# Questions tagged [amplitude]

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### Converting raw I/Q to dB

I am getting I/Q data from a software-defined radio. I want to do some stuff on signals in the data, but only if it exceeds a certain range. What is the general procedure to get dB (dBm, or anything)...
10k views

I am working on an audio system where I need to implement an equal power crossfade between two signals over a specified number of samples. Initially I implemented a linear fade but this creates a dip ...
6k views

### Extracting accurate phase and amplitude information from FFT with an arbitrary number of samples

This is a followup question to one I asked earlier based on the chat after the answer given by @hotpaw2, and cross-posted from stackoverflow since it was suggested it is more relevant to DSP. I have a ...
884 views

### Understanding FFTs for simple Sin / Cos

this is my first question in this forum, and although I read several threads on this side and googled a lot I could not find the answer to my question (maybe it is too basic)? For anyone reading this ...
2k views

### What is the right way to extract particular frequency phase information from FFT?

Signals acquisition: Two proximity sensors are positioned Orthogonal to each other. These would be measuring the vibrations of a rotating shaft. Problem: Each of these 2 signals has two dominant ...
7k views

### Why FFT does not retrieve original amplitude when increasing signal length

I don't understand why FFT return different maximum amplitude as the signal length increase. I would except that with a large signal length according to the frequency, detected amplitude will be very ...
2k views

### Peak to peak amplitude of sum of sinusoidals (harmonic frequencies)

I would like to estimate the peak-to-peak amplitude of a periodic signal whose frequency components are known. This is, I have the frequency spectrum (a peak in the fundamental frequency and other ...
1k views

### Calculating SPL from pressure signal - Amplitude vs Power method

I have a pressure signal from a Fluent FFowcs-Williams Hawkings acoustics analysis. I converted this pressure signal into the frequency domain in order to get SPL values, using Matlab. I used the ...
242 views

### Lock-in amplifier

From what I have studied so far I have understood that the benefit of a lock in amp is its ability to resolve the amplitude of a signal which is deep into noise. I was wondering if the same concept ...
1k views

### Envelope of a signal via Convex hull / Edge detection

Is there a method in order to compute some sort of edge detection / convex hull of a signal x[n] (in orange here). Here of course the orange signal is not convex ...
4k views

### Adequate representation of frequency domain amplitude/magnitude of FFT of a signal

I'm quite new to the subject and am having fun playing around with the FFT. What I am currently doing is trying to sample an audio signal and display its frequency spectrum at the same time. This ...
891 views

### Do DCT results contain phase spectrum?

I've been working much with numpy.fft lately where just like the documentation says: When the input a is a time-domain signal and ...
371 views

### Estimation of the amplitude of a frequency component in a signal

I'm working on a device that produces a signal with sampling rate of 100 kHz. Every 40 ms, I receive 16000 points, from which I have to extract a frequency close to 3.55 kHz. I have developed a method ...
365 views

### MATLAB FFT Amplitude

I am trying to understand FFT, DFT through Matlab and I am fairly inexperienced in all of these. I have a time vector t and a corresponding simple sine wave x = 0.25*sin(t). Now I would like to view ...
673 views

### How we do frequency shaping and amplitude shaping in hearing aid

My project name is Digital Hearing Aid with frequency shaping and amplitude shaping using adaptive noise cancellation DSKC6713 DSP kit . Almost I have done this noise cancellation using code studio ...
1k views

### Why do we read that Hilbert transform can be used for envelope detection?

We can often read that Hilbert transform is useful for envelope detection (e.g. Hilbert transform to compute signal envelope?) I have done some tests with various soundfiles, and ...
703 views

### What is the (approximate) function for amplitude of a plucked string over time? Does it differ between string types?

Impetus: I'm currently working on my first synthesizer, after many years of playing with them. I've just added an ADSR envelope to modify the gain, but for some reason it sounds wrong to me. I've ...
4k views

### How is the symbol error rate for M-QAM, 4QAM,16QAM and 32QAM derived?

How do you derive the theoretical symbol error rate as a function of $E_\mathrm{b}/N_0$ for 4QAM? I know that the result should be $Q\left(\sqrt{2E_\mathrm{b}/N_0}\right)$ but I am Äŗooking for the ...
3k views

### Help me understand how Pulse-Amplitude Modulation (PAM) works

Reading on the Internet i learned that PAM is basically a sampling technique which converts an analog signal into a discrete signal. It modulates a train of pulses by varying the amplitudes of the ...
67 views

### Amplitude estimation of sinusoid in known spiky spectral noise

What is the "best" way to estimate amplitude of a known-frequency sinusoid in the presence of known spiky spectral noise (i.e. noise comprising a few spectral peaks at known frequencies)? By "best", ...
48 views

### Characterization of transfer functions with no local peaks

Assume that you are giving an arbitrary amplitude frequency response $A(\omega)=|H(j\omega)|$ Is there a characterization that ensures that $A$ is monotone? i.e, $A$ has a global maximum at $\omega=0$...
106 views

### Estimation of step amplitude using the CUSUM algorithm

I used the CUSUM algorithm to detect steps in data. Basically the data looks like this, the data has a constant amplitude and then there is a rapid variation or a step. For example, the signal has a ...
13k views

103 views

### Logaritmic amplitude squarewave

This morning i was experimenting with GNU Octave. I created several signals(Sine, Saw tooth, square wave and noise). After this i used the periodogram. in the periodogram the square wave weren't ...
259 views

### In speech recognition applications, how are different voice amplitudes handled? (i.e loud vs. quiet tones)

I am doing some research related to real-time voice/hotword recognition engines. In most current implementations, input is divided into frames (overlapping or not), and audio features are extracted ...
1k views

### What's the fastest way to get the phase angle and amplitude of a COSINUS 50hz signal?

I'm not a DSP specialist.I'm working in transmission and distribution. I need to retrieve the amplitude and phase angle of a discrete 50Hz COSINUS signal as fast as possible. Right now I'm using a ...
3k views

### FFT Overlap in Matlab

I am getting incorrect amplitude of my signal post FFT (90% error) and it does not improve after applying any of the window functions prior to FFT. After reading a number of articles, I believe FFT ...
2k views

### Java amplitude processing

I have some code that collects amplitudes from a complex sound like a song. I now want to plot a graph of amplitude vs time, for the graph plotting I use JavaFX. However I get about 9 million ...
218 views

### how to make fft ignore phase shift when only interested in magnitude

I have a signal that consists of a sine wave, on which I apply a rectangular window and then an FFT. I'm only interested in the magnitude of the sine wave, and I want it to stay the same even if the ...
334 views

### Amplitude in frequency domain not as expected with discontinues time domain signal

I'm having a problem where I cannot explain why the amplitude in the frequency domain not is as expected. The scenario: I have a time domain signal of consisting of two sine waves. on at 5Hz with ...
146 views

### Improving template with instantaneous amplitude

Given some recording (containing both the signal of interest and some Gaussian noise), can we improve our template (or model) of the signal using the analytic signal of the recording? For example, a ...
1k views

### Digital 16-bit PCM audio signal scaling and STFT spectogram amplitude

I'm sampling a 16-bit PCM audio signal at 44100 Hz and I'm trying to understand the amplitude level of both the digital audio signal and its corresponding spectrum. The final goal is creating audio ...
73 views

### How to find out amplitude of harmonic after diff type of FT?

I am new in DSP, so I apologies if it's dump questions but I didn't find needed information on the Internet. So the questions is: Assume that we have simple harmonic signal described by next function ...