pi chip with my Raspberry Pi which is using MCP3424 ADCs, but I am having trouble understanding how the ADC calculation is done in the ...
209 views

### Low analog lowpass + ADC vs High analog lowpass + ADC + low digital lowpass

I'm doing EEG data collection and my amp forces use of an analog lowpass filter before the ADC. I'm fairly sure that I won't be interested in phenomena associated with frequencies of 30Hz or higher, ...
591 views

506 views

### Simple analog anti aliasing filter good enough if signal frequency is far from sampling frequency ? What about equivalent time sampling?

I have one and only one frequency signal, a sine signal at f = 10 kHz that is sampled at Fs = 320 kHz. I have read about applying a simple analog anti aliasing (AAA) filter then oversample, do some ...
21k views

### Why do we use window in time domain rather than do FFT modify the spectrum and than inverse FFT

I thought that DSP would be done by using FFT of portions of a signal, modify the samples that result from FFT (since they represent the spectrum of our signal + noise) and remove any unwanted signals ...
72 views

### Is gamma correction applied in my setup

I am working on a scientific application where I would like to evaluate luminance in an image, however I am unsure if what I receive from my setup is luminance (Y) or luma (Y'). I use a camera with a ...
633 views

### Are there characteristics of photographic film that would make it an analog medium?

There was an article a few years ago entitled "Analog is Not the Opposite of Digital". Film is not analog, period. I used to shoot film on a Canon AE-1 from the ’70s. Now I have a digital SLR from ...
11k views

### If Digital Signal has frequency components then why we don't use it

As we know there are two kinds of signals: analog signals and digital signals. And there are two common techniques for multiplexing the signals: Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) and Frequency ...
So while answering how to design a PI controller for a first order time delayed system (Question Here ) Here is the closed loop equation to a control system:  G_C(s) = \frac{\frac{K}{T}(1-sT)(s)...